Story Elements

Story Elements

STORY ELEMENTS A) Place: Answers the Where? where most of the action occurs Background, environment, rural or urban, place of employment SETTING B) Time: Answers the When? when most of the action occurs Day, month, year, time of day, time of year, season, era

in history C) Mood/Atmosphere: Answers the Feeling/Emotion? for most of the story Eerie, tense, sorrowful, exciting, suspenseful Answers the Who? remember not necessarily people CHARACTER Main and supporting characters whose traits are revealed as the story progresses Story creates believable personalities

A) Physical Traits: What characters look like Ex) build, eye colour, hair colour, skin colour (sometimes associated with ethnicity) CHARACTER contd B) Character Traits: Characters personalities Ex) stubborn, lazy, brave Are described/observed in stories by:

- What they do, What the author/narrator says about them, How others react to them, What others say about them Often, characters actions/personalities are a result of trying to meet a need (i.e. Restitution Need) = love, fun, power, belonging C) Protagonist: Usually the hero or good guy Can be (usually is) the main or leading character(s) Usually the main action and story revolves around them or happens to them

CHARACTER contd Ex) Simba (Lion King), Harry (Harry Potter), Three Little Pigs D) Antagonist: Sometimes the enemy, villain, or bad guy Opposing character (or third force) to the protagonist An important character (or element) of the story Ex) Scar, Voldemort, Wolf CHARACTER

contd ** Sometimes the protagonist and antagonist can coexist or be interchangeable within or amongst characters BATMAN GOTHAM CITY POLICE JOKER A clash/confrontation/meeting of or between two (or more) opposing characters/forces

CONFLICT Centred around the protagonist(s) and usually the antagonist(s) Associated with the plot or is the plot Usually there are four types: A) Character vs. Character: Ex) B) Character vs. Self: CONFLICT contd

Represents some type of inner conflict/struggle (physical, social, emotional, psychological) Ex) C) Character vs. Nature/Society/Environment: Ex) D) Character vs. Supernatural/Force: Ex) PLOT Refers to the sequence of events in a story which must be completed by the end of the story (with the

exception of to be continued) Usually develops around a struggle/conflict between characters or issues in a story Has five main parts: A) Introduction: Where the main character(s), setting, and main conflict are introduced B) Rising Action: PLOT contd

Those involved struggle to overcome the conflict The main part of the story with the multiple interesting/exciting events C) Climax: Point of highest excitement, action, or interest Usually the part of the story where the conflict is resolved (or in the process of being resolved) D) Falling Action: Signals that the end of the story is near PLOT contd

Tells or reveals the characters thoughts, feelings, actions after the climax E) Conclusion: Usually or attempts to tie up any loose ends and answers any remaining questions about the plot or characters A plotline is used to graphically represent the plot of a story The plots are the events of the story while the line is used to connect them While there are highs and lows in the plotline,

there is only ONE climax (which must be the highest point of the plotline) PLOT contd The controlling message/idea/lesson of the story; what the storyteller is trying to say about society/life/ people/current issues The theme runs throughout the plot THEME

Ex) Dont judge a book by its cover, money cant buy happiness, be careful what you wish for ** Remember, an explanation must support the identification of the theme How we connect a text in other ways Usually there are three types: A) Text to Self: CONNECTION S Ex)

B) Text to Text: Ex) C) Text to Society/Environment/World: Ex) A) Point of View: The view/perspective from which the story is told Omniscient an all knowing observer First Person the main character MISCELLANEO US

Third Person a minor characters or objective view B) Foreshadowing: When a hint/clue is given about what is going to happen next C) Flashback: The telling of an event that occurred earlier D) Symbolism: When an author uses an object or situation to represent something meaningful (big idea) MISCELLANEO

US contd Different than a symbol or logo Ex) bird = freedom, flower = growth E) Irony: The use of language to convey a meaning that is opposite than the intended/literal meaning Ex) an oncologist that smokes F) Figurative Language: Simile a comparison using the words like or as Ex) float like a butterfly, sting like a bee

MISCELLANEO US contd Metaphor a comparison without using the words like or as Ex) the teacher planted the seeds of wisdom Personification - giving a non-living object living characteristics Ex) the chair trembled with fear

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