TYPES OF ACADEMIC MISCONDUCT MUSTAFA STNIIK SERENAY TARHAN

TYPES OF ACADEMIC MISCONDUCT MUSTAFA STNIIK SERENAY TARHAN

TYPES OF ACADEMIC MISCONDUCT MUSTAFA STNIIK SERENAY TARHAN GLER CONTENTS

IB mission statement Learner profile Types of academic dishonesty Consequences of malpractice IB International schools policy Our school academic honesty Resposibility of students Responsibility of teacher How to use TURNITIN Examples of MALPRACTICE Page 2 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATES MISSION

Develop: Inquiring,knowledgeable and caring young people who help to create a better and more peaceful world through intercultural understanding and respect. To this end the organization works with Schools, governments, international organizations to develop challenging programmes of international education and rigorous assessment. These programmes encourage the students across the world to become Active Compassionate Lifelong learners who understand other people, with differences, can also be right. Page 3 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 THE IB LEARNER PROFILE

Band Together (Biraraya getir) International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 SOME KEY ATTRIBUTES RELATED TO ACADEMIC HONESTY Inquirers who acquire the skills necessary to conduct inquiry and research Knowledgeable who explore concepts, ideas, and issues Thinkers make ethical decisions. Principled who act with integrity and honesty, take responsibility for their own actions Open-minded who are accustomed to seeking and evaluating a range of points of view Risk takers who are brave and articulate in defending their beliefs http://

fcmartin.dadeschools.net/documents/MYP-policy/MYP-academic-honesty.pd f Page 5 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 THE RESPONSIBILITY OF EACH STUDENT Students have the responsibilities in respect of academic honesty include the following: for ensuring that all Works submitted for assessment is authentically theirs for fully and correctly acknowledging the work and ideas of others expected to review their own work before submission for assessment to identify any passages, computer programmes, data, photographs and other material which require acknowledgement. they may be required to submit their work using TURNITIN. Failing to do this could result in an accusation of plagiarism, and/or a refusal to accept their work

within school and/or to submit their work to the IB. Page 6 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 THE RESPONSIBILITY OF EACH STUDENT all internal school deadlines Once a student has signed off the official IB DP coversheet, there is no opportunity to re-submit different work, if the first submission is deemed to be

plagiarised. Teachers have the right to refuse to sign their cover sheet. The IB will accept the teachers decision in this case. It is the students responsibility, if academic dishonesty is suspected, to prove that all pieces of work are his/her own, and have not been plagiarised. Page 7 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007

THE RESPONSIBILITY OF TEACHER Page 8 Level of work must be adequate with the standards and aims of the IB program. Candidates will be provided with the Conduct of Examinations prior to the Diploma exams, and this will be discussed fully in Advisor classes.

Subject teachers are in the best position to identify work which may not be the authentic work of the student to read and check candidates work for authenticity before submission. This refers to all internal assessments encouraged to use Turnitin to check major assignments, Extended Essay and the TOK essay. Math and Science Explorations International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 THE RESPONSIBILITY OF TEACHER

If the coordinator or teacher has reason to suspect that part or the whole of a candidates work, may not be authentic, that work must not be accepted or submitted for assessment. In such cases, the IB suggest that one of two possible courses of action may be adopted: The candidate can be allowed one opportunity to revise and resubmit the work, which must be completed on time for the coordinator

If there is insufficient time, an F must be entered against the candidates name on the appropriate mark sheet. Page 9 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 THE RESPONSIBILITY OF TEACHER An F will be entered for candidates work, if the candidate is Page 10 unable to prove, to the teachers satisfaction that the work is his/her own,

when the teacher refuses to sign off the relevant cover sheet. Candidates must be prepared to prove their authorship, The school may make further decisions, in line with its own disciplinary policy, which may include expulsion, in addition to, or even prior to, the suggested course of action noted above. If plagiarism is detected after a candidates work has been accepted or submitted for assessment, the International Baccalaureates Curriculum and Assessment office (IBCA) must be informed.

International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 ACADEMIC HONESTY Academic honesty in the International Baccalaureate (IB) is a principle informed by the attributes of the IB learner profile. Academic Honesty is valued highly by CIS, by the IB and by universities and employers.

There can be no tolerance of deliberate academic dishonesty. In teaching, learning and assessment, serves to promote personal integrity and engender respect for others the integrity of their work. Page 11 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 ACADEMIC HONESTY

Proper conduct in relation to the conduct of examinations The full acknowledgement of the original authorship and ownership of creative material The production of authentic pieces of work The protection of all forms of intellectual property which include forms of intellectual and creative expression, as well as patents,

registered designs, trademarks, moral rights and copyright Page 12 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 ACADEMIC MISCONDUCT Academic misconduct is a behaviour that results in, or may result in, the student or any other student gaining an unfair advantage (or a behaviour that disadvantages other students) in one or more assessment components.

Unfortunately in every Diploma Programme examination session there are students who are investigated for alleged academic misconduct. Page 13 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 Page 14 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 TYPES OF ACADEMIC DISHONESTY PLAGIARISM

COLLUSION DUPLICATION OF WORK ALL FORMS OF MALPRACTICE Page 15 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 MALPRACTICE

Malpractice is behaviour that results in, or may result in the candidate or any other candidate gaining an unfair advantage in one or more assessment component. Page 16 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 MALPRACTICE Malpractice also includes: Making up data for an assignment

Falsifying a CAS record Misconduct during an examination includes: Copying the work of another candidate Referring to or attempting to, unauthorised material that is related to the examination Page 17 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007

MALPRACTICE Malpractice also includes: Failing to comply with the instructions of the invigilator or other member of the schools staff responsible for the conduct of an examination Impersonating another candidate Including offensive material in a script Stealing examination papers

Disclosing or discussing the content of an examination paper with a person outside the immediate community within 24 hours after the examination Concealing and/or using unauthorised software on a graphic calculator, particularly, but not only, during examinations Page 18 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 PLAGIARISM is defined as the representation, intentionally or unwittingly, of the ideas, words or work of another person without proper, clear and explicit acknowledgment.

The use of translated materials, unless indicated and acknowledged, is also considered plagiarism. Plagiarism is passing off someone elses work, writing, thoughts, visuals, graphics, music and ideas as your own. Plagiarism is occuring in a situation in which there is a legitimate expectation of original authorship in order to obtain some benefit, credit, or gain. Plagiarised work is work which fails to acknowledge the sources which it uses or upon which it is based. Plagiarism is a clear breach of academic honesty. It is also a criminal offence. Page 19 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 Page 20

International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 Page 21 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 Page 22 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 Page 23 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 PERSISTENT PLAGIARISM PROBLEM http://turnitin.com/assets/en_us/media/plagiarism_spectrum.php

2013 Azman & Fox and used with permission. International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 COLLUSION/ COLLABORATION Collaboration involves working together with other students. There are occasions where collaboration with other candidates is permitted or actively encouraged. Nevertheless, the final work must be produced independently, despite the fact that it may be based on similar data. This means that the abstract, introduction, content, conclusion or summary of a piece of work must be written in each candidates own words and cannot therefore be the same as another candidates. Working together is collaboration.

Copying someone elses work is collusion. Collusion is defined as supporting academic misconduct by another student, for example allowing ones work to be copied or submitted for assessment by another. Page 26 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 HI-TECH CHEATING METHODS Examples of misconduct during an IB examination include: taking unauthorized material into an examination (whether the student uses it or not), behaviour that disrupts the examination or may distract other students and communicating with another student during the examination. Page 27

International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 DUPLICATION OF WORK Duplication of work is defined as the presentation of the same work for different assessment components and/or Diploma Programme requirements. (An example would involve submitting the same piece of work for a Chemistry Extended Essay and the Chemistry Individual Investigation) Page 28

International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 PARAPHRASING Paraphrasing is writing a piece of text out in your own words. You are allowed to do this, but you must acknowledge the source you have used. Paraphrasing is a valuable skill because... it is better than quoting information from an undistinguished passage. it helps you control the temptation to quote too much. the mental process required for successful paraphrasing helps you to grasp the full meaning of the original. International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 Page 29

6 STEPS TO EFFECTIVE PARAPHRASING Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning. Set the original aside, and write your paraphrase on a note card. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material. At the top of the note card, write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase. Page 30 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 6 STEPS TO EFFECTIVE PARAPHRASING Check your rendition with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the

essential information in a new form. Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source. Record the source (including the page) on your note card so that you can credit it easily if you decide to incorporate the material into your paper. Page 31 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 SOME EXAMPLES TO COMPARE THE ORIGINAL PASSAGE: Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final [research] paper. Probably only about 10% of your final manuscript should

appear as directly quoted matter. Therefore, you should strive to limit the amount of exact transcribing of source materials while taking notes. Lester, James D. Writing Research Papers. 2nd ed. (1976): 46-47. Page 32 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 A legitimate paraphrase: In research papers students often quote excessively, failing to keep quoted material down to a desirable level. Since the problem usually originates during note taking, it is essential to minimize the material recorded verbatim (Lester 46-47). An acceptable summary:

Students should take just a few notes in direct quotation from sources to help minimize the amount of quoted material in a research paper (Lester 46-47). Page 33 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 A plagiarized version: Students often use too many direct quotations when they take notes, resulting in too many of them in the final research paper. In fact, probably only about 10% of the final copy should consist of directly quoted material. So it is important to limit the amount of source material copied while taking notes. Page 34

International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 CONSEQUENCES OF MALPRACTICE If the amount of plagiarism is minimal, zero marks will be awarded for the assessment component, but a grade will still be awarded for the subject. This is referred to as Academic Infringement If a candidate is found to have plagiarized all or part of any assignment then no grade will be awarded for the subject. This automatically means that no Diploma can be awarded. Misconduct during an examination will result in no grade

being awarded for the specific subject involved. Page 35 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 CONSEQUENCES OF MALPRACTICE If a candidate falsifies a CAS record, no Diploma will be issued until 12 months after the examination session have passed. The CAS record will need to be correctly completed. If the case of malpractice is very serious, the candidate may not be allowed to re-register for examinations in any future session

An IB Diploma may be withdrawn from a candidate at any time if malpractice is subsequently established An appeal may be made to the final award committee in the light of new factual evidence, within three months of the original decision. Page 36 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 WHAT SUPPORT CAN STUDENTS EXPECT FROM TEACHERS/COORDINATOR? Impart to students that plagiarism is a serious academic offence for which School shows no tolerance

Explain to students precisely what penalties will be imposed should they be found guilty of malpractice. Any student found guilty of malpractice in work submitted for formal assessment as part of the final Diploma could automatically lose his/her IB Diploma. Parents and students are encouraged to read the following documents: 1. Academic Honesty Policy (The official IB policy) 2. Academic Honesty Policy: Copenhagen International School International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 Page 37

WHAT SUPPORT CAN STUDENTS EXPECT FROM TEACHERS/COORDINATOR? Through Academic Honesty Policy, the school makes it clear what constitutes academic honesty and an authentic piece of work We strongly recommend that they read the full IB Guide to Academic Honesty which is available on our schools website. http://library.tedankara.k12.tr/index.php/iball/ah All Grade 11 students will be introduced to the Academic Honesty Policy, by the DP Coordinator, in Advisor Class, in the first Quarter.

Students will be clearly informed how malpractice will be investigated, and what the consequences are of having been found guilty of malpractice Teachers must also actively use correct citing conventions when providing candidates with reference material International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 Page 38 WHAT SUPPORT CAN STUDENTS EXPECT FROM LIBRARIAN

The Librarian is always willing to provide support and assistance in terms of research, and the correct use of citations. The Library website also provides considerable advice regarding the aspects of academic honesty. http://library.tedankara.k12.tr/index.php/be Candidates will be advised at all times to act as honestly and as accurately as possible to acknowledge the ideas and work of others. Page 39 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007

WHAT IS CITATION? A "citation" is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again, including: information about the author the title of the work the name and location of the company that published your copy of the source the date your copy was published the page numbers of the material you are borrowing Page 40 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007

WHY to CITE? show respect for the work of others give the reader the opportunity to follow up candidates references help the reader distinguish candidates work from the work of others give the reader the opportunity to check the validity of their interpretation receive proper credit for their research process Page 41 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 WHY to CITE? demonstrate that candidates are able to use reliable sources and critically assess them to support their work

establish credibility and authority of their own knowledge and ideas demonstrate that they are able to draw their own conclusions. Page 42 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 CITATION Teach and Assess Research and Writing Skills Combat Plagiarism Improve Students' Critical Thinking Skills To check your file: https://www.grammarly.com/plagiarism http://easybib.com/ CITATION MACHINE HELPS STUDENTS AND PROFESSIONAL RESEARCHERS

to properly credit the information that they use. Its primary goal is to make it so easy for student researchers to cite their information sources, that there is virtually no reason not to http://www.citationmachine.net/ Page 43 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007

IN SHORT; All Diploma Programme students understand the basic meaning and significance of academic honesty All work produced by Diploma Programme students is their own, authentic work All such authentic work has the ideas and words of others fully acknowledged Page 44 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007

IN SHORT; Students understand and obey the rules relating to proper conduct of examinations Students understand the difference between collaboration and collusion, and that it is unacceptable to present work arrived at through a process of collusion The policy refers to all assignments set and completed in school or at home, ranging from basic pieces of homework to formal assessments required by the IB Page 45 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007

IMPORTANT NOTES IB students should be content creators not content imitators. If you engage in any form of malpractice you may not be eligible for a grade in the subject concerned. Do it right, remember to cite! Page 46 Credit where credit is due! International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 HOW CAN I MAKE SURE THAT I AM NOT PLAGIARISING

The simplest method of avoiding plagiarism is to acknowledge honestly, accurately and clearly, by references in the body of your work, and/or in a bibliography at the end, each and every piece of material you used in the production of your work. All ideas and work of other persons, regardless of their source, must be acknowledged CD Rom, email messages, web sites on the Internet and any other electronic media must be treated in the same way as books and journals

The sources of all photographs, maps, illustrations, computer programmes, data, graphs, audio-visual and similar material must be acknowledged Page 47 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 IS THIS PLAGIARISM? Many people do not like green eggs and ham. Is this plagiarism? YES! The phrase, do not like green eggs and ham was taken directly from someone elses work, word for word, and was not cited appropriately. 2013 Azman & Fox and used with permission.

Page 48 Organization 2007 International Baccalaureate IS THIS PLAGIARISM? Many people do not like green eggs and ham. Is this plagiarism? YES! The phrase do not like green eggs and ham is in quotes, showing that it is in fact someone elses work, but there is no reference listed as a citation. 2013 Azman & Fox and used with permission. International Baccalaureate Page 49 Organization 2007 IS THIS PLAGIARISM?

Many people do not like green eggs and ham (Geisel, 1960). Is this plagiarism? YES! While a citation is present, the phrase do not like green eggs and ham is still taken word for word from Geisels work. The lack of quotes implies that these are your words, which they are not. 2013 Azman & Fox and used with permission. International Baccalaureate Page 50 Organization 2007 IS THIS PLAGIARISM? Many people do not like green eggs and ham (Geisel, 1960, p. 12). Is this plagiarism?

NO! The phrase do not like green eggs and ham is in quotes, showing that it is someone elses work, and the correct citation is in place. However, most instructors would prefer you to paraphrase a quote this short and convey the meaning of the source. 2013 Azman & Fox and used with permission. International Baccalaureate Page 51 Organization 2007 IS THIS PLAGIARISM? Many people dislike green ham and eggs (Geisel, 1960). Is this plagiarism? YES! This is not adequate paraphrasing. The sentence

structure is still too similar to the original quotation, and you cant put this one in quotes because its not the exact words of Geisel. 2013 Azman & Fox and used with permission. International Baccalaureate Page 52 Organization 2007 IS THIS PLAGIARISM? Many people have a strong distaste for forestcolored fowl embryos and cured domesticated pig products (Geisel, 1960). Is this plagiarism? YES! This is still not adequate paraphrasing. The sentence structure is still too similar to the original quotation, and you still cant put this one in quotes because its not the exact words of Geisel.

2013 Azman & Fox and used with permission. International Baccalaureate Page 53 Organization 2007 IS THIS PLAGIARISM? have a strong distaste = do not like forest-colored = green fowl embryos = eggs and = and cured domesticated pig products = ham This is Turnitins #3 Find Replace 2013 Azman & Fox and used with permission. International Baccalaureate Page 54 Organization 2007

IS THIS PLAGIARISM? Lack of familiarity with particular preparation styles of foods is likely to lead to premature rejection based on ignorance rather than an objective appraisal of the inherent taste qualities of that food (Geisel, 1960). Is this plagiarism? NO! This is an adequate paraphrasing that represents Geisels intended message, but its not very readable. In fact, this pretty much represents everything people hate about academic writing. 2013 Azman & Fox and used with permission. International Baccalaureate Page 55 Organization 2007

IS THIS PLAGIARISM? When something is unfamiliar or foreign to us, we tend not to judge it fairly (Geisel, 1960). Is this plagiarism? NO! Finally, we have an adequate paraphrasing that accurately represents Geisels message and that is clear and easily understood. 2013 Azman & Fox and used with permission. International Baccalaureate Page 56 Organization 2007 OUR SCHOOLS ACADEMIC POLICY

Encourage OUR STUDENTS to plan each assignment. Provide support with the scheduling of their work, as our students may have many assignments to complete. Let them do his or her own work, but show them how to research and plan their work. Establish a good level of communication with the school so that we

can understand the requirements of the Diploma Programme and what is expected of students. If still students are having difficulty with their work, we encourage them to ask a teacher for advice. Page 57 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 TURNITIN Reduce PLAGIARISM Check students work for improper citation or potential plagiarism by comparing it against the Worlds largeset academic database.

View the submission in its original Format Understand What is original and what is not with % values. View students sources Page 58Organization 2007 International Baccalaureate HOW TO USE TURNITIN SOFTWARE? To register and create user profile go to https://www.turnitin.com/login_page.asp Page 59 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 EXAMPLE OF MALPRACTICE(1) The examiner allocated to your school for the

assessment of this subject/component has advised me that the work submitted on behalf of the above candidate may not be authentic. This suspicion of malpractice is based on the fact that some answers to questions indicate that a calculator has been used. The use of calculators for this examination is not permitted and doing so may constitute malpractice. Page 60 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 EXAMPLE OF MALPRACTICE(1) Please support the International Baccalaureate in its investigation of possible malpractice by ensuring that we receive statements from

yourself, from the candidate and the invigilator of the examination. It is important that we receive these statements at the earliest opportunity so that the case can be brought to the attention of the final award committee. Page 61 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 EXAMPLE OF MALPRACTICE(1) Your own statement must provide information on: the circumstances of this case, including details of any mitigating circumstances. You are of course welcome to express an opinion on the allegation of use of a calculator made against the candidate and to include

any additional information. The statement from the invigilator must provide information on: the guidance given to all Diploma Programme candidates on the rules for the examinations and what happened during the examination. Page 62 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 EXAMPLE OF MALPRACTICE(1) The statement from the candidate must directly address the suspicion that he/she used a calculator in the mathematics SL paper 1 examination. The candidate must not submit the statement directly to this office (IB Cardiff): please forward the statement on behalf of the candidate. We will accept the statements in the format of a fax, letter, e-mail, whichever is most convenient, although an e-mail attachment is preferred.

As mentioned above, please provide the above statements, and any other information that you consider relevant, at the earliest opportunity. We will not be able to resolve this case until all statements have been received. Please send all statements directly to [email protected] Could you also please supply a copy of the seating plan for this particular examination Page 63 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 EVIDENCE OF MALPRACTICE(1) The candidate has correctly calculated e- = 0.0432139183. This could only be done by use of some calculating device, and no

calculator of any sort is allowed in the Maths SL paper 1 examination. Page 64 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 IB DECISION FOR THE MALPRACTICE(1) Page 65 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 EXAMPLE OF MALPRACTICE(2) I must bring to your attention a case of possible collusion by the two candidates. The examiner allocated to your school for the

assessment of this subject/component has advised me that the work submitted on behalf of the above candidates may not be authentic. This suspicion of malpractice is based on a comparison of the candidates work, which reveals that they are extremely similar or identical in several places. International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 Page 66 EXAMPLE OF MALPRACTICE(2) Please support the International Baccalaureate in its investigation of possible malpractice by ensuring that we receive completed statement sheets from you, from each candidate and from the candidate's teacher for the subject concerned (or supervisor in the case of an extended essay).

These statement sheets have been attached to this email for your attention. It is important that we receive these statements at the earliest opportunity so that the case can be brought to the attention of the final award committee. Page 67 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 EXAMPLE OF MALPRACTICE(2) It will of course be necessary to discuss this allegation with the candidates; however, the kind of approach that is taken and the involvement of the candidate's legal guardians and members of your school faculty are left to your discretion. You may raise this issue with the candidates after the completion of the written examinations if the

examinations have not begun or are currently in progress. Page 68 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 EXAMPLE OF MALPRACTICE(2) My opinion about this allegation of malpractice against the candidates that their essays are NOT extremely similar or identical in several places since I have copies of their authentic Turkish A1 HL World Literature assignments 1 and 2 of these students in my records. But supervisor have identical copies of Turkish A1 HL Word Literature 1 assignments.

Page 69 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 EXAMPLE OF MALPRACTICE(2) I guess confusion is coming from a printing mistake done in our schools printing centre so that these students assignments are mixed up and also the lack of final control of supervisor before submitting these essays to me for sending the examiner allocated to our school. In order not to penalize these candidates undeservedly I am sending the statements of the two candidates, supervisor and mine and also the scanned copies of authentic Turkish A1 HL World Literature assignments 1 and 2 of these students as an attachment for examination and clarification.

Page 70 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 EXAMPLE OF MALPRACTICE(3) The examiner allocated to mark the above component has indicated concern that this candidate may have had access to a calculator or other device which allows calculations to be made in this examination. As you are aware, calculators are prohibited in Mathematics HL/SL paper 1 examinations. I have attached the relevant pages of the candidates script. Page 71 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007

STUDENTS SCRIPT Page 72 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 EXAMPLE OF MALPRACTICE(3) Please support this investigation by ensuring the attached statements are completed and returned to [email protected] by 28thJune 2013. All evidence and statements will then be presented to the final award committee or a sub-committee of the final award committee prior to issue of results on 5 th July. A decision will be made on whether to dismiss the allegation of academic misconduct uphold it or ask for further investigations to be made.

Page 73 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 EXAMPLE OF MALPRACTICE(3) It will be necessary to discuss this allegation with the candidate; however, the kind of approach taken and involvement of the candidate's legal guardian(s) and members of your school faculty are left to your discretion. Also at your discretion, an interview with the candidate may be conducted and with the candidates permission, a transcript submitted to the IB Assessment Centre, along with the statements. The statement from the candidate must directly address the allegation that his or her work is not entirely authentic. Additionally, any mitigating circumstances you consider relevant may be noted, but please be aware that the final award

committee does not take into account whether the breach of the regulations was intentional on the part of the candidate. Page 74 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 EXAMPLE OF MALPRACTICE(3) As an IB coordinator I requested from the student to solve the question 13 (b) (i) in my office. She solved the question on the second page of a four-pages-cleananswer booklet remained from IB May 2013 exams. Student solved the same question by writing more information compared to the script sent to me. She divided 360 to 7 during this solution but she did successive additions mentally. Then I asked why she did not show 360 to 7 division during the IB Math HL paper1 exam. She said that she

did this division on the platform of her desk by using her pencil that can be used for diagrams and charts. International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 Page 75 EXAMPLE OF MALPRACTICE(3) Then I found such a desk from one of our school classrooms and captured two photographs in order to explain this situation better. I attached her solution that she did in my office and photographs. I decided to warn students not to make calculations on the platform of their desks May 2014 exams. She is a student who can make such calculation without using a calculator. I had collected their TIs for resetting suitable time period

before the exam and I did not allow students to enter into Math HL paper1 exam with their TIs. I also warned students not to use TIs or other electronic devices at the beginning of this exam. Therefore, I am quite certain that she did not use any calculator during the exam. Page 76 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 STUDENTS SOLUTION IN MY OFFICE Page 77 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 CAPTURED PHOTOGRAPHS OF STUDENTS DESK

Page 78 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 IB DECISION FOR THE MALPRACTICE(3) The final award committee has asked me to write to you concerning the allegation of academic misconduct against the above candidate in the subject/component indicated. After carefully considering the evidence and all statements, the committee decided that the candidate has not committed academic misconduct. Therefore, this candidate has not been penalized and a grade has been issued in the usual way. Page 79

International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 TRASLATED WORDS Concealing: gizleme Offence: saldr Temptation: birini ayartmaya alma

Legitimate: merulatrmak Jot down: not etmek Envision: kafasnda canlandrmak Verbatim: kelimesi kelimesine yaplm Impersonating: bakasym gibi davranmak Comply with: -e uymak Page 80 International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 REFERENCES

Geisel, T. S. (1960). Green eggs and ham. New York: Random House, Inc. iParadigms (2012). The plagiarism spectrum: Tagging 10 types of unoriginal work. http://turnitin.com/assets/en_us/media/plagiarism_spectrum.php plagiarize. 2012. In Merriam-Webster.com. Retrieved May 25, 2012, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/plagiarizeNo! What is Plagiarism? (n.d.) Retrieved May 25, 2012, from http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/what_is_plagiarism.html

Azman, Rosiana (Nani) L., and Stephen H. Fox. "A Plagiarism Prevention Presentation." What-is-plagiarism. Turnitin, 1 Jan. 2014. Web. 19 Mar. 2015. . Academic Honesty: Guidance for Schools, (2003, 2011), Published by the International Baccalaureate Organisation, Switzerland. Academic Honesty in Diploma Programme Arts (2012), Published by the International Baccalaureate Organisation, Switzerland 2013 Azman & Fox and used with permission. International Baccalaureate Organization 2007 REFERENCES

IB. 2008. IB learner profile booklet. Cardiff, UK. International Baccalaureate. IB. 2010. Programme standards and practices. Cardiff, UK. International Baccalaureate. Interview with MLEK Kamil,Director of Library and ICT , TED Ankara College Foundation High School. Geisel, T. S. (1960). Green eggs and ham. New York: Random House, Inc. iParadigms (2012). The plagiarism spectrum: Tagging 10 types of unoriginal work.

http://turnitin.com/assets/en_us/media/plagiarism_spectrum.php plagiarize. 2012. In Merriam-Webster.com. Retrieved May 25, 2012, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/plagiarizeNo! What is Plagiarism? (n.d.) Retrieved May 25, 2012, from http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/what_is_plagiarism.html Azman, Rosiana (Nani) L., and Stephen H. Fox. "A Plagiarism Prevention Presentation." What-is-plagiarism. Turnitin, 1 Jan. 2014. Web. 19 Mar. 2015. . International Baccalaureate Organization 2007

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    Find surface cues that predict deeper structure. Future work. Use our predicted syntactic typology for grammar induction and parsing. Predict syntactic typology from raw word sequences. Learning universal word representations [Read]
  • Introduzione alla Traduzione - DidatticaWEB

    Introduzione alla Traduzione - DidatticaWEB

    Vinay and Darbelnet's model (1/2) Vinay and Darbelnet carried out a comparative analysis of pre-existing translations, identifying a series of "strategies" (overall orientations of the translator) and "procedures" (specific techniques used by the translator)