Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires &

Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires &

Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 Chapter Outline 2006, Pearson Education, Inc. I. The Ottomans in the Early Modern Era II. Muslim Politics in Persia III. Early Modern India under the Mughals IV. The Qing Dynasty before the Opium War V. Korea in the 17th and 18th Centuries VI. Early Modern Japan: The Tokugawa Period VII. Southeast Asia: Political and Cultural Interactions VIII. Europeans on New Pacific Frontiers Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 I. The Ottomans in the Early Modern Era

A. Reorganization and Reform Rebellions > deposition of Osman II, 1622 Timars become hereditary 2006, Pearson Education, Inc. B. The Age of the Kprl Vizirs Mehmed IV, 1648, becomes sultan rivalries of Turhan Sultan and Ksem struggles between ulama and Sufis Lepanto Mehmet Kprl (1586-1661) vizir reforms Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 I. The Ottomans in the Early Modern Era C. The Tulip Period Ahmed III (1703-30) 1718, Ibrahim Pasha becomes vizir

influential 2006, Pearson Education, Inc. European influence Turkish language press founded by Ibrahim Mteferrika, 1720 Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 I. The Ottomans in the Early Modern Era D. Eighteenth-Century War, Relations and Reform Mahmud I (r. 1730-54) Comte de Bonneval Mustafa III (r. 1757-74) Baron de Tott Abdl-hamid I (r. 1774-89) Treaty of Kchk Kaynarca Crimea to Russia E. The Reforms of Selim III

Selim III (1789-1807) modernization of army, navy deposed by janissaries, 1807 > Mahmud II (1807-39) Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins 2006, Pearson Education, Inc. Wahhabi movement Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab (1703-92) seize Mecca, 1803 join with Sa'ud family Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 II. Muslim Politics in Persia Safavid Empire 1723, ended by Afghan invasion Nadir Khan 1736, Shah assassinated

Karim Khan Zand (1750-79) successors until 1794 2006, Pearson Education, Inc. Qajar Dynasty (1794-1924) Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 III. Early Modern India under the Mughals Aurangzeb (1658-1707) Islamic orthodoxy attacks Hindu institutions reimposes jizya Marathas opposition Muhammad Shah (1719-48) fragmentation 1739, Nadir Shah loots Delhi 1747, Afghans chose Ahmad Khan (1747-73)

Durr-i Durran ("Pearl of Pearls") sacks Delhi, 1756 defeats Marathas Maratha Confederacy Shivaji Bhonsle Hindu Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins 2006, Pearson Education, Inc. death of Aurangzeb > civil war Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 III. Early Modern India under the Mughals A. The Europeans in India Dutch British - East India Company Mercantilism cloth production

2006, Pearson Education, Inc. East India Company increasingly assertive Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 IV. The Qing Dynasty before the Opium War 1644-c. 1820 - China prospers by 1820, China 33% of world's GDP Manchus help Ming put down Li Zicheng Nurhachi (1559-1616) builds Manchu state Manchuria, north of Great Wall A. Manchu Imperial Rule Emperor Shunzhi (1644-61) successor Kangxi defeats Ming opposition

Kangxi (1662-1722) Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins 2006, Pearson Education, Inc. Hong Taiji, son of Nurhachi Qing dynasty Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 IV. The Qing Dynasty before the Opium War B. Society and Culture C. Challenges Heshen favorite of Qianlong corrupt, robbing > White Lotus movement 1796-1804 social equality deliverance by Maitreya Tribute system

regulation of foreign trade Britain sells opium for tea Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins 2006, Pearson Education, Inc. Yuan Mei (1716-97) Wu Jingzi (1701-54) The Scholars Cao Xueqin (1715-65) The Dream of the Red Chamber Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 V. Korea in the 17th and 18th Centuries Chosn Dynasty strengthens military King Yngjo (1724-76) and grandson, King Chngjo (17761800) welfare, taxes Kim Hongdo (b. 1745), Shin Yunbok (b. 1758)

2006, Pearson Education, Inc. Han'gul used Yangban scholars Yu Hyngwn follower of Zhu Xi silhak - "practical learning" influenced by Western thinking Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 VI. Early Modern Japan: The Tokugawa Period Status Groups: samurai, farmer, artisan, merchant Shguns Alternate attendance system attendance on Shguns at Edo A. The Tokugawa and the World attempt to keep out Christianity > closed-doors to Westerners

2006, Pearson Education, Inc. avoid Chinese tribute system but open to China c. 1700 Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 B. Economic Growth and Social Change Self-governance growth of towns Famines, 1730's, 1780's > reforms Shgun Yoshimune (1716-45) cuts expenses, etc. Tanuma Okitsugu (1719-1788) economic reforms C. Early Modern Scholarship and Ideology Zhu Xi Confucianism

blended with Shint Hayashi Raxan (1583-1657) Yamazaki Ansai (1618-82) Bushid - "way of the warrior" Study of Japan's past Notoori Norinaga (1730-1801) studies Tale of Genji "Dutch Learning" translations of Western works Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins 2006, Pearson Education, Inc. VI. Early Modern Japan: The Tokugawa Period Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 VI. Early Modern Japan: The Tokugawa Period D. Culture and Society The "Floating World"

art for mass consumption Matsuo Bash(1644-1694) haiku Narrow Road to the North Chikamatsu Monzaemon (16531724) Hishikawa Moronobu (1620?-94) Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849) And Hiroshige (1797-1858) Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins 2006, Pearson Education, Inc. Ihara Saikaku (1642-93) Life of an Amorous Man, 1682 Life of an Amorous Woman, 1686 The Eternal Storehouse of Japan, 1688 Worldly Mental Calculations, 1682 Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 VII. Southeast Asia: Political and Cultural

Interactions A. Europeans Dutch control Indonesia, Malacca dictate crops French Alexhandre de Rhodes missionary activity in Vietnam pushed our of Thailand, 1688 2006, Pearson Education, Inc. Spanish from 1521, Magellan Philippines Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 VII. Southeast Asia: Political and Cultural Interactions B. Conflict Alaungpaya, Burmese leder

1752, drives Mons from captital 1760, destroys Ayuthaya Qing threaten Burma Thailand 1782, General Chakri becomes king unites Thailand restoration after Burmese attacks 2006, Pearson Education, Inc. Indonesia Dutch Control Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 VII. Southeast Asia: Political and Cultural Interactions Vietnam Le Dynasty, founded 1428 South, Nguyen dynasty rules by 1720, Cambodia, Saigon, Phnom Penh

2006, Pearson Education, Inc. Tay Son Uprising, 1771 Qing support Le family French support Nguyen Anh gain foothold Nguyen Anh becomes Emperor Gia Long, 1902 build infrastructure Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins Chapter 20: Asian and Middle Eastern Empires & Nations, 1650-1815 VIII. Europeans on New Pacific Frontiers A. Russians 1632, Yakutsk, Eastern Siberia 1728, Vitus Bering Danish Bering strait Okhotsk James Cook Antartica, Arctic

C. Impact Kamehameha 1790, unites three main Hawaiian islands East Asian commerce transformed Brummett, et al, Civilization, Past & Present, Part One; Classical Origins 2006, Pearson Education, Inc. B. Explorations ` Louis de Bougainville Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) Australia, New Guinea, New Britai

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