The Egg

The Egg

Unit 8: Eggs Foods I Eggs & Functions Nutrient Function A (Yolk) B (Whites) D (Yolk) E (Yolk) Protein (Whites ) Fat

(Yolk) Yolks contain all the cholesterol & of the calories Egg Composition Egg Part Egg Description twisted cord like strand of egg whites. outer layer of protection (porous/ calcium carbonate). small spot found on the yolk (embryo begins). pocket of air formed at the large end of the egg. yellow portion of the egg. thick white layer that surrounds the yolk. thin layer nearest to the shell. protein fibers that surrounds the albumen. membrane that surrounds and holds the yolk. Grades of Eggs Grade ____:

Egg stands tall Yolk is firm Large amounts of thick/thin albumen Grade ____: Egg covers small area Yolk is round/upstanding Large amounts of thin albumen Air Pockets Grade ____: Egg spreads out more Yolk is flat Thin albumen Air Pockets **Grades are based on interior/exterior quality of an egg** Sizes of Eggs Jumbo Extra Large Large

Medium Small Pee Wee ___oz. ___oz. ___ oz. ( ___oz. ___ oz. ___oz. ) Storing of Eggs Facts! Storing eggs for even 1 day at room temperature will age them 1 week. Older eggs are great for hard-cooked eggs.

Cooked eggs can last 1 week in the refrigerator. Fresh eggs can last 1 month past packaged date. Cover open eggs in the refrigerator (good for 1 week) Egg Safety & Sanitation Eggs are a potentially hazardous food. The form of bacteria associated with eggs is called salmonella, which can cause food poisoning. It is found in both the yolk and the white of the egg. Facts! Pasteurized eggs have been heated to a specific temperature for a brief period of time to kill harmful bacteria before they are packaged. Methods of Egg Preparation Application Description

Food Examples Holds food together/ structure Meat Loaf Pie Filling Keeps other foods attached to food Breadings Coatings Keeps foods mixed together Mayo Salad Dressing Clears up liquids

Consomm Incorporates air (leavener whites only) Meringues Angel Food Cake Breakfast foods Omelets Crepes Process from liquid to semi solid to solid Raw Egg to Hard Boiled Methods of Egg Preparation

Eggs are a very fragile food. Both dry-heat and moist-heat cooking methods can be used to prepare eggs. It is important to remember that the white of the egg cooks at a lower temperature than the yolk. The most common mistake people make when cooking eggs is either over cooking or undercooking them. Egg Cooking Methods Cooking Methods Egg Examples Definitions sunny side up/ basted

Unbroken yolks that are NOT flipped over easy Unbroken yolks that are flipped over and cooked scrambled Whisked while raw to combine yolk and white then sauted folded omelet Beaten eggs that are cooked to nearly done then folded in half rolled (French) omelet Beaten eggs that are cooked and folded, and cooked ingredients are added through a slit cut in the omelet

frittata Beaten eggs that are cooked and served open faced after being browned under a broiler casseroles pizzas Eggs that are baked in the oven eggs Benedict Eggs removed from shell before being placed in the water, vinegar, and salt for cooking soft/ medium/ hard boiled

Bring cold water to a boil then reduce to simmer and start timing: S=3-5 min. M=6-8 min. H=9-12 min. For best results cook in clarified butter Misc. Egg Information White feather chickens = white eggs Red feather chickens = brown eggs White & Brown eggs are nutritionally the same Egg whites can be used as a leavening agent Heat causes albumen to turn WHITE Candling = procedure to check inside of the egg

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