Andre Derain FAUVIST Andre Derain (painted by Matisse)

Andre Derain FAUVIST Andre Derain (painted by Matisse)

Andre Derain FAUVIST Andre Derain (painted by Matisse) Henri Matisse (painted by Derain)

Andre Derain Andr Derain was born in Chtou, a suburb of Paris. Excellent scholar that he was, Derain had first planned to become an engineer before suddenly deciding to study art at the Acadmie Julian. He shared a studio with his friend Vlaminck, painted with Matisse at Collioure near Marseilles, and was a frequent

visitor to the ramshackle studios on the rue Ravignan, known as the Bateau Lavoir, where his friends Braque and Picasso worked. Andre Derain His father was a successful patissier (pastry chef) and a town councillor and Derain was given a middle-class education. He disliked

school - much later, he said that 'the teachers, ushers and pupils were a far more bitter memory for me than the darkest hours of my military career.' He left 'with few regrets and the reputation of being a bad, lazy and noisy scholar', but with a prize for drawing. Andre Derain In June 1900 he met Maurice de Vlaminck,

and formed a close friendship with him. The two young artists rented a disused restaurant in Chatou which they used as a studio, and often shocked their neighbors with their antics. Meanwhile, Derain pursued his studies, copying in the Louvre and visiting exhibitions of contemporary art. He was extremely impressed by the Van Gogh

retrospective at the Bernheim-Jeune Gallery, and it was here that he introduced his two friends, Vlaminck and Matisse, to one another. Andre Derain "In the autumn of that year Derain was called up for military service. He could do little work, but carried on a lively correspondence with

Vlaminck until his release in September 1904. He returned to Chatou, and it was at about this time that he got to know the poet Guillaume Apollinaire. The following year, 1905, was an important one for him. The dealer Ambroise Vollard, to whom he had been introduced by Matisse, bought the entire contents of his studio (he did the same with Vlaminck).

Andre Derain Derain exhibited at the Salon des Indpendants and sold four pictures, and then at the Salon d'Automne where he, Matisse, Vlaminck and others were hung together as a group, in a space which was promptly dubbed the 'Cage aux Fauves' ('Cage of Wild

Beasts') by a facetious critic, and Fauvism was officially born. Andre Derain As a Fauve Derain was principally concerned with line and color and enjoyed squeezing tubes of bright color on his canvas, particularly pinks, blues, and violets. In and

around 1908, Derain turned to the study of form and structure, and experimented with Cubism, Impressionism, and the styles of Van Gogh, Gauguin, and Cezanne, in an effort to find a style that pleased him. Andre Derain An early interest in the Renaissance

masters led him to a further study of paintings of the past and he went as far back as the Italian primitives and the Gothic masters. During his years of study he worked as a wood-engraver and illustrated many famous books, like Rabelais' "Pantagruel", a work indicative of his sensitivity to and understanding of the past. He also executed a great many sets and

costumes for the Ballet Russe. Andre Derain In the later years of his career, after 1920, he painted brilliant still lives, classical landscapes, and some of the finest portraits of his day, although none of these were ever exhibited. Derain was a strange, moody,

highly intellectual man who disliked the painting produced during his own lifetime to the extent that he retired to the country to live in almost complete solitude and seemed almost determined to be forgotten. Andre Derain Early in 1954, when Derain showed

symptoms of eye trouble and mental incapacity, he was treated at a clinic near Paris until he became well enough to return home. Shortly thereafter he was hit by a car on his way home from a nearby garage. Derain died a few weeks later from shock. Boats in the Harbor 1905

Boats in the Harbor 1905 "Boats" was painted during Derain's earlier career and represents the port town of Collioure in southern France where the Fauve French artists would meet. St. Paul's Cathedral (1906) St. Pauls Cathedral 1906

After the great financial success of Claude Monet's views of the Thames River, Andr Derain's dealer, Ambroise Vollard, convinced him to paint London, too. During two trips to England in 1905 and 1906, Derain made thirty views of the city. This one features Sir Christopher Wren's famous 17th-century cathedral. A Fauve painter, Derain has

distilled and expressed his emotions about the subject using intensified colors and a simplified design. Charing Cross Bridge Charing Cross Bridge 1906 Derain went twice to London where he

produced some thirty paintings. Charing Cross Bridge is recognised as one of the finest Fauvist compositions. The street and buildings are painted in large flat tones while the changing sky and water are treated in small, fragmented touches reminiscent of the Neoimpressionist style. The forms of the vehicles are distorted, their silhouettes echoing the curb of the Victoria embankment to give a sensation of speed.

Mountains at Collioure 1905 Mountains of Collioure Mountains at Collioure was painted during the summer of 1905, when Matisse, together with Andr Derain, worked in the

small Mediterranean fishing port of Collioure, near the Spanish border. Henri Matisse Open Window 1905 The Turning Road, L'Estaque 1906 The Palace of Westminster 1906-07

The Palace of Westminster 1906-07 In 1905 and 1906 Derain traveled to London at the suggestion of the art dealer Ambroise Vollard, for whom he executed a number of views of the city, including The Palace of Westminster. As the artist later recalled, these canvases were inspired by Claude Monet's views of London painted only a

few years earlier, which had "made a very strong impression on Paris." Derains long broken brushstrokes and bright bold colors reflect the influence of the Neo-Impressionists as well as Henri Matisse, with whom Derain spent the summer of 1905 in the south of France. Study Guide for Test Compare and contrast the philosophies of the art movement

and the respective artists. Compare and contrast the specific techniques employed by the artists. Paintings: Claude Monet Impression Sunrise

Vincent Van Gogh The Starry Night Andre Derain Turning Road, LEstaque Study Guide for Test

Note the similarities and differences in the works Things to consider:

Elements of Art Principles of Design Subject Matter Use of Media/Materials Methods Approach to Creating Art Inspirations

Intentions Why their methods were considered Avant Garde?

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