The Mood of a Verb

The Mood of a Verb

VERB MOODS Moody little verbs Reminder A VERB is an action word run ski is go working will take dance whistle went dribble

swam be try finish take giggle cry can write do paint tickle sob I am know! shout

I know! Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Content Standards CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.1c Form and use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive mood. Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Essential Question:

How can I form and use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive moods? Hmmm Ive always wondered about that! Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers You know that verbs have tenses. They are: past, present or future- talked talk

will talk In addition, verbs have moods (which indicate a state of being). Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Take a Look: Meet me at the farm. When did we meet at the farm? Shall we meet at the farm? We must have met at the farm.

I could meet you at the farm, if you like. If we met at the farm, we could have a chat about things. These sentences have the same topic, but they are different. The verb has a different mood in each. Write this at the top of your notes. Verb moods tell us the attitude of the speaker.

Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Indicative Just the facts! The indicative mood states a fact or gives a state of reality. Examples: The apple is shiny. I was happy. He will bring her flowers.

*Most sentences are in the indicative mood. Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Write down the lines that use indicative mood. Imperative The imperative mood is a command. One clue of the imperative verb is that the subject is often absent

(impliedunderstood you) Examples: Be here when the bell rings. (Understood: You be here when the bell rings.) Fix me a sandwich. (Understood: You fix me a sandwich.) Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Write down the lines that use imperative mood.

Interrogative The interrogative mood is questioning. Examples: "Will you hit a homerun?" Do you promise to tell the truth? ? Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Write down the lines that use

interrogative mood. Subjunctive This mood involves a wish, a request or suggestion, an imaginary situation, or something contrary to the fact. Examples: If she were hungry... (Implied: ...but she's not.) I wish I had more money. (Implied: ...but I don't.)

It would be better if you had brought your books with you. (Implied: ...but you haven't brought them.) Note: This mood is rarely used. Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Subjunctive Rule 1 The Subjunctive is generally used with If to express a wish, a want, or desire. Examples: 1. Oh, if that were only true! 2. If only I had a million dollars! 3. It would be nice if I could fly.

Notice, this is JUST a wish. It is not showing cause and effect of a real situation Subjunctive Rule 2 The subjunctive is usually used with that when expressing importance, wishes, demands or urgency. that is sometimes implied, or invisible. Examples: 1. It is urgent you take cover during a tornado. (that is implied- that you take cover) 2. He demanded that we take cover. 3. It is important that you study. 4. Our teacher insists we study. (that is implied- that we study)

Subjunctive Rule 3 When expressing a state that is contrary to fact/reality and begins with if, you must use the verb form were DO NOT USE VERB FORM was!!! Examples: 1. If I were an animal, Id be a llama. 2. If I were you, Id study tonight. Incorrect Example: If I was an animal, Id be a llama. Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Write down the lines that use subjunctive mood.

Conditional The conditional mood indicates that something else will certainly happen: The conditional mood often uses the words might, will, could, and would. Often, you will see the word if. Examples: "The lights will turn on if I FLIP that

switch. Jones will win the election if enough people vote. I will shake your hand if you win. Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Conditional Mood Conditional expresses under which conditions something will happen. (certain to happenunlike subjunctive!) It usually uses IF with cause and effect. Examples: 1. If you study, you will make an A.

2. If you scream loud enough, someone will hear you. Remember Subjunctive can use if to express wishes; wants; desires Conditional uses if for cause and effect. Subjunctive: If only it were summertime! Conditional: If we go to your house, we will swim in your pool. Write down the lines that use conditional mood. Subjunctive or Conditional?

Write your answer on the line to the right. 1. I wish that I were rich so (that) I could buy a llama. 2. If I go to bed early, I wont be tired. 3. I will be unhappy if I do not get to go to the movies this weekend. 4. I insist (that) you stop talking. 5. If only I were taller! 6. It is important that you cover your mouth when you sneeze. 7. If you cheat, you will receive a zero. 1. I wish that I were rich so (that) I could buy a llama. (subjunctive- wish for a state contrary to reality (being rich)) 2. If I go to bed early, I wont be tired. (conditional- it

will happen) 3. I will be unhappy if I do not get to go to the movies this weekend. (conditional- it will happen) 4. I insist (that) you stop talking. (subjunctive- demand) 5. If only I were taller! (subjunctive- wish) 6. It is important that you cover your mouth when you sneeze. (subjunctive- importance) 7. If you cheat, youll receive a zero. (conditional- it will happen) Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers MATCHING- Which mood is represented by each sentence? INDICATIVE

IMPERATIVE INTERROGATIVE CONDITIONAL SUBJUNCTIVE Will I look back on these days fondly? The past would change if we had a time machine. Do not live in the past. The past will be fine if you work on your present. History repeats itself. Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers

Subjunctive, Conditional, Indicative, Imperative, Interrogative 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. If your puppy is hungry, it will usually bark. Do you walk your puppy enough? A puppy needs at least 30 minutes of exercise. I wish I were a puppy. A puppy could get into trouble if not properly exercised.

Walk your puppy each day. Mrs. Lewis puppy eats everything, including remote controls. 8. If I were you, Id get a dachshund puppy. 9. It is important that puppies get enough exercise. 10.CHALLENGE: If I were rich, Id buy ten puppies. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. If your puppy is hungry, it will usually bark. (conditional) Do you walk your puppy enough? (interrogative)

A puppy needs at least 30 minutes of exercise. (indicative) I wish I were a puppy. (subjunctive) A puppy could get into trouble if not properly exercised. (conditional) 6. Walk your puppy each day. (imperative) 7. Mrs. Lewis puppy eats everything, including remote controls. (indicative) 8. If I were you, Id get a dachshund puppy. (subjunctive) 9. It is important that puppies get enough exercise. (subjunctive) 10. CHALLENGE: If I were to win the lottery, Id buy ten puppies. (subjunctive- a state that is contrary to reality) Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Day 2

Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Remember Conditional and subjunctive can be confusing, especially if a subjunctive clause contains an if/then state. If I were you, I would go to the dance. If I do my chores, I will receive my allowance. Subjunctive sentences contain situations that are contrary to reality. Conditional sentences are more concrete- if a certain condition occurs, a result WILL (most likely, in reality) HAPPEN. Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers

Verb Mood Shifts Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Special Rule Dont mix Indicative and Conditional IF does NOT go with WAS IF goes with WERE Yes: If I were a butterfly, I would fly. NO: If I was a butterfly, I would fly. Was is only for past tense! You may say: When I was a butterfly, I flew. What verb mood is this?

Famous Correct Subjunctive Usage! If I were a boy/ I think I could understand/ how it feels to love a girl Famous Incorrect Subjunctive Usage If I was a rich girl/then Id have all the money in the world/If I was the richest girl Poor Biebs, needs some help with his grammar If I Was Your Boyfriend

So Can y ou help The Biebs out??? W h a t is w rong with his s on g ? s i d o o m t

a h w n I e h t n i b r e v th e

? g n o s s i h f o e l ti t Subjuncti v

e W h y d o es was have to be changed t o e only th eeisre erw W ? rm in the

appropriate fo ood. m e iv t c n ju b u s e I s

u ld u o w e w Normally, al ic t e h t o

p y h a was, but in d, o o m e iv t c n ju

situation/sub sed. u m r o f e h t is were Why cant w e

leave it as i s, Because it is not a certain and assume it s condition; its only a in the hypothetical situation hes conditional talking about. Its not Inappropriate shift An inappropriate shift or inconsistency in the verb of a sentence confuses the reader. Shifts in a verb mood can make reading difficult and obscure the sentence's meaning.

To correct the shift, both clauses in the sentence should be in the same mood. In complex or compound sentences, the verb tenses should be the same. Worksheet 1. SUBJUNCTIVE: I recommend you dress warmly for our Alaskan cruise. 2. INTERROGATIVE: Will Tom be attending the movies with us tonight? 3. CONDITIONAL: You may borrow the car if you wash it first. 4. INDICATIVE: The new trampoline park opens Monday. 5. IMPERATIVE: Carry your notebook in your backpack.

Worksheet 2. a. We recommend that Sarah attend the program orientation (subjunctive) and completes an application. (indicative) 3. a. Pick up your passport,(imperative) and we should buy the tickets to Venice, Italy. (indicative) 4. b. If I was determined to succeed,(was is past tenseindicative) I would attend the university. 5. a. All riders should keep their arms inside the roller coaster (indicative) and buckle your seat belt. (imperative) Worksheet 2. Empty that recycling bin and separate the bottles from the cans. 3. If Stanley were elected class president, he would

reinstall water vending machines. 4. The school counselor suggested Maria visit the new school and tour the dormitory. 5. Write a letter, put it in an envelope, and mail it. Inappropriate Shift Correction Eat ice cream, and you will jog around the playground. I (imperative) (indicative)

Eat ice cream and jog around the playground. (imperative) (imperative) You could eat ice cream, but why couldn't you jog around the playground? (indicative) (interrogative) You could eat ice cream, and you could jog around the playground. (indicative) (indicative) If I was to eat ice cream, I

will jog around the playground. If I were to eat ice cream, I would jog around the playground. *cannot use if/was! What two verb moods are used in this sentence? (1.) Remember your manners and (2.) you should put down your phone down. (1.) Remember your manners (imperative) and (2.) you should put down your phone down (indicative- opinion or statement)

Rewrite as an imperative sentence. Remember your manners and put your phone down. What two verb moods are used in this sentence? (1.) You played videogames all night, but (2.) why couldnt you complete your homework? (1.) You played videogames all night,(indicative) but (2.) why couldnt you complete your homework? (interrogative) Rewrite as an indicative sentence. You played videogames all night instead of completing your homework. Rewrite as an interrogative sentence. Why did you play videogames all night instead of

completing your homework? Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers

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