PENNSYLVANIA HISTORY Where in the world are we? USA Where is our county? Pennsylvania 2 Our state has seven regions Before Europeans arrived, the PHILADELPHIA REGION was home to the Lenape Indians in the village of Shackamaxon. In 1682, William Penn founded Philadelphia to serve as capital of Pennsylvania Colony. Known as the Cradle of Liberty, it was here that the new country was born and the liberty bell was rung. Today, Philadelphia is known for its cheesesteaks and soft pretzels! The popularity of the POCONO MOUNTAINS REGION as a summer
Washington County inacres the PITTSBURGH is famous for The ERIE REGION is characterized byforests itsREGION location on Lake Erie. ItitsisRock also In the ALLEGHANIES AND SUSQUEHANNA VALLEY REGION, Home to millions of of
unspoiled and mountains, the PENNSYLVANIA DUTCH COUNTRY is an area that was settled byand retreat began in the early 20th century when Philadelphia Quakers Shelters at Meadowcroft Village, which are one of the
best preserved much colder and snowier than the rest of the state with lake-effect snow engineers built eight sets of locks and dams to improve navigation, generate WILDS REGION stands ready forinfishing, hiking, kayaking,
skiing, German (or Deutsch) immigrants the late 1800s. The Amish in the area started the resorts of Buck Hill Falls and Pocono Manor. Now, many oldest Pre-Clovis Native American dwellings in the country.
The Allegheny falling almost every day during the winter months. During the summer, electricity, and control the floods that periodically submerged those along andknown other outdoor activities during both and summer and winter. Visitmany the
are for simple living, plain dress, reluctance to adopt summer camps dot the area. The ski resorts welcome vacationers and Monongahela Rivers to form theofOhio River at Artisan Pittsburgh. Lake Erie fun join beaches for
vacationers. Thethe seaport isrivers the hub its shores. Theprovides Susquehanna River is one theGo oldest existing intothe Peter J. McGovern Little League Museum. on Trail conveniences of modern technology. By contrast, the
Battle of Gettysburg during the winter months. The Delaware Water area includes the Pittsburgh is known as both "The Steel City" itsGap more steelfrom which Pennsylvania's products travel tofor other cities on the
Great 3than world. It is far older than the mountain ridges through which it 300 flows. see crafts people making and selling their wares. saw the largest number of casualties of the Civil War. popular Dingmans related
businesses and Falls. "The City of Bridges" for its 446 bridges. Lakes and beyond. WHAT CAUSES LAKE EFFECT SNOW? Lake effect snow is caused when a very cold winter air mass flows over the relatively warmer waters of Lake Erie. Intense evaporation from the lake surface under these conditions forms clouds that cannot contain all of this water. Some of it falls back to the surface as snow. THE POCONO MOUNTAINS Click the picture to see a video of Pocono Mountains are aleaves mountainous area in Pocono autumn northeastern Pennsylvania.
They are a part of the Appalachians Trail. North Knob, the highest hill, rises 2,693 feet above sea level. The name comes from the Munsee Indian word Pokawachne (pronounced Poke Ah Waak-nay), which means "Creek Between Two Hills because the Delaware River flows through them. The Pocono area is Pennsylvania's most popular tourist destination. Our State Flag The coat of arms A ship carrying state commerce to all parts of the world A clay-red plough, a symbol of the Pennsylvania's rich natural resources Three golden sheaves of wheat,
representing fertile fields The coat of arms is surrounded by draft horses on both sides, and a bald eagle, which represents Pennsylvania's loyalty to the United States. Surrounding the coat of arms are a stalk of Indian corn on the left and an olive branch on the right. These represent the state's recognition of its past and its hope for the future. 6 The state motto, "Virtue Liberty and Independence, appears below on a ribbon. Pennsylvania Symbols Quiz What is the Pennsylvania state flower? Mountain Laurel Iris Cherokee rose Bluebonnet Iris: Tennessee Cherokee rose: Georgia Bluebonnet: Texas 7 Pennsylvania Symbols Quiz What is the Pennsylvania state
bird? Eastern goldfinch Mountain blue bird Ruffed grouse Wild Turkey Eastern goldfinch: New Jersey Mountain blue bird: Nevada Wild Turkey: Alabama Pennsylvania Symbols Quiz What is the Pennsylvania state animal? White tailed deer Moose Black bear Tabby cat Moose: Alaska, Maine Black bear: AL, LA, NM, WV Tabby cat: Massachusetts 9 Pennsylvania Symbols
Quiz What is the Pennsylvania state insect? Monarch butterfly Tiger Swallowtail Karner Blue Butterfly Firefly Monarch butterfly: MN & VT Tiger Swallowtail: DE, GA, & SC Karner blue butterfly: New Hampshire 10 Pennsylvania Symbols Quiz What is the Pennsylvania state dog? American foxhound Great Dane Boston terrier Chesapeake Bay retriever American foxhound: Virginia Boston Terrior: Massachusetts Chesapeake Bay retriever: Maryland 11
Pennsylvania Symbols Quiz What is the Pennsylvania state tree? Blue spruce Loblolly pine Eastern hemlock Candlenut tree Blue spruce: Colorado Loblolly pine: Arkansas Candlenut tree: Hawaii Pennsylvania Symbols Quiz What is the Pennsylvania state fish? King salmon Brook trout Bluegill Humuhumunukunukupuaa King salmon: Alaska Bluegill: Illinois Humuhumunukunukupuaa: Hawaii 13
13 Pennsylvania Symbols Quiz What is the Pennsylvania state fossil? Wooly Mammoth Petrified wood Mastodon Trilobite Wooly Mammoth: Alaska and Nebraska Petrified wood: AZ, MS, ND, WA Mastodon: Michigan 14 Pennsylvania Symbols Quiz What is the Pennsylvania state beverage? Orange juice
Milk Cranberry juice Apple cider Orange juice: Florida Cranberry juice: Massachusetts Apple cider: New Hampshire 15 Pennsylvania Symbols Quiz What is the Pennsylvania state soil? Harney Crider soil Hazleton soil Natchez silt loam Harney: Kansas Crider soil: Kentucky Natchez silt loam: Mississippi 16 How many do you remember? 1. Flower 6.
2. 3. 4. 5. Bird Animal Insect Dog 7. 8. 9. 10. Tree Fish Fossil Beverage Soil Answers: 1. Mountain laurel; 2. Ruffed grouse; 3. Whitetailed deer; 4. Firefly; 5. Great Dane; 6. Eastern hemlock; 7. Brook trout; 8. Trilobite; 9. Milk; 10. Hazleton 17 NATIVE AMERICANS IN PENNSYLVANIA Most Native Americans were forced to leave Pennsylvania during the 1700's, when eastern tribes were being displaced by colonial expansion. Most tribes that once were native to Pennsylvania ended up on Indian
reservations in Oklahoma. MEADOWCROFT The archaeological site shows earliest known ROCKSHELTERS evidence of human presence in Pennsylvania. The artifacts from the site show the area may have been continually inhabited for over 19,000 years, since Paleo-Indian times. The rockshelter is a natural formation beneath an overhanging cliff sandstone. Native Americans left the site during the Revolutionary War. It was not re-discovered until 1955. From 1879 to 1918 the Carlisle community hosted an experiment designed to transform more than 10,000 Native American Indian children from their so-called "savage" ways into "civilized" lifestyles.
They came from all over the country. The children were forced to change their name to an English name which had little meaning for them. They were required to learn English and could not use their native language. The children wore uniforms, but they had been accustomed to their native attire. The boys had to cut their long braids. How would YOU feel if this happened to you? Click the postcard to hear the Pennsylvania21state song.
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