Teamwork - NASC

Teamwork - NASC

The Ceiling Says: Aim High

The Fan Says: Stay Cool The Mirror Says: Reflect Before You Act or Speak The Clock Says: Every Second Counts The Window Says: See the World in a New Light The Calendar Says: Be Up To Date The Door Says: Be Open to Opportunity and Push Hard To Achieve your Goals The Rack Says: Put New Things in Ur Life Protect your Pride

Timing: 15 minutes each team must design and build a structure that will protect the egg(that is the pride) from breaking when dropped from a height of about 10 feet onto a solid floor

write a motto on a separate page for your group and each motto must be different from another group.

Ask the teams what happened during the design and construction phase. Ask whether their design changed and why. Identify any positive individual contributions that you noticed during the task. Ask what each team (starting with the least successful) would do differently if they were to repeat the exercise. In this game

we communicate our ideas and share our problems we allocate our tasks and take responsibilities we cooperate and jointly involve to get the

common goal one of us leads and motivates others "United we stand, divided we fall..." Shushma Manandhar Deputy Director of Studies PSTD,NASC,Jawalakhel Today we are covering Need of Team Work

Group Dynamics and Team Roles Team Building Process and Skills Everybody's Story

This is a story about four people: Everybody, Somebody, Anybody, and Nobody. There was an important job to be done and Everybody was asked to do it. Everybody was sure Somebody would do it. Anybody could have done it, but Nobody did it.

Somebody got angry about that because it was Everybody's job. Everybody thought Anybody could do it, but Nobody realized that Everybody wouldn't do it. It ended up that Everybody blamed Somebody when actually Nobody asked Anybody. No matter how big the problem, We need Teamwork to settle down those

Will you choose to be alone or in a group to write the following question ? What are the downsides of working in a group ? write at least 5 difficulties in 5 minutes. Why do we join Teams ?

What are the benefits and down sides of working in team ? Benefits

Better outputs Time saving Sharing ideas and learn new things Enhance knowledge and skills Building relationship Get protections

Reduce stress Effective decisions Hide weakness Fun and enjoy Downsides of a team

Only a few people may contribute. They may dominate the group (others are silent, indifferent, afraid to contribute) Shy and introvert members cant learn

Different perceptions may lead to misunderstandings Arguments and disagreements may arise That may spoil the relationship Time and resources consuming " "A team is a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance

goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable" Teams dont work without teamwork. It is the glue which keeps a team together, the oil that makes the team work. Team work It is the ability to work together toward a common vision. It is the fuel

that allows common people to attain uncommon results. -Andrew Carnegie It is the skill of mixing with people . Team work skills Understanding others (think from other's side)

Listening (listen first, speak second) Communicating (Questioning, answering, follow up) Persuading / participating Respecting/ acknowledging / trusting Helping / sharing "various activities undertaken to motivate and increase the overall performance of the team"

Activities within a TEAM Stages in Team Building (American organizational psychologist Bruce Tuckman in 1965) 1. Forming 2. Storming 3. Norming 4. Performing 5. Adjourning

Forming Stage of initial orientation and

interpersonal testing The members of the team get to know one another, Seeking and exchange some personal information, and make new friends Desire to be accepted by others Gathering impressions about each other Storming

Stage of conflict over the task and the way of operating Conflict arises for power, leadership and decision making competition and strained relationships

among team members. (emotional and tensed) This is the most critical stage for the team. Norming

At this stage, come to a mutual plan for the team Agree with others to make the team function Roles are defined Rules, values, behaviour, method and procedures are established Performing

By this time, members are motivated and knowledgeable. Competent, autonomous and able to

handle the decision-making process without supervision. Participative Strong commitment Achievement oriented Adjourning (Deforming or Mourning)

Task complete Revision, analysis and evaluation of achievements Strategies Disassembled The story of hedgehogs The best relationship is not the one that

brings together perfect people, but when each individual learns to live with the imperfections of others and can admire the other person's good qualities. Group Dynamics and Roles

Kurt Lewin, a social psychologist and change management expert, used the term "Group Dynamics" in early 1940s first time. Expressed the roles and behaviours of people when they work in a group Belbin's Team Role Theory

Dr Meredith Belbin, a british researcher identified mainly 3 Team Roles Action Oriented- (Shaper, implementer, completer finisher) See obstacles as challenges, courageous to push things, extroverted and stimulate others.

They put ideas and concepts into practical actions. Typically conservative, disciplined who work systematically and efficiently, perfectionist but may be inflexible and somewhat resistant to change. cont.

People Oriented(Coordinator, Team worker, Resource Investigator)Supportive and caring to the people. negotiator, flexible, diplomatic and popular but indecisive Extroverted, overly optimistic but lose enthusiasm quickly cont.

Thought Oriented(Plant, Monitor Evaluator, Specialist)Bring new ideas and concepts, innovators, knowledgeable, pride themselves for their ability, introverted, impractical, poor communicators, carefully weigh pros and cons, critical thinker, unemotional

There might be many characters in a team Lion (autocrat): tries to dominate or constantly

interrupt Owl (show Off): talks and thinks as they know all the answers. Butterfly (opportunist): keeps changing the topic before others are ready. Hyena (aggressor): doesn't show respect to others, comments negatively about them.

Sheep (avoider): refuses to focus on the task or on group relationship problems. Monkey (Critic): always sees the negative side to any argument, but never suggests alternatives. Puts down the ideas of others. Cat (help seeker): looks for sympathy from others

Frog (Irritator): uses the group as a forum for inappropriate talk about self. Pigeon (Clown): shows no involvement in group and engages in distracting

communication. Dog (loyal): obey his master without any hesitation Cow ( harmless): work in their own pace, don't hurt others but much chances of being hurt by others Team Roles

Edward De Bono's Six thinking hats (1985) (the father of lateral thinking) 1.White Hat - Facts and Figures Focusing on relevant objectives, data are available

2.Red Hat - Emotions and Feelings Explore any emotions provided valid information that also be considered. Team Roles 3 Black Hat - Critical thinking.

the devil's advocate. Ask what is wrong with it, why it will not work ? 4. Yellow Hat - speculative positive. Optimistic, highlight the potential benefits. Ask what if and take the idea further. Team Roles

5. Green Hat - Creative and Lateral Think about related ideas. Try to make links and think new and different directions. Blue Hat - Control of thinking Think about the person (you) and team. Examine the process for approaching the problem. Case

What will you do to make your team effective What are the elements ? A boat does not go forward if each one is rowing their own way. So the target

must be in same direction Group purpose must be the same (right direction-sai mandir) For better Team Work There is no I in

TEAMWORK. Its less me more we So there should be collective effort Strong Leadership - always at the top

The more able leader, more effective the team. Leader

must have good vision, more knowledge, skill and tactics takes little more share of blame and less of credit

is a facilitator, not only an order giver a good listener/ motivator does ordinary thing extra ordinarily Understanding, Trust and Mutual Respect Feeling free to share opinions and problems Protecting

and loyalty Gaining trust in others, its not a easy job, but when you get it, things will be easier.

How can be trust built ? Being Positive Fact Sharing Cooperation Responsiveness Commitment Caring and Respecting Clear roles and responsibilities

Proper knowledge and skill Building Trust and Empathy Trust Brings respect and good interpersonal relation. Creates an easy and learning environment

Effective communication is a vital part of any team . Prompt and tactful communication can clear things in time ( the beggar) Communicate without hurting anyone's emotions (.....the fence) It is a medium to tie the members in a harmony

Plan your project, your idea Well preparation is half done. Failing to plan = planning to fail Plan your work, work to plan Have empathy Always put yourself in

other's shoes, look the things from their side too. Cooperate Never say, NO, that's not my job !

The strength of the team is each individual member The strength of each member is the team. Don't think that the problem is non of my business ( mouse trap) Face the problems and find out the solutions

No one is perfect, know the limitations When we have problem, don't blame it others, lets share it whatever if it is credit or blame. Common faith Celebrate and reward team achievements Do respect others, others respect you back

Michael, If you cant pass, you cant play. Coach Dean Smith to Michael Jordan. The greatest enemy in a TEAM is ..............Ego, so Never let ego come into your

group Unity is the strength Summing up Basic elements of effective teamwork

Strong leadership Clear Roles and responsibilities Effective communication Collaboration Participative decision-making

Commitment and accountability Learning and sharing Supervision and monitoring Flexibility Any query ? [email protected] Appendix B: Are We a Team? checklist (Levin & Kent, 2001)

We all show equal commitment to our objective. We all take part in deciding how work should be allocated. We are committed to helping each other learn. We acknowledge good contributions from team members. We handle disagreements and conflicts constructively within the team.

We are able to give constructive criticism to one another and to accept it ourselves. We all turn up to meetings and stay to the end. We are good at making sure that everyone knows whats going on. When one of us is under pressure, others offer to help him or her. We trust each other. We remain united even when we disagree. We support each other to outsiders. We feel comfortable and relaxed with one another.

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