The Cold War

Objectives Content: Interpret a map on the Marshall Plan and rank the top two countries who received aid. Learning: List 5 rights guaranteed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The Cold War Post WWII and the 1950s Rebuilding After WWII United States wanted to prevent economic and political instability in

Europe. Marshall Plan George C. Marshalls plan to provide Europe with massive economic aid ($) to help rebuild their economies and to prevent the spread of Communism (Containment)

Dresden, Germany Reichstag Berlin Post War Germany

Germany was partitioned into West and East Germany West Germany became Democratic and returned to selfrule after occupation. East Germany became

Communist and stayed under Soviet control. Tokyo, Japan Post War Japan America stayed in Japan

for 7 years to re-build Japan was demilitarized, adopted a democratic government, and returned to self-rule Japan soon became an ally of the United States

United Nations Formed near the end of WWII to prevent future global wars First United Nations (UN) meeting in 1946 in California 50 nations attended and

agreed to settle disputes peacefully Eleanor Roosevelt and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Universal Declaration of

Human Rights Turn and talk to you neighbor about the right that was most important to you and why it was important. U.S. Economy

Switched from making war materials to consumer goods The economy was strong Increased demand for American products Healthy job market Increased productivity

Increase in buying on credit U.S. Workforce Men were able to return to work since economy was booming Most women returned to caring for the home and children full time.

Labor Unions became more powerful Workers gain more benefits Higher salaries Life in Post WWII USA Baby Boom There was an

explosion of baby births following WWII. 1946-1964 79 million babies were born

Life in Post WWII USA G.I. Bill of Rights Gave educational, housing, and employment benefits to WWII veterans. Life in Post WWII USA

Womens Role Over time, expect women balance household, children, and a job. Because of prosperity, the next generation of women entered workforce in large numbers

Technology in the USA Explosion of technology The airline industry grew with the use of the Jet engine Eisenhower created

the interstate highway system Objectives Content: Compare the political and economic systems of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.

Analyze a political cartoon from the Cold War and determine its message. Learning: List the characteristics of the two superpowers. Origins of the Cold War

U.S.A. VS. U.S.S.R. Cold War The state of tension and intimidation between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. There was no actual fighting, but the rest of the world took sides.

Two Superpowers United States Democracy government where supreme power rests with the people. Capitalism private ownership of

goods. Two Superpowers Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.) Dictatorship absolute power in the hands of one person Communism all people own

equally U.S. Policy During the Cold War, the United States pledged to help any country threatened by Communism. Containment - to stop the spread of

Communism Superpower Competition Competition took place between the two superpowers (U.S. and U.S.S.R.) in many areas. Influence

Weapons Technology Influence After WWII, the U.S.S.R. dominated Eastern European countries and

forced them to accept Communism/ Dictatorship. The U.S. used money to influence countries in Western Europe to be Capitalist/Democratic.

From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the continent -Winston Churchill,

1946 Weapons Arms Race competition for military supremacy (nuclear weapons) Both sides want the

most powerful weapons and the largest number of them. Duck and Cover Instructional Video What is the political cartoon trying to tell

people about the Cold War? Technology Space Race - competition for space exploration Soviets launched first satellite into space (Sputnik) U.S. was first to land on the moon Objectives Content: Determine how the fear of spies challenged the U.S. during the Cold War.

Learning: Compare the Butter Battle Book and the Cold War and explain its symbolism. Berlin First serious Cold War conflict

Blockade Soviet Union blocked cars and trains in and out of West Berlin. This was an attempt to rid West Berlin of Democracy Airlift U.S. responded by airlifting food and supplies to

the people of West Berlin Berlin Wall: built by Soviets in 1961 and stood until November 1989 to keep the two sides separate. NATO vs. Warsaw Pact U.S. and other free countries signed an agreement called the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Promise to defend each other against an attack

by a Communist nation (to attack one is to attack all) In response to NATO, Communist countries signed a similar agreement called the Warsaw Pact. The U.S.S.R. was the leader

U.S. At Home: The Red Scare Red = Communism Senator Joe McCarthy began a Communist witch hunt in the early 1950s. He identified US citizens he believed to be supporters of Communism. (McCarthyism)

Thousands of people were accused of espionage (spying), ruining their lives and careers. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were accused of spying for the Soviets and were executed Objectives Content: Investigate the major events of the Korean War, Vietnam War, and Cuban Missile Crisis.

Learning: Record the major events and tactics used to win each conflict (Korean, Vietnamese, and Cuban). Students completed a stations activity using Google Classroom for slides 43-58. However, the basic information about the

conflicts are listed below as well for reference or additional support. Test questions will be based on the activity, not these slides. Korean War 1950-1953 After WWII, Korea was

occupied by Soviet Union in the North and the U.S. in the South. Both became their own states North Korea led by Kim Il Sung (Communist) South Korea led by Syngman

Rhee (anti Communist) North Korea invaded South Korea and the U.S. sent troops to help South Korea resist the spread of Communism. After the United Nations sent troops to help South Korea, China helped North Korea.

Korean War 1950-1953 The war eventually ended in a stalemate The dividing line between North and South Korea is almost in the same position as before the war.

Rising Tensions U.S. U2 spy plane shot down over the Soviet Union (1960) Cuban Revolution (1953-1959) Overthrow of a pro U.S. government by Fidel Castro

Cuba becomes Communist Cuba Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) Failed U.S. sponsored

invasion of Cuba to take down the Communist government led by Fidel Castro

According to this map: Which countries are now Communist? Is the United States containing communism?. Cuba Cuban Missile Crisis (1962) The closest the world ever came to nuclear war U.S. spy plane captures pictures of Soviet nuclear

missiles in Cuba. President Kennedy ordered a naval blockade of Cuba and demanded the removal of the missiles. Cuba 13 day standoff lead to the agreement: U.S. will never again invade Cuba Soviet Union will remove all nuclear

weapons from Cuba (U.S. will remove also) Vietnam Vietnam was divided after they won independence from France in 1954.

North Vietnam was Communist (leader: Ho Chi Minh) South Vietnam was not (leader: Diem). North Vietnam wanted to unify both states to form one country with Ho Chi Minh as its leader.

Gulf of Tonkin Gulf of Tonkin Incident President Johnson used a reported attack on two U.S. ships to pass the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

The resolution granted Johnson the authority to militarily assist South Vietnam without Congress approval. Vietnam War 1955-1975 By 1965 U.S. was actively fighting with the

South Vietnamese to stop the spread of Communism from North Vietnam. Remember the Domino Theory: If one country falls to Communism, all the surrounding countries are at risk to fall too! cs/vietnam-war/cu-chi-tunn

els Rise of Anti-War Protests Americans were sharply divided over involvement in the Vietnam War Protests increased

because there were not enough volunteers for the war. This caused the U.S. government to draft soldiers for the war. Kent State Massacre May 1970

War Ends in Vietnam The Vietnam War finally ended for the U.S. with a cease fire agreement. U.S. troops withdrew in 1973. By 1975 North Vietnam took Saigon and South Vietnam surrendered.

Objectives Content: Evaluate the evidence and determine who won the Cold War. Learning: Look at the main events of the Cold War then explain who won each event and why or if it was a tie and why.

Communisms Height in 1980 Red = Pro Soviet Union Yellow = Pro China Black neutral

Problems for the U.S.S.R. Too many different ethnic groups, languages and cultures to stay united. Unable to keep the country successful with strict communism (and

an arms race with the United States) Berlin Wall 1987- U.S. President Ronald Reagan tells Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to Tear down this wall!

1989 Berlin Wall is taken down Germany reunited in 1990. &persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active End of the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.)

By December 25th, 1991 the Communist government of the USSR Collapses 15 independent countries Boris Yeltsin - Russian President Communist countries today (5) Cuba, China, Laos, Vietnam & North Korea

Who won the Cold War? Explain.

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