The Life of Muhammad and the Genesis of Islam Chapter 6 (part 2 of 5) Muhammads Early Life 570 Born into Quraysh tribe Father died before
he was born Raised by relatives, (uncle Abu Talib) Grandfather taught him to be merchant
Muhammad Moves to Mecca Moved to Mecca in his late teens Khadijah wealthy widow Muhammad worked for and later married
Became a very successful, wealthy merchant Living in Mecca and traveling as merchant gave Muhammad first-hand view of problems in Arab world
Clan rivalries were dividing the Arab people. Trade led to great wealth disparity. Some tribes like
Quraysh in Mecca very rich, other very poor. This divided Arabs Muhammad grew dissatisfied with material gains Spent time meditating in hills around Mecca
610 = received 1st of many revelations which supporters believe were from Allah This was beginning of Islamic religion Quran Muhammads revelations were written down in the Quran, the sacred text of Islam
Muhammad a Threat to Umayyads Umayyads (who controlled Mecca) saw Muhammad as threat
Muhammads new religion was threat to importance of the Kaba, Meccas big drawing card Flight from Mecca
622 Muhammad flees Mecca (start of Islamic calendar) Invited to Medina to stop clan warfare there He makes peace and is huge hero Umayyads in Mecca see Muhammad as even bigger threat Mecca v. Medina
Quraysh in Mecca fight against Muhammad and his supporters in Medina
Muhammad shows courageous leadership and is victorious over Mecca The Appeal of Islam to Arabs
Islam Provides Ethical System Preached equality for all Zakat charity tax (wealthy helped the poor)
Follow Islamic law on earth, have good eternity 5 Pillars of Faith
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