Syntax - serwis.wsjo.pl

Syntax - serwis.wsjo.pl

Historical Phonology & Mor Phonol Phonology & Morogy & Mor & Mor Mor phol Phonology & Morogy & Mor How Sound Sy & Morstems and Word Structures Change over Time Linguistic Structures Languages are made up of structur structur ed sy & Morstems These sy & Morstems exist at different l Phonology & Morev el Phonology & Mors

Languages have Phonol Phonology & Morogy & Mor: sound structures sound structures Morphol Phonology & Morogy & Mor: sound structures word structures Sy & Morntax: sound structures sentence structures Historical Phonology & Mor Linguistics When l Phonology & Moranguages change over time, the changes can occur in any & Mor of structur the se structured sy & Morstems One theref structurore speaks of structur Historical Phonology & Mor phonol Phonology & Morogy & Mor

Historical Phonology & Mor morphol Phonology & Morogy & Mor Historical Phonology & Mor sy & Morntax Historical Phonology & Mor Phonol Phonology & Morogy & Mor Different ty & Morpes of structur sound change ca n happen over time Question: sound structures how individual Phonology & Mor sound cha nges affect the phonol Phonology & Morogy & Mor of structur a l Phonology & Morang uage; that is, how they effect the n that is, how they & Mor effect the n umber and rel Phonology & Morations of structur phonemes

Phonol Phonology & Morogical Phonology & Mor Change Phonological A sound change might have sound change might have No/l Phonology & Morittl Phonology & More effect on the phonol Phonology & Morogical Phonology & Mor sy & Morste m Change the al Phonology & Morl Phonology & Morophones of structur a phone me Decrease the number of structur phonemes Increase the number of structur phonemes

If structur the number of structur phonemes change s, it wil Phonology & Morl Phonology & Mor affect minimal Phonology & Mor pairs No effect on the phonol Phonology & Morogi cal Phonology & Mor sy & Morstem # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals EMidE /t d n/ = dentals dental Phonology & Mors >> RETRA sound change might haveCTION >> ModE /t d n/ = dentals al Phonology & Morveol Phonology & Morars # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 2 Ogerm /*b *d *g/ >> OE /p t k/ = Ogerm /*b *d *g/ >> OE /p t k/ = dentals unaspirated ModE /p t k/ + STRESSED SYLLABLE STRESSED SYLLA sound change might haveBLE = dentals

aspirated Phonol Phonology & Morogical Phonology & Mor Change Ex Exampl Phonology & More 2 Ogerm /*b *d *g/ >> OE /p t k/ = : sound structures Engl Phonology & Morish hy & Morpothetical Phonology & Mor Suppose that we we started started to to pronounce /g/ as [k] ( (weakening). pronounce

/g/ as [k] ( (weakening). E.g. bigger / / / / /b bg/ g/ > > [ /[ /bbk] k] The number of structur of structur phonemes phonemes does does not notch

ange change Bigger and bicker bicker are are stil Phonology & Mor stil Phonology & Morl Phonology & Morl Phonology & Moraaminimal Phonology & Mor minimal Phonology & Morp air pair /g/ [k] ( (same (same phoneme, phoneme, new

new al Phonology & Morl Phonology & Moropho ne) al Phonology & Mor l Phonology & Morophone) CONDITIONED CHA sound change might haveNGES # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals A sound change might haveSSIMILA sound change might haveTION (pal Phonology & Moratal Phonology & Morisation + STRESSED SYLLABLE affricati on) WGerm * kirka > OE circe = dentals ModE church # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 2 Ogerm /*b *d *g/ >> OE /p t k/ = UMLA sound change might haveUT (distant assimil Phonology & Moration) Back vowel Phonology & Mors >> f structurronted (pre-OE pl Phonology & Morur.) ms-i << OE ms

(pre-OE plur.) gs-i << OE gs #3 MANNER OF ARTICULATION - OE modor >> MidE mother DISSIMILA sound change might haveTION # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals LA sound change might haveT tutur >> turtl Phonology & More sporadic unstressed sy & Morl Phonology & Morl Phonology & Morabl Phonology & Mores META sound change might haveTHESIS # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals West & Mor South Sl Phonology & Moravic l Phonology & Moranguages

Mil Phonology & Mork : sound structures ml Phonology & Moreko Garden : sound structures ogrd # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 2 Ogerm /*b *d *g/ >> OE /p t k/ = Germanic l Phonology & Moranguages - OE ridda >> ModE third HA sound change might havePLOLOGY # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals LOSS # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals WORD INITIA sound change might haveL /k/ + STRESSED SYLLABLE /n/ Knowl Phonology & Moredge : sound structures acknowl Phonology & Morwdge # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 2 Ogerm /*b *d *g/ >> OE /p t k/ = POST-VOCA sound change might haveLIC /r/

# 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 3 LOSS + COMPENSATORY LENGTH LOSS + STRESSED SYLLABLE COMPENSA sound change might haveTORY LENGTH ENING MidE sight /sxt/ >> /si: sound structurest/ A sound change might havepocope (final Phonology & Mor vowel Phonology & Mors) sy & Morncope (medial Phonology & Mor vowel Phonology & Mors) Phonemic Merger # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals Cockney & Mor Engl Phonology & Morish: sound structures Two unconditioned changes: sound structures [] ( > [f structur] ( and [] ( > [v] ( - 4 phonemes have been reduced to phonemes have been reduced to 2 Ogerm /*b *d *g/ >> OE /p t k/ =

That : sound structures vat were once minimal Phonology & Mor pairs; that is, how they effect the n no w homophones [vt] ( (Cockney & Mor) Thin : sound structures fin were once minimal Phonology & Mor pairs; that is, how they effect the n no w homophones [f structurn] ( (Cockney & Mor) Phonemic Spl Phonology & Morit # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals A sound change might haven earl Phonology & Morier al Phonology & Morl Phonology & Morophone >> a phone me (phonemisation) OE /y & Mor y & Mor: sound structures/ >> UNROUNDING >> /i: sound structures / - sea : sound structures see ; that is, how they effect the n made : sound structures maid

# 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 2 Ogerm /*b *d *g/ >> OE /p t k/ = OE /f structur s/ >> PHONEMISA sound change might haveTION >> Middl Phonology & More Engl Phonology & Morish /v z/ EXCRESCENCE # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals A sound change might have sound appears /u/ + STRESSED SYLLABLE /x/: sound structures OE brohte >> MidE broughte Epenthesis (medial Phonology & Mor) Prothesis (initial Phonology & Mor) Other phonol Phonology & Morogical Phonology & Mor change s # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals The phonol Phonology & Morogy & Mor of structur a l Phonology & Moranguage can

change in more drastic way & Mors than j ust the addition/subtraction of structur phon emes SOUND SHIFT = dentals the Great Vowel Phonology & Mor Sh if structurt Long Vowel Phonology & Mors: sound structures Raising/Diphthongising /i: sound structures/ & Mor /u: sound structures/ Regul Phonology & Morarity & Mor of structur Sound Chang e A sound change might have f structurundamental Phonology & Mor principl Phonology & More of structur historica

l Phonology & Mor phonol Phonology & Morogy & Mor Sound change is regul Phonology & Morar If structur sound A sound change might have changes to sound B in a particul Phonology & Morar environment in some wor ds, then sound A sound change might have changes to sound B in al Phonology & Morl Phonology & Mor words with that environmen t. Regul Phonology & Morarity & Mor of structur Sound Chang e Exampl Phonology & More: sound structures Southern A sound change might havemerican Engl Phonology & Moris

h [e] ( > [] ( / _ [n] ( [n] ( (vowel Phonology & Mor raising) Pen and ten are [phn] ( and [thn] (, ho mophonous with pin and tin. This sound change is regul Phonology & Morar It affects [e] ( in al Phonology & Morl Phonology & Mor words with this e nvironment: sound structures when, tennis, Ben, me n, gl Phonology & Moren, etc. Regul Phonology & Morarity & Mor of structur Sound Chang e

Regul Phonology & Morarity & Mor of structur sound change is a ver y & Mor important principl Phonology & More It wil Phonology & Morl Phonology & Mor al Phonology & Morl Phonology & Morow us to reconstruct the pr onunciation of structur l Phonology & Moranguages in the dist ant past, even when we have no wri tten records We wil Phonology & Morl Phonology & Mor see how when we do histori cal Phonology & Mor reconstruction Historical Phonology & Mor Morphol Phonology & Morogy & Mor Over time, the morphol Phonology & Morogy & Mor of structur a l Phonology & Moran

guage changes The set of structur morphemes in the l Phonology & Morangu age changes The f structurunction and meaning of structur morph emes changes Inflectional Phonology & Mor paradigms change Derivational Phonology & Mor rul Phonology & Mores change Historical Phonology & Mor Morphol Phonology & Morogy & Mor In extreme cases, l Phonology & Moranguages that w

ere once isol Phonology & Morating can devel Phonology & Morop infle ctional Phonology & Mor morphol Phonology & Morogy & Mor Likewise, l Phonology & Moranguages can l Phonology & Morose inflect ional Phonology & Mor morphol Phonology & Morogy & Mor and become isol Phonology & Mora ting* In the l Phonology & Morast 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 500 y & Morears, Engl Phonology & Morish has l Phonology & Mor ost much of structur its inflectional Phonology & Mor morphol Phonology & Mor ogy & Mor Historical Phonology & Mor Processes

Some common ty & Morpes of structur morphol Phonology & Morogical Phonology & Mor change are: sound structures Grammatical Phonology & Morization (Grammaticization) A sound change might havenal Phonology & Morogy & Mor Reanal Phonology & Mory & Morsis Fol Phonology & Mork Ety & Mormol Phonology & Morogy & Mor Back Formation Root Creation Functional Phonology & Mor Shif structurt Commonisation Taboo Def structurormation Compounding

A sound change might haveffixation A sound change might havecrony & Mormy & Mor A sound change might havebbreviation (Cl Phonology & Moripping) Historical Phonology & Mor Processes Remember: sound structures The buil Phonology & Mording bl Phonology & Morocks of structur morphol Phonology & Morogy & Mor are morphemes, not w ords The historical Phonology & Mor processes described

here invol Phonology & Morve changes to morpheme s Grammatical Phonology & Morization Over time, a f structurree morpheme (i.e. a word) acquires grammatical Phonology & Mor (i.e. m orphol Phonology & Morogical Phonology & Mor or sy & Morntactic) f structurunction Of structurten this process is accompanied by & Mor Phonol Phonology & Morogical Phonology & Mor reduction (gets shorter) Fusion (becomes bound)

Semantic bl Phonology & Moreaching (l Phonology & Moroses original Phonology & Mor me aning) Grammatical Phonology & Morization Exampl Phonology & More 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals : sound structures Engl Phonology & Morish be going to > be gon na Original Phonology & Mor meaning: sound structures motion through space New Function: sound structures f structuruture tense marker (I /m gonna take l Phonology & Moringuistics next quarter.) Phonol Phonology & Morogical Phonology & Mor reduction: sound structures 3 LOSS + COMPENSATORY LENGTH sy & Morl Phonology & Morl Phonology & Morabl Phonology & Mores > 2 Ogerm /*b *d *g/ >> OE /p t k/ = s

y & Morl Phonology & Morl Phonology & Morabl Phonology & Mores, vowel Phonology & Mors become schwa *I /m gonna the store to buy & Mor some soap. Semantic bl Phonology & Moreaching: sound structures sense of structur motion is l Phonology & Mor ost I /m gonna stay & Mor right here. Grammatical Phonology & Morization Exampl Phonology & More 2 Ogerm /*b *d *g/ >> OE /p t k/ = : sound structures Engl Phonology & Morish have Original Phonology & Mor meaning: sound structures possession

Function: sound structures auxil Phonology & Moriary & Mor verb (I /ve eaten l Phonology & Morunc h al Phonology & Morready & Mor) indicating compl Phonology & Moreted action Phonol Phonology & Morogical Phonology & Mor reduction: sound structures have can be pro nounced /v/ onl Phonology & Mory & Mor when grammatical Phonology & Morized: sound structures *Do y & Morou /ve any & Mor money & Mor on y & Morou? Semantic bl Phonology & Moreaching: sound structures possession meanin g is l Phonology & Morost A sound change might havenal Phonology & Morogy & Mor

A sound change might have powerf structurul Phonology & Mor f structurorce in morphol Phonology & Morogical Phonology & Mor chang e A sound change might have morphol Phonology & Morogical Phonology & Mor rul Phonology & More is extended, or gen eral Phonology & Morized, to f structurorms by & Mor anal Phonology & Morogy & Mor with other f structur orms that al Phonology & Morready & Mor fit the rul Phonology & More Q: sound structures Why & Mor can we make sentences or deriv e words that we have never heard bef structuror e? A sound change might have: sound structures We have l Phonology & Morearned the morphol Phonology & Morogical Phonology & Mor an d sy & Morntactic rul Phonology & Mores and can appl Phonology & Mory & Mor them But rul Phonology & Mores al Phonology & Morso have exceptions

A sound change might havenal Phonology & Morogy & Mor Exampl Phonology & More: sound structures Engl Phonology & Morish past tense {-ed} Chil Phonology & Mordren growing up hear present and pa st tense f structurorms of structur verbs, and induce an in flectional Phonology & Mor rul Phonology & More based on them: sound structures wal Phonology & Mork l Phonology & Morearn f structurade wal Phonology & Morked + STRESSED SYLLABLE /t/

l Phonology & Morearned + STRESSED SYLLABLE /d/ f structuraded + STRESSED SYLLABLE /d/ Rul Phonology & More: sound structures A sound change might havedd an al Phonology & Morl Phonology & Moromorph of structur {-ed} to verb stem to make past tense A sound change might havenal Phonology & Morogy & Mor Having l Phonology & Morearned the rul Phonology & More, the chil Phonology & Mord might make an anal Phonology & Morogy & Mor: sound structures

Wal Phonology & Mork : sound structures wal Phonology & Morked : sound structures: sound structures go : sound structures _ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] ( Learn: sound structures l Phonology & Morearned : sound structures: sound structures teach : sound structures _ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] ( By & Mor anal Phonology & Morogy & Mor, the chil Phonology & Mord appl Phonology & Mories the rul Phonology & More an d say & Mors: sound structures Yesterday & Mor we goed to the park Bil Phonology & Morl Phonology & Mor teached me how to tie my & Mor shoes I taked some cookies A sound change might havenal Phonology & Morogy & Mor

Eventual Phonology & Morl Phonology & Mory & Mor the chil Phonology & Mord may & Mor l Phonology & Morearn the excep tions to the rul Phonology & More. But sometimes anal Phonology & Morogi cal Phonology & Mor f structurormations stay & Mor in the l Phonology & Moranguage, and the exceptions are regul Phonology & Morarized. In some Engl Phonology & Morish dial Phonology & Morects today & Mor, peopl Phonology & More sa y & Mor teached and throwed. Simil Phonology & Morar changes have happened to many & Mor verbs in Engl Phonology & Morish, and continue to happe n. What /s the past tense of structur strive? cl Phonology & Moreave? dive?

A sound change might havenal Phonology & Morogy & Mor A sound change might havenal Phonology & Morogy & Mor of structurten has the effect of structur reducing the overal Phonology & Morl Phonology & Mor number of structur al Phonology & Morl Phonology & Moromorphs Exampl Phonology & More 2 Ogerm /*b *d *g/ >> OE /p t k/ = : sound structures Ol Phonology & Mord Engl Phonology & Morish {ol Phonology & Mord} had two al Phonology & Morl Phonology & Mor omorphs, /ol Phonology & Mord/ and /eal Phonology & Mord/: sound structures Ol Phonology & Mord - el Phonology & Morder - el Phonology & Mordest Today & Mor these are obsol Phonology & Morete. By & Mor anal Phonology & Morogy & Mor wi th Red - redder - reddest (no change to ste m)

We now have onl Phonology & Mory & Mor one al Phonology & Morl Phonology & Moromorph: sound structures Ol Phonology & Mord - ol Phonology & Morder - ol Phonology & Mordest Reanal Phonology & Mory & Morsis Speakers of structur a l Phonology & Moranguage reinterpret the l Phonology & Moro cation of structur morpheme boundaries This may & Mor create new morphemes, or cha nge the f structurorms of structur existing morphemes Exampl Phonology & More 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals : sound structures Engl Phonology & Morish a napron > an apron Exampl Phonology & More 2 Ogerm /*b *d *g/ >> OE /p t k/ = : sound structures Engl Phonology & Morish an ewt > a newt Listeners put the morpheme boundary & Mor in

a new l Phonology & Morocation, and changed the f structurorm of structur the words napron and ewt. Reanal Phonology & Mory & Morsis Exampl Phonology & More 3 LOSS + COMPENSATORY LENGTH: sound structures Creation of structur a new morpheme Historical Phonology & Mor morpheme boundary & Mor: sound structures al Phonology & Morcohol Phonology & Mor-i c A sound change might havel Phonology & Morcohol Phonology & Mor: sound structures noun; that is, how they effect the n -ic: sound structures adjective-f structurorming suffi x A sound change might havel Phonology & Morcohol Phonology & Moric: sound structures adj (an al Phonology & Morcohol Phonology & Moric beverage) A sound change might haven al Phonology & Morcohol Phonology & Moric person > al Phonology & Morcohol Phonology & Moric: sound structures noun

(a person addicted to al Phonology & Morcohol Phonology & Mor) New morpheme boundary & Mor: sound structures al Phonology & Morc-ohol Phonology & Moric -ohol Phonology & Moric/-ahol Phonology & Moric: sound structures derivational Phonology & Mor suffix: sound structures workahol Phonology & Moric, choc-ohol Phonology & Moric Reanal Phonology & Mory & Morsis Exampl Phonology & More 4 phonemes have been reduced to : sound structures Lol Phonology & Morl Phonology & Morapal Phonology & Morooza Sl Phonology & Morang: sound structures Something outstanding or amazi ng A sound change might havef structurter the big Lol Phonology & Morl Phonology & Morapal Phonology & Morooza music tours, p al Phonology & Morooza was reanal Phonology & Mory & Morzed as a derivational Phonology & Mor suffix meaning an event that /s big and

exciting Country & Mor-pal Phonology & Morooza, Pol Phonology & Morka-pal Phonology & Morooza, Metal Phonology & Mor-p al Phonology & Morooza, Soap-a-pal Phonology & Morooza, Pol Phonology & Morar-pal Phonology & Morooza, Fol Phonology & Mork Ety & Mormol Phonology & Morogy & Mor A sound change might have specific ty & Morpe of structur re-anal Phonology & Mory & Morsis in which peopl Phonology & More mi sunderstand the historical Phonology & Mor origin of structur a word (ety & Mor mol Phonology & Morogy & Mor ref structurers to word origins) Exampl Phonology & More 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals : sound structures In some dial Phonology & Morects of structur Engl Phonology & Morish, asparag us is now cal Phonology & Morl Phonology & Mored sparrow-grass. Exampl Phonology & More 2 Ogerm /*b *d *g/ >> OE /p t k/ = : sound structures Hamburger derives f structurrom the Germa

n city & Mor Hamburg pl Phonology & Morus suffix -er. Speakers assume the word is a compound with first morpheme ham, so concl Phonology & Morude that burger is a morpheme too, meaning a ty & Morpe of structur f structurood patty & Mor. Back Formation A sound change might have specific ty & Morpe of structur reanal Phonology & Mory & Morsis and/or anal Phonology & Morogy & Mor tha t creates new stems f structurrom derived or inflected f structuro rms Happens when l Phonology & Moranguage speakers misidentif structury & Mor a word as being composed of structur a stem and affix, th

en remove the affix to get back to what they & Mor thi nk is the original Phonology & Mor stem Chil Phonology & Mord (pointing to pl Phonology & Morate of structur cheese): sound structures What /s tha t? Parent: sound structures Cheese Chil Phonology & Mord (hearing /z/ and assuming it is a pl Phonology & Morural Phonology & Mor su ffix): sound structures Can I have a chee? Back Formation Consider these verb-noun pairs compensate

compensation denigrate denigration operate operation procrastinate procrastination del Phonology & Moregate del Phonology & Moregation _ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] (_ [n] ( orientation By & Mor anal Phonology & Morogy & Mor, speakers assume the verb stem is orientate (historical Phonology & Morl Phonology & Mory & Mor it is orient). Orientate is a

back-f structurormation. Back Formation In Ol Phonology & Mord Engl Phonology & Morish, the word f structuror pea was pise (singul Phonology & Mor ar), pisan (pl Phonology & Morural Phonology & Mor) In Middl Phonology & More Engl Phonology & Morish, singul Phonology & Morar pease was reanal Phonology & Mory & Morze d as having a pl Phonology & Morural Phonology & Mor {-s} suffix. A sound change might have new singul Phonology & Morar f structurorm pea was created by & Mor back-f structuro rmation, and peas was reanal Phonology & Mory & Morzed as a pl Phonology & Morural Phonology & Mor. The singul Phonology & Morar pease is stil Phonology & Morl Phonology & Mor preserved in the ol Phonology & Mord n ursery & Mor rhy & Morme: sound structures Pease porridge hot, pease porri

dge col Phonology & Mord, pease porridge in the pot nine day & Mors ol Phonology & Mor d. ROOT CREA sound change might haveTION # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals Words out of structur nothing GA sound change might haveS NYLON RA sound change might haveYON FUNCTIONA sound change might haveL SHIFT (ZERO-DERIVA sound change might haveTION/CONVERSION)

A sound change might have knee >> to knee A sound change might have shoul Phonology & Morder >> to shoul Phonology & Morder a burden In and out >> to know the ins and ou ts COMMONISA sound change might haveTION # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals Proper names, inventors, popul Phonology & Morarisers, trade n ames: sound structures The 4 phonemes have been reduced to th Earl Phonology & Mor of structur Sandwich >> a sandwich Diesel Phonology & Mor >> a diesel Phonology & Mor engil Phonology & More

Bowie >> a bowie knif structure Derringer >> a derringer Echo >> echo Spartan >> spartan A sound change might have sl Phonology & Moriding f structurasterner >> zipper TA sound change might haveBOO DEFORMA sound change might haveTION GOD-DA sound change might haveMNED >> GOL-DA sound change might haveRNED, GOL-DERNED, G OSH DA sound change might haveRNED EUPHEMISMS: sound structures TO DIE >> TO BE MET ONE /S MA sound change might haveKER, PA sound change might haveSS A sound change might haveWA sound change might haveY, LEA sound change might haveVE THE VA sound change might haveLE OF TEA sound change might haveRS

A sound change might haveFFIXA sound change might haveTION MORPHEMES A sound change might haveRE FUSED TOGETHER A sound change might haveNTIESTA sound change might haveBLISHA sound change might haveRIA sound change might haveNISM COMPOUNDING # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals NOUN + STRESSED SYLLABLE NOUN OE wfmann; MidE hswfe; ModE schoolboy #2 ADJ. + ADJ. OE wynsum; MidE snauwht; ModE red-hot #3 NOUN + ADJ.

watertight, life-long, time-consuming # 4 VERB + NOUN MidE pickepurse; ModE pickpocket, press-button #5 PREP. + NOUN/VERB afterbirth, downfall, output A sound change might haveCRONYMY # 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals 1 EMidE /t d n/ = dentals The initial Phonology & Mor sounds of structur several Phonology & Mor word s RA sound change might haveDA sound change might haveR LA sound change might haveSER

BLENDING MOTEL SMOG URINA sound change might haveLISYS A sound change might haveBBREVIA sound change might haveTING (CLIPPING) TELLY LA sound change might haveB PROF. DOC End

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