Mission updates RADARSAT CONSTELLATION MISSION Canadian Space Agency

Mission updates RADARSAT CONSTELLATION MISSION Canadian Space Agency

Mission updates RADARSAT CONSTELLATION MISSION Canadian Space Agency Yves Crevier [email protected] 1 In Response to the Canadas Interest and Future in Space Canadas Space Policy Framework released in early 2014 outlining the Governments strategic goals for its space activities New Governance framework Establish Space Advisory Board chaired by the CSA President Establish a DM Governance Committee on Space Multiple funding sources for future major space projects, including from FGDAs, industry, and international partners Ensuring new space procurements are consistent with Government priorities Examining opportunity for industry to support CSA activities Internal work on Forest Monitoring Relevant to GFOI Work conducted under the auspices of the Canadian Forest Service

Development of a National monitoring framework (NTEMS forest, agriculture, ecosystems, habitats, etc.) Improve interoperability usage for optical sensors (eg. LS8, S2) Assess interoperability between SAR and optical missions Seeking to contribute Canadas forest information to GFOI 3 RADARSAT Continuity RADARSAT-1 (1995) RCM (2018) RADARSAT-2 (2007) RADARSAT-1 Mass Complete Coverage Exact Revisit Imaging time /orbit antenna span Polarization Altitude RADARSAT-2

RCM 2750 kg 2-3 days 24 days 28 min 15 m Single HH 2280 Kg 2-3 days 24 days 28 min 15 m Single, Dual, Polarimetric 1430 Kg Daily coverage 4 days 15 min /sat 6.75 m Single, Dual, Compact Pol

800 km 800 km 600 km RADARSAT Constellation Mission (RCM) Design completed Mission Critical Design Review held in Nov 2012 Satellites and data (SAR and AIS) are Government-owned Planned for launch in 2018 RCM will offer greater flexibility and imaging capacity (frequency) Developed to meet the needs of operational users Include an Automatic Identification System (AIS) on each satellite Will be capable of handling both classified and unclassified Orders and Products

Schedule Critical Design Review Delivery #1 #2 #3 Automatic Identification System (AIS) Start Assembly, Integration and Testing (AIT) Satellite #1 completed Satellite #1 Build Start AIT Satellite #2 completed Satellite #2 Build Satellite #3 completed Start AIT

Satellite #3 Build Launch and Commissioning Phase E1 E2 Ground Segment (GS) Prime Contract Critical Design Review GS completed Operations Development Ops ready for launch Ops Preliminary Review CSA Mission Operation Center CCRS Receiving Antennas Gatineau & Inuvik antennas Prince Albert antenna CCRS Command and Monitoring ad-ons

Prince Albert Antenna CCRS antennas completed Gatineau & Inuvik antennas CCRS Archiving, Catalogue and Access DND Polar Epsilon 2 PE2 ready for Initial Operating Capability 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

Final Operating Capability 2020 6 RCM Imaging Modes 7 Image Products Raw Products Raw Radar data in FRED format GCC = GeoCoded Complex GCD = GeoCoded Detected GRC = Ground range georeferenced Complex GRD = Ground range georeferenced Detected Image Products Variety of processing levels single-look complex products (SLC) multi-looked power-detected geo-referenced products (GRD, GRC) geo-coded products (GCD, GCC)

Include a Doppler Grid with 2 km spacing Same formats as RADARSAT-2: GeoTIFF images with XML meta-data + NITF 2.1 format. 8 Core Use Areas Maritime Surveillance Ice & Iceberg Monitoring Pollution Monitoring Vessel Detection Including AIS Marine Winds Environmental Monitoring Forestry Protected Areas & Wildlife Habitat Agriculture Wetlands Coastal Change Disaster Management

Flood Monitoring Windstorms Earthquakes Landslides Volcanic Activity Permafrost Standard Coverage Concept Coherent, consistent and systematic RCM will introduce a pre-defined and pre-programmed recurrent data acquisitions concept based on users specific parameters such as revisit, geographic area, time frame (all year or season-specific) and modes. Issue Large geographic and temporal overlaps in users and applications requirements Various preferred imaging modes Approach Analyse user imaging requirements spatially and temporally over the annual cycle to determine a "feasible" imaging plan, with agreed upon compromises in overlapping zones Result Standard Coverage Collections of data acquired routinely in harmonized and de-conflicted imaging modes intended to optimize and maximize the utility of the data across all User

requirements 10 RCM Data Policy Objectives Priority access for Canadian operational users over Canada. Data freely and openly available to public as much as possible (world-wide trend toward full and open data sharing principles). Maintain commercial thrust initiated by previous RADARSAT missions as much as possible. Enable a level-playing-field for all Canadian value-added service providers and reinvigorate this industry. Protect and preserve data in the long-term. Comply with the Remote Sensing Space Systems Act and other GoC regulations. Status: Currently in development. 11

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