CTG Annual Tax Conference 28 April 2016 The

CTG Annual Tax Conference 28 April 2016 The

CTG Annual Tax Conference 28 April 2016 The voice of charities on Tax The voice of charities on Tax New CTG Website Interactive version of the Charity Tax Map

Searchable by activity type and tax type Links to HMRC guidance Regular, personalised updates on key tax topics Register for events and respond to consultations online The voice of charities on Tax Funders and contributors The voice of charities on

Tax Review of tax developments Panel chaired by John Hemming, The voice of charities on Tax CTG Chairman and Wellcome Trust Business rates and

loans to participators John Hemming, CTG Chairman The voice of charities on Tax and Wellcome Trust Business Rates Wide-ranging Government review of business rates in 2015-16 Formal confirmation from HM Treasury that charity

rate reliefs will be maintained BUT Local Authorities challenging more arrangements The voice of charities on Tax Loans to participators charity exemption New exemption applied from October 2015 The voice of charities on

Tax Apprenticeship Levy Karen Atkinson, Prostate Cancer UK The voice of charities on Tax Apprenticeship Levy Background to the levy Basic requirements Concerns

Current thinking The voice of charities on Tax Apprenticeship Levy Background Government wishes to focus on improving the productivity of UK Plc Significantly increasing the number of opportunities for apprenticeships is seen as a key policy move to influence this need

The voice of charities on Tax Apprenticeship Levy Basic Requirements Introduction from April 2017 Levy set at 0.5% of employers paybill Applies to paybills in excess of 3m pa Collected alongside normal PAYE process Employers receive an allowance of 15k via a digital account Will be possible to top-up your digital account

The voice of charities on Tax Charity X Charity Y Apprenticeship Levy Worked Example Total paybill

2m 10m Levy Calculation 0.5% of 2m = 10,000 0.5% of 10m = 50,000

15,000 Allowance applied Annual Levy payment 10,000 - 15,000 50,000 - 15,000 The voice of charities on Tax

0 35,000 Apprenticeship Levy Concerns Some charities have roles for apprentices. Many do not Restricted funding models could place restrictions on experience levels of staff involved in projects Research funding pays for staff costs will grants have to increase?

The voice of charities on Tax Apprenticeship Levy Concerns Funds in digital account can only be used for training costs of approved providers not salaries If in-house training provided, needs to meet recognised standards & be open to OFSTED inspection Connected Charities rule may mean some charities that would otherwise be unaffected are impacted simply because of their structure

The voice of charities on Tax Apprenticeship Levy Current thinking No employer sector will be exempt Disproportionate impact on charities, due to use of volunteers & limited use of apprentices Effectively this is another payroll tax Connected Charities rules likely to be reviewed following representations by CTG Continue to seek discussions with BIS/HMRC

The voice of charities on Tax Common Reporting Standard Alana Petraske, Withers LLP The voice of charities on Tax Charity Tax Group Annual Conference

Common Reporting Standard (CRS) and charities Alana Petraske, Withers LLP 28 April 2016 London l Geneva l Zurich l Milan l Padua l New Haven l New York Greenwich l San Francisco l Los Angeles l Rancho Santa Fe l San Diego Singapore l Hong Kong l Tokyo l Sydney l British Virgin Islands What is CRS? OECD-level global model for Automatic Exchange

Aimed at increasing transparency Purpose: combat cross-border tax evasion Based on US FATCA Requires certain institutions to collect data and report it to HMRC for later exchange with other countries Will replace CDOT or UK FATCA

Implemented by: EU Directive (binding on the UK) UK Regulations (implementing the Directive) London l Geneva l Zurich l Milan l Padua l New Haven l New York Greenwich l San Francisco l Los Angeles l Rancho Santa Fe l San Diego Singapore l Hong Kong l Tokyo l Sydney l British Virgin Islands Why and how does this affect charities? CRS requires Financial Institutions to report to HMRC on Account Holders

No exclusion for charities as there is under FATCA! Grant makers are most likely to be Financial Institutions All grantees = Account Holders (including UK and individuals) Due diligence and reporting obligation If not a Financial Institution then still completing SelfCertification forms for banks, investment managers, but no reporting London l Geneva l Zurich l Milan l Padua l New Haven l New York

Greenwich l San Francisco l Los Angeles l Rancho Santa Fe l San Diego Singapore l Hong Kong l Tokyo l Sydney l British Virgin Islands London l Geneva l Zurich l Milan l Padua l New Haven l New York Greenwich l San Francisco l Los Angeles l Rancho Santa Fe l San Diego Singapore l Hong Kong l Tokyo l Sydney l British Virgin Islands Is CRS in force? Yes in force as of 1 January 2016 Reporting in 2017 in respect of calendar year 2016 Some jurisdictions implementing in coming years data collection obligation now to future proof

NB - CDOT (or UK FATCA) already reporting in respect of calendar year 2015 (Isle of Man, Guernsey, Jersey and Gibraltar) London l Geneva l Zurich l Milan l Padua l New Haven l New York Greenwich l San Francisco l Los Angeles l Rancho Santa Fe l San Diego Singapore l Hong Kong l Tokyo l Sydney l British Virgin Islands CRS Challenges Administrative burden for charities and grantees Different than FATCA Regime designed with banks in mind Terminology heavy (and counter-intuitive for charities)

OECD and EU level policy decision not to exclude charities Difficult to argue with transparency London l Geneva l Zurich l Milan l Padua l New Haven l New York Greenwich l San Francisco l Los Angeles l Rancho Santa Fe l San Diego Singapore l Hong Kong l Tokyo l Sydney l British Virgin Islands What should charities be doing? Figure out their CRS status now (and CDOT if relevant)! Review charity-specific Guidance when issued by HMRC If a Financial Institution: Gather self-certification information from 2016 grantees

now Review grantee due diligence procedures generally Stay in touch with sector bodies and feed back experience London l Geneva l Zurich l Milan l Padua l New Haven l New York Greenwich l San Francisco l Los Angeles l Rancho Santa Fe l San Diego Singapore l Hong Kong l Tokyo l Sydney l British Virgin Islands Sector consultation and activity Charity Tax Forum special Working Party with HMRC Many sector organisations participating: CTG

Charity Law Assoc Charity Investors Group Assoc. of Charitable Foundations

Charity Finance Group Assoc of Church Accountants Philanthropy Impact Stewardship

Liaison with European Foundation Centre London l Geneva l Zurich l Milan l Padua l New Haven l New York Greenwich l San Francisco l Los Angeles l Rancho Santa Fe l San Diego Singapore l Hong Kong l Tokyo l Sydney l British Virgin Islands Guidance? HMRC general manual released now (some teething problems) Charity-specific guidance expected imminently HMRC open to comments please feed back via CTG or

other sector groups London l Geneva l Zurich l Milan l Padua l New Haven l New York Greenwich l San Francisco l Los Angeles l Rancho Santa Fe l San Diego Singapore l Hong Kong l Tokyo l Sydney l British Virgin Islands Alana Petraske, Special Counsel Withers LLP [email protected] London l Geneva l Zurich l Milan l Padua l New Haven l New York Greenwich l San Francisco l Los Angeles l Rancho Santa Fe l San Diego

Singapore l Hong Kong l Tokyo l Sydney l British Virgin Islands Taxation of Cross-Border Philanthropy Hanna Surmatz, European Foundation Centre The voice of charities on Tax Taxation of CrossBorder Philanthropy in the EU What can be done to ease it?

UK Charity Tax Group Conference 28th April 2016, London Whats the issue? EU law requires non-discrimination in taxation of philanthropy Divergence of law and practice barriers remain: Non-implementation in some MSs Unclear implementation lack of user awareness Varied and sometimes complex approaches to the

comparability test Need to develop practical and policy solutions Why does this matter? Cross-border philanthropy growing Citizens increasingly mobile Issues do not have borders Where do we stand? Three ECJ cases:

First phase of the research 2014 joint study by EFC and TGE Author Thomas von Hippel National experts across EU 28 Mapping of the 3 ECJ scenarios Legal requirements Approaches to implementation Key findings 2014 a mixed picture Stauffer: noncompliance 9 countries

Missionswerk: noncompliance 6 countries Persche: noncompliance 6 countries Key findings comparability test Divergent approaches Different type of evidence required Different authorities responsible (national level, local/regional level) Wide discretion by authorities Recognition may be awarded on case by case basis

Administrative costs and barriers (translation, notarization etc.) What next? Binding multilateral or bilateral treaties? Automatic comparability in national tax laws? Strictest common denominator approach in Model Statutes? Recommendations to Member States/fiscal authorities to carry out the comparability test with core elements of public-benefit status in mind feasible or crazy dream?

Can existing national approaches for the comparability test serve as models? Thank you ! Hanna Surmatz: [email protected] Ludwig Forrest: [email protected] Donations to parent charities Ian Short, KPMG The voice of charities on

Tax Donations to parent charities Recent changes October 2014 ICAEW Technical release (TECH 16/14BL) Gift Aid payment to parent charity = Distribution Distribution > distributable reserves = Unlawful Unlawful payments (inc. any in previous six years) = Repayable by charity October 2014 Charity Commission withdraw guidance (CC35) February 2016 Joint release of new guidance (HMRC/ICAEW/Charity Commission)

ICAEW revised guidance (inc. tax issues), same key conclusions as above For accounting periods commencing on or after 1 April 2015: Charity Commission Charities, and their subsidiaries, must comply with distribution rules, and HMRC Unlawful distributions not tax deductible, but refunds of previous unlawful distributions not taxable

2016 KPMG LLP, a UK limited liability partnership and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (KPMG International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Document Classification: KPMG Confidential 39 Donations to parent charities Prior periods Key issues to consider

Have there been any previous unlawful payments? If so: What refunds need to be made? Is the previous tax deduction affected?

Per HMRC guidance, refunds of prior unlawful payments are not taxable 2016 KPMG LLP, a UK limited liability partnership and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (KPMG International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Document Classification: KPMG Confidential 40 Donations to parent charities

The way forward Insufficient distributable reserves? Potential remedies (see ICAEW guidance): Use of post year end profits (i.e. reserves at payment date) Capital reduction

Loan waivers (but note Charity Commission guidance) Transfers of assets Ongoing issues? Non-deductible expenditure may cause issues, e.g.

Depreciation (in excess of capital allowances) Pension provisions Entertaining etc

FRS102 adjustments? 2016 KPMG LLP, a UK limited liability partnership and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (KPMG International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Document Classification: KPMG Confidential 41 Donations to parent

charities Further issues What is a parent charity is it only 100% parent? Parent charity not defined Position of control (or joint control)? Distribution rules still need to be followed if a parent What if it is a distribution, and company not wholly owned by a charity/charities? Payment not tax deductible, even if it is lawful! 2016 KPMG LLP, a UK limited liability partnership and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative (KPMG International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.

Document Classification: KPMG Confidential 42 Coffee Break The voice of charities on Tax VAT: Technical Updates Panel chaired by Graham Elliott,

The voice of charities on Tax CTG Technical Adviser VAT case law update Graham Elliott, CTG Technical Adviser The voice of charities on Tax

Input Tax Sveda UAB (C-126/14) Relates to free of charge activity provision and impact on VAT recovery on related costs where there is also a taxable activity Case related to a commercial company but no reason to doubt its application to charities Involved expenditure on a theme path to which people were to be admitted for no charge, but The path also led to a retail and catering outlet run by company CJEU decided that input tax recovery was allowed in full despite element of free use.

The voice of charities on Tax Input Tax Sveda UAB (C-126/14) HMRC yet to announce policy in wake of decision CTG in discussion with HMRC Suggests that where a cost has a direct link with a taxable activity, elements on non-charged activity can be ignored No motive test applied by the CJEU so charitable purposes should prove to be irrelevant May affect visitor attractions, but should also go

wider The voice of charities on Tax Partial Exemption Chester Zoo (TC04479) Whether animal keep costs could be apportioned by reference to all turnover when considering the override HMRC argued that the animal costs only related to exempt admissions and taxable animal experiences But the tribunal decided that the costs did have a direct link with taxable catering and merchandise supplies

This has echoes of Sveda in so far as it considers the wider commercial picture when determining VAT recovery The voice of charities on Tax Staff Supplies Adecco (TC04743) Relates to temp staff and whether the employment bureau supplies them or merely intermediates Follows the earlier Reed Employment case which

suggests that bureau cannot coerce worker to take work, so can only be an intermediary The difference at stake is whether the entire cost of a temp worker is subject to VAT, or only the bureaus element The voice of charities on Tax Staff Supplies Adecco (TC04743) The tribunal disagreed with the decision in Reed Employment

It held that the bureau did supply staff and did not merely intermediate The staff were controlled by Adecco, albeit with cooperation of the user In most cases, the route of the supply would follow the money, Adecco paid the worker The contracts appeared to reflect employer obligations on Adecco The voice of charities on Tax Education Brockenhurst College (EWCA Civ 1196)

Whether charges to third parties can ever be exempt as though a supply to the student Both First tier and Upper Tribunals had accepted that this was effectively ancillary to exempt education But Brockenhurst and HMRC agreed to apply to the Court of Appeal to have the matter referred to the CJEU The Court of Appeal agreed to make the reference. The voice of charities on Tax

Education Wakefield College (UKUT19) Whether the College was in business when it made charges to certain students (thus impacting on the VAT treatment of its new building) Charges made to minority of students and at very low levels, but Charges not means tested as such Therefore the Upper Tribunal rejected the parallel with the Finland CJEU decision and held that the supplies were economic activities The voice of charities on

Tax Economic Activity/RCP Longridge Whether the use of the new building was for an RCP Both the First Tier and the Upper Tribunal had accepted that it was (though the UT simply said the FTT had the right to conclude that) HMRC appealed to the Court of Appeal which was heard last week Issue is whether charges made at below cost, using volunteers, and where capital costs met from donations, is a business Issue of broad importance where certain charities address narrow society needs (e.g. disability) and make very low charges, as well

as Longridge types of example The voice of charities on Tax VAT and direct mail Peter Jenkins, CTG Technical Adviser The voice of charities on Tax VAT and Direct Mail

HMRC stated that printing and distribution of mail packs is a single supply of marketing services liable to VAT not zero rated supplies of printed matter Contradicted HMRCs own guidance and general practice & understanding HMRC expected VAT to be applied to these supplies from 1 October 2014 CTG raised serious concerns with senior HMRC officials and called for a transitional period and no retrospective action The voice of charities on Tax

VAT and Direct Mail HMRC action No retrospective action unless evidence of fraud/artificiality Postponed start date of new interpretation by 10 months Accepted that certain alterations to customer address lists (MPS/ suppressions) can be ancillary to the zero rated supply of printed goods Updated VAT Notices & Business Brief on transitional period CTG concerns that assessments by HMRC compliance have undermined some of the agreements reached with policy branch on the agreement not to take retrospective action

The voice of charities on Tax VAT and Direct Mail Next steps Composite zero rated supply of delivered goods of print and delivery of charity mail packs no longer possible Agency disbursement a way of mitigating VAT costs Industry-wide review of the definition of creative services CTG to monitor the scope and type of assessments carried out by HMRC feedback is needed from members Charities should discuss future arrangements with

suppliers and inform CTG of any ongoing discussions suppliers are having with HMRC The voice of charities on Tax VAT grants and contracts sponsorship Neil Cohen, Trowers & Hamlins The voice of charities on Tax

Presentation 28 April 2016 VAT - grants and contracts/sponsorship - developments and next steps with HMRC Neil Cohen Trowers & Hamlins Grants and contracts Grants and contracts current position A critical area of VAT practice for the charity sector as grant givers and recipients

can result in significant cost if the VAT treatment is incorrect A difficult and complex area, for example can a grant be subject to VAT? what are the badges of taxable and non-taxable payments? extensive case law needs interpretation Grants and contracts current position HMRC has circulated draft updated guidance VATSC51600 - Consideration: Payments that are not Consideration: Grants

and related guidance 26 paragraphs in all Grants and contracts current position The CTG VAT Experts Group (VEG) has considered the draft updated guidance a great improvement VEG has provided detailed comments on the updated guidance meeting with HMRC requested to take the matter further VEG wishes to collaborate closely with HMRC in

this area Sponsorship Sponsorship current position Another complex area of the VAT regime Difficulties around, for example when is sponsorship a non-taxable donation when is it a taxable payment e.g. for advertising? very fact sensitive HMRC Notice 701/41 (1 March 2002) in need of updating and expanding

HMRC has circulated a draft updated Notice Sponsorship current position VEG has considered the draft updated Notice helpful and welcome, but demonstrates the need for a major review of HMRC policy in this area of VAT meeting with HMRC requested to take the matter further before VEG comments in detail VEG wishes to collaborate closely with HMRC in this area

Cost-sharing exemption and VAT Grouping Graham Elliott, CTG Technical Adviser Neil Cohen, Trowers & Hamlins The voice of charities on Tax Gift Aid: Practical issues for charities Panel chaired by Justin Bevan, Oxfam

The voice of charities on Tax Implementing the new Gift Aid Declaration Barnaby Brand Service Delivery Executive WWF-UK 10 February 2020 - 69

Knowledge Get informed early. Key dates Inform: Who needs to know? Inform: How can I sell this to them? Market: The benefits of the new Gift Aid Declaration to campaign managers. 10 February 2020 - 70 Documentation

Ensure that you have a central document with the up to date Gift Aid Declaration available for colleagues to use. Encourage them to archive old Gift Aid Declaration wording and images to prevent their use as templates for new material. Update the website, and check that it has been done! February 10, 2020 - 71 Campaign sign off process

As part of our campaign approval process all Gift Aid components are approved by my team. If colleagues are still using old or incorrect wording, update and educate them (nicely!). February 10, 2020 - 72 Gone-aways and data cleansing Justin Bevan, Oxfam The voice of charities on

Tax Resident Bureau PO3 Opportunities for supporters to update details Effectiveness of data cleaning agencies Identify and share best practice

Gift Aid: Liability issues Laurent Maumus, Cancer Research UK The voice of charities on Tax Gift Aid - Liability Issues Laurent Maumus Cancer Research UK 28/04/2016 Gift Aid - Liability Issues GIFT AID DECLARATION CHANGES:

Wording change clearer liability message I want to Gift Aid my donation and any donations I make in the future or have made in the past 4 years, to CHARITY NAME. I am a UK taxpayer and understand that if I pay less Income Tax and/or Capital Gains Tax than the amount of Gift Aid claimed on all of my donations in that tax year it is my responsibility to pay any difference. Online donation platforms following recent press activities Lessons to be learnt for charities Common sense approach to donations

Front end processes vs. back end processes th 77 Thursday 28 April 2016 Retail Gift Aid Robin Osterley, Charity Retail Association The voice of charities on Tax Retail Gift Aid

ROBIN OSTERLEY 28/4/16 WHERE WE ARE AT Has been around

some time, take up around 33% now New Gift Aid guidance issued by HMRC after extensive consultation with CRA and others Burden on charity retailers now substantially reduced Still basic requirements to report sales to donors

Templates and new declaration now published on HMRC website NEW TRAINING GUIDANCE Training a very

important issue for HMRC New training guidance to be issued as a CRA member service Developed by BDO with input from HMRC, CRA and our members Oxfam, Helen & Douglas House, BHF, CRUK and Eproductive

NEW TRAINING GUIDANCE NEW TRAINING GUIDANCE Due to be finalised midend May Launch on 9th June at BDO Training guidance

available to CRA members FOC, to others at a cost NEW TRAINING GUIDANCE Q & A with Expert Panel Including Alan Causer, Tony Johnson and Sue Pennicott, HMRC The voice of charities on

Tax Lunch The voice of charities on Tax Future of VAT rates and reliefs Panel chaired by Graham Elliott, The voice of charities on

Tax CTG Technical Adviser EU VAT Action Plan Ian Broadhurst, HMRC The voice of charities on Tax EU VAT Action Plan An update on progress and next steps (ideas not proposals)

Commission Objectives: 1. Simpler for business 2. Able to combat the growing risk of fraud 3. More efficient 4. Based on greater trust Towards a modernised rates policy More freedom for Member

States on rates policies Recent and ongoing policy initiatives Simpler for business DSM legislative proposal by end 2016: Mini OSS extended to B2C goods Common EU-wide simplification measure (VAT threshold) to help start up ecommerce businesses Home country checks Reform of Low Value Consignment Relief (LVCR) Simpler for business SME legislative proposal 2017 Year

Measure 2016 Proposal for removing VAT obstacles to crossborder e-commerce (Digital Single Market REFIT) e-publications 2017 SME VAT package

Urgent measures to tackle the VAT gap Shorter term proposals (2016): 1. Improving cooperation (EU and International) 2. Efficient tax administration (strategic discussion; minimum quality standards; sharing knowledge) 3. Improving voluntary compliance (EU VAT Forum) 4. Tax collection (define and exchange best practice) 5. Temporary derogations (political, legal

and economic evaluation) Medium term measures to tackle the VAT Gap Longer term proposals: Towards a more robust single European VAT area 1. Transitional system origin vs destination 2. First legislative step taxation of cross-border B2B transactions in goods with OSS (or current rules for trusted businesses) 3. Second legislative step all supplies within the single market treated in the same way (significant qualitative leap in cooperation and joint enforcement) Year

Measure 2016 Measures to improve cooperation between administrations and with customs and law enforcement bodies and to strengthen tax administrations capacity 2016

Evaluation report of the Directive on the mutual assistance for the recovery of tax debts 2017 Proposal to enhance VAT administrative cooperation and Eurofisc 2017 Proposal for the definitive VAT system for

cross border trade (singe European VAT area first step REFIT) Towards a modernised VAT rates policy VAT rates (2017) Option 1 extension and regular review of the list of goods and services eligible for reduced rates Option 2 abolition of the list Sub options Minimum standard rate retained for option 1, abolition under option 2 Year

Measure 2017 Reform of VAT rates (REFIT) EU VAT Action Plan UK charity perspective Peter Jenkins, CTG Technical Adviser The voice of charities on

Tax Future of VAT View from the sector Confirmation that zero/reduced rates will not be scrapped No direct references to charity reliefs but Commission officials confirmed the sector will be consulted Opportunities and threats The voice of charities on

Tax Option 1: Extension and regular review of the list of zero and reduced rates Maintain minimum standard rate of 15% Reduced rates list of goods and services reviewed regularly Member States to suggest adjustments Existing reduced rates and derogations to be maintained and possibly widened to other Member States ensuring equal treatment

Completely new zero rates cannot be introduced by Member States The voice of charities on Tax Option 2: Abolition of the list Abolish list altogether Member States to control the number of reduced rates and their level Safeguards required to avoid unfair tax competition within the single market and prevent fraud Could increase compliance costs

The voice of charities on Tax Implications for the sector Option 1 offers incremental approach unlikely to threaten existing zero rates Option 2 offers chance to secure new zero rates. More radical approach is it workable given competition rules? Any reform will enable rates to be updated to reflect technological developments e.g. e-books

The voice of charities on Tax Next steps Agreement required from all 28 Member States Detailed legislative proposals expected in 2017 CTG and ECCVAT will press the case for charities Important that CTG and the sector map the scope and value of existing charity zero/reduced rates The voice of charities on

Tax VAT refund schemes European developments Commission review of public bodies on hold However it demonstrated the distortions in the marketplace and disincentives to contracting out to charities Structural reform allowing exemption with refund for charities (ie full input tax recovery) not yet achieved

The voice of charities on Tax EU VAT Action Plan European charity perspective Hanna Surmatz, European Foundation Centre The voice of charities on Tax Charities and Tax: Government priorities

Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury, Damian Hinds MP The voice of charities on Tax Coffee Break The voice of charities on Tax Where next for Gift Aid?

Panel chaired by Richard Bray, The voice of charities on Tax Cancer Research UK Gift Aid: Donor Benefits Daniel Pease, HM Treasury The voice of charities on Tax

Gift Aid Small Donations Scheme Sue Pennicott, HMRC The voice of charities on Tax Implications of Scottish tax devolution for Gift Aid Richard Bray, Cancer Research UK Kevin Russell, Stewardship

The voice of charities on Tax Devolution of tax powers in Scotland Smith Commission recommended that the Scottish Parliament has power to set rates of Income Tax New powers introduced in Scotland Act 2016 Important implications for Gift Aid

The voice of charities on Tax Implications for Gift Aid What are the reform options? When would any changes be implemented? Could any reforms be future proofed? Will Gift Aid be able to retain its status as a tax relief? What complexity/administrative burden will donors, charities and HMRC face?

The voice of charities on Possible reform options Maintaining Gift Aid operating at the rUK basic rate (currently 20%) irrespective of the Income Tax system in Scotland Transferring Gift Aid into a public spending measure to be paid at a composite rate across whole of UK Operating a Scottish Rate of Gift Aid pinned to Scottish basic rate of Income Tax, which may differ from the rUK rate Giving donors full relief on their donations with no relief going direct to charities Removing Gift Aid and replace it with Payroll Giving

Do nothing The voice of charities on Tax Maintaining the status quo Donors in Scotland would need to pay enough Income Tax at Scottish Basic Rate to cover Gift Aid at rUK basic rate Example: if the Scottish basic rate was 10% a donor would need 200 taxable earnings to claim 20 Gift Aid on donations, whereas their English counterpart would only need 100 taxable earnings. Would Gift Aid remain a tax relief? Would total relief on offer (to

charities/ donors) equal total tax paid? Would charities with a large proportion of donors north/south of the border feel they are losing out if tax rates diverged? How easy would this be for fundraisers to explain? Responsive to Scottish Income Tax system? Future-proof? The voice of charities on Tax Making Gift Aid a public spending measure Rate could be based on expected average effective (i.e.

including higher/additional) income tax rate of all UK donors claiming Gift Aid Would a relief based on public expenditure be secure? Which charities would win/lose as a result of composite rate? Would this require EU approval re State Aid? What are the implications for higher rate donors? What information would be the charity need to collect? The voice of charities on Tax Scottish Rate of Gift Aid

Donors need to express their residency on the Declaration to determine which rate should be applied, causing large fraud/ error risks Would existing Enduring Declarations be invalidated? Who would need to keep a track of donor residency records HMRC/charities? What happens if residencies change mid-year or the donor does not know where they are resident? Would charities with a large proportion of donors north/south of the border feel they are losing out? The voice of charities on Tax

Q&A The voice of charities on Tax Review of the day John Hemming, CTG Chairman and Wellcome Trust Philip Spedding, The London Library The voice of charities on Tax

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