Συστηματική Βοτανική 6

Συστηματική Βοτανική 6

6 , (-), (Pteridophyta) 6 .. ( ) , 6 6 (-) ()

() () () () () ( ) ()

() () 6 (-) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_plants 6 (Pteridophyta)) ( ) , . ( , , ) ,

, / , , (). 13.000 ( /, ) ( , ), ( ) 20 m 400 . (- ). Arhaeopteris , (Progymnospermae Pteridospermae). Salvinia minima https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pteridophyte http://www.outdooralabama.com/water-fern Arhaeopteris

6 (Pteridophyta)) ( ) . , ( ), (), () (): - ( ) ( )

() () 6 (Pteridophyta)) (, , ) , ,

- ( ) ( ) /: /:

, 6 (Pteridophyta)) : 4 : ( -), ( ) 1. Psilophytatae Psilophyta

2. Lycopodiatae Lycopodiophyta 3. Equisetatae Equisetophyta 4. Filicatae Polypodiophyta Pteridophyta ( ) 2 : Lycophyta Polypodiophyta (Monilophyta, Filicophyta) Rhynia (Psilophyta) 1. Psilophyta): ( ). / ( ). .. Rhynia. : Psilotum, Tmesipteris ( , . ) Rhynia Psilophyta Psilotum

Tmesipteris 6 (Pteridophyta)) 2. Lycopodiophyta) (Lycophyta, Lycopods): , ( , , , (microphylls)). / ( ). , . : Sigillaria, Lepidodedron ( 30m, , ) : Lycopodium (L. clavatum ), Isoetes, Selaginella ( , S. lepidophylla , S. denticulata ) S. lepidophylla Lepidodedron S. denticulata Lycopodium clavatum http://www.herbalhealthblog.com/lepidodendron-the-fossil-plant-genus/

Selaginella www.carlsonstockart.com/photo/spike-moss-selaginella-lycophyte-structure-life-cycle-illustration/ 6 (Pteridophyta)) 3. Equisetophyta) (Sphenophyta, horsetails): Calamites ( 30m, - ). Equisetum ( ). ( ), , ( - ), . 25 (, ). E. arvense (), E. palustre () E. palustre Equisetum arvense https://www.fotolia.com/id/188251754 6 (Pteridophyta))

4. Polypodiophyta) (Filicatae, , true ferns): , . (a) (megaphylls microphylls Lycopodiophyta) (b).). ( 10.000 ). : Archaeopteris. : Polypodium (c), Adiantum, Pteridium, Dryopteris, Polystichum, Platycerium (d), Salvinia (e).. b). a e c d https://teara.govt.nz/en/ferns-and-lycophytes https://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Salvinia_natans 6 (Pteridophyta))

: Polypodium vulgare (/) , (n & 2n). () , ( ). (Polypodium vulgare): ( ) ( ) . ( : : ). ( ). ( ), ( ). . ( ) ( ). () ()

( : Polypodium sp., ) 6 (Pteridophyta)) . , 2000 http://climatic.inforef.be/palyno/3/fougeres_gr.htm 6 (Pteridophyta)) - : (): (a), , (Pteridium, Osmunda, Diplazium). Azolla(b).) . Sigillaria, Lepidodedron, Calamites (). (, , , , ): Nephrolepis, Asplenium, Platycerium. : Lycopodium clavatum , . Equisetum arvense ( , , , ), , , . E. palustre ( ) . Dryopteris filix-mas (c) (), ( , ). () Ceterach officinarum (d)

, , . Adiantum capillus-veneris ( ) , (e). (, ) c d a b). e https://www.west-crete.com/flowers/ceterach_officinarum.htm

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