The Odyssey - Weebly

The Odyssey - Weebly

The Odyssey Homer Pre-reading questions Pre-Reading Questions 1. Have you ever been lost or lost your way home? What was it like? How did you feel when you found your way? 2. Why do we read books like The Odyssey? Why read something that is thousands of years old? What can we learn from their society? Background- Author 7th or 8th century B.C.

Homer: probably blind and nomadic poet named who lived in the town of Smyrna on the west coast of Asia Minor. Presented orally, rather than in written form Homers epics were written down at the command of Pisistratus, an Athenian ruler who was Background- Authorship disagreement

A popular theory: stories in The Odyssey and The Iliad were chosen from the mythological lore passed down for generations by singing storytellers, or bards. A series of poets who each composes orally an entirely different version of the story Developed out of the spoken, sung, and performed tradition of ancient Greek storytelling Recorded on papyrus

Inscribed in the Ionic Greek dialect in dactylic hexameter Illiad & Trojan War Mythological: Judgment of Paris Who is the most beautiful woman? Aphrodites bribe to Paris is Helen Greeks attack Troy Avenging Menelaus, king of Sparta Menelaus wife, Helen, ran off with Paris, Prince of Troy Menelaus brother, Agamemnon rallied the Greeks

A thousand ships sailed the Aegean sea to attack the walls of Troy Illiad & Trojan War -Greeks defeating Trojans, but -Cant finish them off. -Wall around Troy. Contestants: Greeks Trojans

Odysseus Paris Achilles Laocoon Menelaus Hector Poseidon Athena Story of the last year of the Trojan War: War had lasted 10 years. Troy was defeated when Ulysses and his men were

able to get inside the walls of Troy concealed within the body of the Illiad & Trojan War: Did It Happen? Much of the information and plot of the Iliad is no doubt fantasy and myth. There is, for example, no evidence that Achilles or even Helen existed. -Most Scholars agree that there was a city named Troy. -"The archaeological and textual evidence indicates that a Trojan war or wars took place, and that Homer chose to write about one or more of them by making it into a great ten-year-long saga," said

historian and archaeologist Eric Cline. Background- Brief Synopsis Homers The Odyssey is the story of Odysseus. After defeating the Trojans in the famous Trojan War, it takes Odysseus ten more years to finally reach his native Ithaca, totaling twenty long years away at war and lost at sea. An epic about humans on the journey of life overcoming

temptations along the way Background- Brief Synopsis Homer condenses the story of Odysseus adventures, using various narrative devices to provide back-story as well as push the story forward toward the moment of Odysseuss return. The Odyssey covers: the customs and beliefs of the ancient Greek civilization, the fantastical world of ancient

Greek mythology: mysterious creatures deceitful witches, powerful gods. Epic Poetry An epic: is a long narrative poem that relates the great deeds/quests of a larger-than-life hero who embodies the values of a particular society. Think Hercules, and Shrek in poetic form. The most famous epic poems are The Epic of Gilgamesh, Illiad, Odyessy, and Beowulf

In comparison to the standard of Homeric epics (15,000 lines) Beowulf is relatively short (3,200 lines) Epic Poetry Two Types of Epics: 1. Folk Epic- oral compositions passed on from storyteller to storyteller and has changed over time. 1. Ex. -Beowulf, the Iliad, and the Odyssey 2. Literary Epic- written compositions that

are unchanged over time. 1. Ex. -Aeneid and Paradise Lost Epic Poetry The setting is broad and often includes supernatural realms, especially the land of the dead The plot is complicated by supernatural beings or events Written or told using heightened language and formal diction with a serious tone Characters have long, formal speeches

Poem reflects timeless values (courage, etc) Treats universal themes (good vs. evil, etc.) Heros journey EPIC POETRYCONVENTIONSShared characteristics of epics that bards/scops drew upon to recall the stories they were recounting and that writers of epics drew upon to establish the epic quality of their poems. here is an INVOCATION or formal plea for aid/help to a deity or some other spiritual power. The action begins IN MEDIA RES: in the middle of things Then flashes back to events that took place before the narrators current time setting

Epic Similes- elaborately extended comparisons relating heroic events to simple, everyday events Epic Hero The hero, generally male, is of noble birth or high position The epic hero is a LARGER THAN LIFE PERSON who embodies the highest ideals of his culture The hero performs courageous deeds or undertakes an extraordinary quest He maintains humanity Archetypes

The epic hero is an archetype An archetype is a pattern that appears in literature across cultures and is repeated through the ages. An archetype can be a character, a plot, an image, or a setting. We unconsciously already recognize the archetype, and thus the motivations, behind the character's behavior. Universal images/concepts/ ideas that come from shared common experiences, which transcend time, place and culture. Heros Journey

3 phases of the hero journey: Separation a break away from local social order, the beginning of a quest. Initiation a long deep retreat inward with a series of chaotic encounters which provide new insight. Return reintegration

into society, coming back as as a more evolved person. Heros Journey a quest a test (to test worthiness) a main antagonist, often supernatural/mythical a magical/unreal world, unable to be visited by a normal human, that the hero visits (e.g. the underworld or the world of the gods) low point where hero nearly gives up or appears defeated a resurrection (either from being dead or from a

dead-like state of mind, or a hero who was thought to be dead who was rediscovered) Restitution: Often this takes the form of the hero regaining his rightful place on the throne. Heros Journey Identify a hero or heroine from a film or story and explain

how their journey fits the three phases be sure to give examples. Journey of Odysseus Journey of Odysseus

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