The United States and Canada Chapters 5-8 Landforms Canada and the US are some of the largest countries in the world. Abundant resources, fertile soil, ample water supply Both benefit from these resources and have carved them into world powers
The Eastern Lowlands A flat coastal plain from the Atlantic Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico Piedmont plateau between the ocean and Appalachian Mountains Landforms
Appalachian Highlands West of the coastal plain Contains Appalachian Mountains From Canada to Alabama Includes the Catskill, Green, Blue Ridge, and Great Smoky mountain ranges The Interior Lowlands Flattened by glaciers thousands of years ago
Some of the worlds most fertile soil Divided into three sub-regions: Interior Plains The Great Plains The Canadian Shield Landforms The Western Mountains, Plateaus, and Basins
The Rocky Mountains are a series of ranges from Alaska to New Mexico The Continental divide is the highest points of these ranges that determine if a river flows east or west. Sierra Nevada and Cascade ranges are the other Steep cliffs The Islands
Canadas northernmost islands are encircled by icy seas Three of these, Ellesmore, Victoria, and Baffin are only smaller than Greenland The Aleutian Islands in Alaska and the Hawaiian Islands are made from volcanoes Landforms Oceans and Waterways
Ample water sources Three oceans- Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic Gulf of Mexico The Great Lakes Superior, Michigan, Ontario, Huron, Erie With the St. Lawrence river, forms a large shipping route Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio rivers
Canadas Longest river= Mackenzie River Climate Colder Climates Arctic coasts have a tundra climate (Long winters, short summers) Some areas have permafrost- Ground that is permanently frozen
Moderate Climates North Central, NE US and Southern Canada have Humid Continental Climates- Cold winters, Warm summers Marine West Coast Climate Northern California-British Columbia Coastal currents and mountains are called-Prevailing Westerlies Warm Summers, Long Winters
Climate Milder Climate Humid Subtropical- Southern states Hot, muggy summers, mild and cool winters Adequate rainfall provides long growing seasons Dry Climates Southwestern states have a dry, arid climate
Tropical Climate Temperatures only vary a few degrees year round Hawaii Everglades in Florida Human-Environment Interaction Nomadic peoples settled into areas due to farming Building cities from that point
Montreal- Adapting to the Weather Built on an island, major port city 100 days or more of winter Vast parts of city built underground Los Angeles-Creating Urban Sprawl Desirable Pacific location Built around foothills-lots of air pollution, inadequate water
supplies, earthquakes Canada History Colonized by the French and the British in the 16th and 17th centuries France and Britain fought the French and Indian war for control of Canada
Britain won but French settlers stayed Split the land into provinces- political units, to try to stop fights between the French and the British settlers British North American Act- 1867 Created the Dominion of Canada (like creating states) Canada
Government Was recognized as an independent nation in 1931 Has a parliamentary government The congress= parliament The leader= Prime Minister Population growth Started to grow as British immigrants moved in
Farming was the main attraction Cities are growing rapidly, especially in warmer climate closer to US. Canada Economy Farming, logging, mining, are main industries Ample fisheries due to lots of coastline
Service industries Real economic power 70% of GDP Includes finance, insurance, real estate, tourism, transportation, trade, and utilities Culture First settlers were Inuit
French and Native descent are called metis Canada is officially bilingual (French and English) Population and urban sprawl is dictated by the harsh climate The Atlantic Provinces Area includes: Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Home to just 8% of the Canadian population
Due to severe weather and rugged terrain 89% of the land in Nova Scotia is too rocky to use Logging and fishing are mainstays of the economy Hydroelectric power supplies Quebec and the NE US
The Core Provinces Area is Quebec and Ontario Often referred to as Canadas Heartland 3/5 of the population lives here French speakers live in Quebec English speakers live in Ontario Ottawa is the Capital of Canada (Ontario)
Great Lakes and mining provide economic strength here The Prairie Provinces Area includes: Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta Are part of the Great Plains Account for 50% of Canadas agriculture Very diverse populations
Scottish, Irish, Ukrainians, Poles, and Scandinavians immigrated to this region. Very flat land The Pacific Provinces Area includes: British Columbia, Yukon Territory, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut
British Columbia Dense forests and high mountains Logging mining, and hydro-electric power Vancouver is Canadas largest port city The Territories 41% of the land mass of Canada Mostly unspoiled wilderness and sparse population
Populations too spread out to have significant economies The United States History Many different peoples settled the land and were drawn there due to farming English, French, Spanish, Dutch, explorers all came to claim land. Used the abundant resources of their area
Started with the 13 colonies and expanded in the Louisiana Purchase and Lewis and Clarks expedition from the Atlantic to the Pacific. We moved westward with the population expanding Industrialized in the late 1800s Became a world power in the 1940s.
The United States The Population Americans live in a globalized world Concerned with world affairs Work with other countries The majority of Americans live in cities and suburbs
The Government The US has a representative democracy Broken into three branches Executive: President and his cabinet Legislative: Congress Judicial: Supreme Court Each branch checks and balances each others power
The United States Economy The worlds greatest economic power Makes up 10% of the entire worlds exports in agriculture and manufacturing The economy is run on free enterprise Private individuals own the resources and the land and
sell goods for a profit Easy shipping access around the world Great lakes, Mississippi River, Atlantic and Pacific Ocean The United States American Life Today More than 307 million people live in the US
80% of Americans live in cities Highly developed roads system Free education system 9/10 students attend public schools Ages 6-16 are required to go to school 1 in 8 Americans lives in poverty
The Northeast Region includes: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, New York, and New Jersey New England- Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut Mid-Atlantic States- Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey (sometimes Delaware and Maryland too)
Strong industrial start of the US Now called the Rust Belt- industry is dying there Contains megalopolis- stretches over 500 miles The Midwest Area includes: Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota,
Wisconsin, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas Agricultural and Industrial Heartland Called the Breadbasket due to favorable climate and soil for farming Shipping hubs such as Chicago, Duluth, Cleveland, Detroit, Milwaukee, and Minneapolis
The South Area includes: West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi Called the Sunbelt because of its warm climate The Old South: Slave laborers, agricultural economy
Mixed races: Cajuns= French-Canadian The New South Air conditioning helped grow southern industrialization People are retiring in the south, Tourism The West Area includes: Montana, Wyoming, Colorado,
New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, California, Alaska, Nevada, Hawaii Favorable landforms and climate Irrigation has made the region able to produce goods Film industry makes region wealthy Most rapidly growing region
US and Canada Issues Today Terrorism The unlawful use of, or threatened use of force or violence against individuals or property for the purpose of intimidating or causing fear for a political or social ends. Many terrorist groups fighting with the US War on Terror
What is the outlook on terrorist groups operating inside the US? How long can we sustain attacking terror cells across the globe? Do you agree?: One persons terrorist is another persons freedom fighter.
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