The Ripple Effect (in discipline): Issuing Orders And

The Ripple Effect (in discipline): Issuing Orders And Instructions , Reward And Punishment. INTRODUCTION Classroom Management -: Key Ideas

Ripple effect Issuing order and instructions

Reward and punishment Reference:- Lee Canter . (1997). Classroom Management For Academic Success : Raven Press (N Y) Jacob Kounin Class room behaviorist theorist coined the term ripple effect in 1970

The "ripple effect" occurs when the teacher corrects a misbehavior in one student, and this positively influences the behavior of other nearby students. Reference:- Jacob S.Kounin . (1974). Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms. (7th ed.). Albany (NY) Delmar

Kounins first observed this pattern in his students behavior He later described this Phenomenon as the Ripple Effect. ibid Discipline and Group Management

understanding the ripple effect in order to achieve a more disciplined classroom Reference:- Jacob S.Kounin . (1974). Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms. (7th ed.). Albany (NY) Delmar

Factors influence on the ripple effect in two areas: CLARITY FIRMNESS Reference:- Cohen , Manion, Morrison. ( 2004) . A Guide To Teaching.Practice. (5th ed.). Routelege , Newyork Issuing Instructions And Orders

In Classroom Management Cohen , Manion, Morrison. ( 2004) . A Guide To Teaching.Practice. (5th ed.). Routelege , New

York. Destructive habits for an effective Relationship Criticising Blaming Complaining Nagging Threatening

Punishing Bribing Cohen , Manion, Morrison. ( 2004) . A Guide To Teaching.Practice. (5th ed.). Routelege , New York.

Effective Classroom Management: Establish clear expectations Give clear instructions Use waiting and scanning Acknowledge students on task Demonstrate encouraging body language Cohen , Manion,

Morrison. ( 2004) . A Guide To Teaching.Practice. (5th ed.). Routelege , New York. Effective Classroom Management micro-skills Demonstrate descriptive

encouraging Uses tactical ignoring Give clear choices Follows through with logical consequences Defuse problem situations Cohen , Manion, Morrison. ( 2004) . A

Guide To Teaching.Practice. (5th ed.). Routelege , New York. Reference: Cohen , Manion, Morrison. ( 2004) . A Guide To Teaching.Practice. (5th ed.). Routelege , New York. C.M Charles.(1974). Individualizing

Instruction. St.Louis : Mobsy. REWARDS AND PUNISHMENTS Rewards and punishments both should be used to motivate the students Rewards:

Punishments: Sign of assurance Enhance confidence Pull down the level of confidence No effective motivation

Extrinsic and intrinsic motivation REFERENCE:S.J Philips . (2007). Issue Of Rewards And Punishment. . Retrieved January 4, 2011 from http://k6educators.about.com/od/educationglossary/g/gextric. Connection with consequences Learn behavior Appropriate behavior Inappropriate behavior

consequences reward negative consequence REFERENCE:M.A Oppler . (2005).Connection Of Behavior With Consequences . Retrieved January 4, 2011 ,from htpp://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/social_emotional_learning/ 103854

Types Of Rewards: Lunch bunch Longer recess Special seats Get phone call home Help in another class Reference:Beth Lewis. (2009). Free And Effective Classroom Rewards. Retrieved January 5, 2011, from

http://k6educators.about.com/od/ classroommanagement/a/ simplerewards.htm Types Of Punishments:- REFERENCE:S.J Philips . (2007). Issue Of Rewards And Punishment. . Retrieved January 4, 2011 from http://k6educators.about.com od/educationglossary/g/

gextrinsic.htm Types of Punishments Writing lines Arithmetic punishment Essays Memorization Detention

References: school punishment Corporal Punishment CRITICISM / CONCLUSION C.M Charles The ripple effect is greater when teacher

clearly names the unacceceptible behavior and gives reasons Teachers attitude enhances the ripple effect Ripple effect is weaker at post secondary level Reference:C.M Charles.(1978). Teaching ,Learning, Schooling: American Education. St .Louis. Mobsy Warren Ferreter

Positive and negative Ripple effect Reference: Warren Ferreter. (1981).The Ripple Effect In The Classroom. Retrieved January 4, 2011.from Colombia University Website, Institute Of Education http;//www.ier.colombia.edu/publications/papers/ newwine1.htm

Discipline needs not to be stressful discipline needs not be negative if discipline is stressful or negative then rewards and punishment may be the problem C.M CHARLES Reference:C.M Charles. (2008) ,Building Classroom Discipline.(9th ed.). Allyn & Bacon: Boston ,Massachusetts

Behavior Management Techniques In The Classroom:Withitness Overlapping Smooth Transitions Group Focus Maintaining interest and involvement Source :- W.C Hanson. (2003). Behavior Management: Jacob

Kounin Approaches to Classroom Management. Retrieved January 3, 2011 ,from sol webs teaching discipline website http://www.solwebs.net/sgfl/teaching/discipline/koun1.htm References:1) Lee Canter . (1997). Classroom Management For Academic Success . New York : Raven Press 2) Jacob S.Kounin . (1974). Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms. (7th ed.). Albany (NY), Delmar

3) Cohen , Manion, Morrison. ( 2004) . A Guide To Teaching Practice. (5th ed.). Routelege , New York 4) C.M Charles.(1974). Individualizing Instruction. St.Louis : Mobsy. 5) S.J Philips . (2007). Issue Of Rewards And Punishment. . Retrieved January 4, 2011 from http://k6educators.about.com/od/educationglossary/g/gext rinsic.htm

6) M.A Oppler . (2005).Connection Of Behavior With Consequences . Retrieved January 4, 2011 ,from htpp://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/social_emotional_learning 103854 7) Beth Lewis. (2009). Free And Effective Classroom Rewards. Retrieved January 5, 2011, from http://k6educators.about.com/od/classroommanagement/a/ simplerewards.htm

8) C.M Charles.(1978). Teaching ,Learning, Schooling: America Education. St .Louis. Mobsy 9) Warren Ferreter. (1981).The Ripple Effect In The Classroom. Retrieved January 4, 2011.from Colombia University Website, Institute Of Education http;//www.ier.colombia.edu/publications/papers/ newwine1.htm 10) W.C Hanson. (2003). Behavior Management: Jacob

Kounin Approaches to Classroom Management. Retrieved January 3, 2011 ,from sol webs teaching discipline website http://www.solwebs.net/sgfl/teaching/discipline/ koun1.htm

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