The Elements and Principles of Art

The Elements and Principles of Art

The Elements of Art and Principles of Design The Elements of Art The building blocks

or ingredients of art. LINE Ansel Adams Gustave Caillebotte A mark with length and direction.

A continuous mark made on a surface by a moving point. Pablo Picasso COLOR Alexander Calder

Consists of Hue (another word for color), Intensity (brightness) and Value (lightness or darkness). Henri Matisse VALUE The lightness or darkness of a color.

MC Escher Pablo Picasso SHAPE Joan Miro

An enclosed area defined and determined by other art elements; 2-dimensional. FORM FORM A 3-dimensional object; or something in a 2-dimensional artwork that appears to be 3-dimensional.

For example, a triangle, which is 2-dimensional, is a shape, but a pyramid, which is 3-dimensional, is a form. Jean Arp Lucien Freud SPACE The distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things.

Robert Mapplethorpe Claude Monet Foreground, Middleground and Background (creates DEPTH) Positive (filled with

something) and Negative (empty areas). TEXTURE The surface quality or "feel" of an object, its smoothness, roughness, softness, etc. Textures may be actual or implied.

Cecil Buller The Principles of Design The organization of works of art. They involve the ways in which the elements of art are arranged.

BALANCE The way the elements are arranged to create a feeling of stability in a work. Alexander Calder Symmetrical Balance

The parts of an image are organized so that one side mirrors the other. Leonardo DaVinci Asymmetrical Balance When one side of a composition does not reflect the

design of the other. James Whistler EMPHASIS The focal point of an image, or when one

area or element stands out the most. Jim Dine Gustav Klimt CONTRAST A large difference between two things to create visual interest.

Ansel Adams Salvador Dali A regular repetition of elements to produce the look and feel of movement.

Marcel Duchamp RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM

and MOVEMENT Vincent VanGogh PATTERN and Repetition Gustav Klimt

Repetition of a design. The use of differences and change to increase the visual interest of the work.

VAR Marc Chagall IE T Y

PROPORTIO N The comparative relationship of one part to another with respect to size, quantity, or degree; SCALE. Gustave

Caillebotte UNITY When all the elements and principles work together to create a pleasing

image. Johannes Vermeer

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