The 4 Religions/Belief Systems of China

The 4 Religions/Belief Systems of China

The 4 Religions/Belief Systems of China Mr. Ornstein Willow Canyon High School AP World History The Girl at the Confucian Temple

4 Major Religions/Belief Systems in China Confucianism Taoism/Daoism Legalism Buddhism Why is Buddhism different

from the other 3 Chinese Philosophies? Confucius Confucius is the most influential thinker in Chinese History until the

communist takeover in 1949. Founder of Confucianism. Beliefs of Confucianism Filial Piety- Respect for family and ancestors.

Morality Order and Relationship Confucian Relationships Ruler to Ruled Husband to Wife Father to Son Older Brother to

Younger Brother Friend = Friend Important Confucian Text The Analects Discussion Over Confucian

Words Main ideas and teachings of Confucius Confucian Testing Wu Ti during the Han Dynasty made

all potential government workers pass examinations on Confucianism. For most of Chinese History it was the dominate

philosophy. Confucianism Spreads Confucianism spreads to Vietnam, Korea, and Japan.

Neo-Confucianism Develops during Song Dynasty, Chinas Golden Age Reformed version of Confucianism

mixed with elements of Daoism and Buddhism. Question??? Explain two beliefs of Confucianism:

What are the 5 Confucian Relationships? Taoism In Many Ways is Opposite of Confucianism. Focus on the

Natural Way Lao-Tzu Founder of Daoism Old Master Important Text

Tao Te Ching Major Beliefs of Taoism The Tao/Dao- is the way of nature. Taoists believe in not interfering with the way of nature. Yin and Yang-idea of opposing forces in nature that are mutually rooted.

Less Rules Do what is natural/leave things alone Legalism Han Fei Tzu-Founder Major Beliefs: Strict Rules

Harsh Punishment Answer: How is legalism different from Daoism? Buddhism in China Buddhism is

not a native Chinese idea. Diffused into China Along the Silk Road. Buddhism in China Chinese common people lived a very

tough life. Buddhism appealed to these peasants. Answer: 2 Beliefs of Buddhism 2 Beliefs of Daoism Why was Buddhism popular in

China? What were important texts for Daoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism? What is neo-confucianism?

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