The United States Supreme Court Article 3 of the US Constitution
The United States Supreme HowCourt did the Article 3 of the US Constitution Supreme Court under The U.S.S.C. Chief Justice John interprets the Marshalls Constitution and leadership change the Law American Government?
Landmark Supreme Court Decisions during the Marshall Years. Three key court cases include: Marbury v. Madison McCulloch v. Maryland Gibbons v. Ogden John Marshall set important precedents
Precedent: An act or instance that may be used as an example in dealing with subsequent similar instances. A judicial decision that may be used as a standard in subsequent similar cases: a landmark decision that set a legal precedent The United States Supreme Court under John Marshall (Marshall served as Chief Justice from 1801 to 1835) -AWhat
Federal Judges term of office is the term of office is Retire/Expire for a Federal Judge (Article -Thewhy Framers the 3), and is it of different Constitution wanted of to office
insulate than the tenure Judges politics in order to for thefrom other two branches make sure that Judges would of government? focus on the law and not popular appeal. Marbury v. Madison (1803) John Adams Midnight Appointments
Adams, as a lame duck president, appointed several new judges on the eve of Jeffersons inauguration The most famous appointment was John Marshall to Chief Justice. William Marbury was appointed to a lower federal court. Marburys appointment was not
delivered before the change of presidential administration. The new Jefferson administration refused to honor the appointment. Marbury appealed to the S.C. to secure his judgeship. Marbury v. Madison (1803) John Adams Midnight Appointments
Marbury believed that CJ Marshall would grant him the judgeship because they were both federalists. Jefferson refused to grant the judgeship regardless of what the SC said. Fearing a constitutional crisis, Marshall sacrificed Marbury and carved out a new power for the Supreme Court. Marshall & the SC declared the portion of the law that granted Marbury his judgeship UNCONSTITIONAL, Marbury was denied his judgeship, but the SC gained the power of JUDICIAL REVIEW
It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law isThus the particular phraseology of the Constitution of the United States confirms and strengthens the principle, supposed to be essential to all written constitutions, that a law repugnant to the Constitution is void John Marshall, Marbury v. Madison McCulloch v Maryland
The state of Maryland attempted to tax a federal bank. At issue in this case was the supremacy of the federal government v States Rights. The Court nullified Marylands state law & established the supremacy of the federal government. It also cemented the idea of implied powers of the Constitution. Implied powers--unwritten powers designated to Congress
in order that Congress may implement their delegated/express/enumerated powers Gibbons v Ogden At issue in this case was whether or not the State of New York had the legal authority to grant one steamship company a contract on an interstate waterway. The Court clarified Federal authority over interstate commerce when it
nullified New York States law. Federal law is Supreme over State Law. Conclusion How did the Supreme Court under Chief Justice John Marshalls leadership change American Government? The Marshall court established the power of Judicial Review (Unwritten Constitution) Strengthened the Supreme Court (Checks & balances-Declaring laws unconstitutional)
Strengthened the power of the Federal Government over the States (Federal Supremacy) Conclusion The Marshall Court had a great impact on American society. Under Marshall the Supreme Court strengthened the authority of the Federal Government as well as the power of the Supreme Court.
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