THE DEFINITION AND SCOPE OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS History of the field: Focus on language pedagogy Traditional Latin and Greek through grammar translation How to learn to speak a L2 fast Audiolingualism - the Army method
Pronunciation and conversation drills Focus on speech No explanation and translation How to best teach a language:
Psychology and linguistics Behaviourism and Bloomfieldian Linguistics Tabula rasa Imitation, practice
1. Ez egy nagyon finom vrsbor, lltlag Liszt Ferencnek is ez volt a kedvence, remlem, nnek is megnyeri a tetszst. 2. This is a bottle of red wine, which is claimed to be a good one 3. Amari oishii kono dewa nai keredomo, o-kuchi ni awanai kamoshiremasenga. (This red wine is not very good, Im afraid you wont like it.) (Hidasi, 2004) Cultural thought patterns in writing
(R. Kaplan) English Semitic Oriental Romance Russian The narrow definition of AL: the showpiece of linguistics Language teaching theory, language pedagogy
Testing ground for linguistics The broad definition of AL: the basket of many goodies Theoretical orientation: sociolinguistics psycholinguistics
pragmatics L1 and L2 acquisition discourse analysis o Practical orientation L1 and L2 teaching translation discourse and conversation analysis
language planning LSP neurolinguistics computational linguistics What is applied? The methods and findings of various disciplines New definitions of linguistics (Strevens)
Formal linguistics A current best theory of language exists based on linguistics Task of the scholar: contribute to the development of theory Theory determines what research is needed Practice should be restricted to the
validated results of that theory Communicative linguistics Problem driven Empirically grounded Multi-disciplinary Contextualised view of language Functionalist approach
What is linguistics about it? AL investigates language in use Linguistic descriptions of language and methods of linguistic enquiry
Aim is NOT to contribute to descriptions of language, but to solve practical problems
VOD (A), aGVHD (B), cGVHD (C), and IPS (D) by treatment cohort in 50 patients treated with BuCy (Mel) & and in 64 patients treated with FluBu Transplantation-Related Mortality, Graft Failure, and Survival after Reduced-Toxicity Conditioning and ALLo HSCT in...
Selective Breeding Humans have used genetic patterns that occur naturally in dogs to pass on desired traits to the next generation. This is called selective breeding. Selective breeding has been used to produce faster race horses, new varieties of plants,...
Crystalloid Colloid Crystalloid vs Colloid Type of particles (large or small) Fluids with small "crystalizable" particles like NaCl are called crystalloids Fluids with large particles like albumin are called colloids, these don't (quickly) fit through vascular pores, so they stay...
Cell Characteristics. Viable cell numbers declined in both irradiated conditions. There was no statistically significant difference in the viability between X-Ray and Gamma radiation for all time points (p=0.73, two-tailed t-test).
Even though Reg. NMS was intended to protect visible orders and encourage displaying quotes, today over 50% of the trading volume for more than 3,000 securities occur off-exchange in dark markets. In the NYSE MKT listed market for example, which...
ARIN XXIV October 2009 Overview Services status Policy developments Priority activities Next meetings Resource Delegations (1 Oct 09) IPv4 /8s ASNs IPv6 Delegations APNIC Service Levels Membership now over 2,000 members July 2009 was the largest month on record for...
Floating Exchange Rate Regimes Definition: a country's "currency is set by the foreign-exchange market through supply and demand for that particular currency relative to other currencies." In a floating exchange rate system the value of the currency is affected by...
Schizophrenia. If depression is the common cold of psychological disorders, schizophrenia is the cancer. Nearly 1 in a 100 suffer from schizophrenia, and throughout the world over 24 million people suffer from this disease (WHO, 2002).
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