1 RECOGNITION THE MESSIANIC PROPHECY BIBLE PROJECT http:// www.messianicbible.com HEAR O ISRAEL www.hearoisrael.org SHEEPFOLD GLEANINGS WRITTEN BY JULIE PARKER www.sheepfoldgleanings.com MESSIANIC ISRAEL ALLIANCE http:// www.messianicisrael.com

AZAMRA TORAH FOR OUR TIME GREENBAUM RABBI AVRAHAM http://www.azamra.org 2 VAYIGASH And He Drew Near TORAH: Genesis 44:18-47:27 HAFTORAH: Ezekiel 37:15-28 BRIT CHADASHAH: Luke 6:9-16, Colossians 1:1-29 All references: The Scripture 1998+ unless otherwise noted 3 REVIEW If we review the events that make up the two descents to Egypt, we see that much of what Joseph does is for the purpose of pulling Benyamin from Jacobs protective embrace. The reason for this is so that Joseph might place his younger brother in potentially the same situations that Joseph himself had experienced so long ago. Creating a situation where Benyamin could be imprisoned on false charges, Joseph orchestrated a replica of his very own sale to force his brothers into a parallel dilemma.

Joseph needs to knowhow will his brothers respond? Will they abandon the accused Benyamin in Egypt, when charged with stealing Josephs goblet? Will they react with jealousy towards the favouritism shown to Benyamin? Twenty years earlier they turned their backs on Joseph and watched as traders carried him off to Egypt. Now, the brothers had a similar opportunity to hand over their brother into bondage to save themselves. Once again the decision is between them and their brother, the beloved son of their father. Their actions will prove where their heart 4 is. THE PLOT And Yehudah and his brothers came to Yosphs house, and he was still there. And they fell before him on the ground. (Genesis 44:14) It was a cunning plot by Joseph to test the brothers, to see if they could remain unaffected, unmoved by the prospect of Benjamin's undeserved, harsh imprisonment, as they had been years earlier with Joseph's sale and descent into Egypt. The plan was cleverly designed to unmask and discern the true characters of Benjamin and his brethren, to determine if they were still hard-hearted, and calloused, or genuinely repentant. By the brothers prostrating themselves on the ground before him, as a token of repentance and submission, indicated that they were totally subject to Joseph and unashamedly sought his forgiveness and mercy. For sadness according to Elohim works repentance to deliverance, not to be regretted, but the sadness of the world works death. (2

5 Corinthians 7:10) REPENTANCE Repentance brings life in the Hebrew context, repentance (teshuvah) means: turning around and going all the way back to the beginning. True repentance: Is Godly sorrow and rejection of sin Sorrow of the World: The sorrow of the world is not grief/remorse over sin or offenses toward , but is only regret over sin's consequences, and results in its continuance and eventually in death. True repentance involves: (1) sincere renunciation and detestation of evil, (2) desire for restoration, and (3) deepness of humility, which makes the heart teachable. 6 JUDAH And Yehudah came near .. O my master,

please let your servant speak a word in my masters hearing, and do not let your displeasure burn against your servant, for you are like Pharaoh. (Genesis

44:18) The Torah portion starts out with Judah's supplication before Joseph. Commentators regard his speech as, "one of the masterpieces of Hebrew composition (Kalisch), and, "one

of the grandest and fairest to be found in the Old Testament" (Lange). There are four characteristics found in Judah's comment's: 1.H is language was respectful, and humble. 2.H is rhetoric was

simple, without lofty oration or unnecessary length, but plain, logical. 3.H is pathos [the quality of expression that evokes sympathy and emotion] was effective in describing/picturing

Jacob's love for Benjamin, and depicting how devastating it would be for Jacob if Benjamin did not return home. 4.H is plea that he take Benjamin's

place in chains rather than have his father Jacob die in sorrow, reveals love, and willingnessJudah's for self-sacrifice. 7 DRAW NEAR The first word in verse 18, Vayigash means to draw near or to offer or present (as in present your arguments or state your case). Its here, while presenting his case, that Judah offers himself instead of Benjamin, to be Josephs slave. Interesting to note that in Torah Exodus 22:1-4; the punishment for

being a thief is in fact, slavery, in order to pay-off the debt double. Another indication that the torah principles were all clearly known at this time. Judah came near to him (Joseph) and he said to Joseph, O my master, please let your servant speak a word in my masters hearing The rabbis point out that the translation of this statement from the Hebrew might better be read as, please let your servants words enter your ears, as the connotation here, is that of asking that Joseph please understand what Judah is about to relate. 8 TORN TO PIECES Then your servant my father said to us, You know that my wife bore me two sons, and the one went out from me, and I said, Truly, he is torn, torn to pieces! And I have not seen him since. (Genesis 44:27-28) He has surely been torn to pieces is a prophetic reference to the future separation of the twelve tribes of Jacob/Israel; they will separate and become Two Housesthe House of Judah and the House of Israeland they will be assimilated into the Nations around them. Following the pattern this prophetic biblical narrative portrays, we can ascertain that as the tribes are even now being drawn together by the Holy Spirit (Ezekiel 37), it is imperative that Benjamin is with them, as he will act as the liaison between the Two Houses of Israel. Legends of the Jews: The other brethren withheld themselves intentionally from taking part in the dispute between Judah and Joseph, saying, "Kings are carrying on a dispute, and it is not seemly for

us to interfere between them. 9 TIED TO BENJAMIN SOUL And if you take this one from me too, and harm comes to him, you shall bring down my grey hair with evil to the grave. And now, if I come to your servant my father and the boy is not with us since his own life is bound up in his life then it shall be, when he sees that the boy is not with us, that he shall die. So your servants shall bring down the grey hair of your servant our father with evil to the grave. (Genesis 44:29-31) Judah tells Joseph that Jacobs life (actually his nefesh or soul) is qashar or tied to Benjamins soul. If Benjamin doesnt go back to his father, Israel will surely die. The ISR Scriptures say that Judah said he went guaranty for the boy; the Hebrew reads Ki ehbedeh arav et hanaar which means he personally took responsibility for the boys actions and welfare, to his father. This is the crux of the remarkable thing that Judah did. A sovereign takes personal responsibility for his people. It was Judahs idea to sell his brother into slavery, in order to spare his life. And now, he stands before the judge, a foreign judge he believes, to face up to his crimes; and he offers to take his brothers punishment. 10 SELF SACRIFICE

For your servant went guaranty for the boy to my father, saying, If I do not bring him back to you, then I shall be a sinner before my father forever. And now, please let your servant remain instead of the boy as a slave to my master, and let the boy go up with his brothers. For how do I go up to my father if the boy is not with me, lest I see the evil that would come upon my father? (Genesis 44:32-34) Judah, who had participated in the sale of Joseph into slavery in Egypt, ends up offering himself to Joseph as a slave. What goes around, comes around. "Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap" (Gal.6:7). Having spent years wrestling with a troubled conscience over the past, coming to repentance, and then offering to substitute himself in his brother's place, Judah received much grace. His sentence was commuted, accounted as "time served", and the matter was adjourned. Judah 11 was advanced to further service. Judahs plea to Joseph echoes the life of one of his descendants: the lion of the tribe of Judah and the Shepherd of Israel who gave His life so that mankind may not perish but have eternal life. foresaw that such as sacrifice would be necessary to save His sheep and said: I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down His life for the sheep. (John 10:11; see also v. 14 and Hebrews 13:20). While many Christians and Catholics over the centuries have accused the Jews of crucifying , He makes it clear that no one took His life from

Him, but He laid it down willingly. He offered Himself as a sacrifice for us all. Both Judah and effectively said, Take me instead! No one has greater love than this: that one should lay down his life for his friends. (John 15:13) Because of this the Father loves Me, because I lay down My life, in 12 order to receive it again. (John 10:17) SELF SACRIFICE - MOSES Moses is another Biblical figure who displayed a spirit of self-sacrifice. When God called Him to lead the children of Israel out of Egypt, he endured much suffering at their hands. Nevertheless, he went so far as to ask God to blot his own name out of the Book of Life, if God would not forgive His people, Israel, for their sin of idolatry with the golden calf. And now, if You would forgive their sin, but if not, please blot me out of Your book which You have written. (Exodus 32:32) Moreover, Moses sacrificially toiled long and weary hours in an effort to judge Israels disputes. His effort was so colossal that his father-inlaw, Jethro, warned him that if he continued, he would wear himself out. Like Moses, we can become irritable when we have pushed beyond sensible limits and have become worn out. When we do this, we risk alienating everyone around us with our bad attitudes. 13

THE EXAMPLE OF PAUL - RABBI SHAUL For I myself could have wished to be banished from Messiah for the sake of my brothers, my relatives according to the flesh, (Romans 9:3) Apostle Paul also sacrificed himself for the sake of bringing the Gospel to the Gentiles. Nevertheless, his heart yearned for the salvation of the Jews. He wished that he, himself, would be accursed if it would bring about the salvation of his brethren, the Jewish People. God may call us to make serious sacrifices for the sake of bringing salvation to His people, but the rewards will be well worth it. And He said to them, Truly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or parents or brothers or wife or children, for the sake of the reign of Elohim, who shall not receive many times more in this present time, and in the age to come everlasting life. (Luke 18:29-30) 14 HYPOTHESIS Because we know that the example set by the forefathers is replicated on a grander scale by their descendants. Judah pictures the Jews? In our parasha, the father entrusted Judah with Benyamin. Does this mean at some point still to come, the Jews (Judah) will come before Joseph (who unbeknownst to them is the Jewish Messiah) to plead for Benyamin? Who then, is Benyamin in this scenario? Torahs picture of Benyamin (reference last weeks Torah commentary) is that he is of the same essence as Joseph. Benyamin may shadow Torah keeping, non-Jewish believers. Even today, some Jews are beginning to consider believers in

Messiah who keep Sabbath, eat kosher, wear tzit-tzit, etc., to be their brothers. Benyamin, could therefore be seen as not the Messiah/Joseph (who is the head), but the body of the Messiah. Together, Joseph and Benyamin 15 make up the oneness of the Messiah. THE REVEALING And Yosph was unable to restrain himself before all those who stood by him, and he called out, Have everyone go out from me! So no one stood with him while Yosph made himself known to his brothers. And he wept aloud, and the Mitsrites and the house of Pharaoh heard it. And Yosph said to his brothers, I am Yosph, is my father still alive? But his brothers were unable to answer him, for not they"see" trembled before him. (Genesis 45:1-3) His brothers could him?

His brothers had sold him into slavery because of the bitterness that had grown in their hearts and blocked them up spiritually. They were slaves to

their own evil inclinations of their unforgiveness, hearts and imaginations. The retaliation, stronghold of bitterness brings: resentment, anger, hatred, violence and murder (and murder with also the tongue). The Messiah

,alone. represented by Joseph, revealed himself to his brothers When therefore it was evening on that day, the first day of the week,and when the doors were shut where the taught ones met, for fear of the Yehudim, came and stood in the midst, and said to them, Peace to you. (John 20:19) 16 JEWISH COMMENTRY There is Jewish commentary that suggests how Joseph kept his brothers from recognizing him. When Joseph spoke to them, he covered his face with a veil (common Middle Eastern practice), and the brothers were unable to observe his face. Upon revealing himself, he uncovered his face and said to them, I am Yosef. When he removed the veil, it is said that they became frightened for the face of the man speaking to them resembled exactly that of their father, Jacob! (Think on the Messianic implications here) You can imagine that they were troubled!! He who has seen Me has seen the Father, and how do you say, Show us the Father? (John 14:9) 17 IS HE STILL ALIVE?

Why did Joseph ask his brothers a second time if his father was still alive? The rabbis explain that in actuality the second time was not a question to be answered. By saying this to his brothers, Joseph intended to remind them of what they had done to him without being concerned about the consequences for their father. Then, when Joseph said, "I am Yoseph; is my father still alive?" his brothers were silent with shame because they had realized their sin. The Torah tells us that his brothers, were bewildered and overcome with shame in his presence. The Yalkut (writings of the sages) states, "Woe to us on the Day of Judgment! And Woe to us on the Day of Rebuke!" The Yalkut continues; that when will judge and admonish each one of us, how much more will we be silenced into shame. Joseph's brothers were overwhelmed with shame when they were confronted with the truth from their younger brother; how much more ashamed will we be when Elohim, the most exalted King, will 18 confront us with the truth about our lives? TIKKUM And now, do not be grieved nor displeased with yourselves because you sold me here, for Elohim sent me before you to preserve life. .. And Elohim sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant in the earth, and to give life to you by a great escape. So then, you did not send me here, but Elohim. And He has set me for a father to Pharaoh, and master of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Mitsrayim. (Genesis 45:5-8)

Joseph, as the picture of Messiah, brought Tikkun. Tikkun is the concept by which makes all things right. Spelled Tav-kuf-nun it is Strongs #8627 and means restored or corrected. Its from the root word takawn which means to measure up or weigh. The meanings of the letters; tav means sign of the covenant, kuf means to surround and nun means the Kingdom. Tikkun represents the sign of the covenant surrounding the Kingdom. Its making everything right, setting it all straight, and Restoring the Kingdom. The numeric value of the letters is 550, which equals from Exodus 10:3; le anawt or humble yourself, from Leviticus 25:40; ksakiyr or as a hired servant and in Numbers 18:26; 19 knachalahchem or for your inheritance. CORRECTION IS GRACE Do not fear, O Yaaqob My servant, declares , for I am with you. Though I make a complete end of all the gentiles to which I have driven you, yet I do not make a complete end of you. But I shall reprove you in right-ruling, and by no means leave you unpunished. (Jeremiah 46:28) This concept of Tikkun is personal, as well as national. By reproving us righteously and not leaving us unpunished, brings not only correction, but also rectification. But, I thought we lived under Grace with a capital G. We do. Correction is a work of grace. As Jeremiah prayed regarding himself: O , chastise me, but with right-ruling not in Your displeasure, lest You bring me to naught. (Jeremiah 10:24) We must pray for correction, so that all things can be made right, and

know that will be faithful to temper His judgment with mercy. We all know what said in John 3:16; but, lets add verse 17 as well; "For God so loved the world that he gave his only and unique Son, so that everyone who trusts in him may have eternal life, instead of being utterly destroyed. For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but rather so that through him, the world might be saved. 20 ONE SAVIOUR .. for Elohim sent me before you to preserve life. (Genesis 45:5) It had been a long road for Joseph. Many thoughts were going through his mind at this time. Twenty-two years had passed since he was sold into slavery. His anguish would have been deep. In a sense, he had given himself up to save his brothers, for their delivery, and now he stood before them. , of whom Joseph was a type and shadow of, anguished in the Garden before giving himself up for our deliverance (Luke 22:39-44). And one of them, Qayapha, being high priest that year, said to them, You know naught, neither do you consider that it is better for us that one man die for the people than that the entire nation should perish. But he did not say this from himself, but being high priest that year he prophesied that was about to die for the nation, and not for the nation only, but to gather together into one the children of Elohim who 21 were scattered abroad. (John 11:49-52) GODS FAVOR

And the report of it was heard by the house of Pharaoh, saying, The brothers of Yosph have come. And it was good in the eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of his servants. And Pharaoh said to Yosph, Say to your brothers, Do this: Load your beasts and go, enter the land of Kenaan, and take your father and your households and come to me, and I give you the best of the land of Mitsrayim, and you eat the fat of the land. And you, you have been commanded, do this: Take wagons out of the land of Mitsrayim for your little ones and your wives. And you shall bring your father, and come. And do not be concerned about your goods, for the best of all the land of Mitsrayim is yours. (Genesis 45:16-20) Here we see that even in the worst drought to ever hit, God had already made a way for Redemption, Provision and Abundance. See, I am doing what is new, let it now spring forth. Do you not know it? I am even making a way in the wilderness and rivers in the desert. (Isaiah 43:19, Isaiah 60:4) 22 ATONEMENT AND REVELATION He gave to all of them, to each man, changes of garments, but to Binyamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five changes of garments. (Genesis 45:22) Joseph is preparing to send them back to gather up their father and all the family and households, Joseph gives his brothers a change of garments. However to Benjamin, son of the right hand, Moshiach ben Joseph gave:

300 pieces of silver. Silver, is the currency of men; so it represents mans money. 300 is the numeric value of kapar or ransom and kippur or atonement. It is also the numeric value of the letter shin or El Shaddai (Elohim Sufficient). 5 changes of clothes. Five represents s favour or grace in Hebrew thought. It is also the numeric value of the letter hey which means revelation. So while Joseph gave new garments to the rest of his brothers, he gave the atonement price and the revelation of Torah to Benjamin. 23 WHY? Ten of these brothers were really half brothers to Joseph; same father, but different mothers. Benjamin, on the other hand, was the only one who was Josephs full brother. With Benjamin he gave the ransom first and then the five changes of clothes. One of the things this is saying to us is that, while there are those who will stand before one day, with changed garments, sins forgiven; they are not full brothers because they do not posses all that Mashiach has for us. They do not have the grace of Torah and the Bridal garments that living according to Torah brings. Its also telling us that ten will stand before him, their restoration (their Tikkun) not complete; while one (a remnant) will stand, having lived as told Abraham in Genesis 17:1; I am El Shaddai walk before Me and be perfect. and as told us in Matthew 5:48; Therefore, be perfect, as your Father in the heavens is perfect. Remember the Hebrew word

for perfect here is tamiym which means complete, whole or restored. This is the purpose behind correction or Tikkun. 24 DONT QUARREL So he sent his brothers away, and they left. And he said to them, Do not quarrel along the way. (Genesis 45:24) Joseph dismissed his brothers with the warning not to quarrel with each other on the journey back to Canaan, why? There would have been a lot of blame shifting and arguing about what if. commanded us to walk away in love, and focus our attention on the Heavenly Father. .. Where I am going, you are unable to come, I now also say to you. A renewed command I give to you, that you love one another, as I have loved you, that you also love one another. (John 13:33-34) Peace I leave with you My peace I give to you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid. (John 14:27) This is My command, that you love one another, as I have loved you. No one has greater love than this: that one should lay down his life for his 25 friends. (John 15:12-13) JACOB INFORMED And they went up out of Mitsrayim, and came to the land of Kenaan to Yaaqob their father. And they told him, saying, Yosph is still alive, and he is governor over all the land of Mitsrayim. And Yaaqobs heart ceased, for

he did not believe them. (Genesis 45:25-26) The Hebrew word translated here as ceased is vya phoog, Strongs #6313, which literally means cold or to be cold. Legends of the Jews: In blithe (carefree) spirits they.. journeyed .. but when they reached the boundary line, they said to one another, "How shall we do? If we appear before our father and tell him that Joseph is alive, he will be greatly frightened, and he will not be inclined to believe us." Besides, Joseph's last injunction to them .was to not startle their father with the tidings of joy. They caught sight of Serah, the daughter of Asher, .. who was skilled in playing upon the harp. They ..bade her play before Jacob .."Joseph, my uncle, liveth, he ruleth over the whole of Egypt, he is not dead!" .. Jacob rewarded her therefore with the words, "My daughter, may death never have power over thee, for thou didst revive my 26 spirit." And so it was. Serah did not die, she entered Paradise alive. THE WAGONS But when they spoke to him all the words which Yosph had spoken to them, and when he saw the wagons which Yosph had sent to transport him, the spirit of Yaaqob their father revived. (Genesis 45:27) The text indicates that it was not until he saw the carts which Joseph had sent to carry him that his spirit revived. Why? Some parents might have been extremely proud of the fact that their son was the governor of Egypt. But Jacob wasnt interested in whether his son had become rich, famous, or successful. He was more interested in

whether he still knew Torah! What is it about seeing the carts that caused his spirit to be revived? 27 THE MEANS The carts belonged to the Egyptian government and would have been emblazoned with Pharaohs royal insignia also it was Pharaoh who initially commanded for the carts to be sent out: And you, you have been commanded, do this: Take wagons out of the land of Mitsrayim for your little ones and your wives. And you shall bring your father, and come. (Genesis 45:19). Yet in Genesis 45:27, Torah tells us that Jacob saw the carts that Joseph had sent. Joseph had done something in order to express his ownership on these carts a secret, encoded message. The sages give us insight into this. It is based on a word play of two similar words: Cart (agala) Heifer (egla) As the teaching goes, before Joseph had been sold, Jacob and Joseph spent a lot of time studying Torah. Both Jacob and Joseph remembered their last Torah conversation. Thus, when Joseph wished to assure his father that he had not only survived physically, but also that he had 28 remained faithful to his Torah beliefs, he sent him a clue. LAW OF DECAPITATED CALF

The law of Decapitated calf (egla arufa) is found in Deuteronomy 21:19. This is a situation where a corpse is found lying in a field with his killer unknown. In such a situation, the elders of the city which is closest to the crime scene, take a young heifer to a barren valley where they break its neck and recite: O , forgive Your people Yisral, whom You have redeemed, and do not allow innocent blood in the midst of Your people Yisral. And the blood-guilt shall be pardoned to them. Thus you purge the guilt of innocent blood from your midst when you do what is right in the eyes of . (Deuteronomy 21:7-9) The people of the city are asking to forgive the people, so they will not bear the guilt for what has happened to the victim. This is the same point Joseph attempted to convey to his brothers from the moment he revealed himself: And now, do not be grieved nor displeased with yourselves because you sold me here, for Elohim sent me before you to preserve life. (Genesis 45:5) 29 THE MESSAGE He transmits a message to his father through subtle meansby referring to the decapitated calf (implied through the carts). In other words, he is saying, I do not wish to divulge the circumstances in which I went missinglet us simply say that nobody bears the guilt. Elohim has atoned for it all, because it was all part of His plan. Legends of the Jews: Joseph had had a premonition that his father would refuse to give his brethren credence, because they had tried to deceive him before, and "it is the punishment of the liar that his words are not believed even when he speaks the truth." He had therefore said

to them, "If my father will not believe your words, tell him that when I took leave of him, to see whether it was well with you, he had been teaching me the law of the heifer whose neck is broken in the valley." 30 CONFIRMATION And Yisral said, Enough! My son Yosph is still alive. Let me go and see him before I die. And

Yisral set out with all that hebrought had, andofferings came toto Bersheba, and the Elohim of to hisYisral father in Yitshaq. And Elohim spoke the visions of the night, and said,Here Yaaqob, Yaaqob! And he

said, I am. And He said, I am the l, Elohim of your father. Do not be afraid to go down to Mitsrayim, for Ination. shall make you there into

a great Ito Myself am going down with you Mitsrayim and I Myself shall certainly bring you up again. And let Yosph put his hand45:28-46:4) on your eyes. (Genesis Jacob wantedEretz a confirming

word before leaving Israel. Therefore, Elohim visited him to assuage/comfort/assure him that, while he was away from Canaan,glory 's presence and Shechinah would always be with him. Jacob had

reason to be concerned about moving to Egypt as as theEgypt hadbondage been prophesied land of where Jacob's family would remain and grow for four-hundred years. [See. Gen. 15:13.]

renewed his faith, and he went forth, perceiving that the given fulfillment of the prophetic promise to his fathers and him, was unfolding. 31 JACOB AND MOSES The similarities between the two events: Jacob (leaving Canaan) Genesis

46:2-4 Elohim calls out to Jacob in a vision, Jacob, Jacob And he said, Here am I I am the Elohim of your fathers Do not fear going down to Egypt for I will make you there a great nation I will go DOWN with you to Egypt and I will also surely BRING YOU UP again the land flowing with. Moses (at the burning bush) Exodus 3:4-8 Elohim calls out to Moses, Moses, Moses And he said, Here am I I am the Elohim of your fathers I have seen the suffering of My people in Egypt and I have heard their crying I have come DOWN to rescue them from Egypt in order to BRING YOU UP from that land to

32 70 SOULS And they took their livestock and their property which they had acquired in the land of Kenaan, and came into Mitsrayim, Yaaqob and all his seed with him. His sons and his sons sons, his daughters and his sons daughters, and all his seed he brought with him to Mitsrayim. .. All the beings who went with Yaaqob to Mitsrayim, who came from his body, besides Yaaqobs sons wives, were sixty-six beings in all. And the sons of Yosph who were born to him in Mitsrayim were two beings. All the beings of the house of Yaaqob who went to Mitsrayim were seventy. (Genesis 46:6-27) Legends of the Jews: But in this I do not resemble my father, he had only himself to provide for, and my house consists of seventy souls, and therefore am I compelled to go down into Egypt. All the males in his family were married men; even Pallu and Hezron, the latter of whom was but one year old at the time of their migration, and the former but two years, had the wives with them that had been chosen for them by their parents. In general, all the sons and grandsons of Jacob had married young, some of 33 them had been fathers at the age of seven. 33 or 32 .. All, his sons and his daughters, were thirty-three. (Genesis 46:15) Leah: 5 - Re'uven: Hanokh, Pallu, Hetzron and Karmi.

7 - Shim`on: Y'mu'el, Yamin, Ohad, Yakhin, Tzochar and Sha'ul 4 - Levi: Gershon, K'hat and M'rari. 6 - Y'hudah: `Er, Onan (deceased), Shelah, Peretz and Zerach; The sons of Peretz were Hetzron and Hamul. 5 - Yissakhar: Tola, Puvah, Yov and Shimron. 4 - Z'vulun: Sered, Elon and Yachle'el. 1 - Dinah. 32 Legends of the Jews: He came with his whole family, sixty-nine persons they were in all, but the number was raised to seventy by the birth of Jochebed, afterward the mother of Moses. The mother of Moses was born from the tribe of Levi as they entered 34 Egypt as a promise that they will return. 70 Zilpah 8 - Gad: Tzifyon, Haggi, Shuni, Etzbon, `Eri, Arodi and Ar'eli. 8 - Asher: Yimnah, Yishvah, Yishvi, B'ri`ah, and their sister

Serach. Sons of B'ri`ah were Hever and Malki'el Rachel: 3 - Yosef: M'nasheh and Efrayim. 11 - Binyamin: Bela, Bekher, Ashbel, Gera, Na`aman, Echi, Rosh, Mupim, Hupim and Ard Bilhah: 2 - Dan: Hushim. 5 - Naftali: Yachtze'el, Guni, Yetzer and Shillem All the beings who went with Yaaqob to Mitsrayim, who came from his body, besides Yaaqobs sons wives, were sixty-six beings in all. (Genesis 46:26) 33+16+14+7=70 less four sons from sons wives = 66 35 SEVENTY NATIONS The rabbis teach that these seventy beings represent the seventy nations that made up the world in those days. Further, that while there may be many more today, they all stem from these seventy, which began with the scattering of people at the Tower of Babel. Seventy is the numeric value of the letter ayin which is the eye or fountain, which is the source. They teach that in his going, Yaaqob went down into Egypt for all mankind; so that in Yisraels coming out, he could lead the rest of the world in coming out of paganism and bondage. Seventy also is the number of the elders of Yisrael that Moshe appointed as the Great Tribunal or the Great Assembly and

sent out seventy of His taught ones in power and spirit to begin the spreading of the Tov News of the Restoration (or Tikkun) of the Kingdom to Israel. 36 70 or 75 There is however a discrepancy Acts 7:9-15, here it mentions seventy five people. And the ancestors, becoming jealous, sold Yosph into Mitsrayim. But Elohim was with him, and delivered him out of all his afflictions, and gave him favour and wisdom before Pharaoh, sovereign of Mitsrayim. And he appointed him governor over Mitsrayim and all his house. Then a scarcity of food and great distress came over all the land of Mitsrayim and Kenaan, and our fathers found no food. But Yaaqob heard that there was grain in Mitsrayim, and he sent out our fathers the first time, and at the second time Yosph was made known to his brothers, and Yosphs race became known to the Pharaoh. And Yosph sent and called his father Yaaqob and all his relatives to him, seventy-five people. And Yaaqob went down to Mitsrayim, and died, he and our fathers, (Acts 7:9-15) We can now include Jacob, Leah, Zilpah, Bilhah and WHO is number seventy five. I Myself am going down with you to Mitsrayim and I Myself shall certainly bring you up again. And let Yosph put his hand on your eyes. (Genesis 46:4)

37 GO AND PREPARE And he sent Yehudah before him to Yosph, to point out before him the way to Goshen. . (Genesis 46:28) Judah's noble qualities, which had become increasingly evident as time passed, did not escape the attention of Jacob who was learning to admire and trust them. decided to send Judah ahead to Goshen so Joseph could instruct and supply him in assisting the entire family when they emigrated south. The Midrashic interpretation [Rashi] of Judah's purpose in returning early to Egypt adds a second reason for the mission. The word "prepare" is there interpreted as "teach". It implies that Jacob sent Judah down also to make ready a Yeshiva of some sort, a Torah school, where the family and its descendants could have consistent godly instruction, and help prevent assimilation into the heathen culture. This is said to have established a precedent, which is the priority of a Torah education as the soul of Jewish nation. For it was fitting for Him, because of whom all are and through whom all are, in bringing many sons to esteem, to make the Princely Leader of their deliverance perfect through sufferings. (Hebrews 38 2:10) PHARAOH DECEIVED And Yosph said .. I am going up to inform Pharaoh, and say to him, My brothers and those of my fathers house, who were in the land of

Kenaan, have come to me. And the men are shepherds, that they have been men of livestock, and they have brought their flocks and their herds, and all that they have. (Genesis 46:31-32) Joseph had demonstrated wisdom and love for his brethren in his words to Pharaoh. He wanted to be sure his family would be secure in Goshen, away from the corruptive influence of Egypt's heathen society. To discourage the monarch from recruiting court officials and dignitaries from the intelligent and gifted family that produced Joseph, he instructed his family ahead of time to inform Pharaoh that they were simply shepherds and herdsmen, occupations the animalworshipping Egyptians despised. Then, when the interview with Pharaoh came, Joseph selected the least impressive individuals to speak before the Egyptian leader. After listening to the (probably rehearsed and staged) presentation, Pharaoh underestimated (as planned) the brethren, concluded that Joseph was an anomaly, and judged that his family was suited only for shepherding. So, Pharaoh left 39 them alone in Goshen. SHEPHERDS Israelites are set-apart in Egypt as shepherds. Sometimes it seems that Joseph and his brothers placed more emphasis on their flocks than on their families (46:32). Significance: Shepherds care for and protect their sheep. They are willing to give up their lives for their sheep. Shepherding is what Israelites do.

If we are Israelites, then we should be nourishing and protecting the flock. Joseph played the shepherd role in his position as he tended to and nourished his family: We are told that the first shepherd was Abel (Genesis 4:2) I am the good shepherd. And I know Mine, and Mine know Me, Footnote: even as the Father knows Me, and I know the Father. And I lay down My life for the sheep. And other sheep I have which are not of this fold I have to bring them as well, and they shall hear My voice, and there shall be one flock, one shepherd. (John 10:14-16) 40 THE FATHER AND The father: For thus said the Master , See, I Myself shall search for My sheep and seek them out. As a shepherd seeks out his flock on the day he is among his scattered sheep, so I shall seek out My sheep and deliver them from all the places where they were scattered in a day of cloud and thick darkness. And I shall bring them out from the peoples and gather them from the lands, and shall bring them to their own land. And I shall feed them on the mountains of Yisral, in the valleys, and in all the dwellings of the land. In good pasture I shall feed them, and their fold shall be on the high mountains of Yisral. They shall lie there in a good fold and feed in rich pasture on the mountains of Yisral. (Ezekiel 34:11-14) And He answering, said, I was not sent except to the lost sheep of the

41 house of Yisral. (Matthew 15:24) HOW TO LOVE s words to His disciples on how to love Him: When, therefore, they had eaten breakfast, said to Shimon Kpha, Shimon, son of Yonah, do you love Me more than these? He said to Him, Yea, Master, You know that I love You. He said to him, Feed My lambs. He said to him again, the second time, Shimon, son of Yonah, do you love Me? He said to Him, Yea, Master, You know that I love You. He said to him, Shepherd My sheep. He said to him the third time, Shimon, son of Yonah, do you love Me? Kpha was sad because He said to him the third time, Do you love Me? And he said to Him, Master, You know all, You know that I love You. said to him, Feed My sheep. (John 21:15-17) We are the sheep of his pasture, but were also shepherds who care for the flock. Joseph was a shepherd; likewise all his brothers were shepherds. In fact just about everyone seeking the Father is a shepherd! We should be about the business of feeding, tending, and looking after the flock. It is our job to be feeding the flock with truth. 42 GOSHEN Goshen is also referred to as the land of lights (Exodus 10:23), which hinted at the prophetic coming of the Messiah , the Light of the world, who would bring light unto the nations (John 8:12; Isaiah 51:4).

One of the objectives of our Redeemer is the deliverance of the Twelve Tribes from the yoke of slavery from the nations by which they have been enslaved: The Egyptians, the Babylonians, the Greeks and the Romans. Joseph revealed that they would be living in the land of Goshen to be near him. In the same way, told believers, In My Fathers house are many staying places. And if not, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I shall come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, you might be too. (John 14:2-3) 43 JACOBS AGE And Pharaoh said to Yaaqob, How old are you? And Yaaqob said to Pharaoh, The days of the years of my sojournings are one hundred and thirty years. Few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they have not reached the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their sojournings. (Genesis 47:8-9) Legends of the Jews: Then Joseph set Jacob his father before Pharaoh, and when the king saw him, he said to Og, who happened to be with him at that moment, "Seest thou! Thou wast wont to call Abraham a sterile mule, and here is his grandson with a family of seventy persons!" Og would not believe his own eyes, he thought Abraham was standing before him, so close was the resemblance between Jacob and his progenitor. Then Pharaoh asked about Jacob's age, to find out whether he actually was Jacob, and not Abraham. And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, "The days of the years of my pilgrimage are an

hundred and thirty years, Few and evil, In my youth I had to flee to a strange land on account of my brother Esau, and now, in my old age, I must again go to a strange land, and my days have not attained unto the days of the years of the 44 life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage. HIDDEN TREASURE Legends of the Jews But Joseph was more than a helper to his family. As a shepherd pastures his flock, so he provided for the whole world during the years of famine. The people cursed Pharaoh, who kept the stores of corn in his treasure chambers for his own use, and they blessed Joseph, who took thought for the famishing, and sold grain to all that came. The wealth which he acquired by these sales was lawful gain, for the prices were raised, not by him, but by the Egyptians themselves. One part of his possessions, consisting of gold and silver and precious stones, Joseph buried in four different places, in the desert near the Red Sea, on the banks of the Euphrates, and in two spots in the desert in the vicinity of Persia and Media. Korah discovered one of the hiding-places, and the Roman emperor Antoninus, the son of Severus, another. The other two will never be found, because God has reserved the riches they hold for the pious, to be enjoyed by them in the latter days, the days of the Messiah. The remainder of Joseph's possessions he gave away, partly to his brethren and their families, and partly to Pharaoh, who put them into his treasury. 45

WEALTH OF THE WORLD Now there was no bread in all the land, because the scarcity of food was very severe, and the land of Mitsrayim and all the land of Kenaan became exhausted from the scarcity of food. And Yosph gathered up all the silver that was found in the land of Mitsrayim and in the land of Kenaan, for the grain which they bought. And Yosph brought the silver into Pharaohs house So they brought their livestock to Yosph, and Yosph gave them bread in exchange for the horses, and for the flocks they owned, and for the herds they owned, And Yosph bought the entire land of Mitsrayim for Pharaoh, because every man of the Mitsrites sold his field, because the scarcity of food was severe upon them. And the land came to be Pharaohs. And as for the people, he moved them into the cities, from one end of the borders of Mitsrayim to the other end. (Genesis 47:13-21) Legends of the Jews: The wealth of the whole world flowed into Egypt at that time, and it remained there until the exodus of the Israelites. They took it along, leaving Egypt like a net without fish. 46 GOD REWARDS Only the ground of the priests he did not buy, for the priests had portions allotted to them by Pharaoh, and they ate their portions which Pharaoh gave them. Therefore they did not sell their ground. (Genesis 47:22) Legends of the Jews: It was the priests that made the suggestion to

examine Joseph's torn garment, which his mistress had submitted as evidence of his guilt, and see whether the rent was in front or in back. If it was in back, it would show his innocence--he had turned to flee, and his temptress had clutched him so that the garment tore. But if the tear was in front, then it would be a proof of his guilt--he had used violence with the woman, and she had torn the mantle in her efforts to defend her honour. The angel Gabriel came and transferred the rent from the fore part to the back, and the Egyptians were convinced of Joseph's innocence, and their scruples about raising him to the 47 kingship were removed. 17 YEARS And Yisral dwelt in the land of Mitsrayim, in the land of Goshen. And they had possessions there and bore fruit and increased exceedingly. (Genesis 47:27) Legends of the Jews: In return for the seventeen years that Jacob had devoted to the bringing up of Joseph, he was granted seventeen years of sojourn with his favourite son in peace and happiness. The wicked experience sorrow after joy; the pious must suffer first, and then they are happy, for all's well that ends well, and God permits the pious to spend the last years of their lives in felicity. 48 HISTORY OF THE HAFTORAH

In ancient biblical times, the Jewish religious leaders divided the five books of the Torah (Genesis to Deuteronomy) into portions that would be read each Sabbath in the synagogues (the houses of biblical teaching). Originally, in the course of a three year period, this system would allow the Jewish people to read and study the entire Torah. In modern times in most synagogues, the Torah is subdivided in such a way that the reading-teaching cycle is accomplished in one year instead of three. During the period of the Maccabees (in the intertestamental period in the second century B.C.), the Greeks who ruled Judea, in an effort to forcibly hellenize the Jews, forbade them from reading the Torah upon pain of death. Not wanting to forget the Torah, the Jews devised a system where Scriptures passages from the writings of the prophets were found that would remind them of the Torah portion for that week. These passages from the prophets are called the Haftorah readings, and they are read, along with the corresponding Torah portion, each week in Jewish 49 synagogues all over the world each Sabbath to this day. EZEKIEL 37 To remind the Maccabean Jews of Parashat Vayegash, they attached Ezekiel 37:1528, which is a prophecy about the reunification of the House of Ephraim (the Northern Kingdom of Israel) with the House of Judah (the Southern Kingdom of Israel). The northern ten tribes of Israel seceded from the southern tribes of Judah and Benjamin during the reign of King Rehoboam, son of King Solomon. They never reunited, but the prophet Ezekiel received a word from Elohim that in

the latter days just before the coming of the Messiah and the Messianic Age (or Millennium) these two kingdoms would again be reunited with King David as their ruler. The ArtScroll Stone Edition Chumash informs us that the connection between Parashat Vayegash (Gen 44:1847:27) and this Haftorah reading is that both discuss the reunification of Jacobs sons, the twelve tribes of Israel. Judah and Benjamin from the Southern Kingdom of Israel could receive hope in knowing that eventually their long-lost comrades of the Northern Kingdom would again become part 50 of the nation in fulfillment of s promises. REPLACEMENT THEOLOGY and He says, Shall it be a small matter for You to be My Servant to raise up the tribes of Yaaqob, and to bring back the preserved ones of Yisral? And I shall give You as a light to the gentiles, to be My deliverance to the ends of the earth! (Isaiah 49:6) There are some who believe that God is angry with the Jews for rejecting His Son. They also think that all the evil that has befallen the Jewish people is a sign of Gods curse upon them. They believe that God has rejected Israel as His covenant people and that He has replaced them with another the Church. This belief is called replacement theology. This Torah account of Josephs response to his brothers, however, blows that erroneous theory to smithereens! isnt angry, No, He is longing to be reconciled with them, and to have an intimate

relationship with them. And I shall pour on the house of Dawid and on the inhabitants of Yerushalayim a spirit of favour and prayers. And they shall look on Me whom they pierced, and they shall mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son. And they shall be in bitterness over Him as 51 a bitterness over the first-born. (Zechariah 12:10) EXTENDING FORGIVENESS TO OURSELVES No longer do I call you servants, for a servant does not know what his master is doing. But I have called you friends, for all teachings which I heard from My Father I have made known to you. (John 15:15) Todays Parsha is also a personal message to each one of us this very day in our own private lives. If we are grieved and angry with ourselves for things we have done that we now regret, because of what has done for us, we can be released from guilt and condemnation. (Romans 8:1) God can work all things for the greater good of everyone and even work events into His redemptive plan and purposes for your life. (Romans 8:28) calls us His friends. We are not just servants to Him, but cherished friends. Gods word promises that if we will confess our sins, He is faithful and just, not only to forgive us of these sins, but also to cleanse us from all 52 unrighteousness. (1 John 1:9)

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