Smart Choice Level 3 Unit 5 - Grammar

Smart Choice Level 3 Unit 5 - Grammar

SMART CHOICE LEVEL 3 UNIT 5 GRAMMAR Adverbial Clauses: before, after, when The words before, after, and when are used to introduce a time clause. I studied English before I went

to the US. I hope to travel after I finish college. I talk to my friends when I have a problem. Adverbial Clauses: before, after, when When is used with the action that happens first. The boy fell down. He jumped the fence.

The boy fell down when he jumped the fence. Adverbial Clauses: before, after, when After is used with the action that happens first. I took a shower. I exercised. I took a shower after I exercised. Adverbial Clauses: before,

after, when Before is used with the action that happens second. I went to bed. I brushed my teeth. I brushed my teeth before I went to bed. Adverbial Clauses: before, after, when

Time clauses may come after or before the main clause. If a time clause is before the main clause, use a comma to separate it from the main clause. Adverbial Clauses: before, after, when Main Clause

Time Clause I studied English before I went to the US. Time Clause Main Clause Before I went to the US, I studied English. Adverbial Clauses: before,

after, when If the main clause uses a present tense verb, the time clause must also use a present tense I always listen to music before verb. I go to bed.

Adverbial Clauses: before, after, when If the main clause uses a past tense verb, the time clause must also use a past tense verb.

Last night I listened to music before I went to bed. Adverbial Clauses: before, after, when If the main clause uses a future tense verb, the time clause must use a present tense

verb. Ill be there when the guests We are going arrive. to go to Spain when classes end. Adverbial Clauses: before, after, when Verb Tense Review Main Clause Time Clause

present present past past future present

Now Practice! 1. I went to Annas party and I took a gift. (when) I took a gift when I went to Annas party. When I went to Annas party, I took a gift. 2. I ate breakfast and then I went to work. (after) I went to work after I ate

Now Practice! 3. I was on the bus yesterday and I fell asleep. (when) I fell asleep when I was on the bus yesterday. When I was on the bus yesterday, I fell asleep. 4. This morning I went jogging and then I had breakfast. (before) This morning I went jogging before I

Now Practice! 1. When I called my friend, she didnt answer. 2. She never answers when he calls her. 3. Shell call you when she gets home. 4. We left before it started to rain. 5. Well leave when it starts to rain.

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