The Holocaust

The Holocaust

The Holocaust World War II Agenda OBJ: Students will understand how the ideology of a nation can influence violence to individuals and to other cultural groups during WWII.

Warm up Suit case Holocaust Guided Notes Found Poem HW: Red Scarf Girl Ch. 12-14 The Suite Case You will receive a picture of an empty suitcase

Write down the items you choose to take with you You only can choose (10) ten items! You are going to an unknown place You have no idea how long you will be there Suit Case Discussion Questions What will you take with you, and why? How does it feel to be under such a time limit and such pressure? What did you feel when you were asked to

pack those items? What do you think that people felt when they had to leave their home? Key Vocabulary Genocide the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation Holocaust a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire.

the systematic destruction of the Jewish population by Nazi Germany More than 6 million European Jews, as well as members of other persecuted groups, such as gypsies and homosexuals, were murdered Death Camps or Concentration Camps a place where large numbers of people are imprisoned sometimes to provide forced labor or to await mass execution Background Information

In 1933, less than 1% of the German population was Jewish. Jews contributed significantly to German culture. Many served in World War I and thought of themselves as Germans first and Jews second. They considered Germany a home. Why did Hitler target the Jews?

Hitler publicly blamed the Jews for Germanys loss of WWI and its failing economy. Hitler used the Jews as a scapegoat for Germanys problems. How does this Nazi propaganda poster depict Jewish people? The Master Race The Master Race Nazi ideology

Nordic race Aryan race Racially superior Ancestry originated in the Germanic plains Think blonde hair and blue eyes! Believed they were superior because they were less racially mixed.

Nazis decided to exterminate those who posed a threat to the Aryan Race Labeled: The Jewish Problem The New Order The year 1941 will be, I am convinced, the historical year of a great European New Order. -Adolf Hitler, 1941 It would: -Ensure the master race was supreme -Expansion into Eastern Europe through colonization

-Annihilation of Jews and others that were unworthy to live Kristallnact Hitler preached that Germans belonged to a race that was superior to Jews Kristallnacht: The night of broken glass: November 9-10, 1938 A planned series of attacks on Jewish stores, buildings, and synagogues in Germany & Austria

Classification Nuremberg Laws(1935) Anti-Semitic Laws that determined German Citizenship. Classified society -Germans -Mix Blood -Jews

Chart that indicates whether you are Jewish or not. Pronounced mix blood or Jewish, Nuremberg Laws restricted your citizenship Banned marriages and sexual acts between Jews and nonJews. Discrimination Nazis took away their citizenship & rights

Moved into ghettos: Sections of the city in which all Jews were required to live Forced to wear the Jewish star Jewish Ghettos Ghetto: Jewish Quarters of a city Used to segregate Jews from the supreme

race Required by law to live there Usually the most undesirable parts of a city Ghettos- Nazi Germany Rounded up and put in concentration camps 6 million Jews were tortured Forced labor and murdered Extermination

Approximately 6 million Poles, Medical Slavs, Gypsies, and prisoners of war were killed experimentation The Final Solution Survivors own words: You are now to go to Blend Space and view the two survivors videos. Bring to class 4-6 questions you

have that you would like to ask the survivor today? Concentration Camps First built in Germany in 1933 Used to hold political opponents and union leaders Held 45,000 prisoners by 1933 all across central Europe Then used to purge German society of socalled "racially undesirable elements" such as Jews, criminals, homosexuals, and Romani

people. Concentration Camps- Continued During World War II Number of camps exploded to more than 300 Political prisoners and "undesirable elements" from across Europe were mass-incarcerated generally without judicial process. Concentration Camps Used to re-educate according to Nazi values, held POWs, or were labor camps

People were treated like slaves Concentration Camps Extermination Camps Camps during World War II built primarily but not exclusively by Nazi Germany To systematically kill millions of people by execution (primarily by gassing) Extreme work under starvation conditions

Most were a combination of Extermination and Concentration Camps Auschwitz Polish Auschwitz I: the base camp Auschwitz IIBirkenau: the extermination camp Auschwitz IIIMonowitz: a labor camp At least 1.1 million prisoners died at Auschwitz

around 90 % of them Jewish Approximately 1 in 6 Jews killed in the Holocaust died at the camp Auschwitz Zyclon B Granules Gas Chamber at Auschwitz Liberation

The first major camp, Majdanek, was liberated by the Soviets on July 23, 1944. Most others followed soon after Results of the Holocaust 6 million Jews died, about 5.7 million other individuals (homosexuals, gypsies, mentally disabled) Jewish Diaspora: In 1900, 81 percent of all the Jews in the world lived in Europe Today, only a few sparse communities remain the Jews have ceased to be a European people altogether

Found Poem Activity I would like you now to create a Found poem on the following text. Your instructions are to: 1.) Read the passage. 2.) As you are reading, please underline or (highlight) significant, moving, or vivid words or phrases within the text. 3.) Next, write out all those words/phrases in the space provided. 4.) You are going to use these words to create a unique Poem, that captures the mood of the passage.

5.) You will then arrange the words to create a new and powerful Poem. The poem does not have to rhyme, I just ask that you be creative and try your best. Found Poem Read the passage As you are reading, please underline or (highlight) significant, moving, or vivid words or phrases within the text You will then write out all those words/phrases

in the space provided You are going to use these words to create a unique Poem, that captures the mood of the passage Your Found Poem Never shall I forget that night, the first night in camp, which has turned my life into one long night, seven times cursed and seven times sealed. Never shall I forget that smoke. Never shall I forget the little faces of the children, whose bodies I saw turned into wreaths of smoke beneath a silent blue sky.

Never shall I forget those flames which consumed my faith forever. Never shall I forget that nocturnal silence which deprived me, for all eternity, of the desire to live. Never shall I forget those moments which murdered my God and my soul and turned my dreams to dust. Never shall I forget these things, even if I am condemned to live as long as God Himself. Never. Elie Wiesel Night Found Poem Never shall I forget that night, the first night in camp, which

has turned my life into one long night, seven times cursed and seven times sealed. Never shall I forget that smoke. Never shall I forget the little faces of the children, whose bodies I saw turned into wreaths of smoke beneath a silent blue sky. Never shall I forget those flames which consumed my faith forever. Never shall I forget that nocturnal silence which deprived me, for all eternity, of the desire to live. Never shall I forget those moments which murdered my God and my soul and turned my dreams to dust. Never shall I forget these things, even if I am condemned to live as long as God Himself. Never.

Elie Wiesel Night Mr. Nazaks Found Poem Never shall I forget how my life ended during one long night. I was cursed, my fate sealed in the little faces of the children I gazed my eyes upon. Silent was the flame in their eyes, consumed by the realization of their own fate; this deprived me of the hope and desire to live. I was searching for my dreams, as well as searching my soul; doomed by this horrible reality!

Found Poem: Holocaust By Barbara Sonek We played, we laughed, and we were loved. We were ripped from the arms of our parents and thrown into the fire. We were nothing more than children. We had a future. We were going to be lawyers, rabbis, wives, teachers, and mothers. We had dreams, and then we had no hope. We were taken away in the dead of night like cattle in cars, no air to breathe smothering, crying,

starving, dying. Separated from the world to be no more, from the ashes, hear our plea. This atrocity to mankind cannot happen again. Remember us, for we were the children whose dreams and lives were stolen away. Lets Practice: Holocaust By Barbara Sonek We played, we laughed, and we were loved. We were ripped from the arms of our parents and thrown into the fire. We were nothing more than children.

We had a future. We were going to be lawyers, rabbis, wives, teachers, and mothers. We had dreams, and then we had no hope. We were taken away in the dead of night like cattle in cars, no air to breathe smothering, crying, starving, dying. Separated from the world to be no more, from the ashes, hear our plea. This atrocity to mankind cannot happen again. Remember us, for we were the children whose dreams and lives were stolen away.

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