The 6 Traits of Writing - PC\|MAC

The 6 Traits of Writing - PC\|MAC

The 6 Traits of Writing *Ideas *Organization *Word Choice *Sentence Fluency *Voice *Conventions Created by: Jennifer Heidl-Knobloch & Jody Drake Ideas & Content The ideas are the heart of the message, the content of the pieceall the details that enrich and

develop the theme. --Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory If you dont care about what you write about, your reader will be bored! Ideas & Content A writer should: ~ Narrow the topic to something specific ~ Use a fresh, original perspective

~ When possible, write from experience ~ Use important, interesting details (not just common knowledge) Organization Organization is the internal structure of a piece of writing, the thread of central meaning, the pattern. --Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory Organization A writer should: ~ use an inviting lead that hooks the reader

~ use logical and effective order, structure, & sequence ~ use smooth transitions to emphasize main idea ~ place supporting details where they are most appropriate ~ use a conclusion that gives the reader a sense of resolution (clincher) Word Choice Strong word choice clarifies and expands ideasmoves and enlightens the reader. --Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory

Dont tell me the moon is shining; show me the glint of light on broken glass. --Anton Chekhov Word Choice A writer should: ~ Use words that create a mental picture for the reader ~ Use powerful action verbs (vivid verbs) ~ Use specific nouns and adjectives ~ Use language that is natural and not overdone ~ Be concise (tighten sentences) ~ Use words correctly

~ Avoid repetition, slang, and clichs Sentence Fluency Sentence fluency is the rhythm and flow of the language. --Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory To me the greatest pleasure of writing is not what its about, but the music the words make. --Truman Capote Sentence Fluency

A writer should: ~Vary sentence beginning, structure, and length ~ Use complete sentences ~ Use transitions (internal & external) to promote cadence Voice It is the heart and soul of the writing, the magic, the wit, the feeling, the life and breath. --Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory Voice A writer should:

~ Write honestly and from the heart ~ Interact with the reader * without using YOU ~ Use language that brings the topic to life ~ Care about topic ~ Use expression to voice personality And lastly CONVENTIONS Conventions Some of you may not enjoy the editing

process, but without this step, the other 5 traits could be overshadowed by errors that distract the reader. This trait is essential to a polished composition. Conventions A writer should: ~ Turn in a clean, edited, and polished final draft ~ Reinforce the organization with good paragraphing ~ Use correct punctuation, spelling, and grammar Quotations to Inspire

What is written without effort is in general read without pleasure. - Samuel Johnson We write to taste life twice. ~ Anais Nin Transition Words Beginning

First Once One Time To begin To start Initially Beginning

In the beginning It started when First of all Once upon a time

One morning One day One night Transition Words Middle

Then Next Later Second Also Soon As soon as Middle

After that Suddenly Before long Later that day/night In the meantime

Meanwhile Unfortunately Transition Words Ending Finally

Last At last In the end At the end of the Ending

Eventually In conclusion To sum it up Last, but not least As a result Start a new paragraph when A new character comes along A new event happens A new idea is

introduced The setting change A new person is speaking Time moves a lot (for/backward) The camera moves Works Cited Assessment. Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory. 11 Jan. 2005. 6 July 2005.

. Grammar Cartoons. Google Images. 6 July 2005. . Roberts, Bethany. "Writing for Children Workshop: Writing Quotes." 16 June 2005. < http://www.bethanyroberts.com/writing_quotes.htm>. Spandel, Vicki. Creating Writers Through 6-Trait Writing Assessment and Instruction. New York: Addison Wesley Longman, 2001. Steele, Kimberly. Ideas for Teaching Writing. 23 June 2004. 6 July 2005.

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