Territorial Changes as a Result of World War I

Tuesdat, April 16, 2012 Take out your Middle East Documents Begin Warm-Up Warm-Up 1.With you partners briefly summarize the main ideas of the packet. 2.What do these documents tell you about the relationship between the Middle East and the British and French? Why?

3.Why is this period of time considered to be the turning point in relations between the Middle East and the West? Todays Agenda Warm/Group Discussions Focus Notes: The Treaty of Versailles and Territorial Changes of WWI Homework:

Major Provisions of the Treaty of Versailles Socratic Seminar Prep Objective Discuss and evaluate the phrase A peace built on quicksand. Was this a fair peace why or why not? The Treaty of Versailles and Territorial Changes

of WWI Todays Standard Standards 10.5/10.6 Understand the human and financial costs of WWI, and explain how this lead to the negotiations and eventually the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.

How did the Peace Process of WWI change the face of Europe and WW 1 Secret Treaties: Sykes-Picot Agreement [1916] May 1916 Secret agreement between France and Britain, agreed to by

Russia all received land divided the Ottoman Empire Turning point in the relationship b/w the Middle East and the West.

The Middle East in the 1920s Balfour Declaration [1917] Foreign Office November 2nd, 1917

Dear Lord Rothschild. I have much pleasure to convey to you, on behalf of His Majestys Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations {hopes} which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet. His Majestys Government view with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate {assist} the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing

shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country. I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation. Yours sincerely, ARTHUR JAMES BALFOUR British Foreign Secretary

British Palestine Mandate in 1923 The Allies Meet at Versailles January 18, 1919 - Paris Peace Conference at the Palace of Versailles begins

Delegates from 32 countries meet Russia and Germany & its allies are NOT represented The Big Four Major decisions at

Peace Conference were made by the Big Four: Woodrow Wilson: United States David Lloyd George: Great Britain Georges Clemenceau: France Vittorio Orlando:

Italy The Big Four Major Provisions of Treaty League of Nations: 5 Allied Powers

and 32 allied and neutral nations; Germany & Russia excluded; goal is everlasting peace Territorial Losses:

Alsace-Lorraine & colonies in Africa & Pacific League of Nations Mandates in Africa German Pacific Colonies [1914]

Military Restrictions: reduced size of Germanys army; restricted importing & manufacturing of weapons

War Guilt: Article 231; Germany was held solely responsible; had to pay allies $33 Billion New Nations &Territories After WW I

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