Science & Literacy - Text Complexity Beyond the Land of Oz Sid Larson, Literacy Consultant CESA2 Dr. Kevin Anderson Kelly Gallagher
Text Complexity Staircase Reading Anchor Standard #10: Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently. How Complex Are Your Science Texts? Recommended Placement
Reader and Task 5 McDoug al Littell 7th grade Overview of Text Complexity
2. Qualitative measures levels of meaning, structure, language conventionality and clarity, and knowledge demands often best measured by an attentive human reader. 3. Reader and Task considerations background knowledge of reader, motivation, interests, and complexity generated by tasks assigned often best made by educators employing their
professional judgment. Source: e tiv tita an Qu 1. Quantitative measures readability and other scores of text complexity
often best measured by computer software. Qu alit ati ve Text complexity is defined by: Reader and Task
9 Step 1: Quantitative Measures Measures such as: Word length Word frequency Word difficulty Sentence
length Text length Text cohesion 10 Count the number of sentences= 8 Syllables=166 Count 100
words Lexile Measure Example 980L Mean Sentence Length 13.60 Mean Log Word Frequency 3.33 Word Count 136 Reading Levels?
So Lexile has this page matched to the 6-8 grade band of the CCSS. Fry places the page around 10th grade. Matching text to student strictly by a readabilty score is not an exact science. Convenience versus professional judgment. Step 2: Qualitative Measures
Measures such as: Levels of meaning Levels of purpose Structure Organization Language conventionality Language clarity Prior knowledge demands http://www.livebinders.com/play/play? id=813039#anchor
16 Lets Analyze the Qualitative Features of the Science Text! Equator? Math Vocab Geograph
y Vocab 2 Meanings Notice the number of dependent clauses! Text Structures
Chron. Order Compar e Contrast Process Problem/ Solution Definition or
Descriptio n The key concept. Notice Check Your Reading at the very bottom of the page! Also the thesis of the page. Notice the 1st sentence although affects is
used not effect. Cause & Effect Latitude affects temperature Text structures the way that
authors organize information - help students focus attention on key concepts and relationships, anticipate whats to come, and monitor their comprehension as they read.
Step 3: Reader and Task Considerations such as: Motivation Knowledge and experience Purpose for reading Complexity of task assigned regarding text Complexity of questions asked
regarding text 23 ive ive Qu ali tat t
ita 24 What aspects of the text will likely pose the most challenge for my students? What are natural areas of focus for this text? With what standards do my
students need the most practice? nt Will the complexity of any before, during, and after reading tasks or the complexity of any questions asked about the text interfere with the reading experience?
a Qu Reader and Task Considerations Reader and Task What supports do I need to provide so all of my
students (even those who are struggling readers) can access the text? Reader &Task What purpose does the reader have? Answer questions at the end of section? Teacher discussion? Quiz? The author of this science text page assumes many things about the students who will read : Working knowledge of tier 2 math & geography
vocab Complex grammatical structures The strategy of moving across 3 separate texts Background knowledge of geography including map reading skills Background knowledge of Earths orbit Analysis Little on this page would prevent a 7th grader from fluently reading the textword calling.
However, the complexity of the text could prevent access to comprehension. I read it, but I dont get it may be the truthful response of students lacking scaffolds and strategies to unlock what this text says. How has Complex Text been handled in the Disciplines? Expectation condition students are expected to
comprehend such texts without instruction and scaffolding Dependence condition students are assigned to read such texts but do not need to reach satisfactory comprehension as they can depend on being told what they need to know Bypass condition students are not even assigned to read such texts and operate in a print free environment where virtually all they need to know will be delivered through telling, showing, and interactive or hands-on activities
Our Role as Mentors (A New Condition) The person in your room most skilled as a reader of science is YOU! In comparison, your students are apprentices. Mentoring condition students are mentored to comprehend such texts and are provided instruction and scaffolding
Frontloading Decisions How do you decide if your text will require frontloading? What is below the surface of the text, unstated but necessary for comprehension? What does the author assume the reader already
knows? (Hidden Knowledge) vocabulary concepts text structure From a reader and task perspective, do you need to activate prior knowledge or do you need to build background knowledge? What do you want students to know and do? Points of Entry Nov. 2013
Rigorous Reading, 2013 by Doug Fisher & Nancy Frey Access Point One: Purpose and Modeling Access Point Two: Close and Scaffolded Reading Instruction Access Point Three: Collaborative Conversations Access Point Four: An Independent
Reading Staircase Access Point Five: Demonstrating Understanding and Assessing Performance 1.31 Access Point #1: Purpose Tell students what they will be learning What they will do with what they learn How they will interact with others as they learn
A number of studies have found that when the teacher states objectives and provides feedback, student learning increases.(Dean, Stone, Hubbell, & Pitlet, 2012) Students benefit from having a clearly established purpose for learning, which alerts them to what is expected and draws their attention to salient points of instruction.(Marzano, 2009) Modeling for Access Model That Which is Difficult for Students Model Ways to Resolve Problems
Structural Analysis: Looking Inside Words Context Clues: Looking Outside Words Using Resources: Looking Further Outside Words Model How You Interact With Texts(Annotations) Model Through Think-Alouds Model Through Interactive Shared readings Access Point #2: Close and
Scaffolded Reading Instruction This meansasking students to work the text through textdependent questions which require students to find the evidence of their answers in the text. As the teacher you use questions differently. They are not meant to interrogate the class to see who read the assignment and who did not. 3.1
Comprehension Processes Disciplinary Lens Literacy Practices Make connections Generate Questions Make inferences Monitor reading Synthesize
Determine importance Create Mental Images Access Point #3: Collaborative Conversations Is a critical linchpin in the process of assessing complex texts Supports student learning in the absence of the teacher Provides opportunities for students to apply skills and
strategies Allows for authentic practice of academic language Collaborative Access Point #4: An Independent Reading Staircase Classroom Libraries
Building Collections of Appropriately Complex Texts in All Disciplines What is so complex about text complexity? http://www.livebinders.com/media/get/NDQ4Nzg 3Mg== Access Point #5: Demonstrating Understanding and Assessing
Performance Deeper comprehension is not the ultimate goal. What can students be asked to do with that deeper understanding? To KNOW AND Be able to DO!
In Conclusion Science literacy begins with each science teacher being aware of the unique demands of science text. Lessons need to be strategic and purposeful and involve the same reading, writing, speaking & listening that real scientists use. In Conclusion
Use the support available in your district such as a literacy coach. Contact your CESA for workshops and additional support. Contact Dr. Kevin Anderson [email protected] Contact Sid Larson , Literacy Consultant [email protected]
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