SCHINDLERS LIST SCHINDLERS LIST A film based on the true story of Oskar Schindler, a Sudeten-German industrialist who moved east to Krakow, Poland at the outbreak of World War II Moved to Krakow to seek his fortune
Saved the lives of 1,200 Jews by employing them in his factories SCHINDLER COULD NOT IGNORE WHAT HE SAW. The film follows him as he rises above his love of money to risk his own life and possessions,
eventually losing his fortune, as he secretly works to save the lives of his Jewish factory workers, the names of whom appear on Schindlers List RIGHTEOUS GENTILES Schindler is recognized as a Righteous Gentile
Moral non-Jewish people Honored by the national Holocaust Museum in Israel HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Krakow was at one time the political and cultural center of Poland
Is known to have a thriving Jewish population (since 13th century) In the 1930s, Krakows 60,000 Jews made up 25% of its population 3,000 Krakovian Jews survived the war
Today, between 500 and 1,000 Jews live in Krakow (average age is 75) TODAY In Krakow, many of the Jewish sites from the 14th century, the Old Synagogue, and parts of the 1941 ghetto wall still remain.
CONSTRUCTION OF THE WALL IN KRAKOW THE GHETTO WALL TODAY A BRIEF TIMELINE 1939
On Sept. 6, 1939, the Nazis occupied Krakow. Persecution of the 60,000 Jews began shortly thereafter. On Oct. 26, Krakow became the capital of the Generalgouvernment On Nov. 28, a Jewish Council (Judenrat) was officially established to carry out Nazi orders
On Dec. 5 & 6, the Germans terrorized Jewish quarters and burned down a number of synagogues. 1940 In May 1940, Jews began to be driven out of Krakow. The forced labor camp at Plaszow was established on the site of
two Jewish cemeteries in late 1940. 1941: GHETTOS By March 1941, more than 40,000 Jews were forced to leave Krakow. All of their property was taken from them. Those who remained were forced to live in a special part of the city called a
ghetto By late 1941, 18,000 Jews, including thousands from nearby cities, were forced into the ghetto 1942 The sending of people from the ghetto to Auschwitz-Birkenau and
Belzec execution camps started in May 1943 Jews who worked as slave labor in factories in and out of the ghetto were sent to Plaszow (in a subarb of Krakow). Although the number of prisoners varied, by the end of 1943, there were
12,000 prisoners at the camp. Amon Goeth, one of the five men who served as camp commander, held this position from February 1943 to September 1944 1944 In January, Plaszow became a concentration camp, and 600 SS
men replaced the Ukrainian guards. During May and June, the number of prisoners at Plaszow increased to between 22,000 and 24,000. A total of 150,000 prisoners passed through the camp. 80,000 were killed there. 1944
As the Soviet Army neared Plaszow during the summer of 1944, the Nazis attempted to remove all traces of their crimes by digging up the mass graves and burning the bodies. Most of the prisoners remaining were sent to other concentration camps or execution camps (as happens to Elie and his father in Night). 1945
The last prisoners in Plaszow were sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau on January 14, 1945. NOTES ABOUT THE FILM This film is based on fact. During the Holocaust, the slaughter of the Jews by the Nazis, Jewish people
lived with the knowledge that they could be murdered simply because they were Jews. No excuse was needed for them to be killed. However, Jewish people did need an excuse to be allowed to live. One way was to be classified as an essential worker, which meant
that your trade or skills were essential to the German war effort. Thus, being essential workers kept Schindlers Jews alive initially. Schindlers cleverness and skill saved them later. INFORMATION TAKEN FROM: Schindlers List: A Viewers Guide from the Martyrs Memorial and Museum of the Holocaust of the Jewish Federation,
Los Angeles, CA Sponsor Agency: American Federation of Teachers, Washington, D.C. Published in 1994 DONT CONFUSE THESE MEN IN THE FILM! Oskar Schindler Amon
As you are watching this film, please maintain an attitude of maturity and respect. After all, this event really happened. You will see images that hopefully make
you feel uncomfortable; deal with them in a manner fitting of mature 16- and 17year-old students. I hope I dont see anything inappropriate on your part, but if you cant handle watching this film, you will be given something else to do outside of the
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