Roman Architecture Characteristics It was influenced by the Greeks and Etruscans Greek influence : columns and pediments
Etruscan influence: arch For the Romans what they built had to be practical ,useful and functional What material did they use to
build? Concrete was used to keep bricks and stone together. Concrete was a mixture of sand, small stones, lime and water By using concrete they were able to build and use arches
and vaults in their buildings. Why was the arch important? It was a curved structure which gave strong support to a building and allowed different levels to be built.
The keystone is the red stone at the top of the arch. The keystone is what the weight rests on. The semi-circular stones on either side of the keystone are the voussoirs. The voussoirs bring the weight to the columns that go to the ground.
The square or rectangular blocks between each arch are buttresses. The buttresses make a column that takes the weight all the way to the ground. http ://study.com/academy/lesson/the-roman-arch-definition-construction-h
istory.html The Romans built a wide variety of buildings and public infrastructure
Religious Entertainment Commemorative Civil Administrative
Lets start with Public Works Now its your turn to investigate
You have 10 minutes to: Find photographs of the structure given to you Discuss the following questions
Why do you think they built it? How do you think they built it? Choose a speaker for the group who will share ideas with the class Public works
Rome mastered the skill of engineering. Roman engineers built roads that are still in use, perfected the arch, invented concrete and built aqueducts All roads lead to Rome How did the Romans make
roads? How and why did they make aqueducts? This structure consisted of a system of arches built on pillars(columns)
Along the top there was a channel where the water flowed along to the city .it was tilted so that the water could flow freely. The aqueduct filled a need for a clean water supply for an
urban area. Aqueduct of Segovia Aqueduct
The water flowed through a rectangular channel. The channel was lined with concrete Aqueducts Why and how did they build
bridges? Bridges fulfilled a need similar to that of roads. They helped to transport people and godos across the Roman empire. They were built by using several semi-circiular arches
resting on pillars. Why and how did they build Cloacas? They built this underground sewage system to remove waste from their cities. It was built usng an arch system.
Buildings for public entertainment Amphitheatre The Colosseum in Rome
used for gladiator fights and wild animal fights Theatres where they acted out their plays. Baths
Thermal baths were places where people went to relax and take care of themselves. There were areas for hot,warm and cold baths Layout of baths
Circuses These were large oval elongated areas used for chariot races.There was a track and in the centre a place called the spina There were seats built around the arena.
Roman circus Religious worship Temples were built in a similar style to Greek temples Commemorative structures
These were built to celebrate military victory Commemorative columns Conmemorative arches
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