The Cold Warbrrrrrr After World War Two, the world is broken into two main groups. Lead by 1. The Soviet Union 2. The United States
The Cold War Begins End of WW2 A divided Europe in ruins Totalitarian vs. Democracy Communism vs. Capitalism Formation of the United Nations Truman Doctrine Marshall Plan
Warsaw Pact, NATO, Berlin Airlift Canada and the Cold War Caught in the Middle USSR on top, USA underneathmain missile and bomber
route. Wrong place at the wrong time. Definitely with the US and NATO Canada is in the middle Igor Gouzenko
Russian clerk from Soviet Embassy delivers files to Canada proving the existence of a Soviet spy ring in Canada. Gouzenko and family are given asylum and new IDs in Ontario.
What is the Cold War? Period lasting from 1945 1989.
Characterized by tension and hostility between the Communist Soviet Union and its allies and the Capitalist and democratic United States and its allies. Europe EAST AND WEST
Separated by the Iron Curtain Coined by Churchill to describe the break
between East and West Churchills Iron Curtain Speech (1946) From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across
the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia, all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence
but to a very high and, in many cases, increasing measure of control from Moscow. excerpt Berlin and Germany Split
Berlin Berlin Wall and Airlift 1948 Many were fleeing Soviet Berlin. Soviets decide to put up a wall to keep people in.
In 1948 the Soviets blockade all the ground links to West Berlin
Berlin Airlift (April 1948-May 1949) All supplies needed are ferried in to Berlin through air corridors from the West. Stalin eventually gives up. Berlin Wall
Building the Wall NATO and Warsaw Pact WEST NATO (1949) Military Alliance (sound familiar?) North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Led by the United States EAST Warsaw Pact (1955) Military Alliance, response to NATO threat Led by Soviet Russia
Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan, 1947 Truman Doctrine: US would tolerate Soviet expansion to its 1947 limits (principle of coexistence) but would resist any further encroachment
(principle of containment) Marshall Plan: Economic aid to rebuild European economies. An instrument to aid non-communist states (economic imperialism?)
Hmm..Anyone remember the causes of WW1? In partners, apply your knowledge of WW1 causes to the Cold War situation What do you find is similar? different? Causes of WW1 and Cold War
1.Militarism Nuclear Arms Raceeven worse 2.Alliances NATO and Warsaw Pact 3.Imperialism Spheres of influence
4.Nationalism Economic system instead of nations? Sounds like trouble North American Defence
NORAD North American Air Defence Agreement (1957) Headquarters is buried in Cheyenne Mountain, Colorado. Centrally controlled and coordinated defense of North American Air Space Fighter forces
Missile bases Air defense radar Canada and NORAD Protection from Soviet Air Attack
(bombers initially then missiles) US built three lines of radar stations across Canada (built between 1950-57) The Pinetree Line The Mid-Canada Line
Dew Line (in the artic) - Distant Early Warning Line DEW Controversy Many Canadians felt this defence system compromised
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