Section on Waste of the State of the Environment Questionnaire
OECD data collection activities UNCEEA meeting New York, 24-26 June 2015 Myriam Linster, OECD Environment Directorate OECD data collection activities Several interrelated work streams Environment Environmental data and indicators Database on policy instruments Green growth: indicators and database Environmental accounting SEEA implementation Sectoral Agriculture: statistics, agri-environmental indicators, GG indicators Energy: statistics, balances, outlooks, efficiency indicators Transport: statistics, indicators, outlooks Regional and territorial Use in policy analysis and country studies Characteristics Closeness to policy demands and information needs Pragmatic and flexible approach, voluntary reporting Global coherence: international cooperation and joint work 2 Overview of indicator architecture and foundations Measuring well-being and the progress of societies GDP and beyond UN SDGs UNEP, WB UNECE Better life initiative Better Better life life index index Hows
life? Hows life? Income Income inequality inequality Monitoring progress towards Green Growth Socio-economic & growth characteristics Environmental and resource productivity Natural asset base Environmental quality of life Economic opportunities and policies Review & selection: Policy relevance Analytical soundness Measurability GGKP EU National indicators SEEA OECD indicators and statistical databases Energy Development aid Economic performance Environmental
Science &Technology Employment National accounts performance Innovation Agriculture Investment Education Productivity Resource productivity Entrepreneurship Transport Trade IGOs Member countries 3 OECD environmental data Several data sources and compilation channels Data collection from countries: ministries, agencies, NSOs State of the environment questionnaire (regular since 1977-1982) SEEA core tables: air emissions, natural assets (work in progress) Country environmental performance reviews: additional data, country specific Database on instruments for environmental policy and resource management Data compilation from other OECD and international sources OECD: Energy, transport, agriculture, industry, Convention Secretariats: UNFCCC, Basel, CLRTAP, . UN agencies: UNEP, UNSD, UNECE, FAO, World Bank
Eurostat, EEA Other: research institutes, NGOs 4 OECD environmental data State of the environment questionnaire (1) Major tool for harmonised collection at international level OECD Core set of environmental data Regular revisions to align with policy needs and international statistical developments International co-operation and joint work Joint work with Eurostat, data exchange & validation arrangements Close cooperation with UNSD and UNEP: water, waste Cooperation with EEA, Convention Secretariats, etc. Holistic approach PSR model Nine sections Air, inland waters, marine environment, land, forest, wild life, waste, noise, expenditure and revenues Several tables based on accounting concepts 5 OECD environmental data State of the environment questionnaire (2) Regular data collection and treatment Every two years for 3 sections (full details): inland waters, waste, expenditure For EU countries via Eurostat platform Annual quality assurance of environmental reference data Subset needed to calculate key environmental indicators Air and GHG emissions, water resources and abstraction, forest resources, waste water treatment connection rates, municipal waste, threatened species Submitted to countries for validation, updating, documentation, interpretation Other questionnaire sections Used on an ad-hoc basis Data taken from other international data sources
Regular use of prefilling 6 OECD Environmental data Data collection and treatment OECD Member & Partner countries DATA SOURCES AND OTHER INPUTS International work on classifications, methodologies, ... non-OECD countries UNSD-UNEP EU Member & Accession States EEA, DGENV Eurostat Questionnaire on the state of the environment (joint with Eurostat) Pre-filling SEEA TF Air emissions, natural assets Other national data sources Other OECD and International data sources
Pre-filling Data exchange and validation Data treatment & quality assurance Data harmonisation OECD Core Set of Environmental Data Data analysis Production of: PUBLICATIONS AND OTHER OUTPUTS Data Compendium Indicators Country profiles Data interpretation Use in: Policy analysis Country studies Environmental Performance Reviews Online access OECD.stat Environmental data collection International cooperation Other countries UNSD/ UNEP OECD Member & Partner countries OECD EU Member & Partner countries
Eurostat (EEA) OECD/Eurostat questionnaire on the state of the environment UNSD-UNEP questionnaire (water, waste) Reference data: annual quality assurance Additional tables Legal reporting obligations Other 8 Agri-environmental indicators Regular updating decided Data compilation From existing sources (Eurostat for EU countries, FAO) complemented with data collection from non-EU countries when needed Validation by countries before release Priority areas Nutrient balances Water abstraction: via Annual Quality Assurance (AQA) of environmental reference data (link to state of the environment questionnaire) Agricultural land Pesticides Timelines (June 2015-Q1 2016) 9 Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) database Two decades of work and experience Basis for measuring value added, jobs, carbon and raw materials
embodied in international trade Publicly available Regular updates Years: 1995, 2000, 2005, 2008-2011 Expanded coverage 61 countries: OECD, EU, G20, most ASEAN, 34 ISIC activities Ongoing developments Accounting for the heterogeneity of firms in industry groupings in national IOTs Develop extended SUTs (with NSOs) Improving timeliness through now-casting Improving indicators on carbon embodied in trade 10 Implementation of the SEEA OECD Work programme 2015-16: Priorities SEEA implementation integrated in OECD programme of work on statistics and on environment Supports production of green growth and environmental indicators, including headline indicators Complements existing regular work OECD Task Force established in 2013 Cooperation with UNSD, World Bank, Eurostat Air emissions Core tables, Database Natural assets Core tables, Database Common valuation methodology for international reporting Technical notes Final reports by Q4 2015 11 SEEA Core tables - Compiling data on air emission accounts Reporting template (core table) based on Eurostat 11 pollutants or gases: CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, SOx,
NOx, CO, VOC, PM2.5 Industry breakdown based on ISIC rev. 4 Data compilation European countries: via Eurostat (mandatory reporting) Other countries: from countries websites/databases Country coverage so far EU member countries, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey Australia, Canada Data available on OECD website (OECD.Stat) Under : Environment \ Air and Climate \ Air Emission Accounts SEEA Core tables - Compiling data on natural assets Current focus on sub-soil assets (minerals, energy) Stocks and flows Physical and monetary Measurement issues Coexistence of different classification systems for the measurement of remaining stocks (CRIRSCO, SPE-PRMS, UNFC2009 and SEEA-2012). To align with the SEEA-2012 classification, data need to be available with a sufficient level of disaggregation in the original classification system and countries need to consider a wide range of resource types so that the (quite large) resource classes advocated by the SEEA-CF can be filled. Even when definitions are aligned, national estimates may be very different from what international data providers publish (e.g: BP, EIA, OPEC, USGS). 13 SEEA Core tables - Compiling data on mineral and energy assets Practical approach Data from national data sources, compiled by OECD Secretariat Use of detailed metadata to explain how the different classifications and aggregates chosen by countries relate to each other and to the SEEA-2012 classification system Validation by countries
Establishment of prototype database for selected countries Data in physical units: 7 countries (Australia, Canada, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, the United Kingdom and the United States) 13 resources (oil, natural gas, hard and brown coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, nickel, tin , zinc, gold and silver). Data and metadata to be validated by countries before release on OECD.Stat (by the end of 2015). 14 SEEA Core tables - Compiling data on mineral and energy assets - Metadata template Australia Oil, Natural Gas and Mineral Resource Classification Proved Measured Fundamental Characterization CRIRSCO Solid Mineral Classes UNFC G axis Probable Indicated Possible Inferred 1P/1C Low Estimate Mineral Project Development Stage (CRIRSCO Sub-Classes) SPE-PRMS Sub-Classes On Production On Production 1 1.1
1 2 3 Approved for Development Approved for Development 1 1.2 1 2 3 Justified for development Justified for Development 1 1.3 1 2 3 1.1 2.1 1 2
3 2 1.3 1 2 3 2 2.1 1 2 3 SPE-PRMS Classes UNFC E axis UNFC F axis 2P/2C Best Estimate 3P/3C High Estimate Discovered and Commercially Recoverable Mineral Reserves Reserves Development pending
Mineral Resources Development Pending Development on hold Contingent Resources Discovered and Not Commercially Recoverable Inventory (not defined in template) Development not viable Unrecoverable Undiscovered Exploration Results Development unclarified Additional Quantities in place On Hold Development Unclarified or on Hold Unclarified 1 2 3
4.1 4.2 4.3 Lead 3.2 3.2 4.1 4.2 4.3 Play 3.2 3.3 4.1 4.2 4.3 3.3 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 E axis F axis
Unrecoverable Economically Demonstrated Resources (EDRs) 2.2 SEEA-2012 Class B SEEA-2012 Class C Development not Viable Prospective Resources Australia's Natural Resource System 2 3.2 SEEA-2012 Class A Reported Categories G axis JORC Reserves and JORC Resources (measured and indicated) Development Pending 15 Implementation of the SEEA Ongoing work and next steps Natural assets Note to clarify the relationships between the SEEA-CF 2012 and other classification systems, i.e. UNFC 2009 (Framework Classification for Fossil Energy and Mineral Reserves and Resources) Proposed amendments to the SEEA-CF
Preparation of background paper on valuation methodology (draft: July), including link between extraction costs concepts in the SEEA and in mining companies reports Updated and expanded databases Expansion of country coverage Air emission accounts Integrate into regular data collection process Asset accounts Possible expansion to other assets (renewable resources) Identify areas for further work Next meeting of OECD SEEA TF: 16 October 2015 16 Selected publications and reports Recent Green growth indicators 2014 Material resources, productivity and the environment Towards complete balance sheets in national accounts: the case of mineral and energy resources Hows life in your region? Energy Efficiency Indicators: Fundamentals on Statistics Energy Efficiency Indicators: Essentials for Policy Making OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2014 ITF Transport Outlook World Energy Outlook 2015: Special Report on Energy and Climate Change (15 June 2015) Forthcoming Environment at a glance 2015 (early October 2015) Hows life? (13 October 2015) World Energy Outlook (November 2015) Regions at a glance (end 2015) 17
Upcoming events Event Location, date InterEnerStat meeting (IEA) Paris, 14-15 September 2015 5th OECD World Forum on Statistics, Knowledge and Policy Mexico, 13-15 October 2015 OECD-UNECE seminar on the SEEA implementation Geneva, 14-15 October 2015 OECD TF on the implementation of the SEEA Central Framework Geneva, 16 October 2015 OECD-UNEP International Expert workshop on demand-based measures of material flows Paris, 20-21 October 2015 (tbc) Working Party on Territorial Indicators Paris, 2 November 2015 Joint Working Party on Agriculture and the Environment Paris, 10-11 November 2015 Working Party on Environmental information, WPEI Paris, 24-26 November 2015
Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum Enabling the Next Industrial Revolution: systems innovation for green growth Paris, 14-15 December 2015 18 Towards a global data collection programme on environmental-economic accounts 19 Lessons from OECD work and discussion items Success criteria Closeness to policy demands: national, international Continuity and flexibility, institutional arrangements Cost-effectiveness: use synergies, minimise duplication, focus on priority areas Global coherence: cooperation, coordination, joint work Existing international work covers already many SEEArelated topics Energy, Water, Air emissions, Material flows, Environmental protection expenditure, Environmental taxes, Land, EGGS, Agriculture, forestry, food, protected areas, Could be used as a foundation By identify commonalities By applying the subsidiarity principle layered approach as for environmental data or for national accounts (IWGs), 20 OECD data collection and indicator activities International cooperation and joint work Infl ue nce , S S
E coR op - PROG era E C N E I tio R E P n, X E join tw ork S S E R G O R P E C N IE R E P X E OECD Member & Partner countries
Other international organisations , joint ration o-ope nce, c Influe 21 work Lessons from OECD work and discussion items How far shall we go? How to proceed? Clarify the purpose of the proposal and priorities Establish a multi-purpose global database on environmentaleconomic accounts (supply driven; broad scope; ambitious) Contribute to the monitoring of the SDGs by using the added value that the SEEA provides (demand driven; focus on priority areas) Clarify the process Data collection from countries versus data compilation from existing sources (coordinated and layered approach, common concepts) Role of core tables Role of countries, of IGOs, of UNCEEA Level of ambition, feasibility (national, international), cost 22
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