Resource Market Mr. Barnett AP Microeconomics UHS Factors of Production Factors
of production: the inputs used to produce goods and services.
Labor Land Capital: the equipment and structures used to produce goods and services. Prices
and quantities of these inputs are determined by supply & demand in factor markets. Factors of Production Marginal
Revenue Product (MRP): is the additional revenue generated from using 1 more unit of input Marginal Factor Cost (MFC): is the additional
cost incurred by employing one more unit of the input Note: Similar to the concept of marginal revenue and marginal cost, which measures the additional benefits and costs of producing another unit of output, we use the concept of marginal revenue product and marginal resource
cost which measures the additional revenue and additional cost from using one more input. Factors of Production - PC Perfectly competitive firm is both a price taker
and a wage taker.
Each firm is too small to affect either the price of output or the price of input (like labor) Thus, Marginal Factor Cost is simply the wage (w) MFC = W = supply of labor (Sl) Imperfect Competitive Firm
Monopsony When only one buyer in the market
For labor market, only one employer Large enough to affect wage rate
Upward sloping supply curve
Higher wage rates, more supply of labor Wage setter; not wage-taker Monopsony
To employ one more worker, the monopsonist must not only pay a higher wage rate to the next worker, but also pay a higher wage to all the workers it could have hired at a lower wage rate The firm will employ a quantity
of labor where the marginal revenue product is equal to the marginal resource cost. But the wage rate at that quantity is determined from the supply curve of labor. The monopsonist only has to
pay the wage that workers at that quantity level are willing to work for. Examples of Monopsonist Firms
Monopsonist & Minimum Wage Minimum wage for a monopsonist
More workers hired But still less than perfectly competitive Q Makes monopsonist a wage-taker
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