The Life of Muhammad and the Genesis of Islam

The Life of Muhammad and the Genesis of Islam

The Life of Muhammad and the Genesis of Islam Chapter 6 (part 2 of 5) Muhammads Early Life 570 Born into Quraysh tribe Father died before

he was born Raised by relatives, (uncle Abu Talib) Grandfather taught him to be merchant

Muhammad Moves to Mecca Moved to Mecca in his late teens Khadijah wealthy widow Muhammad worked for and later married

Became a very successful, wealthy merchant Living in Mecca and traveling as merchant gave Muhammad first-hand view of problems in Arab world

Clan rivalries were dividing the Arab people. Trade led to great wealth disparity. Some tribes like

Quraysh in Mecca very rich, other very poor. This divided Arabs Muhammad grew dissatisfied with material gains Spent time meditating in hills around Mecca

610 = received 1st of many revelations which supporters believe were from Allah This was beginning of Islamic religion Quran Muhammads revelations were written down in the Quran, the sacred text of Islam

Muhammad a Threat to Umayyads Umayyads (who controlled Mecca) saw Muhammad as threat

Muhammads new religion was threat to importance of the Kaba, Meccas big drawing card Flight from Mecca

622 Muhammad flees Mecca (start of Islamic calendar) Invited to Medina to stop clan warfare there He makes peace and is huge hero Umayyads in Mecca see Muhammad as even bigger threat Mecca v. Medina

Quraysh in Mecca fight against Muhammad and his supporters in Medina

Muhammad shows courageous leadership and is victorious over Mecca The Appeal of Islam to Arabs

Islam Provides Ethical System Preached equality for all Zakat charity tax (wealthy helped the poor)

Follow Islamic law on earth, have good eternity 5 Pillars of Faith

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