Survey of Eresearch Practices and Skills at Qut, Australia
D I V I S I O N O F T E C H N O L O G Y , I N F O R M A T I O N A N D L E A R N I N G S U P P O R T www.tils.qut.edu.au www.tils.qut.edu.au SURVEY OF ERESEARCH PRACTICES AND SKILLS AT QUT, AUSTRALIA Stephanie Bradbury Martin Borchert CRICOS No. 00213J www.tils.qut.edu.au The Authors Stephanie Bradbury Research Support Librarian (QUT Library) Research Training Coordinator (Research Student Centre) Information Manager (Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation) Martin Borchert Associate Director, Library Services (Information Resources and Research Support) www.tils.qut.edu.au QUT ... 40,000 students 1,700 researchers Inner-city Brisbane, Queensland, Australia www.tils.qut.edu.au eResearch at QUT www.tils.qut.edu.au Purpose of the Survey Provide a snapshot of researchers eResearch practices and skills, that is, act as a skills audit of researchers eResearch skills. Provide an indication of researchers training needs in the many aspects of eResearch. www.tils.qut.edu.au Survey Method
Key Survey online survey tool was used Questions were developed covering 72 skills Piloted on 6 researchers Email from DVCs to 1,700 research staff (included some HDR students) Reminder email Free coffee voucher www.tils.qut.edu.au The survey asked respondents to: Rate how they would describe their skill level in a selection of eResearch skills and practices grouped in the following categories: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Scholarly communication practices Using collaborative technologies Data management practices Managing different types of data Using different data collection and analysis techniques. 6. Using visualization tools 7. Using computation tools or activities Indicate if they would like training or online resources for each of the skills listed in the categories above. Indicate if they use open source software or tools List any other tools they use to process or analyse research data Indicate any programming languages or scripts they use in their research practices Indicate if they use open source software or tools Indicate how they like to learn new technologies. List the top three eResearch training requirements they (TILS research support
staff) would like addressed in 2010. Indicate their knowledge of various federal and state agencies that support eResearch initiatives. Add open-ended comments on various topics. www.tils.qut.edu.au NOT APPLICABLE to my research UNAWARE (I am unaware of this skill / tool and, as such, have not used it in my research) AWARE: No experience (I have heard about this skill / tool, but have not used it) BASIC SKILLS COMPETENT EXPERT www.tils.qut.edu.au Focus Groups 8 focus groups Participants were targeted based on responses and nominations by directors of research institutes Uptake of eResearch tools and technologies Issues and challenges relating to learning new technologies Issues and challenges relating to conducting eResearch activities Training preferences of eResearch skills and technologies www.tils.qut.edu.au Results 277 researchers took the survey and 254 completed it The survey population is not strictly random from the statistical perspective, so we can interpret results in terms of general trends only, rather than respondents representing the academic population of QUT 159 free test responses were received to open ended questions www.tils.qut.edu.au Participants
www.tils.qut.edu.au www.tils.qut.edu.au Scholarly communication 25 Publishing with a Creative Commons Licence 118 70 Managing references using software other than EndNote 17 Citing a dataset in your publication 17 20 75 Calculating bibliometric indicators 88 11 24 68 40 18 22 25 13 19 87 86 Creating a blog as a communication tool for your research 19 1 102 38 24 54 7 107 10 Publishing in an open access journal Managing copyright in relation to publishing
8 Managing references using EndNote 7 7 29 87 67 24 Depositing fulltext in QUT ePrints 27 40 30 38 11 80 77 26 38 72 4 55 77 32 14 79 0% 11 10% Not applicable to my research Basic skill 20% 90 30% Unaware Competent 40% 50% 36 60%
70% Aware: No experience Expert Researchers self-rated skill levels of 9 scholarly communication skills 80% 90% 100% www.tils.qut.edu.au Scholarly communication 48.9 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 37.8 26.9 29.5 18.6 9.1 6.8 1.9 12.2 5.7 2.6 0 % STM % SSH Comparison of skill level ratings between STM and SSH disciplines: Calculating bibliometric indicators that measure your research impact (e.g. h-index) www.tils.qut.edu.au Scholarly communication Requests for Training Scholarly Communication Practices 70 63 60 50 41 38 40 35 34
31 31 30 28 27 20 10 0 rs ch ng to e ts ar i e ci a ot rnal s sh rin i on ote d N e l P r ce d u b in e ati r n o N u c c j T en E u i i d p l c rt s U o i g n b s L e Q to ry sin acce r pu an E
m n ns in u fo o o il o t l h s t n m o b ou lati lltex nce m bi to pe in y er re o e o h g u n t r C f n o in o fe et an ve ng lati icati ight re re n as ti i t a u i ati g a s n g r e la c w
n d u in ft po gi Cr py C m g a g so h a na blish co De m n a o g t ti c in M in Ci wi Pu us s a nag g s a a in g ce M lo ish en b l r b e f ga Pu re tin g a in e ag Cr an M No. Researchers Training requests of all respondents in Scholarly Communication skills www.tils.qut.edu.au
Using Collaborative Technologies for Research Workflow Systems 14 Access Grid Technology 12 Content Management Systems 167 10 Peer to peer file sharing Blogs 12 Videoconferencing 13 Wiki 7 Instant Messaging 7 VoIP Online video Websites Portable Devices 64 9 15 Calendar 22 8 Email 011 0% 72 59 57 63 54 6 23
47 69 82 2 16 26 67 85 9 81 26 68 108 11 Collaborative Document editing 19 65 126 9 Social Bookmarking 44 139 137 139 74 60 10% 20% 104 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Not applicable to my research Basic skill Unaware Competent Aware: No experience Expert Researchers self-rated skill levels of using 16 collaborative technologies
www.tils.qut.edu.au Using Collaborative Technologies for Research Requests for Training Collaborative Technologies 35 30 25 20 15 Number of. Requests 10 5 0 s s g il g g g y g o ki IP es gs ar es cin Vo ditin Wi stem arin stem Blo rkin olog agin bsit nd vide Ema vic n e a le e e n y ss re sh Sy Ca line W eD fe km ech Me t S file nt l w n o e n n b T t e o m r O co
flo ta l B rid stan cu em pee ork or eo a g i o G P d c a D In Vi W So cess an r to ve e M c ti a A Pe nt or te n ll ab Co Co Requests for Training or Online Resources in Collaborative Technologies www.tils.qut.edu.au Using Collaborative Technologies for Research Specific technologies mentioned included: SendThisFile www.sendthisfile.com Joomla (Content management system) http://www.joomla.org/ MessageNet (to send SMS) http://www.messagenet.com.au/ Ning (Social networks) http://www.ning.com/ (X2) Scribd (document sharing) http://www.scribd.com/ BaseCamp http://basecamphq.com/ Doodle (shared calendar) http://www.doodle.com/ Delicious http://delicious.com/ Facebook http://www.facebook.com (x 4) Blackboard http://www.blackboard.com/ (x 2)
Elluminate http://www.elluminate.com/ (x 2) Twitter http://twitter.com/ ALTC Exchange http://www.altcexchange.edu.au/ GoToMeeting (web conferencing) http://www.gotomeeting.com/fec/ Google docs http://docs.google.com/ (x 3) Google groups http://groups.google.com.au/ Transana (video data analysis) http://www.transana.org/ Mendeley (social citation networks content repositories) http://www.mendeley.com/ Box (cloud-based content management) http://box.net www.tils.qut.edu.au Data Management Practices Preparing a data exit plan 38 Assigning descriptors or metadata 27 Preparing a data managment plan 15 57 45 Disposing of your digital data 11 53 64 103 72 64 Using pre-existing data for your own reearch 2028 49 Managing the legal issues of your data 1125 66 Managing your digital data storage needs Retaining your digital research data according to legislative and funding body requirements Managing privacy and confidentiality of your data Backing up your digital data
Not applicable to my research Basic skills Unaware Competent 51931 64 1922 55 29 7 83 45 9 76 45 5 84 59 13 103 108 13 15 79 71428 28191 73 18 72 103 100 46 3 56 23 85 99 16 23 0% 0% 0 % % 2 4 60 0% % 8 00 1 Aware: No experience Expert Researchers self-rated skill levels in data management practices www.tils.qut.edu.au Data Collection and Analysis Techniques and Practices Remote research instruments 135
96 1 29 8 72 20% Not applicable to my research Basic skill 30% 40% Unaware Competent 50 50% 60% 70% 80% Aware: No experience Expert Researchers self-rated skill levels in data collection and analysis techniques and practices 21 90% 100% www.tils.qut.edu.au Data Collection and Analysis Techniques and Practices Requests for Training Data Collection and Analysis Techniques 50 48 48 42 45 38 40 30
35 30 25 20 14 15 11 10 5 0 e ar w ft so is s ly na la a tic tis a St r Su e ar w ft so y ve ve ati t i al Qu sis ay l n aa t da in in m ta Da ls oo t g A
gd is n es cc ar at o ep s rie o sit n sa s e sin Bu e ar w oft ss c ti aly e ot m e R ch ar e s re ts en m tru s in Number of requests for training and online resources in data collection and analysis techniques and practices www.tils.qut.edu.au Managing Research Data Clinical data 123 Images, scans or x-rays 8 108 49
18 49 Laboratory notes 98 Data collected from sensors or instruments 6 47 96 Computer simulation data 8 86 24 Digital video files 60 11 Data automatically generated from or by computer programs 54 7 Digital audio files Fieldwork data Experimental data Interview data Survey data Not applicable to my research Basic skill Unaware Competent 20% 29 13 44 14 42 45 12 26 31 20 66 58 52 11 43 51 5 29 49 4 40 48 6 29 32 7
50 53 40 80% 100% Aware: No experience Expert Researchers self-rated skill levels in managing different types of data www.tils.qut.edu.au Managing Research Data Requests for Training 35 30 25 20 15 10 31 29 28 26 25 24 22 22 21 19 18 16 16 10 10 9 7 5 0 s ts s) ts ts ta ta
ta ta ta ta es es es es ys ail ee bas fil or am m ot da da on o fil k da y da da da men x-ra r h E p n l l ti o g w e r e y ta ta re u o ds ta on r di ica or vie d ci pr ea en Da l au vid dwo Surv nts/ ati in str ns o t r l l r l r a n e
m l C u i r t a e a ta te Sp ri an In Fie sc or bo git igi sim pe um pu , a es s c D x r s Di L c r E e o te om Do en ag ns er y c mpu e m f I s b (re m or Co ta m fr o a o d d
fr ic te ec ed ph l t l a ra co gr ne ta lio e a b g D y Bi all c ati om t u aa t Da Number of requests for training and online resources in managing different types of research data www.tils.qut.edu.au Managing Research Data Have you made your digital research data available to other researchers? www.tils.qut.edu.au Managing Research Data How did you make your data available to other researchers? www.tils.qut.edu.au Managing Research Data Have you wanted to share your data with collaborators (outside of QUT) but have experienced difficulties doing so? What were the difficulties experienced in sharing data? www.tils.qut.edu.au
Visualization Tools Geographical Information Systems (GIS) 102 Online 3D environment 51 85 3D visualization tool 77 78 Data visualization 71 19 7 4 71 81 14 61 63 18 12 2 73 103 Google Maps 73 Photo-editing suite 0% 48 10% 49 30 20% Not applicable to my research Basic skill 73 54 30% 40% Unaware Competent 52
36 62 50% 60% 12 12 2 20 3 48 70% 80% Aware: No experience Expert Researchers self-rated skill levels in using visualization tools in their research 90% 12 100% www.tils.qut.edu.au Visualization Tools Training Requests Visualization Tools 35 32 35 31 29 26 30 23 25 20 15 10 5 0 te ui s ng iti d -e to o Ph l og
Go s ap M e 3D on ati z i l ua vis ol to ta Da n tio a z ali iv su ph ra g o Ge on ati rm fo n I l ica S) GI ( s m te s Sy O e3 in nl D vir en Researchers requests for training and online resources in visualization tools t en
m on www.tils.qut.edu.au Computation Tools and Activities Developing a parallel program for a complex computer simulation 105 Computation using a batch processing system 98 Creating a mashup using APIs and your data 93 Computation beyond your desktop, using remote machine capability Using spreadsheets to do calculations and graphics (e.g. Excel) 122 20 43 47 56 58 40 66 16 20 4 18 91 74 29 44 65 86 Using a Problem Solving Environment (e.g. MATLAB, Mathematica) Using a database management system 65 53 48 61 88 88 14 81 28 33 23 7 20 11
22 48 19 9 0% 10% 41 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Not applicable to my research Basic skill Unaware Competent Aware: No experience Expert Researchers self-rated skill levels in using computation tools and activities in their research www.tils.qut.edu.au Computation Tools and Activities Requests for Training in Computation Tools and Activities 30 20 10 0 Training in Computation Tools and Activities Researchers requests for training and online resources in computation tools and activities in their research www.tils.qut.edu.au Writing Computer Programs or Scripts Programming Languages or Script to support Research Activities 25 23 22 20 17 16 15 15 13 10 8
8 7 6 4 5 4 2 2 C# hi lp e D 1 0 n B LA tra T r A Fo M L SQ rs he t O C + C+ ca ati m he at M rl Pe n ho t Py va Ja rip Sc
a v Ja t P PH n0 by sio Ru u F ld Co Researchers responses to programming languages and scripts they use to support their research activities www.tils.qut.edu.au eResearch Skills to Increase Research Productivity and Quality Statistical and Qualitative Data Analysis Data Management Collaborative Tools Other Bibliographic Management (EndNote) Literature Searching (Database Searching) General Computer Literacy EXCEL / Spreadsheets Visualisation Online Surveys Programming Publishing Support Staff Computation / Simulation / Modelling Copyright Word Processing or PPT Methodologies General IT Data Mining 84 58 36 31 22 18 18 15 14 14 14 13 12 11 8 8 7 6 6 0
10 20 30 40 50 60 Researchers responses to the three eResearch skills to increase their research productivity and quality 70 80 90 www.tils.qut.edu.au Research Practices in the Future Concept Map of Responses to Question: How do you see your research practices changing over the next five years? www.tils.qut.edu.au Whats next QUT is using this information to: Identify training needs support staff Identify training needs - researchers Focus available resources Better inform the development of new services A similar survey was undertaken to Library ITS research support staff Full reports will become available THE END
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