The Lexile Framework for Reading How Schools In Georgia Can Use Lexiles to Measure and Foster Authentic Yearly Progress Presented by: MetaMetrics, Inc. I. Lexile Development What is a Lexile?
Big Idea: Lexiles provide a single measure of Reader Ability and Text Readability An Analogy: Lexiles are like inches A universal, accurate measurement system
Used to measure a students current size and growth over time Not grade specific students come in different sizes and grow at different rates The Lexile Framework for Reading Allows us to
Measure reader ability and text readability with a common metric: Lexiles Forecast the level of comprehension a reader is expected to experience with a particular text II. Lexiles Today
As a Measure of Text Readability Approximately 115,000 books with Lexile measures are available at www.Lexile.com Tens of millions of articles with Lexile measures are available through database-services partners (EBSCO and Pro-Quest) NCES White Paper Assessing The Lexile Framework: Results of a Panel Meeting http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2001/200108
NAEP A Content of the NAEP and PIRLS Fourth-Grade Reading Assessments In measuring text difficulty, the paper states, Lexiles provide a more accurate measure of grade appropriateness (Binkley 13). http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2003/200310.pdf NAGB Student Readiness for Postsecondary Options http://www.lexile.com/DesktopDefault.aspx? view=re&tabindex=3&tabid=48&tabpageid=239
As a Measure of Reader Ability Commercial Test Publishers CTB/McGraw-Hill TerraNova Assessment Series (CAT/6, CTBS/5) Harcourt SAT-9, SAT-10, SDRT-4, MAT-8, Aprend3 (in field) Northwest Evaluation Association
Achievement Level Tests (ALT), Measures of Academic Progress (MAP) Pearson Progress Assessment Series PASeries Reading, PASeries Mathematics Scholastic Scholastic Reading Inventory and SRI-Interactive The Riverside Publishing Company Gates-MacGinitie Reading Test (GMRT-4)
The Iowa Tests (ITBS, ITED) As a Measure of Reader Ability State Assessments California Department of Education California Standards Test (CST) Georgia
North Carolina Departments of Public Instruction North Carolina End-of-Grade Criterion-Referenced Competency Tests (CRCT) and High School Graduation Test (HSGT)
Hawaii State Assessment Illinois Illinois Standards Achievement Tests Idaho Idaho Standards Achievement Test (ISAT)
Mississippi Mississippi Curriculum Test (MCT) Missouri *Over 26 Million Students Receive Lexile Scores* Tests (NCEOG) New Mexico
New Mexico Standards Based Assessment (NMSBA) Oklahoma Oregon Department of Education Oregon Reading/Literature Knowledge and Skills Test
Texas Education Agency Texas Assessment of Knowledge & Skills (TAKS) Wyoming Performance Assessment for Wyoming Students (PAWS) States Currently Using Lexiles State of the Union - Today
Database Services Allow educators to supplement textbook instruction and reading with periodicals, newspapers, reference books & transcripts EBSCO: 8M Lexiled, www.ebsco.com ProQuest: 60M Lexiled, www.proquest.com Questia: 50,000 Lexiled, www.questia.com Newsbank: www.newsbank.com Follett Library Services: Library MARC records can be updated with Lexile measures, info at www.fsc.follett.com
The Unification of Reading School/Public Libraries Book Distributors & Databases Assessment and InstructionAchieve3000 COMPanion Corporation Follett Library Services Follett Software Company
Mackin Library Media Baker & Taylor Booksource Follett Library Services Follett Software Co. Ingram RR Bowker Sundance CTB/McGraw-Hill
EdGate Educational Testing Services (ETS) Georgia Department of Education Harcourt Assessment Mississippi Department of Education North Carolina Department of Public Instruction Northwest Evaluation Association Oregon Department of Education Pearson Educational Measurement Riverside Publishing Scantron
Hampton-Brown Harcourt School Publishers Holt Rinehart & Winston Houghton Mifflin Prentice Hall Prentice Hall School Pearson Learning Group SRA/McGraw-Hill Scott Foresman Book Publishers
Reading Motivation EBSCO Online Reader Hooked On Phonics HOSTS Scholastic Read180 Scholastic Reading Counts Success for All Crabtree Dominee
DK Publishing Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Globe-Fearson Hampton Brown Harcourt Holt Leapfrog Lee & Low Modern Curriculum Pearson
Rand McNally Rigby Rosen SRA/McGraw-Hill Scholastic Scott Foresman Steck-Vaughn The Wright Group A Nonproprietary Standard Many ways (linking technologies)
to place a student on the scale Many publishers have adopted the standard Connects the year-to-year with the day-to-day.
III. Lexile Overview and Theory Two Underlying Concepts of the Lexile Framework Reader Ability The ability of readers to construct meaning from text (as measured on tests)
Text Readability The difficulty of reading materials (based on dimensions or characteristics of the text) Based on the relationship between Reader Ability and Text Readability, it is possible to
Predict Reading Comprehension Differentiate Instruction Measure Reader Progress and Growth Components of The Lexile Framework for Reading Lexile Analyzer Lexile Map Linking
Technolog y Test of Reading Developm ent Determining Text Difficulty Syntactic Complexity The number of words per sentence
Longer sentences are more complex and require more short-term memory to process Semantic Difficulty The frequency of the words in a corpus of written text Corpus has over 600-million words
Placing Texts on the Map S c a n te x t in t o E le c t r o n ic F o r m a t E d it T e x t E x a m in e W o r d s E x a m in e S e n t e n c e s C a l c u l a t e L e x i le M e a s u r e R e v ie w T e x t a n d L e x ile M e a s u re
Limitations of Lexile Measures What Lexiles dont address Reader Characteristics Text Characteristics
Age Appropriateness of Content Text Support Text Quality
Interest and Motivation Background Knowledge
Reading Context and Purpose Lexiles only measure text readability. Therefore, input from readers, parents, teachers, and librarians is always necessary. Text Demand Level by Grade Grade
Typical Text Demand (from Lexile English Map) 1st Grade 200L to 400L 2nd Grade 300L to 500L
3rd Grade 500L to 700L 4th Grade 650L to 850L 5th Grade 750L to 950L
6th Grade 850L to 1050L 7th Grade 950L to 1075L 8th Grade
1000L to 1100L 9th Grade 1050L to 1150L 10th Grade 1100L to 1200L 11th and 12th Grade
1100L to 1300L Lexile Calculator Forecasted Comprehension The relationship between a reader and a text How well the reader will comprehend the material in the text
Can perform: The rate at which a student is expected to comprehend the text The reading ability a reader is expected to need in order to comprehend the text at a specific level
Forecasted Comprehension Rate Lexile Calculator 100% Less Challenging 90% 80%
75 60% 50% 40% 20% More Challenging 0%
-1000 -750 -500 -250 0 250 500 Reader - Text (in Lexiles) 750
Why 75% Comprehension? Years of MM research suggests that at 75% A reader can have a successful reading experience without frustration or boredom A reader can achieve functional comprehension of the text A reader will be sufficiently challenged (by vocabulary and syntax) to improve
75% is the right amount of challenge Managing Comprehension Readers can experience frustration when Text readability is 100L+ above their Lexile level Readers can experience ease when Text readability is 50-100L below their Lexile
level Readers can experience growth when Text readability is within their Lexile range Targeted text range of 100LRecommendation: below to 50L above the General Reading
students Lexile level Note: This range may vary based on text type, reading context and purpose, reading strategies and support, and reader motivation. Lexile Calculator Can help you better deliver instruction by knowing in advance which students: Are likely to need extra help with a lesson Will understand the material on their own
Are likely to need more challenge in a lesson. IV. Lexiles in Education Lexiling Your Library Web sitewww.Lexile.com (http://educators.lexile.com) Free Continuously updated
Library Software Services Print customized reading lists and labels Follett Software Companys Find-a-Book Service Update MARC Record Tag 521
Resources to Help Implement the Lexile Framework in the Classroom Book Search 1) www.Lexile.com 2) Click Book Search tab 3) Choose a search field 4) Click Search
5) Advanced Book Search Lexile Analyzer Steps for using Lexile Analyzer 1) 2) Register or sign in
Find or create a .txt file (ON DESKTOP) 1) 2) Create a Word document Save as .txt to desktop Lexile Analyzer 1) Click on Lexile Analyzer 2) Click on Browse 3) Double-click on your document
4) Click on Analyze Lexile Calculator Estimate expected reading- comprehension rate for grade-level book bag Estimate requisite reading ability to achieve a reading-comprehension
rate Lexile Power Vocabulary Lexile Reading Pathfinders Growing as a School or District Implications and Challenges What teachers need and need to know about Lexiles
How Lexile products complement a system-wide use of Lexiles How parents can buy in as partners How leaders support and manage the growth of Lexile literacy What teachers need to know How to: Use Lexiles as a reading measurement
system Profile students, predict comprehension, and match readers to text Access and use online resources Develop and use tiered reading/resource lists to support differentiation Understand, chart, and explain patterns of Lexile growth What all teachers need Classroom reports of their students Lexile
scores Fall (to profile, group, and match text) Spring (to chart and celebrate growth) Lexile levels for their textbooks and books in
their classrooms and library Access to the Internet and to resources such as lexile.com, online databases, and other search tools Opportunities to collaborate and develop tiered reading/resource lists
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