FMD situation in Egypt Dr: Shams Amin Preventive

FMD situation in Egypt Dr: Shams Amin Preventive

FMD situation in Egypt Dr: Shams Amin Preventive medicine specialist General organization for veterinary service Ministry of agriculture Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 1 Gaps Identified in 2014 roadmap meeting Activity % of achievement

gaps Plan to study Epidemiology of FMD 85% Difficult of data flow between central and local level . Lack of accurate census Value chain analysis 30%

Lack of information related to stakeholders involved in value chain FMD distribution and hypothesis 40% Lack of I and R system implementation and information related to animals movement pattern within and into Egypt Socio-economic impact of FMD

30% Lack of financial resources to complete the preliminary study Circulating strains 90 % Under reporting in some governorates , lack building capacity of the lab concerning sequence results Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015

2 Gaps Identified in 2014 roadmap meeting Activity of% achievement gaps Enabling environment 50% Lack of human resources and advanced

training especially risk assessment and detailed value chain , lack of communication with stockholder concerning FMD control measures Commitment to regional approach 90% - Identification of hot spots 80%

Lack of specified hot spots Strategic FMD control plan 90% Lack of financial resources for implementation of control measures based on identified risk hot spots Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 3

FMD outbreaks in 2014-2015 year No. of FMD outbreaks No. of reported village 2014 699 599

2015 441 398 Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 4 Incidence of villages reported FMD in 2015 & 2014 Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 5

Geographical distribution of FMD outbreaks in 2015till (October) Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 6 Passive surveillance and reporting for FMD in 2014 Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 7 Temporal distribution of FMD serotype in 2014

Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 8 Geographical distribution of FMD serotype in 2014 Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 9 Passive surveillance and reporting for FMD in 2015 till (October) Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015

10 Temporal distribution of FMD strains in 2015 (October) Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 Geographical distribution of FMD serotype in 2015 till (October) Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 12 Active surveillance of FMD applied in January 2015

Objective : - estimation % of NSP ( unvaccinated animals ) in 4 border governorates from (south and western region) which is considered as high risk governorates for introduction of new strains or sub types of FMD . - Detecting of circulating serotypes and subtypes if active clinical cases were found. Methodology : - Collection of serum sample from different species (cattle, buffalo, sheep and goat) in 162 Villages. - Clinical investigation to detect clinically active cases . Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 13

Active surveillance of FMD Result : - 15%, 9%, 5% and 3% of samples was positive for NSP in Aswan, New Valley, Matrouh and Red Sea respectively , while the overall percentage of positive samples was 10 % . - Concerning clinical investigation results : detection of one active case in Aswan governorate which is identified as O / EA 3 . . Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 14 Description of FMD control measures in 2014-2015

1. vaccination (in place): cattle, buffaloes, sheep and goats. Trivalent local produced vaccine. Year coverage % of vaccinated animals Large ruminant

small ruminant 1st mid year (2014) 44% 23% 2ed mid year (2014) 43% 23%

1st mid year (2015) 44% 22% Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 15 Geographical distribution of Vaccination coverage 1st mid year (2014) Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015

16 Geographical distribution of Vaccination coverage 2nd mid year (2014) Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 17 Geographical distribution of Vaccination coverage 1st mid year (2015) Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 18

Description of FMD control measures in 2014-2015 2. Awareness campaigns Extension campaign send key message to owners aimed to increase awareness about : symptoms and economic losses reporting to authorized clinic importantance of vaccination dealing with diseased animals Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 19

Description of FMD control measures in 2014-2015 3. Biosecurity measures We start with create , manufacture and pre test of biosecurity design suits as well as implementation of biosecurity measures concerning professionals to reduce risk of transmission of FMD. Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015

20 Description of FMD control measures in 2014-2015 4. Plans related to FMD surveillance and control in the short and long term Short term : - strengthen passive surveillance - improve data flow system Medium term -achievement of vaccination coverage 80% with local produced vaccine - full understanding of animal movement within and into Egypt Long term - move forward on PCP stages to improving animal production.

Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 21 Description of FMD control plan (RBSP ) Aim : Reduce FMD impact of clinical disease within 5 years component 1: Reduce FMD transmission from high risk markets to small farms & small holders Reduce FMD transmission in winter season within 3 years Establishment of contingency plan in case of new incursion. Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015

22 Description of FMD control plan (RBSP ) component 2: Improve biosecurity measures concerning professionals Enhancement of the practical capacities of the national laboratories concerning diagnosis of FMD & vaccine quality Establish adequate monitoring and evaluation system component 3: Understanding the risk of the viral introduction at different border and trials to reduce transmission by smuggling animals from borders Full understanding of animal movement and production cross Egypt

Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 23 international projects that feed directly and indirectly to FMD control Progressive control of FMD in Egypt This project will be implemented in co operation between FAO, US-DOS,EU- FMD with GOVS. Eu-FMD provides an organized infrastructure and expert consulting resources however there is a need to support these currently unfunded activities: Training of in-country trainers (GOVS staff veterinarians) .

Strengthening the monitoring, evaluation and surveillance capacity at GOVS and Animal Health Research Institute (AHRI) Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 24 international projects that feed directly and indirectly to FMD control Strengthening the diagnostic capacity of the AHRI Audit on vaccine quality at the 3 plants in Egypt (two government owned and one private)

Meeting with regional countries to include a regional component into the RBSP (Egypt, Libya, Chad, Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Lebanon, Jordan) Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 25 Needs for support Technical expert for full understanding of animal movement and production within Egypt ( value chain analysis ) Training of in-country trainers (GOVS staff veterinarians) on: Risk analysis Socioeconomic impact Gap analysis.

prioritizing importance of FMD control in relation to other animal diseases advanced biostatistics- spatial analysis study design- disease modeling advanced biosecurity measures Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 26 Middle East FMD Roadmap Meeting Doha, Qatar 1-3 December 2015 27

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