The American Revolution

The American Revolution

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION DO NOW With your partner discuss the following question: A revolution is a sudden, complete or marked change in something. Besides political revolutions, can you think of any revolutionary changes in any area of daily life that you have heard of or seen during your life time? ***Put your project in the inbox**

POLITICAL REVOLUTIONS Revolution which is a sudden or significant change in the old ways of doing things. Revolutions can occur in many areas, such as government, technology, or art. American Revolution Philosophes such as Voltaire considered Englands government the most progressive in Europe. The Glorious Revolution of 1688 had given England a constitutional monarchy. In essence, this meant that various laws limited the power of the English king. A growing number of Englands colonists in North America accused England of tyrannical rule (being really harsh).

Inspired by Enlightenment ideas, they would attempt to overthrow what was then the mightiest power on earth and create their own nation. NEXT Britain and Its American Colonies The American Colonies Grow American colonies grow large and populous during 1600s, 1700s Colonies thrive economically through trade with Europe - Britains Navigation Act restricts that trade (1651) other trade laws add restrictions, taxes Colonists identify less and less as British subjects

BritishColonial Tensions Arise Britain, American colonies win French and Indian War in 1763 Britain taxes colonists to help pay war debts Colonists argue that British cannot tax them without their consent Activity Reflection What was so unfair about how the class was taxed? How could it have been handled more fairly? As a colonist how did you feel? What have you learned from this experience?

Britain and Its American Colonies Growing Hostility Leads to War Colonists protest tea tax with Boston Tea Party in 1773 Colonists meet in Philadelphia to address British policies (1774) British and Americans exchange fire at Lexington and Concord in 1775 School House Rock Americans Fight For Independence The Influence of the Enlightenment Colonial leaders push for independence, rely on

Enlightenment ideas Declaration of Independencedocument justifying colonial rebellion Leader Thomas Jefferson writes Declaration, uses ideas of Locke Too Late John Adams NEXT Americans Win Independence Success for the Colonists

Despite British military might, colonists have advantages: - motivating cause of freedom - French assistance - wars expense for Britain British surrender at Yorktown in 1781; colonists win the war NEXT AMERICANS CREATE A REPUBLIC

The Federal System Constitution creates three branches of government Provides checks and balancesensures branches share power equally Promotes federal systempower divided between nation and states The Bill of Rights Some fear too much national power, few protections of rights Leaders win support for Constitution by adding a Bill of Rights

- ten amendments to Constitution that protect freedoms NEXT

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