The Behavioural Model - psychlotron.org.uk

The Behavioural Model - psychlotron.org.uk

Main assumptions: Abnormal behaviour is the consequence of abnormal learning from the environment There is no qualitative difference between normal and abnormal behaviour they are learned in the same ways: Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Social learning www.psychlotron.org.uk The

The Behavioural Behavioural Model Model Learning by association: When two environmental changes (stimuli) occur together, we learn to associate them The response to one may transfer to the other E.g. Pavlov (1901) taught dogs to salivate when they heard a bell www.psychlotron.org.uk

Classical Classical Conditioning Conditioning www.psychlotron.org.uk Classical Classical Conditioning Conditioning Learning by consequences Organisms operate on their environments The likelihood of them repeating any given behaviour

depends on its consequences Reinforcement more likely to repeat Punishment less likely to repeat www.psychlotron.org.uk Operant Operant Conditioning Conditioning Learning by observation People observe the behaviour of other people (models)

They may imitate the behaviour they observe Whether or not they do so depends on the observed consequences: Vicarious reinforcement Vicarious punishment www.psychlotron.org.uk Social Social Learning Learning

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