The History of Unions in the US Class 1: Origins

The History of Unions in the US Class 1: Origins

It Aint Over til Its Over The Life and Times of Yogi Berra Jim Dunphy [email protected] 1 Intro Yogi Berra is remembered today as the author of yogisms but there was a lot more to him than that 2 Intro

Veteran of DDay Three time MVP of the American League One of only seven managers to win pennants in both leagues Perhaps the most beloved player in MLB history 3 What kind of a player was he? Bill James, founder of sabermetrics and perhaps the most famous baseball writer of the past 40 years,

rated players in his Historical Abstract When it came time to rank catchers, he ranked Yogi as the greatest catcher in baseball history Ahead of Johnnie Bench Bill Dickey Gabby Harnett And every other catcher in MLB history 4 Yogi the early years

Yogi was born Lorenzo Pietro Berra to Italian immigrants in St. Louis on May 12, 1925 He grew up in the Italian section, known as the Hill, with, among others, fellow future ballplayer Joe Garagiola He began playing baseball for an American Legion team, playing all positions including catcher 5 Yogi the early years Much to his disappointment, the

hometown Cardinals signed Garagiola, not Yogi However, Branch Rickey, knowing he was leaving St. Louis for Brooklyn, wanted to keep Yogi for the Dodgers However, before he could sign Yogi, the Yankees did, sending the 18 years old to the Norfolk Tars 6

Gunners Mate Yogi After his one season with the Tars, Yogi became a tar of a different sort joining the Navy He served as a Gunners Mate 7 Yogi the Rocket Man

Yogi would later reminiscence that volunteers were asked to serve on rocket boats Thinking he would be the next Buck Rogers, Yogi eagerly signed up Only to be sailing off Omaha Beach on June 6, 1944 8 Gunners Mate Berra remembers https:// 1rVw

9 After the War Coming to the Yankees After the war, Yogi was sent to the Newark Bears, the Yankees highest farm

club He worked with Bill Dickey, (r) another Yankee Hall of Fame catcher, on the mechanics of catching Ironically, when Yogis number 8 was retired, Bill Dickeys number 8 was retired at the same time. Yogi made his MLB debut on September 22, 1946, and played 7 games that season 10

After the War Coming to the Yankees After the war, Yogi was sent to the Newark Bears, the Yankees highest farm club He worked with Bill

Dickey, (r) another Yankee Hall of Fame catcher, on the mechanics of catching Ironically, when Yogis number 8 was retired, Bill Dickeys number 8 was retired at the same time. Yogi made his MLB debut on September 22, 1946, and played 7 games that season 11 After the War Coming to the Yankees

Yogi was up for good in the 1947 season, where he won his first World Series ring He played in 83 games, splitting time between catching and the outfield Former Senators manager Bucky Harris skippered the club 12 After the War Coming to the

Yankees In 1948, Yogi was a regular, still splitting time between the outfield and catching He made the first of his 15 all star nods, and came just short of 100 RBIs 13 After the War Coming to the Yankees However, while the Yankees won 94 games, they finished 3rd, behind Boston and league

winning Cleveland New Yankee ownership was not satisfied with anything short of the pennant, so Harris was let go 14 The Casey Stengel Era The Old Perfessor was managing the Oakland Oaks of the Pacific Coast League, and had the support of GM George Weiss and western scouts

Case was introduced as Yankee manager in October 1948 A controversial move He had not had success with Boston or Brooklyn He was known more as a clown 15 The Casey Stengel Era Casey took over a

team in transition Young players like Yogi, Hank Bauer, Bobby Brown Vets like George McQuinn and Tommy Heinrich But the greatest power struggle would be with Joe DiMaggio 16 1949

The 1949 Yankees were besieged by injuries, with DiMaggio having a foot injury that kept him out until June Despite the injuries, the Yankees stayed close to league leading Boston, and were 1 game back in a crucial 2 game September series in NY 17 1949 Yogi took over as the regular catcher, behind the plate for 104 games In addition to a .277

batting average, Yogi socked 20 HRs and 91 RBIs 18 Carmen Berra 1949 marked another milestone in Yogis life when he married Carmen Short They would have three sons, and be married for 65 years before her death in 2014

19 Carmen Berra Carmen would be a part of many Yogi isms more about them later The family would later consist of 11 grandchildren 20 1950

Yogi came into his own in 1950, as Casey began to replace veterans with young players Yogis roommate was Bobby Brown, who was a medical school student One night, while Yogi finished a comic book, and Brown a medical text, Yogi asked him How did your book come out?

21 1950 The Yankees won their second straight WS, in Joe DiMaggios last year Phil Rizzuto won the MVP award, and Yogi finished 3rd However, Yogis stats of a .322 batting average, 28 HRs and 124 RBIs certainly were of an MVP caliber.

22 1951 1951 marked the Yankees third straight WS win this time over the NY Giants, who won on the shot heard round the world Yogi would win the first of his three MVP awards, although his HR, BA and RBI totals were all down from 1950 23 1952/1953

The Yankees win the WS both years, beating the Brooklyn Dodgers, who continue to have to wait until next year! Yogis numbers again put him in the top five of MVP votes both years 24 The luckiest man in baseball For the period from 1948 to 1956, Charlie Silvera was Yogis backup

During that time, he earned 6 world series rings However, due to Yogis iron man status, in 9 years, he had a total of 429 ABs, or an average of 48 a year. There were worse ways of making a living in the 1950s! 25 Interlude Integration and the Yankees

By 1955, there were only two teams that had not integrated the Yankees and the Boston Red Sox The Yankees would go first, and the Red Sox would not integrate until 1959, when they brought up the immortal Pumpsie Green later to be famous for a planned trip to the Holy Land

26 Interlude Integration and the Yankees The Yankees had a great candidate in their system Vic Power, a 1B with a great glove and great numbers 1952 led the IL in 2B and 3B with a .331 aver 1953 led IL with a .349 average Yet he was never called up the rumors were

he had white girlfriends Instead, he was traded to Philadelphia 27 Interlude Integration and the Yankees George Weiss, the long term GM of the Yankees, while giving public lip service to integration, was more direct in private. There, he noted I will never allow a black

man to wear a Yankee uniform. Box-holders from Westchester don't want that sort of crowd. They would be offended to have to sit with n*****s 28 Interlude Integration and the Yankees Finally, in Elston Howard, the Yankees found a perfect candidate someone who would not rock the

boat. He was a catcher, so would play behind and finally overtake Yogi Of his speed, Casey famously said: Well, when they finally get me a n*****r, I get the only one who can't run. 29 1954 1954 was a strange year for the Yankees they had a record of 103-51,

the best record for the Stengel Yankees Yet they finished 2nd to the Indians, who went 111-43 For Yogi, though, it was a banner year, as he hit .307 with 22 hrs and 125 RBIs, winning his second MVP award 30 1955 Next Year

Ho Hum another Yankees Dodgers World Series This time a little different Behind a 2-0 shutout by Johnny Podres, the Brooklyn Dodgers won their only World Series 31 1956

Ho hum the Yankees win yet another World Series. Yogi finishes second in MVP voting to Mickey Mantle, who has to win the Triple Crown to beat Yogi. From 1950 to 1956, Yogi has caught between 133 and 149 games per season (remember, only 154 games in a season!) 32

1957 Ho ho hum the Yankees win yet another World Series. Elston Howard is now relieving Yogi of his iron man status, starting 22 games while Yogi still starts 108 Its a down year batting for the 32 year old Yogi, whose .251 BA is the lowest of his career He still finishes 14th in

the MVP race 33 1958 By 1958, the year the Yankees win the AL pennant but lose the WS, catching duties are more split 88 starts for Yogi, 64 for Elston The two play in the outfield when the other is catching Yogis numbers are still down, but he remains in

the top 20 in MVP votes 34 1959 In 1959, for only the second time since 1949, the Yankees do not win the AL pennant Ironically Al Lopez manages both teams, the 54 Indians and the 59 White Sox Rumbling are heard in the front office that

Casey Stengel, now 69, is getting too old to manage 35 1960 In 1960, the Yankees win the AL pennant, only to fall to the Pirates in the 9th inning of game 7 The 35 year old Yogi is now catching less games than Howard, but still is

an All Star and in the top 20 of the MVP vote 36 The Earth shifts After the 1960 WS loss, GM George Weiss retires, and Manager Casey Stengel is fired As Casey said at his final press conference, Quit, fired, whatever you please, I don't careI just wont make the mistake of being 70 again. So new leadership of the Yankees New GM after 13 years New Manager after 12 years

37 The new leadership Roy Hamey takes over as GM Long term Yankee coach (and former backup catcher) Ralph Houk becomes manager Known as the Major, he was awarded the Silver Star, Bronze Star and Purple Heart for his

WWII service, which included the Battle of the Bulge 38 1961 The 1961 Yankees have long been considered one of the greatest teams of all time With their record of 109-53, they had 6 players with more than 20 HRs, led by record setting Roger Maris with 61 and Mickey Mantle with 54

39 1961 Yogi was now the regular LF, contributing 22 HRs and still finishing in the top 25 for MVP Howard, who would hit .348, would catch 106 games, while Johnny Blanchard (who hit 21 HRs) would catch 37 and Yogi 15. 40 New challenges for the Yankees After the 1956 season,

with the Dodgers and Giants heading to California, the Yankees had NY all to themselves However, in a 1962 expansion, the NL welcomed the New York Mets The GM of the Mets was George Weiss, back from retirement And also coming back was their manager, Casey Stengel 41

New challenges for the Yankees The Yankees won the WS in 1962, and while losing to the Dodgers in the WS in 1963, had now won 4 straight AL pennants Meanwhile, the Mets lost a horrific 120 games in 1962, and barely improved to 111 losses in 1963 Despite this, the Mets in their second season were only a few hundred thousand in attendance behind the pennant winning Yankees The solution well, if you cant have Casey as your go to guy, what about 42

Now managing the Yankees.. So in 1964, after two seasons of declining production, the 39 year old Yogi Berra becomes manager of the Yankees, as Ralph Houk moves upstairs to become the GM While coming off a pennant winning season, the Yankees are getting progressively older,

without much coming up from the farm However, expectations are as always for a WS victory 43 Now managing the Yankees.. As the aging Yankees were hit with a series of injuries, they stayed near the middle of the pack until the late summer.

In August was the famed Phil Linz harmonica incident The result of this incident was two fold: Houk decided at that point to fire Yogi after the season The team felt that Yogi was now the manager and no longer a player, with fuller authority 44 Now managing the

Yankees.. To everyones amazement, the Yankees caught fire and ending up winning the pennant with 99 wins They lost to the Cardinals in a 7 game WS Shortly after the WS, the Yankees fired Yogi and hired Johnny Keane, the manager of the WS winning Cardinals

45 Meet the Mets Yogi didnt stay unemployed long he immediately signed with the cross town Mets as a player-coach In addition to coaching first base, he also caught 4 games before retiring He also formed with Warren Spahn the oldest (and perhaps

ugliest) battery in history 46 Meet the Mets Yogi would serve on the staff of Mets managers Casey Stengel, Wes Westrum and Gil Hodges In 1969, he won yet another WS ring with the Miracle Mets.

47 Return to managing As those of you who took my unions class know, baseball players went out on strike during spring training 1972 While playing golf during that time, Mets manager Gil Hodges died of a heart attack

48 Return to managing While there was some controversy as to the timing (on the day of Hodges funeral) there was general support for the idea of Yogi becoming the Mets manager 49

1972 The 1972 season was played in the aftermath of the spring training strike The Mets finished 83-73, a slight uptick from the 1972 season 50 1973 The Mets were hit with a slew of injuries in the 1973, and by July, were in last place, but only 6.5 games out of first

When asked if Yogi should be fired, President M. Donald Grant (feel free to boo) said not unless the fans demanded it 51 1973 So the NY Daily News ran a poll who should be fired manager Yogi, GM Joe McDonald or President Grant Grant won in a landslide 52

1973- Ya Gotta believe Trying to shed his patrician ways, and to show support for the team, Grant addressed the team in a meeting Grant told the team they could win if they only believed in themselves In the back was maniac relief pitcher Tug McGraw, who soon starting screaming Ya

gotta believe! Ya gotta believe! 53 1973- Ya Gotta believe With this as their rallying cry, the Mets, still in last place as of September 11, went 21-8 in September to clinch the pennant the day after the season ended Their .509 winning percentage remains the lowest in history for a division winner 54

1973- Ya Gotta believe Astonishingly, they beat the reigning NL champs, the Big Red Machine in the NL playoffs They then lost a thrilling 7 game WS 55 Post 1973 After two mediocre seasons, Yogi is fired as Mets manager midway through the 1975 season. His record as manager of the Mets is 292-296, after a 99-63 season with the

1964 Yankees He remains one of only 7 managers to go to the WS with an AL and NL team 56 Yankees Part 2 Once again, Yogi does not remain unemployed long For the 1976 season, he is hired as a coach for the NY Yankees The Yankees are just entering their Bronx Zoo days under George

Steinbrenner, who goes through managers like tissue paper Somehow, Yogi remains a coach until the start of the 1984 season 57 Yankees Part 2

Having gone through Bob Lemon and Billy Martin more than once, and many other managers, the Boss turns to Yogi to manage the 1984 Yankees Yogi manages them to a credible 87-75 record, but only in 3rd place, which is nowhere in George world Yogi agrees to come back for the 1985 season only with the promise he will get to manage all season

58 Yankees Part 2 With the team off to a 4-12 start, Steinbrenner decides to fire Yogi, notwithstanding his promise To make matters worse,

he does not do it himself, but gets GM Clyde King (r) to do the deed This creates a rift between Yogi and the Yankees that will last a decade 59 On to Houston

As always, Yogi is not unemployed long A NJ neighbor, John McMullen, is the Astros owner, and asks Yogi to coach for them. So Yogi dons the hideous togs of the Astros from 1985 to 1989 The highlight was the

series against the 1986 Mets. Yogi finally retires after the 1989 season at age 64 60 Retirement In retirement, Yogis greatest work is the Yogi Berra Museum and

Learning Center, on the campus of Montclair State University, near his longtime home of Montclair NJ Besides having memorabilia from his career, there is a baseball field, where, among others, the Montclair State Redbirds play 61

1995 Reconciliation For a decade, Yogi refused to go to Yankee Stadium after he was fired, despite efforts by the Yankees to honor him Yankee announcer Suzyn Waldman brokered a truce and on January 5,

1999, Steinbrenner made a pilgrimage to Montclair to apologize to Yogi 62 1995 Reconciliation

Yogis first words to Steinbrenner Youre 10 minutes late! Steinbrenner told Yogi ''I know I made a mistake by not letting you go personally. It's the worst mistake I ever made in baseball.' With that, Yogi returned the Yankees, attending Old Timers games and working in Spring Training

63 1995 Reconciliation Most famously, the Yankees held Yogi Berra Day on July 18, 1999 David Cone picked that day to pitch only the third perfect game in NY Yankees history The first was by Don Larsen in the 1956 WS, and before the 1999

game, Larsen threw out the first pitch to Yogi. 64 Yogi and the Yankees For almost 10 years, Yogi was a special catching

instructor, working with long time Yankees Joe Girardi and Jose Posada Famously, he would be picked up by ex Yankee ace Ron Guidry at the airport and driven around by Guidry Guidry turned his experiences into a book Driving Mr. Yogi. 65 Yogis family

For 65 years, Yogi was married to the love of his life, Carmen. They would have three sons together, 11 grandchildren and one great grandchild 66 Two of Yogis sons would also become professional athletes

Dale Berra IF for the Pirates, Yankees and Astros Tim Berra WR for the Colts 67 Yogis family The tradition continues into the next generation . Lindsay Berra, daughter of Larry Berra (who played in the minors) is a

baseball analyst for ESPN, and speaks often on Yogi 68 Joined forever Carmen died of a stroke on March 6, 2014, shortly after their 65th wedding anniversary Yogi followed on September 22,

2015 the 69th anniversary of being called up to the Yankees 69 Yogi isms In an interview, Yogi once said "When I'm sittin' down to dinner with the family, stuff just pops out. And they'll say, 'Dad, you just said another one.' And I don't even know what the heck I said," 70

Yogi isms 90 percent of baseball is mental; the other half is physical Nobody goes to that restaurant anymore. It's too crowded. It ain't over till it's over When you come to a fork in the road, take it. When asked what time it was, he responded Right now? 71 Yogi isms Thank you for making this day

necessary. It's dj vu all over again. You can observe a lot by watching. Always go to other people's funerals; otherwise they won't go to yours. A nickel ain't worth a dime anymore 72 Yogi isms You better cut the pizza in four pieces because Im not hungry enough to eat six If you dont know where youre going, you might end up somewhere else Little League is a good thing because it keeps parents off the streets

I knew the record would stand until it was broken The future aint what it used to be 73 Yogi isms It aint the heat, its the humility Pair up in threes We made too many wrong mistakes

It gets late early out there If people dont want to come out to the ballpark, nobodys going to stop them 74 Yogi isms Never answer an anonymous letter We have deep depth Why buy good luggage you only use it when you travel (After seeing streakers on the field) I dont know if they were men or women they had bags over their heads

75 Yogi isms When informed that the mayor of Dublin Ireland was Jewish: Only in America. If you cant imitate him, dont copy him. When told by wife Carmen she took their sons to see Doctor Zhivago Whats wrong with them now? 76 Yogi isms Carmen asked Yogi where he

wanted to be buried, in St. Louis, New York or Montclair Yogis response : "I don't know. Why don't you surprise me?" I really didn't say everything I said. 77 Yogi isms turned into books 78 Yogi isms turned into books 79

Yogi in Commercials First, two vintage ones https:// 8 Bonus question who supplies the voice of the cat? 80 Yogi in Commercials One from 1987 https://

C1qZuehI Whos at the bar right behind Yogi? 81 Yogi in Commercials Some recent ones 21st century Yogi https:// https:// 82

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