2016 Law Enforcement Legislative Update 02/11/2020 1 More

2016 Law Enforcement Legislative Update 02/11/2020 1 More

2016 Law Enforcement Legislative Update 02/11/2020 1 More detailed information about individual bills (including the final text and legislative history) is available at the General Assembly website: http://lis.virginia.gov. New laws are effective on July 1, 2016,

unless they include an emergency clause making the law effective upon the Governors signature. 02/11/2020 2 This PowerPoint presentation has been prepared to assist with law enforcement training. It does NOT include slides for every new law enforcement-related bill. Please consult the 2016 LEGISLATIVE UPDATE MASTER LIST

to review summaries of all 2016 bills of interest to law enforcement. 02/11/2020 3 You are encouraged to rely only on the final version of the legislation itself. Carefully read the text of the legislation before taking enforcement action. 02/11/2020

4 Animals Livestock Wildlife 02/11/2020 5 Feral Hogs; Hunting from Aircraft HB 0137 (Knight) Allows hunting of feral hogs by Dept. of Game &

Inland Fisheries, etc., from aircraft. False Cape State Park & Back Bay Wildlife Refuge only. Exception during waterfowl season. Adds Chapter 116. 02/11/2020 6 Dogs Chasing Poultry HB 1231 (Collins) Allows the district court to order that a dog that

has killed only poultry be microchipped and be: Confined securely, or Transferred to another owner. Previously such dog would have to be killed or moved to another state. Amends 3.2-6552. 02/11/2020 7 Companion Animal; Forcible Entry of Motor Vehicle; Civil Immunity SB 9 (Alexander)

Provides civil immunity to first responders who forcibly enter a motor vehicle to save a companion animal from serious bodily injury or death. Applies to damage to vehicle or to animal. Does not apply in cases of gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct. Adds 3.2-6504.1. 02/11/2020 8

Slingshot; Hunting HB 1142 (Fariss) Allows hunting of wild birds and wild animals, except deer, bear, elk and turkey, with a slingshot. Unless expressly prohibited. Amends 29.519. 02/11/2020 9 Trespass; Releasing Hunting Dogs HB 1329 (Fariss)

Illegal to intentionally release hunting dog on land of another without permission. First offense is Class 3 misdemeanor; Second offense within 3 years is Class 1 misdemeanor. Property must be posted under 18.2-134.1. Dogs simply being on the land is not sufficient evidence to prove intent. Adds 18.2-132.1. 02/11/2020 10

Changes to Hunting Regulations SB 344: Exempts any person who hunts rails (Rallidae family of waterfowl) from the Sunday hunting prohibition (subject to geographical boundaries.) Amends 29.1-521. SB 367: Allows creation of local ordinances to address hunting of coyotes with a firearm larger than .22 rimfire. Amends 29.1-528. 02/11/2020 11

Asset Forfeiture 02/11/2020 12 Asset Forfeiture, Roadside Waivers HB 771 (Gilbert) / SB 423 (Howell) Interest in seized property may not be waived until an information has been filed. Eliminates roadside waivers that occur when LE seeks waiver of right to property by owner on the side of the road.

Recommended by Virginia Crime Commission. Amends 19.2-386.2. 02/11/2020 13 Asset Forfeiture, Burden of Proof SB 457 (Carrico) Changes standard of proof in asset forfeiture hearings from a preponderance of the evidence to clear and convincing evidence. Amends 19.2-386.10.

02/11/2020 14 Child Abuse 02/11/2020 15 Child Welfare HB 600 (Robert Bell)

Adds to definition of abused or neglected child children who have been trafficked. Amends 16.1-228. HB 600 also creates changes in foster care statutes. 02/11/2020 16 Unlicensed Daycare Provider HB 1189 (Hester) Creates Class 4 felony under Abuse and Neglect

of a Child when there is serious injury or death of child under the care of unlicensed daycare provider. Failing to secure the license constitutes a willful act or willful omission. Amends 18.2-371.1. 02/11/2020 17 Tender Years Hearsay Exception HB 227 (Albo) / SB 358 (McDougle)

Tender years child victim hearsay exception: Allows a hearsay exception for an outcry of abuse by a child under a certain age to be admissible for substantive purposes Ohio v. Clark, 576 U.S. __, (2015), SCOTUS held that hearsay statements [admitted under Ohios statutory tender years hearsay exception] of 3 year old to his teacher regarding his injuries were not testimonial in light of Crawford & 6th Amendment Creates 19.2-268.3. 02/11/2020 18

Tender Years Hearsay Exception (cont) Hearsay statement admissible for substantive purposes in trial for certain felony offenses against children under age 13. The statute lists the offenses against children, e.g., abduction, murder, malicious wounding, strangulation, poison, rape, other felony sexual assaults, sex trafficking, adultery by parent or grandparent, child pornography and child abuse. 02/11/2020 19

SOL for Misdemeanor Sex Offenses HB 510 (Herring) / SB 354 (Deeds) Extends Statute of Limitations for listed misdemeanor sex offenses against a minor to one year after victim turns 18. 18.2-64.2 (sex with inmate, probationer, etc.), 18.2-67.4 (sex battery), 18.2-67.4:1 (infected sex battery), 18.2-67.4:2 (sex abuse of 13 or 14 year old), 18.2-67.5 (attempted rape, etc.) and 18.2-370.6 (tongue kissing child under 13). Amends 19.2-8. 02/11/2020

20 Sex Offender Registry HB 177 (Albo) - Adds to sex offender registry: Pimping a minor; and Aggravated malicious wounding by adult of child under 13. Amends 9.1-902. HB 628 (Robert Bell) Adds to sex offender registry online information about: Offenders current work address; and Offenders college/university, if enrolled. Amends 9.1-913.

02/11/2020 21 Sex Offender Registry; Common Interest Communities HB 1101 (Villanueva) Provides that a homeowners association may request and receive from VSP notice of the registration of sex offenders whose registered address is in the same or contiguous zip code. Amends 9.1-914. 02/11/2020

22 Courts/Magistrates 02/11/2020 23 Juvenile Court; Retained Jurisdiction; Procedures in Cases of Adults; Penalties SB 454 (Stanley) Allows intake officer to issue a capias for an adult

under age 21 for a crime committed before he was 18. Proceedings against an adult under 21 for a crime committed as a juvenile shall be commenced by filing a petition. Increases maximum jail sentence to 12 mo. for each offense (36 mo. max.) eligible for good time. Amends 16.1-247, 259, 262, 263, 284, 291, 292. 02/11/2020 24 MJGJ Records HB 1294 (Cline)

Expands / clarifies who has access to records of multi-jurisdictional grand juries. Amends 19.2-215.9. 02/11/2020 25 Stay of Bail Order SB 285 (McEachin) Lower court shall stay order granting bail when: There was a statutory presumption against

bail under 19.2-120; and Court is notified that CA intends to appeal bail decision to Circuit Court. Stay limited to 5 days unless defendant requests hearing outside 5 days. Amends 19.2-124. 02/11/2020 26 Magistrates; Return of Written Complaint SB 1275 (Farris)

A written complaint shall be returned to the complainant if an officer authorized to issue a criminal warrant declines to do so. Amends 19.2-72. 02/11/2020 27 DCJS 02/11/2020 28

DCJS HB 1102: Requires DCJS to develop multidisciplinary curricula for trauma-informed sexual assault investigations. HB 1126: Reorganizes and establishes list of model policies that DCJS is responsible for developing and updating. 02/11/2020 29 Death Penalty

02/11/2020 30 Death Penalty; DOC; Pharmacies HB 815 (Miller) DOC can enter into contracts with pharmacies for the compounding of drugs for execution by lethal injection under certain conditions. Identities of pharmacies and its employees shall be confidential and exempt from FOIA and shall not be discoverable in a civil proceeding unless good cause is shown.

Amends 53.1-234. 02/11/2020 31 Domestic Violence 02/11/2020 32 Deferral for Assault of Family or Household Member HB 485 (McClellan)

Allows a deferred finding for domestic simple assault when victim is family or household member. Previously could only get deferred finding when charged with domestic assault and battery. Amends 18.2-57.3. 02/11/2020 33 Defines No Contact in EPO HB 588 (Campbell)

Adds that no contact order in an EPO includes not being in physical presence of abused person, family or household members. States that physical presence includes: Intentionally making direct visual contact; or Unreasonably being within 100 feet of petitioners home or work. Amends 16.1-253.4, 19.2-152.8. 02/11/2020 34

A&B and Stalking while under PO; Penalty HB 610 (Bell) Removes requirement that bodily injury be serious to charge Class 6 felony of A&B resulting in injury while under a protective order (PO). Creates Class 6 felony for stalking while under PO. Amends 16.1-253.2, 18.2-60.4. 02/11/2020 35

Protective Orders; Possession of Rental Dwelling HB 711 (Watts) Sets forth procedure under which a protective order petitioner must proceed in order to maintain possession of rental dwelling awarded pursuant to a protective order. Amends 55-225.5, 55-248.18:1. 02/11/2020 36 Notice to Stalker; Prima Facie Evidence

HB 752 (Bell) / SB 339 (Reeves) Provides that, in stalking prosecutions, actual notice to stalker that victim wants no contact constitutes prima facie evidence of intent to place victim in fear of injury to victim or victims family. Notice can be provided by anyone. Notice can be written or oral. Protective order may act as notice. Amends 18.2-60.3. 02/11/2020 37

Stalking; 2nd offense HB 886 (Albo) Makes stalking, 2nd offense within 5 years a Class 6 felony (instead of a 3rd offense). Does not require the same victim Amends 18.2-60.3. 02/11/2020 38 Treatment Program for Deferral of DV

HB 1334 (Cline) Requires that the court order defendant into a treatment program under domestic A&B deferred disposition. Amends 18.2-57.3. 02/11/2020 39 Illegal Possession of Firearm while under Protective Order HB 1391 (Murphy) / SB 49 (Howell)

Creates a Class 6 felony to possess a firearm while under permanent PO for domestic abuse. 24 hour window after service of permanent PO to get rid of firearm(s). Continues to be Class 1 misdemeanor to purchase or transport firearm while under any PO. This applies to any existing permanent protective order even if issued before 7/1/16. Amends 18.2-308.09, 18.2-308.1:4, 18.2-308.2:3. 02/11/2020 40

Violation of PO while Armed with Deadly Weapon HB 1087 (Gilbert) / SB 323 (Favola) Creates Class 6 felony when person under a protective order violates the PO while armed with a deadly weapon. Not just firearm, any deadly weapon. Must be knowingly armed with deadly weapon, not just possess deadly weapon. Amends 16.1-253.2, 18.2-60.4. 02/11/2020

41 Drugs 02/11/2020 42 Controlled Paraphernalia HB 170 (Albo) Separates into two distinct sections: 1. possession of paraphernalia; and 2. distribution of paraphernalia.

Both remain Class 1 misdemeanors. Amends 54.1-3466. 02/11/2020 43 Prescription Drugs; Pharmacies; Drug Disposal Programs HB 629 (Hodges) A pharmacy may participate in a drug disposal program in accordance with state and federal law. No one participating in such program shall be

liable for theft, etc., or for acts of simple negligence in the collection, storage or destruction of prescription drugs collected through the program, providing pharmacy acted in good faith and according to the law. Adds 54.1-3411.2. 02/11/2020 44 Industrial Hemp HB 699 (Pogge) / SB 691 (Chaffin)

Clarifies that it is lawful for a person licensed to grow industrial hemp to manufacture industrial hemp products or to engage in related research. No licensed person shall be prosecuted for these activities. Maximum license fee is $250. Amends 3.2-4113, 3.2-4117. 02/11/2020 45 Additions to Drug Schedules

HB 1077/SB 480: Adds multiple drugs to Schedule I. Amends 54.1-3446. HB 1292: Adds eluxadoline to Schedule IV drugs. Amends 54.1-3452. 02/11/2020 46 Cannabidiol Oil and THC-A Oil SB 701 (Marsden) A practitioner may issue a written certification to a patient

with intractable epilepsy. Practitioner must be licensed by medical board in neurology or an epilepsy specialist. Such patients must register with Board. Sets rules for pharmaceutical processors and when/how they may dispense oils. Creates affirmative defense for agents of pharmaceutical processors. Amends 18.2-250.1, 54.1-3408.3, 54.1-3442.8. Adds 54.1-3442.6, 54.1-3442.7. 02/11/2020 47

Firearms 02/11/2020 48 2016 Historic Gun Compromise HB 1386 (Lingamfelter) / SB 715 (Edwards)

HB 1391 (Murphy) / SB 49 (Howell) HB 1163 (Webert) / SB 610 (Reeves/Vogel) HB 1096 (Webert) 02/11/2020 49 Firearms; ID Requirements HB 206 (Webert): Allows Virginia residents to purchase firearms with just one government-issued photo ID showing residency in Virginia.

Member of the armed forces may use a Department of Defense ID and a copy of their permanent duty orders assigning them to a post in Virginia or a copy of their Leave & Earnings Statement. HB 810 (Lingamfelter): Removes language regarding proof of citizenship. Amend 18.2-308.2:2. 02/11/2020 50 Judges Exempt from Permit to Carry Concealed HB 332 (Miller) / SB 544 (Newman)

Adds judges to list of people who may carry concealed weapon without a permit. Amends 18.2-308. 02/11/2020 51 Restoring Right to Possess Firearm for Certain Felons HB 784 (Adams) Allows certain individuals previously convicted of a felony to possess firearms and to apply for a concealed weapon

permits when they: 1. Were adjudicated delinquent at age 14 or older of a crime that would be felony if committed by adult; and 2. Have completed 2 year term of enlistment in the military and have been honorably discharged. Amends 18.2-308.09, 18.2-308.2. 02/11/2020 52 Reciprocity of Concealed Handgun Permits HB 1163 (Webert) / SB 610 (Reeves/Vogel)

Recognizes concealed carry permits of all states when holder is at least 21 years old and : i. Issuing state has 24/7 verification process; ii. Holder carries government issued photo ID; & iii. Holder has not had a Virginia concealed carry permit revoked. Amends 18.2-308.014. 02/11/2020 53 Exceptions to Permit Requirement to Carry Concealed

HB 1281(Hugo): Reduces from 15 years to 10 years the number of years of service required for law enforcement retiree exemption. SB 198 (Lucas): Adds retired DOC investigators to list of those retired law enforcement officers who may carry concealed weapon without permit. Amend 18.2-308. 02/11/2020 54 Retired LEOs; Authority to Carry Concealed SB 479 (Carrico):

Adds 18.2-308.016 entitled Retired law enforcement officers; carrying a concealed handgun Clarifies provisions related to the authority of retired LEOs, State Corporation Commission agents, ABC agents, DMV enforcement agents and VA Lottery investigators to carry concealed without a permit. Also amends 18.2-287.01, 18.2-287.4, 18.2-308,

18.2-308.1 and 22.1-277.07. 02/11/2020 55 Voluntary Background Checks at Gun Shows HB 1386 (Lingamfelter) / SB 715 (Edwards) Requires State Police to be available to conduct voluntary background check for sales by private sellers at firearms shows. Amends 54.1-4201.2.

02/11/2020 56 New Requirements for Law Enforcement When Firearm is Recovered SB 608 (Reeves) When LE recovers a firearm, the agency shall: Immediately take steps to trace history of the firearm; Share information about firearm with other VA LEAs and enter information into US DOJ firearms tracing system if it is believed that firearm was used in a crime; Return firearm to the rightful owner if firearm was

stolen, unless the owner is prohibited from possessing a firearm or the firearm is needed as evidence in a criminal prosecution. Amends 52.25.1. 02/11/2020 57 Illegal Possession of Firearm while under Protective Order HB 1391 (Murphy) / SB 49 (Howell) Creates a Class 6 felony to possess a firearm while under permanent PO for domestic abuse.

24 hour window after service of permanent PO to get rid of firearm(s). Continues to be Class 1 misdemeanor to purchase or transport firearm while under any PO. This applies to any existing permanent protective order even if issued before 7/1/16. Amends 18.2-308.09, 18.2-308.1:4, 18.2-308.2:3. 02/11/2020 58 Fraud

02/11/2020 59 Financial Exploitation of Adults over 60 HB 248 (Minchew)/SB 249 (Black) When a report or social services investigation reveals a financial loss to an exploited adult over 60 (or an incapacitated adult) in excess of $50,000, DSS or APS immediately shall refer the matter to local law enforcement. Law enforcement investigation to be conducted where victim lives, where exploitation took place,

or if unknown, where exploitation was discovered. Adds 63.2-1605. 02/11/2020 60 False Representations of Military Status HB 1319 (Collins) Creates Class 1 misdemeanor to fraudulently represent self as former or current member of armed services to obtain services. Examples provided: free haircut; discount to get

into football game. This section does not preclude prosecution under any other statute. Adds 18.2-177.1. 02/11/2020 61 Fraudulent Identification of a Service Dog SB 363 (Reeves) Anyone who fits a dog with vest, etc., in order to represent the dog as a service dog with the intent

to fraudulently gain public access for the dog is guilty of a Class 4 misdemeanor. Applies to dogs only. Adds 51.5-44.1. 02/11/2020 62 Juveniles 02/11/2020 63

Juveniles; Certain Education Records as Evidence HB 1213 (Albo) Juvenile may introduce into evidence as relevant to whether he acted intentionally or willfully certain educational plans or behavior assessments. Applies ONLY to misdemeanors committed during school events on school property or school bus. Worst bill of the 2016 session creates option of not guilty by reason of an IEP. Adds 16.1-274.2. 02/11/2020

64 Juveniles; Disclosure of Law Enforcement Records HB 541 (Watts) Allows disclosure of a juveniles law enforcement records to a CSU-authorized diversion program. Diversion program may not disclose information further. Law enforcement may prohibit disclosure to protect a criminal investigation. Adds 16.1-301(G).

02/11/2020 65 Legal Age for Marriage HB 703 (McClellan) / SB 415 (Vogel) The minimum age for marriage is increased to 18, unless a minor has been emancipated by court order. Specific written findings necessary for court to order that a minor is emancipated for purposes of marriage. Amends 16.1-331, 16.1-333, 20-45.1, 20-48,

20-89.1. Adds 16.1-333.1. 02/11/2020 66 Law Enforcement Officer Provisions 02/11/2020 67 Purchase of Weapons other than Handguns

HB 51 (Miller) / SB 615 (Chase) Allows listed law enforcement officers (not just VSP) to purchase weapons other than guns that were issued for their personal use. Weapon must be of a type that can be purchased at a hardware or sporting goods store without restrictions other than an instant background check. Amends 59.1-148.3(A). 02/11/2020 68

School Resource Officers HB 487 (McClellan) Relieves SROs employed pursuant to the SRO Grants Program from the obligation to enforce school board rules and codes of conduct as a condition of their employment. Amends 9.1-110. 02/11/2020 69

Purchase of Police Animals HB 1238 (Morefield) / SB 38 (Carrico) Allows the handler last in control of a police animal to purchase the animal for $1. Also allows the next-of-kin to purchase the animal issued to the officer for $1 when: Officer died in the line of duty, or Officer died in service with at least 10 years of service. Amends 2.2-1124. 02/11/2020

70 A&B on LEO HB 1226 (Adams) Adds DOC employee with internal investigations authority to definition of law enforcement officer purposes of charging A&B on LEO Class 6 felony (6 months mandatory confinement) Amends 18.2-57. 02/11/2020

71 Memorial Bridges 02/11/2020 72 Memorial Bridges HB 213 / SB 107: Trooper Nathan-Michael W. Smith Memorial Bridge Rt. 301 over Interstate 95 SB 448: Trooper Harry Lee Henderson Memorial Bridge

Interstate 66 bridge in Warren County 02/11/2020 73 Mental Health 02/11/2020 74 Involuntary Psychiatric Treatment; Petition by Sheriff, etc. HB 543 (Watts) / SB 566 (Barker)

Petitions for involuntary psychiatric treatment of a local inmate shall be filed by the sheriff or other person in charge of the correctional facility in which the inmate is incarcerated. Adds 19.2-169.6(I). 02/11/2020 75 Criminal Defendants; Orders for Mental Health Evaluations & Treatment HB 645 (Leftwich) / SB 342 (Lucas)

When a local inmate is ordered to receive involuntary psychiatric treatment pursuant to 19.2-169.6, the petitioner shall provide court with: Name, address and contact information of the appointed evaluator, CSB director, behavioral health authority or hospital, Unless the court or clerk already has the information. No person shall be liable for any act or omission related to this duty unless grossly negligent or willful. Adds 19.2-169.8. 02/11/2020 76

Temporary Detention; Notice of Recommendation HB 1110 (Robert Bell) / SB 567 (Barker) Magistrate conducting temporary custody hearing shall consider information provided by person who initiated emergency custody. If CSB evaluator denies temporary detention, they must: Notify LEO initiating emergency custody; Notify LEO that they can facilitate discussion with magistrate; and Arrange for LEO to communicate with magistrate before expiration of emergency custody. Adds 16.1-337, 37.2-804.2, 37.2-809.

02/11/2020 77 Motor Vehicles 02/11/2020 78 Motorcycles; Illumination HB 10 / SB 25: Increases from 4 to 5 the

maximum number of lights allowable to provide illumination ahead of vehicle. Amends 46.2-1030. HB 939: Directs VSP to establish guidelines for auxiliary lighting on motorcycles by 1/1/2017 (to be posted on VSP website.) 02/11/2020 79 DMV; Excess Width Permits HB 117 (Knight) / SB 719 (DeSteph)

DMV shall issue permits to vehicles transporting a watercraft when the total outside width is between 102 inches & 108 inches. Adds 46.2-1149.8. 02/11/2020 80 Motor Vehicle Safety Inspections Exceptions Amendments to 46.2-1158.01 HB 213: Excepts from safety inspection requirement vehicles that have been submitted

for inspection but are waiting on a public highway. HB 507: Allows purchasers of a vehicle or trailer from an auto auction one day to get their inspection completed (under specific conditions.) 02/11/2020 81 Length of Vehicle Combinations HB 267 (Marshall) Clarifies that provision limiting vehicles coupled

together to 65 feet also applies to motor homes and buses. Declarative of existing law. Amends 46.2-1112. 02/11/2020 82 Drones; Regulation HB 412 (Kilgore) No locality may regulate the use of privately owned, unmanned aircraft within its boundaries.

These provisions expire on July 1, 2019. Adds 15.2-926.3. 02/11/2020 83 TV, Video, etc. in Motor Vehicle HB 454 (Davis) / SB 286 (DeSteph) Restricts a drivers viewing of a moving image (TV, video, etc.) by requiring that: The equipment is factory-installed; and Equipment has an interlock device that

disables the image when performing a driving task as defined in the statute. Prior exceptions for GPS still apply. Amends 46.2-1077. 02/11/2020 84 Definitions Amendments to 46.2-100 HB 369: Non-resident for purposes of Title 46.2 includes those in Virginia for full-time church service of not more than 36 months and are not gainfully

employed. SB 375: Clarifies that pickup or panel trucks between 7500 10,000 lbs. are not trucks. SB 464: Low speed vehicle includes gas- powered vehicles with max speeds of 20 to 25 mph. 02/11/2020 85 Smoking in Vehicle with Minors Present HB 1348 (Pillion) Civil penalty of $100 for smoking in vehicle with

child under 8. Secondary offense. Adds 46.2-112.1. 02/11/2020 86 Amber Lights on Public Transit Buses HB 329 (Villanueva) / SB 299 (Ebbin) Allows publicly owned or operated transit buses to use flashing amber lights. Amends 46.2-1025.

02/11/2020 87 Mutual Aid Agreements 02/11/2020 88 Threat Assessment Teams; Sharing of Records and Information; FOIA HB 1013 (Massie)

Allows criminal record, juvenile record and health record info to be shared with threat assessment team created by local school board (not just higher education.) Information may not be shared beyond original purpose. Limited FOIA exclusion created. Amends 2.2-3705.2, 2.2-3705.4, 19.2-389, 19.2-389.1, 22.1-79.4, 32-127.1:03. 02/11/2020 89

Higher Ed; MOUs with Law Enforcement; Information Sharing SB 83 (Favola) Requires all MOUs and mutual aid agreements between public and private higher ed and local law enforcement to specify the procedure for sharing information. Amends 23-234. 02/11/2020 90 Higher Ed; MOUs with Local Law Enforcement; Sexual Assault

HB 1321 (Massie) Clarifies that non-profit private colleges/universities that have security departments are required to enter into an MOU with a law enforcement agency that requires such agency to notify the CA within 48 hours of an investigation of felony sexual assault on or related to the institution. Amends 23-234. 02/11/2020 91

Higher Ed; MOUs with Local Law Enforcement HB 1015 (Massie) Permits public and non-profit private colleges and universities to request cooperation from primary local law enforcement in establishing an MOU to address sexual assault. Law enforcement must cooperate in establishing such an MOU, if requested. Amends 9.1-102, 9.1-1301. 23-9.2:16. 02/11/2020 92

SART Teams; FOIA Exemption HB 1016 (Massie) Creates FOIA exclusion for SART teams. Adds college personnel to persons invited to participate in SART team. Must invite: Title IX coordinator; Representatives of student affairs, human resources and counseling services; and Campus security. Amends 2.2-3705.7, 15.2-1627.4. 02/11/2020

93 PERKS 02/11/2020 94 PERKS for Minors SB 248 (Black) Allows a minor to give consent to a PERK if the parent or guardian refuses to consent to that

PERK. Amends 54.1-2970.1. 02/11/2020 95 PERKS; Procedure for Handling HB 1160 (Robert Bell) / SB 291 (Black) Establishes a comprehensive procedure for the collection and analysis of PERKs, including anonymous PERKs. See DFS Summary of Comprehensive PERK

Legislation (included with these Law Enforcement Legal Update materials.) Creates Title 19.2, Chapter 1.2, 19.2-11.5 through 19.2-11.11. 02/11/2020 96 Property Offenses 02/11/2020 97

Tampering, etc. with Firefighting Equipment HB 25 (Habeeb) Class 1 misdemeanor to injure, destroy, remove, tamper or interfere with firefighting equipment or EMS vehicle with intent to prevent use. Adds 18.2-151.1. 02/11/2020 98 Sheriffs

02/11/2020 99 Sheriffs; Vehicle Markings HB 1182 (Aird) / SB 266 (Dance) Allows sheriffs offices to use marked motor vehicles painted in any solid color. Previously had to get local government permission to have any color other than dark brown. Amends 15.2-1610.

02/11/2020 100 Local Correctional Facilities/Transportation of Prisoners SB 781 (DeSteph) Provides that a sheriff or correctional facility administrator (and their employees) have authority to transport a prisoner for a lawful purpose to: Another jurisdiction inside the Commonwealth and retain authority over such prisoner; or

Through or to another state and retain authority over such prisoner. Adds 53.1-70.1. 02/11/2020 101 FTAs; Sheriffs; Process Servers HB 1310 (Leftwich) / SB 707 (Chafin) Provides that a summons for failing to appear on a mailed summons may be served by any person authorized to serve process. Amends 19.2-76.3.

02/11/2020 102 Technology 02/11/2020 103 Pen Register or Trap and Trace HB 176 (Albo) Expands place where an order for the installation and

use of a pen register or trap and trace device can be obtained Where the investigation is being conducted or where there is PC to believe an offense was, is or will be committed. Previous law prevented LEO from getting an order when the person did not have a job or fixed address, e.g., gang members or fugitives. Amends 19.2-70.2. 02/11/2020 104 Obtaining Electronic Communication Service Records

HB 326 (Albo) Creates non-disclosure provision for subpoena, SW or order that directs the service provider not to disclose the issuance of the subpoena, etc. to the subscriber. Reason for this bill: Internet services providers, e.g., Apple, have started notifying suspects that LE is investigating them which gives predators time to wipe hard drive and flee. Limited to victims under 18. Amends 19.2-70.3. 02/11/2020

105 Obtaining Electronic Communication Service Records (cont) Requires certification in writing by CA that there is reason to believe: Victim is under 18. Notice to subscriber will endanger life; cause flight or destruction of evidence or intimidation; or otherwise seriously jeopardize an investigation. Can extend every 90 days for good cause shown. Non-disclosure for administrative subpoena only applies

to records that provide subscriber information. Additional information, e.g., what activity, requires additional subpoena or warrant. 02/11/2020 106 Disclosure of Real-time Location Data HB 875 (Hugo) Allows law enforcement to get emergency real-time location data from out-of-state provider. Previous law - emergency exception only

applied in-state. Eliminates the need for provider to believe there is a danger. Amends 19.2-70.3. 02/11/2020 107 Admission of Electronic Communication Records HB 924 (Mason) Eliminates requirement that a custodian of records needs to appear to say this is our record for

communication service provider records, e.g., Facebook, Twitter, etc. Allows affidavit from custodian in lieu of live testimony to verify records are true, complete and prepared in the regular course of business. Does not replace proof as to who authored the communication or what the records mean. Applies equally to Commonwealth and defendant. Amends 19.2-70.3. 02/11/2020 108 Traffic

02/11/2020 109 Passing Stopped School Bus HB 168 (LaRock) / SB 120 (Carrico) / SB 16 (Favola) / SB 74 (Wexton) Authority to mail summons for unlawfully passing stopped school bus when locality uses videomonitoring system. Provides way to rebut presumption that registered owner was driver by filing an affidavit containing specified information. Allows opportunity to inspect video.

Amends 46.2-844. 02/11/2020 110 Open Door When Safe SB 117 (Petersen) Drivers must wait until it is reasonably safe to open door on side adjacent to moving traffic. Does not apply to passengers. Traffic infraction with up to $50 fine. Excludes LEO, firefighter or EMS while in

performance of duties. Adds 46.2-818.1. 02/11/2020 111 Regulation of Flooded Areas SB 613 (Locke) Authorizes local ordinances to prohibit operation of motor vehicle or boat on flooded streets in a manner that would damage property of others. Class 4 misdemeanor.

Exception for first responders. Adds 46.2-800.3. 02/11/2020 112 Learners Permit/Provisional License Holder SB 555 Cosgrove (Cosgrove) Prohibits a holder of a learners permit from using a cell phone while driving, regardless of whether or not the device is handheld. Removes the exception that a provisional license

holder may have more than one passenger under 21 if parent present. Adds first cousins to the family/household member exception to passenger limit. Amends 46.2-323, 324.1,334, 344.01, 335, 335.2 02/11/2020 113 Victim Rights 02/11/2020

114 Victim Confidentiality HB 373 (Yancy) / SB 253 (Stanley) Expands victim confidentiality law to include victims of abduction & sex trafficking who should receive protection. Increase types of services that must comply with nondisclosure rules to include services for dating violence, sex assault, stalking, abduction & sex trafficking. Includes clause that someone can be considered a victim whether or not any person has been charged or convicted of any offense. Amends 63.2-104.1.

02/11/2020 115 Thank you to those who assisted in the preparation of these materials: Lori DiGiosia, Chief Deputy Commonwealths Attorney, Stafford County Kenny Adcock, DCJS Jane Sherman Chambers Director, Commonwealths Attorneys Services Council William & Mary Law School 613 S. Henry Street, Room 220 P. O. Box 3549 Williamsburg, Virginia 23187

757-253-4146 [email protected] www.cas.state.va.us 02/11/2020 116

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    Width of product mix must be considered. Product lines in mix usually have some things in common. LECTURE NOTES: The product mix is the total set of products a firm offers for sale. Developing a product mix strategy requires consideration...
  • Back Safey & Safe Lifting

    Back Safey & Safe Lifting

    Use cranes, hoists, lift tables, and other lift-assist devices whenever you can. Test the weight of an object before lifting by slightly pushing with hand or foot. Get help if it's too heavy for you to lift by yourself. PPT-024-04....
  • Optics 430/530, week IV  Brewster and critical angles

    Optics 430/530, week IV Brewster and critical angles

    Previous set of equations gives 4 equation with 4 unknown (only the ?? components are knowns (incoming plane-wave fields) Can solve to find out the components associated with ??and ?? components . In practice one defines Fresnel coefficients. For instance...


    Weakening social protections go counter to harmonious society. And may even interfere with future productivity. Most Chinese have no health insurance. Families may be bankrupted by lack of health care. Some estimate that 1 million children are not in school...
  • ECEN 4616/5616 Optoelectronic Design Class website with past

    ECEN 4616/5616 Optoelectronic Design Class website with past

    We can, of course, calculate much more than the "Modulation Transfer Function" illustrated here, including: The Impulse Response Function, or "Point Spread Function (PSF): The size and shape of the image of a point source.
  • Museo D'Orsay

    Museo D'Orsay

    * La danza. Estatua de piedra. Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux. 1869-1964. * El príncipe imperial (hijo de Napoleón III y de la Emperatriz Eugenia de Montijo) y su perro Nero. Grupo en mármol. Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux. 1865. * Hércules arquero. Estatua en bronce...


    Origin of Carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are formed by plants where the CO2 is taken from air and water (H2O) from soil to form sugar in a process called: Photosynthesis.
  • Histograms and Measures of Center vs. Spread

    Histograms and Measures of Center vs. Spread

    IQR = Q3 - Q1 {width of the "box" in a boxplot} 1.5 IQR Rule:If an observation falls more than 1.5 IQRs above Q3 or below Q1, it is an outlier. "1.5 • IQR Rule" Why 1.5? According to John...