Chapter 3 : Application Software DISCOVERING COMPUTERS Objectives

Chapter 3 : Application Software DISCOVERING COMPUTERS Objectives

Chapter 3 : Application Software DISCOVERING COMPUTERS Objectives Overview Identify the general categories of programs and apps Describe how an operating system interacts with applications and hardware

Identify key features of productivity applications See Page 152 for Detailed Objectives Differentiate among the ways you can acquire programs and apps Identify the key features of graphics and

multimedia applications Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Objectives Overview Identify the uses of personal interest applications Identify the purpose of software used in communications

Identify the key features of security tools Identify the key features of file and disk management tools See Page 152 for Detailed Objectives Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Programs and Apps A program, or software, consists of a series of related instructions, organized for a common purpose, that tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them An application, or app, sometimes called application software, consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks An operating system is a set of programs that coordinates all the activities among computer or mobile device hardware System software Page 152 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Programs and Apps Page 153 Table 4-1 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Programs and Apps Page 154 Figure 4-1 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Programs and Apps Software is available in a variety of forms: Retail Custom Web app Mobile app Mobile web app

Open source Freeware Public domain Shareware Page 155 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Programs and Apps Productivity applications can assist you in becoming more effective and efficient while performing daily activities at work, school, and home Word processing Presentation Spreadsheet Database

Note taking Calendar and contact management Project management Accounting Personal finance

Legal Tax preparation Page 157 Document management Support services Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Enterprise computing Productivity Applications With productivity applications, users often: Pages 157 - 158 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Productivity Applications Word processing software allows users to create and manipulate

documents Clip art is a collection of drawings, photos, and other images Page 159 Figure 4-4 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Productivity Applications Presentation software allows users to create visual aids for

presentations to communicate ideas, messages, and other information to a group Page 160 Figure 4-5 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Productivity Applications Spreadsheet software allows users to organize data in rows and columns and perform calculations

Pages 160 - 161 Figure 4-6 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Productivity Applications A database is a collection of data organized in a manner that allows access, retrieval, and use of that data Database software allows users to create, access, and manage a database Page 162 Figure 4-7

Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Productivity Applications Note taking software is an application that enables users to enter typed text, handwritten comments, drawings, or sketches anywhere on a page Pages 162 - 163 Figure 4-8 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Productivity Applications

Calendar and contact management software is an application that helps you organize your calendar, keep track of contacts, and share this information with other devices or users Page 163 Figure 4-9 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Productivity Applications A software suite is a collection of individual programs available together as a unit Project management software is an application that

allows a user to plan, schedule, track, and analyze the events, resources, and costs of a project Pages 163 164 Figure 4-10 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Productivity Applications Accounting software is an application that helps businesses of all sizes record and report their financial transactions Page 164

Figure 4-11 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Productivity Applications Personal finance software is a simplified accounting application that helps home users and small/home office users balance their checkbooks, pay bills, track personal income and expenses, verify account balances, transfer funds, track investments, and evaluate financial plans Pages 164 - 165 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Productivity Applications Legal software is an application that assists in the preparation of legal documents and provides legal information to individuals, families, and small businesses Page 166 Figure 4-13 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Productivity Applications Tax preparation software is an application that

can guide individuals, families, or small businesses through the process of filing federal taxes Page 166 Figure 4-14 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Productivity Applications A variety of desktop, mobile, and web apps provide a service intended to make business or personal tasks easier to accomplish Page 167

Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Productivity Applications A large organization, commonly referred to as an enterprise, requires special computing solutions because of its size and geographic distribution Page 168 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Graphics and Media Software

Pages 170 171 Figures 4-16 4-18 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Graphics and Media Software Pages 171 174 Figures 4-19 4-21 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Graphics and Media Software Multimedia authoring

software allows users to combine text, graphics, audio, video, and animation in an interactive application Website authoring software helps users of all skill levels create webpages that include graphics, video, audio, animation, and special effects with interactive content Page 174 Figure 4-22

Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Graphics and Media Software A media player is a program that allows you to view images and animations, listen to audio, and watch video files on your computer or mobile device Disc burning software writes text, graphics, audio, and video files on a recordable or rewritable disc

Pages 175 - 176 Figure 4-23 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Personal Interest Applications Page 176 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Communications Applications Page 174

Figure 3-44 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Security Tools A personal firewall is a security tool that detects and protects a personal computer and its data from unauthorized intrusions Page 179 Figure 4-24 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Security Tools An antivirus program protects a computer against viruses by identifying and removing any computer viruses found in memory, on storage media, or on incoming files Page 181 Figure 4-25 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Security Tools Spyware is a program placed on a computer or mobile device without the users knowledge that

secretly collects information about the user and then communicates the information it collects to some outside source while the user is online Adware is a program that displays an online advertisement in a banner or pop-up window on webpages, email messages, or other Internet services Page 182 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Security Tools Page 182

Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. File and Disk Management Tools A file manager is a tool that performs functions related to file management Pages 183 184 Figure 4-27 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. File and Disk Management Tools A search tool is a

program, usually included with an operating system, that attempts to locate a file on your computer or mobile device based on criteria you specify Page 184 Figure 4-28 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. File and Disk Management Tools

An image viewer is a tool that allows users to display, copy, and print the contents of a graphics file, such as a photo An uninstaller is a tool that removes a program, as well as any associated entries in the system files Page 185 Figure 4-29 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

File and Disk Management Tools A disk cleanup tool searches for and removes unnecessary files Page 186 Figure 4-30 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. File and Disk Management Tools A disk defragmenter is a tool that reorganizes the files and unused space on

a computers hard disk so that the operating system accesses data more quickly and programs run faster Defragmenting Page 186 Figure 4-31 https:// www.youtube.com/watch? v=8tyZalXkMXU

Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. File and Disk Management Tools A screen saver is a tool that causes a display devices screen to show a moving image or blank screen if no keyboard or mouse activity occurs for a specified time A file compression tool shrinks the size of a file(s) A PC maintenance tool is a program that identifies and fixes operating system problems, detects and repairs disk problems, and includes the capability of improving a computers performance Pages 187 - 188 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

File and Disk Management Tools A backup tool allows users to copy, or back up, selected files or the contents of an entire storage medium to another storage location Page 188 Figure 4-32 Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Summary Programs and apps available for

computers and mobile devices Role of the operating system and the various ways software is distributed Communications applications Page 189 Features of a variety

of applications Security tools and file and disk management tools Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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