IV Therapy Tip of The Month Brought to you by The OHSU IV Therapy Team IV Therapy October Tip of the Month If its RED its DEAD If its SORE.NO MORE Venous Phlebitis: Inflammation of the Vein Signs and Symptoms Pain with flushing or palpation of site Edema Erythema or red streak over vein Palpable firmness of vein (strongly suggests thrombophlebitis) What To Do For any or all of the above signs/symptoms, D/C the IV Call the IV Team for questions IV Therapy November Tip of the Month Rub a dub dub, scrub that hub! Scrub the HUB before you Flush! 1. Scrub the HUB for any IV/CVC access with pressure and friction for 15 seconds with alcohol and allow to dry. 2. Scrub entire hub tip, including luer lock and groves EVERYTIME you start a piggyback, give an IV push or anytime you need to access any CVC or PIV.
Firm rotating friction for 15 seconds and allow to dry Culture Results: Evidence of Valve Contamination 1 2 1 = No Alcohol Scrub 2 = Alcohol Scrub IV Therapy December Tip of the Month Intravenous Promethazine (Phenergan) Classified as a vesicant with pH 4 - 5.5 HIGHLY caustic The Dilution Solution NEVER give undiluted Intravenous Promethazine (Phenergan) Institute for Safe Medication Practices Recommendations: Use Lowest effective dose starting with 6.25mg Dilute medication in at least 10 mL Normal Saline Significant Complications Administer through furthest port via Burning ? STOP ! running IV over 10-15 minutes Erythema STOP infusion if patient complains of pain or Nerve damage
burning Tissue necrosis Use LARGEST VEIN possible Phlebitis Consider Alternative Treatment or different route Thrombophlebitis (IM or po). Proactively Advocate ! DEFINE the use of the LINE Peripheral IV IV Therapy January DEFINE Tip of The Month PICC Short Term Access Greater than 5 day access Non vesicant medications Primarily IV Fluid Commonly used Vesicants: Vancomycin, Flagyl, KCL > 40 Meq.. Highly Irritating: Nafcillin, Cipro, Gentamycin Great veins, minimal blood draws. Difficult IV Access with overly used phlebotic veins. Admission diagnosis i.e. pancreatitis, ulcerative colitis, liver failure, joint infections, cellulitis.
Prevent Mechanical Phlebitis IV Therapy February Tip of the Month NO NEED to SUPER SIZE Use the smallest IV catheter size needed for infusion Gauge IV Fluid Only Blood IV Meds 24 Gauge (1200 mL/hr) OK OK If only vein available 22 Gauge (2100 mL/hr) OK OK BEST 20 Gauge (3900 mL/hr)
OK Ideal OK 18 Gauge (6600mL/hr) For Large Volumes OK Avoid Routine Use 16 Gauge (13,200mL/hr) Used when large volumes required but replace with smaller size ASAP. small Gauge USE YOUR Best Clincial Judgement Return from OR with 16 or 18 g? Remove within 24 hours. IV Therapy March Tip of the Month
OHSU Blood Culture Contamination Rate= 4-5% Changing the Culture The method used to draw a blood culture affects the results Green /Aerobic With Oxygen Fill first 10mL Top of culture bottles are not sterile Orange/Anaerobic Use Alcohol to disinfect Without Oxygen after flipping Fill Second off caps 10mL Use Chloraprep to decontaminate the skin or hub and allow to dry. Limited Amount of blood? Fill the aerobic first Proper
Label Placement: Stay away from barcode Developed by: OHSU IV Therapy and Lab Departments Use Angel Wings to transfer blood to bottles Contamination Rate Goal=1.5% ght i R e Th ime T n I Flush es Sav ne ! i L e Th IV Therapy April Tip of the Month PICC, PORT & Midline FLUSHING: Flush every 8 hours and after each use Doing a Blood Draw? Pulsatile Flush with 20 mL Normal Saline Open Ended Power PICC (Purple) Or 4 French Dual
Lumen (White) Open Ended Port-a-Cath Common Use: Chemotherapy Pulsatile Flush: 10mL Normal Saline and 3-5 mL 10u/ mL Heparin Remove Syringe and Clamp Catheter Open Ended = No valve so keep it clamped ! Pulsatile Flush: 10mL Normal Saline followed with 3-5 mL 10u/mL Heparin Remove Syringe and Clamp Catheter Always use 100u/mL Heparin for deaccessing Valved Pulsatile Groshong PICC (Blue) Common Use: Access for > 6 days of therapy No Valved Pulsatile Midlines- Usually Groshongs Flush: 10mL Normal Saline Clamps Valved = Prevents Blood from backing up Flush: 10 mL Normal Saline May use 10u/mL Heparin to lock for frequent blood draws to prevent clotting Line Not Central/ Do not use vesicants
Use: Short-term IV Therapy and blood draws *Refer to back of Vascular Access Device Flow Sheet: Guidelines for Flushing and for Pediatric flush amounts PICC HEPARIN FLUSH Date___________ Cm. Exposed_____ Initial_____ PAC Heparin Flush Date______ Size______ Initial______ PICC SALINE FLUSH Date___ Cm. Exposed_____ Initial_____Flush___ Line NOT CENTRAL Date___ Cm. Exposed_____ Initial_____ Flush__ IV Therapy May Tip of the Month ALL Central Venous Line Flushes: Every 8 hours and after each use Doing a Blood Draw? Pulsatile Flush with 20 mL Normal Saline Chest Wall Groshong Usually Double Lumen Blue Tunneled and cuffed Closed 10 mL Normal Saline Flush Chest Wall Hickman
Catheter Usually Double Lumen White Tunneled Comes out of the chest Open-ended (requires Heparin) 10mL Normal Saline Flush followed by 3-5 mL 10 Units/ mL Heparin Lock Internal Jugular Line Double, Triple, Quad Lumen 10 mL pulsatile flush followed with 3-5 mL 10 units/mL Heparin Lock Dressing for Tunneled Catheters: Semi-permeable transparent Dressing with or without Biopatch Change every 7 days and Groshong as needed. If using gauze, (No Clamps = Closed !) change every 48 hours and as needed Semi-permeable OCCLUSIVE Transparent dressing Change every 3 days and as needed. Semi-permeable OCCLUSIVE 10 mL pulsatile flush
Subclavian Line followed with 3-5 mL Transparent dressing Double, Triple, 10units/mL Heparin Change every 3 days Lock Flow Sheet: Guidelines for Flushing and for Pediatric flush amounts Quad Lumen *Refer to back of Vascular Access Device and as needed Hickman (Has Clamps = Open !) IV Therapy TIP of THE TIMES !! NEW ased ced B ge n e d i Ev h an C e c i Pract SCRUBBING THE HUB for 15 seconds (not 3-5 seconds prevents transfer of microorganisms) A very recent Study (2007) completed at
Sharp Memorial in San Diego, Ca. found that friction for 15 seconds with either 70% alcohol alone or Chloraprep provided effective disinfection. Disinfection of the HUBS with 70% alcohol for 3-5 seconds is not effective in preventing transfer of microorganisms. Proper disinfection of the HUB is an important strategy to prevent Catheter-Related Blood Stream Infections. That PICC Line may be your patients LIFE Line IV Therapy June Tip of the Month Case Review: 56 Year Old White Male transferred from outlying hospital with Diabetes, Crohns Disease and partial removal of small intestine for multiple fistulas. PICC line in left antecubital placed by another facility. No physician order or CXR confirmed placement. PICC Line used to infuse TPN/Lipids. On Day # 2 patient complained of pain in the left arm and assessment revealed edema with redness in the left shoulder area. CXR indicated line was not central but in fact midline with subsequent thrombus, and severe phlebitis (see pictures below) 1.) What should you do if your patient is a transfer from an outside facility ? Obtain PICC Tip placement CXR (Recommended for new patients to OHSU) Assure you have a a physician order prior to line use
Promptly notify IV Therapy of admission and change the hubs 2.) What about when your PICC patient transfers between units ? Promptly notify IV Therapy 3.) Is your patient going home with a PICC? Notify IV Therapy 4.) PICC line discontinued? Do not call the PICC pager, call your IV Team pager 3 Days After Thrombus Removal Change IV Tubing and Valves How Often? Change Primary and Secondary IV Tubing every 96 hours and TPN Tubing every 24 hours Change Valves every 96 hours Document T and V on the Parenteral Access Record when changed. Change out stopcocks as soon as possible and try to avoid using them (Why? CDC indicates they become contaminated
at least 50% of the time they are used) IV Therapy July Tip of the Month Biofilm The start of a Central Venous Catheter Infection. Biofilm: microorganisms that attach to the surface of a catheter (both inside and out) and resist antibiotics. IV Therapy August Tip of the Month PREVENT Biofilm Formation Instead of just flushing with a steady flowUse Pulsatile Flushing for ALL Central Lines PUSH STOP PUSH STOP Pulsatile Motion Creates Turbulent Flow Intra-luminal biofilm Turbulent flow reduces catheter residue on the inner surface of the catheter and prevents clot and fibrin formation.
Paging the IV Team Include This Information When You Page When To Page The IV Team Unit/Area you are calling from Call Back Number Patient Room Number Patient Name What the patient needs (IV line, PICC line dressing, Port Access) Why (if applicable) Questions about ANY/ ALL LINES IV Access and IV Placement Patient admitted with PICC and for all PICC dressing changes TPA repairs Phlebitis PICC LINE PAGER IS FOR PLACEMENT ONLY Page 12298 (Not for dressing changes or evaluations)
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