The Nuremberg Laws: Creating the Road to the T-4 Program
THE NUREMBERG LAWS: CREATING THE ROAD TO THE T-4 PROGRAM By Jennifer Hight INTRODUCTION Nuremberg Laws: implemented September 15, 1935 These laws established a foundation for a eugenics program that the Nazi doctors performed on inmates in T-4 centers and concentration camps from 1939 to 1945. The Nuremberg Laws were the first law codes to give discrimination a strong legal standing and removed repercussions against doctors actions towards their patients which created the Nazi eugenics program.
THE NUREMBERG LAWS Reich Citizenship Law Law for the Protection for Hereditary Health Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor REICH CITIZENSHIP LAW Revoked the status of Jews as legal citizens Define what it meant to be German or Jewish
Created the framework the Nazis would use to persecute Jews and other minorities Was later applied to other minorities, the disabled, mentally and terminally ill LAW FOR THE PROTECTION OF HEREDITARY HEALTH Anyone the Nazis deemed as carrying inheritable diseases would be forced to undergo sterilization
Diseases ranged from schizophrenia to alcoholism Anyone with a physical disability was sterilized Patients could not refuse sterilization LAW FOR THE PROTECTION OF GERMAN BLOOD AND GERMAN HONOR Outlawed marriage between Germans and Jews Defined mixed race children
Established legal concept of blood purity Gleichschaltung Program Social coordination Nazi party used propaganda to control every aspect of society Compliance German citizens trained to be compliant Lack of protest allowed Nazis to escalate their programs Violent Demonstration SS- Hitlers paramilitary. Harassed and attacked Jews and other minorities Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)- Predetermined night of violence against Jews by Germans. Targeted businesses and synagogues
THE PATH TO THE T-4 PROGRAM SURVIVORS TESTIMONY ABOUT PATH TO T-4 Joshua Degani Kurt Messerschmidt Jewish survivor Jewish survivor Faced persecution under Coordination
Testimony on silence after Kristallnacht Not allowed into movie theaters Im sure, in this particular situation, that some of the people standing there disapproved of what the Nazis did. But the disapproval was only silence. And silence is what did the harm Family barber refused to cut hair
Schterma = propaganda books T-4 PROGRAM 6 killing centers, but all hosptials included Targeted disabled and mentally ill Sterilized individuals the Nazis deemed inferior Killed victims with sleeping pills, injections, and poison gas Doctors chose patients who had anatomy that interested the researcher
Killed and autopsied these patients Corpses were experimented on SIMILARITIES BETWEEN T-4 CENTERS AND CONCENTRATION CAMPS T-4 Facilities Patients transported with gekrat buses Death buses Doctors and physicians used selection process Mass murder with poison gas Crematoriums and mass graves
Experiments conducted on autopsied bodies Concentration Camps Trains for transportation Selection used on prisoners Mass murder with poison gas Zyklon B gas Crematoriums and mass graves Experiments conducted on prisoners Mengele, Luftwaffe, and other CONCLUSION
T-4 Program Escalated into the Holocaust Desensitized Nazi doctors to mass murder and human experiments Citizenship Weaponized Citizenship only real protection Other vs. Germans Issues of medical Consent Experiment Review Boards Signed consent for medical procedures
Longitudinal Study: Subjects are followed and periodically reassessed over a period of time Invitation To Psychology Carol Wade and Carol Tavris PowerPoint Presentation by H. Lynn Bradman Metropolitan Community College-Omaha What is Psychology? Chapter 1 What is Psychology?
(p. 33): "Those who emphasize natural rights tend to emphasize the ethical character of the process by which people interact, seeing acts generally as likely to be ethical if they involve voluntary interactions and freely made exchanges, where the parties...
The other founders are: Chicago University (Argonne National Lab), University of Southern California, Los Angeles (Information Sciences Institute) and the PDC, Stockholm, Sweden (4th call out) The EU EGEE project (Enabling Grids for E-Science in Europe) is establishing a common...
With the increase in tensions, nations of Europe took steps to prepare for war. Military expenditures rose 300% in Europe between the years of 1870 and 1914. Some nations promoted militarism (a belief in the value of a strong military)...
I.A.P.O. Cittadinanzattiva Areas Of Involvement Council of Europe Committee of experts on media and health (SP-MDS) Primary Care Implementation National/Regional Steering Committees Medical Councils Advisory Group on Competence Assurance An Bord Altranais steering committee on Nurses in the prescribing and...
Find the perimeter. 25 cm. 25 cm. 15 cm. Perimeter. ... you getthe formula for circumference. C. d. ... trapezoid are its bases, b 1 and b 2. The height of a trapezoid is the perpendicular distance between the bases....