EQ: How do I apply my understanding of a text to analyze authors purpose, theme, characterization and figurative language on an elevated academic level? Objectives 1. Develop an understanding of Literary Criticism. 2. Apply knowledge obtained through independent Summer Reading to complete an Ethical or Civic Criticism MLA essay response. 3. Synthesize your understanding by making authentic connections through the completion of a culminating project
based upon Ethical or Civic Criticism. What is a literary criticism? It is the evaluative or interpretive work written with academic and/or professional intent. It is "criticism" because it asks analytical, crucial, or "critical" questions about the text. It analyzes a text to answer a focused critical question. How do I prepare for its completion?
As you read a work, take notes Decide which interpretive strategies (type of criticism) you wish to employ and reread / review the work with these tools (questions) in mind. Answer questions related to your chosen criticism to gather specific textual notes and supporting evidence. (provided in guide) Review your collected information and organize an essay response
Types of Literary Criticism Reader-Response Criticism Formalist Criticism Ethical Criticism Civic Criticism Cultural Criticism Feminist Criticism Psychological Criticism Reader-Response Criticism:
readers background / environment are frame of reference each reader is motivated to better understand himself/herself Formalist Criticism: eliminates subjectivity; relies on concrete examples; close reading to identify the texts central meaning. Ethical Criticism - examines man vs. man and
man vs. self conflicts to determine the moral or ethical dimensions of a text. Civic Criticism - examines man vs. society and man vs. technology conflicts to evaluate the significance of moral values for a given society. Cultural Criticism - examines influences from the authors life, society and history to explain their satirical and figurative
representation. Feminist Criticism - assumes we exist in a patriarchal society; analyzes the restrictions and/or benefits of assumed gender roles Psychological Criticism - examines the presence the three parts of human personality play in the human behavior of fictional characters.
View your anticipation guide Give a title to each column List #1: Hannibal Lecter Freddy Krueger Voldemort Darth Vader The Predator List #2: Frodo Captain Kirk
Batman Harry Potter Rambo List #1: Hannibal Lecter Freddy Krueger Voldemort Darth Vader The Predator
List #2: Frodo Captain Kirk Batman Harry Potter Rambo Now, identify your top villain of all time and make a list of four qualities you feel a villain must possess. Then, identify their top hero of all time and identify four qualities you feel a hero must possess.
Reflection and Categorization What four unifying qualities do you feel help categorize villains? What four unifying qualities do you feel help categorize heroes? When characters have a set of unifying qualities they are said to fit an ARCHETYPE Archetype - a prototype after which others are
copied (stereotypical character) Authors use archetypes to create fast connections; identify characterization and themes Villain craves power; harms others; lacks mercy; rejects societys morals Hero self-sacrifice; endures hardship; embodies societys morals; benefits others
Independent Reading and Analysis Directions: After reading the provided column from Entertainment Weekly, provide answers to the following. 1. What situational irony (opposite of what one expects) does Jensen identify concerning modern times and the portrayal of heroes in fictionalized books, television series, movies, etc 2. Summarize Jensen's explanation of the villain / hero archetype over the past 50 years. 3. Do you agree with Jensens analysis of the villain / hero? List at least one original example to support and explain your
evaluation of Jensens analysis. 4. Why do you think the archetypes of good vs. evil; hero vs. villain are so popular? Lets Review What is Literary Criticism? Academic analysis of literature focused on one critical (important) question. What is an archetype? a prototype after which others are copied
(stereotypical character) Apply your understanding of yesterdays new concept (archetype) to play Archetype Round-up Challenge: Working with your collaborative partner, you have five minutes to provide an example for each listed archetype. The pair with the most listed archetypes after five minutes wins!
Due Dates: Exam: Mon. (9/14) Prewriting Graphic Organizer: Fri. (9/11) Essay Construction : Tues. (9/15) to Wed. (9/16) Final Essay Due: End of Class Wed. (9/16) PowerPoint Rough Draft: Fri. (9/18) Power Point Handout: Mon. (9/21) Power Point Presentation: Tues. (9/22) Turnitin.com Submissions: Tues. (9/22)
Activating Prior Knowledge: How do you determine if an individual is good (ethical / moral) or bad (unethical / amoral)? Make a list of 3 factors you use to determine a persons moral standing. - reputation - adherence to laws - actions - past (motives)
- treatment of others - temptations (context) - statements (words) REMEMBER: In Feminist Criticism, the goal is to evaluate the portrayal of gender roles. (How do characters follow or rebel against the gender roles imposed by society in Pride & Prejudice?)
In Cultural Criticism, the goal is to evaluate the influence of a time period or genre on a text. (What examples of Gothicism are in Frankenstein? or How did WWII influence Lord of the Flies? AKA Moralist Perspective In an Ethical Criticism, the goal is to evaluate character motives, actions and relationships for moral lessons. When analyzing literature from this perspective the reader should ask
What are each characters responsibilities? How does each character fulfill or ignore their responsibilities? How do the characters interact with one another? What do such interactions reveal concerning each characters motives and values? Who or what is most responsible for conflict(s) and/or resolution(s)? When analyzing literature from this perspective the
reader should ask How could unpleasant events have been avoided? What character(s) is best described as evil, unlawful or unjust? Provide an example to defend. What character(s) is best described as good, innocent or justified? Provide an example to defend. Ultimately, what is the moral lesson(s) the reader (or viewer) can learn from each character? Lets Review
What is the focus of Ethical Criticism? Analyze the morals within a given story Who is good/bad; just/unjust? What lessons can be learned? What events occurred or STILL need to occur for justice to be served? Keep an English Notebook On your test you will need to know information we review in guided notes,
texts and class notes. For example, copy info about various authors that is highlighted in yellow. Lets Review What is situational irony? Opposite of what is expected occurs (against the norm) Ex: Rains on the weathermans picnic
What is dramatic irony? Reader has information the characters do not Ex: Murderer hiding behind the door Lets Review Sixth Sense: Bruce Willis is a ghost Titanic: We know the boat will sink Shrek: Fiona chooses Shrek and turns into an ogre About the Author: Roald Dahl
British decent; WWII became flying ace 1940s became successful author His texts are known for unexpected endings and the depiction of aspects related to human perversity, cruelty, and violence. Stories often controversial (several adapted into Hitchcock films!) Shockingly same author of James and the Giant Peach and Charlie and the
Chocolate Factory Meaning: In an unconcerned manner - unaware of any impending catastrophe. Origin: From the Bible (King James Version), Jeremiah 11:19: But I was like a gentle lamb led to the slaughter; And I did not know that they had
devised plots against me Review: 1. Describe Marys relationship with Patrick. 2. Explain the analogy, almost as a sunbather feels the sun. 3. What do you think Patrick told Mary? 4. Why do you think Mary kills Patrick? 5. Why doesnt Mary get caught? 6. Is justice served in the end?
About the Author: O. Henry Aka = William Sydney Porter (1862 1910) stories are known for wit, wordplay, warm characterization and clever twist endings. Mother died (he was 3); raised by Grandmother 19 became pharmacist; moves to Texas (ranch-hand) draftsman at the Texas General Land Office (GLO) in
1887 ; bank teller (embezzlement) 1902 moves to NY; writes 381 short stories! Quick Quiz: How is Liz treated by her father? What does Liz do to Kid? Why does Liz do this to Kid? As a result of her actions, what happens to Liz? Step #1: Choose one of the following prompts
Prompt #1: What character is most responsible for conflicts, crimes, and/or tragedy apparent in the text through their unethical views, impulses and/or actions? (Basically, who is the bad guy or evil force and why?) Prompt #2: What character adheres to ethical behavior? What is the impact of their exemplary moral views, decisions and standing? (Basically, who is the good guy or positive force and why?) Prompt #3: What moral lesson can be derived by the
reader through the portrayal of ethical and unethical behavior, impulses and events in the text? (Basically, how does the author believe we should act and why?) Prompt #4: How does the portrayal of moral behaviors and lesson(s) apply to your life and/or modern religious beliefs? (Basically, what can we learn concerning ethics from this text and how?) About the Author: H.G. Wells Aka: The Father of Science Fiction
Outspoken socialist and pacifist Raised in impoverished lower-middle class Family gave him away as an apprentice "the Father of Miniature War Gaming. His works are politically charged and often speak-out against technology. As you read Pay attention to setting and description
What are the main values of society? How do the characters adhere to those values or disrupt them? Characters: Horrocks manager of the iron works Mrs. Horrocks having an affair? Mr. Raut has a plan (What is it?) QUIZ:
1. Describe the setting. 2. What is the main focus (goal / interest) of this society? 3. What happens to Mr. Raut? Ethical Criticism (individual level) focus on individual characters morals and the implications their moral beliefs have on their fate or that of other characters. (Man vs. Man) Civic Criticism (societal level) focus on the big
picture: How do the characters moral beliefs reflect, shape or reshape their society / government. (Man vs. Society) Both evaluate the right and wrong Both reveal moral lessons to the reader What is Civic Criticism? Basics: Evaluates literature for moral values that have significance for individuals as members of communities. Also known as Public Ethical Criticism
Based in Greek view of literature as a teaching force for society Greek literary heroes encompassed the values and morals all members of society should strive to achieve and display. Such values include: bravery, honor, courage and obligation in connection to everything one cherishes including ones country. Think about the need for Civic Criticism. What books, shows, and/or films can you think of
that speak out against government or societal injustices? Summer Reading Civic Criticism Prompts (Evaluate Man vs. Society Conflict(s)) Prompt #1: How do a characters desires and/or morals interfere or adhere to the demands of their government and/or society? Through the depiction of the characters values, what moral code does the text reveal concerning the characters society? (Basically, what
values are portrayed as positive and why does the author emphasize their importance.) Summer Reading Civic Criticism Prompts (Evaluate Man vs. Society Conflict(s)) Prompt #2: List points of civic abuse. Does the story suggest moral imperatives, specific or otherwise? Why is this an important lesson for the authors society, as well as, the 21st century? (Basically, what societal lesson and/or warning is issued through the authors
depiction of morals?) Lets put it all together. Ethical (man vs. man; man vs. self) Civic (man vs. society; man vs. technology) Ethicals Moral Lesson (Why / how do the characters make mistakes? or What can we learn?) Civics Moral Lesson (How must society change?) Lets put it all together.
Open to Pg. 5 of your Summer Reading Project Assignment Packet Read all six prompts CHOOSE ONE View Pre-writing activity on Pg.6 (understand each major component of an effective essay!) Complete Pre-writing activity on Pgs. 7 11 Completed Pre-writing activity due Friday AGD: Imagine a world with no sunlight or fresh air. A place where pollution has become the norm and
mass production of fuel is king. Transition: This horrifying nightmare exists as a reality in H.G. Wells The Cone. In the politically charged short story, Wells explores the dangers of technology in relationship to industry through the depiction of a brutal and seemingly unjustified murder. Name text; rephrase prompt
Thesis: Overall, The Cone suggests an important lesson for society concerning the need to regulate industry through a vivid setting, Mr. Rauts struggle and the inclusion of a brutal murder. Give direct answer List 3 specific main SUPPORTING
examples Now you try (1) WITH YOUR PARTNER CHOOSE ONE OF THE CIVIC CRITICISM PROMPTS (2) THEN, CHOOSE A STORY LISTED BELOW (3) ON A SEPARATE SHEET OF PAPER DEMONSTRATE YOUR UNDERSTANDING BY WRITING AN INTRODUCTION FOR YOUR CHOSEN STORY. CHOICES:
The Crucible Transformers The Guilty Party The Scarlet Letter Matrix The Execution Anthem Romeo & Juliet Original Pick Now you try
(1) REVIEW YOUR WORK FROM YESTERDAY (2) THINK ABOUT YOUR NOVEL (3) REVISE & COMPLETE THE INTRODUCTION PORTION OF YOUR GUIDE (4) AFTER I HAVE CHECKED IT KEEP GOING ORGANIZE, GATHER & EXPLAIN EVIDENCE HOMEWORK: BRING SUMMER READING VOCAB TO CLASS TOMORROW YOU WILL BE CONSTRUCTING YOUR VOCABULARY ESSAY
EQ: How is the meaning of a word evident in context. Answers: Part of Speech Sentence Structure Plot Description Synonyms What do you think parapet means? The Sniper lay still upon the rooftop. Cautiously, he raised himself and peered over the parapet.
About the Author: Liam O'Flaherty Irish writer; born into poverty (intelligent) Priest; joins Irish Guards (part of British Army) Injured in WWI and suffered from shell shock Moved to Hollywood after WWI; becomes writer
Texts typically contain settings, characters and themes related to Ireland and war 1933 declared mentally ill 3-2-1 Partner Response 3 things that happen to the Sniper 2 people the Sniper kills 1 example and explanation of irony
Exam Format Section #1: Literary Criticism (#s 1-10) Section #2: Short Story Authors (#s 11-15) Section #3: Lamb to the Slaughter (#s 16-20) Section #4: The Guilty Party (#s 21-25) Section #5: The Cone (#s 26-30) Section #6: The Sniper (#s 31-35) Section #7: Memorable Quotes (#s 36-40) Section #8: Independent Ethical or Civic Criticism (#s 41-45) After the exam, read The Rocking Horse Winner and answer
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