The Voyage of the 'Dawn Treader' - Joel D. Heck

The Voyage of the 'Dawn Treader' - Joel D. Heck

The Voyage of the Dawn Treader To Geoffrey Corbett But first our Kahoot sample. Background From the prologue to Spirits in Bondage, a

collection of poems by Lewis: In my coracle of verses I will sing of lands unknown. . . . Sing about the Hidden Country fresh and full of quiet green. Sailing over seas uncharted to a port that none has seen.

Background Lewis lived on an island nation. He once wrote, And the sea! I cannot bear to live too far

Belfast, Northern Ireland VDT & Dantes Divine Comedy Marsha Daigle-Williamson (MDW): The first part of this Narnian journey recalls the journey in the Purgatorio, while the second part creatively replicates journey events in the

Paradiso. MDW: Eustaces physical and moral transformation condenses several experiences of Dantes pilgrim. Dantes Divine Comedy Dantes pilgrim travels effortlessly up into the heavens, while the Narnian crew travels effortlessly because of a strong current. As Dantes pilgrim nears heaven, the light increases; as the Dawn Treader travels east, the light increases.

Beatrices appearance becomes brighter as she moves up through the spheres, while the Narnians sail east and their own faces and bodies became brighter and brighter. Dante uses lilies as a metaphor for the apostles, while the Narnian crew sails through a sea of lilies. And ten other similarities. Opening Sentence There was a boy called Eustace Clarence Scrubb, and he almost deserved it. American Book Review

ranked it as #47 on its list of The 100 Best First Lines from Novels. Bruce Edwards: Lewis chose a name that conveys a sense of conceited selfsatisfaction. Not for the first time, an argument had broken out over breakfast at number four, Privet Drive. Opening Sentence

The first sentence of this book has also been quoted in a collection of unusual first sentences by Douglas Loney, who thinks Lewis chose the name Eustace in memory of a spoiled brat named Eustace Robinson in E. M. Forsters short story,

The Story of a Panic. The Frequency of Names in VDT Reepicheep: 116 times Edmund: 145 times Eustace: 158 times Caspian: 260 times Lucy: 270 times Michael Ward & Planetary Influence The

Planet: the Sun, giver of light Christ is the bright Morning Star (Rev. 22:16). The sun makes people wise and free; produces fortunate events. The suns sphere is the heaven of theologians and philosophers. Metal: Gold (a word that appears 37 times) Planetary Influence Water

as drinkable light in the Eastern Sea The books title: a voyage toward the sun The ships flag has a picture of a golden lion, the stern cabin has a flat gold image of Aslan. The prow of the ship is a gilded, i.e. golden, dragons tail covered with gilding. Planetary Influence

The Greek god Apollo, the god of light, was known as a dragon slayer. In VDT, four dragonish creatures are defeated. First, the old dragon on Dragon Island. Then Eustace, who had become a dragon. Then the sea serpent, and last the Dawn Treader itself. Eyesight becomes sharper at the end of the story (more light usually improves our vision). Aslans golden character is emphasized. The sun looks larger later in the story.

Narnian Time In Narnia, 2306-2307: Narnian dates of the voyage, when Caspian was 16 (3 years since the end of Prince Caspian) In England, 1942: the year of Edmund, Lucy and Eustaces voyage, when they were 12, 10, and 9 The Plot: Search for the Seven Lost Lords

Edmund and Lucy stay at the house of their annoying cousin Eustace Clarence Scrubb because their Dad is on a summer lecture tour in America (with his wife and Susan). As Eustace teases them, a painting comes alive, and they find themselves in Narnia on board the Dawn Treader. They sail East to the Lone Islands, are captured by slave traders, find Lord Bern (#1), but escape and rearrange the leadership on the islands. They leave the Lone Islands, sailing east and eventually face a fierce storm, which damages the Dawn Treader. They repair and recover at Dragon Island, where Lord

Octesian (#2) had died. Eustace walks away to avoid work, gets lost, and eventually turns into a dragon. The Plot: Eustaces SelfRevelation In spite of the pain, his first feeling was one of relief. There was nothing to be afraid of any more. He was a terror himself now and nothing in the world but a knight (and not all of those) would dare to attack him. He could get even with Caspian and Edmund now But the moment he thought this he realized that he didnt want to. He wanted to be friends. He

wanted to get back among humans and talk and laugh and share things. He realized that he was a monster cut off from the whole human race. An appalling loneliness came over him. He began to see the others had not really been fiends at all. He began to wonder if he himself had been such a nice person The Dawn Treader The Plot (contd)

They continue their journey, with Eustace undragoned, face a sea serpent and Deathwater Island, where they find another lost lord, Lord Restimar (#3). They stop at the Island of the Voices, Lucy makes

the Dufflepuds visible, and they meet Coriakin the magician. At the Dark Island they pick up Lord Rhoop (#4). They arrive at Ramandus island, find the last three lords (Argoz, Mavramorn, & Revilian, #5, 6, & 7) in an enchanted sleep at Aslans Table, and they leave for the worlds end to break the enchantment. As they go east, they have more sunlight and need less sleep and food. They come to the end of the world. Reepicheep Humor Eustace

to Edmund: And by the way, Id like to apologize. Im afraid Ive been pretty beastly. The Chief Dufflepud: and there we all were as invisible as you could wish to see. A Dufflepud: Getting dark now; always does at night. The Chief Dufflepud: And what I say is, when chaps are visible, why they can see one another. Biblical Theme I: A Change of

Clothes Biblical Theme I: A Change of Clothes What does the undragoning of Eustace mean? Aslan, You will have to let me undress you. Jer. 13:23 Rom. 7:24-25 Rom. 6:3-5

Rev. 3:5 Biblical Theme II: Hearts Desire The Dryads cradle song to Reepicheep: Where sky and water meet, Where the waves grow sweet,

Doubt not, Reepicheep, To find all you seek, There is the utter East. Luke 9:61-62 Heb. 11:13, 16 Psalm 73:25 Jer. 29:12-13

Aslans Seven Appearances 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. To the undragoned Eustace On Deathwater Island

On the Island of the Duffers when Lucy sees his picture When Aslan appears on the Island of the Duffers after her spell The albatross In the flat gold image inside Caspians cabin At the Very End of the World as a lamb and a lion A Favorite Quotation Well, dont tell me about

it, then, said Eustace. But who is Aslan? Do you know him? Wellhe knows me, said Edmund. Eustace on Books & the Value of Reading He

[Eustace] liked books if they were books of information and had pictures of grain elevators or of fat foreign children doing exercises in model schools. I had to apologizeIt comes in the sort of books those Pevensie kids read. Something was crawling. Worse still, something was coming out. Edmund or Lucy or you would have recognized it at once, but Eustace had read none of the

Eustace on Books & the Value of Reading Most of us know what we should expect to find in a dragons lair, but, as I said before, Eustace had read only the wrong books. They had a lot to say about exports and imports and governments and drains, but they were weak on dragons. Eustace (never having read the right books) had no idea how to tell a story straight. This [i.e. to agree to stay overnight with the

three sleepers] was very brave of him because never having read of such things . Caspian and Leadership Development In his essay Answers to Questions on Christianity, Lewis wrote, If you think of this world as a place intended simply for our happiness, you find it quite intolerable: think of it as a place of training and

correction and its not so bad. Caspian is now sixteen. He does more and makes more decisions than in the previous story. Stars In our world, said Eustace, a star is a huge ball of flaming gas. Even in your world, my son, that is not what a star is but only what it is made of.

(Chapter XIV. The Beginning of the End of the World) Knightly Chivalry Reepicheep is the consummate gentleman and chivalrous knight. Reepicheep: its manners courtly (Chapter 1) Reepicheep: I ask your pardons all. Reepicheep: the respect due to a knight

(Chapter 2) Reepicheep: Master Rhince, you never spoke a word that became you less. (Chapter 6) Caspian calls him Sir Reepicheep, the good knight Eustaces Moral Development Many compare Eustaces dragon form to his selfish inner nature, and his being undragoned to salvation. How perfect

was Eustace after his transformation? Answer: It would be nice, and fairly nearly true, to say that from that time forth Eustace was a different boy. To be strictly accurate, he began to be a different boy. He had relapses. More Moral Development Caspian: We must just keep close watch and, as soon as it is light, go down to the

beach and give it battle. On Eustace the dragon: greatly to his surprise, Reepicheep was his most constant comforter. Eustace to Edmund: Id like to apologize. Lucy leant her head on the edge of the fighting top and whispered, Aslan, Aslan, if ever you loved us at all, send us help now. Humor Reepicheep playing chess It was,

however, clear to everyone that Eustaces character had been rather improved by becoming a dragon. Cup, Sword, Tree, Green Hill In the story from the magicians book, to what do the

cup, sword, tree, and green hill refer? Answer: Christs Last Supper, arrest, death and resurrection. Why? Four reasons. 1. The four elements line up chronologically with the details from the New Testament. 2. This is a story that does not seem to belong in Narnia. 3. It comes after Lucys greatest transgression in the Chronicles and therefore provides the way for her spirit to be made fresh again. 4. Aslan tells Lucy, I will tell it to you for years and years. The Spell for the Refreshment of the Spirit

Spell By the way The word spell has a double meaning. In On Fairy-Stories, Tolkien notes that the word spell, in its Old English roots, means both a story told, and a formula of power over living men. Furthermore, the word gospel,

derived from spell, literally means good story. Another Favorite Quotation Aslan: I will not tell you how long or short the way will be; only that it lies across a river. But do not fear that, for I am the great Bridge Builder. . . . But there I have another name. You must learn to know me by that

name. This was the very reason you were brought to Narnia, that by knowing me here for a little, you may know me better there. Factual Quiz Just for Fun Eustace Clarence Scrubb was the Pevensies (a) cousin in Cambridge, (b) friend in Oxford, (c) nephew in Narnia. 2. Eustace, Lucy and Edmund entered Narnia through (a) a door in the sky, (b) a wardrobe, (c) a picture of a

ship. 3. Caspian was looking for (a) revenge against Miraz, (b) the Worlds End, 1. Factual Quiz Just for Fun 4. 5. 6. The evil that Lord Bern helped the voyagers

destroy in the Lone Islands was (a) a magic curse, (b) slavery, (c) evil dreams. After leaving the Lone Islands, the Dawn Treader suffered two weeks of (a) storm and drifting, (b) attacks from sea serpents, (c) captivity. Dragon Island is where (a) Eustaces cure began, (b) Eustace became perfect, (c) Eustace was condemned. Factual Quiz Just for Fun 7.

Deathwater Island is where (a) gold means death, (b) Lord Restimore became rich, (c) all water was poison. Factual Quiz Just for Fun Which of Aesops fables is told in this story? (a) The Mischievous Dog, (b) Androcles and the Lion, (c) The

Dog and the Wolf. 9. The Dark Island was (a) made light by Caspian, (b) where dreams come true, (c) where Aslan was seen as a Lamb. 10.Ramandu was (a) a retired star with a lovely daughter, (b) a magician, 8. Benediction Lord of the Utter East, you know

where each of us is on this life voyage. Please preserve us from Deathwater curses and Dark Island dreams. Give us the courage to endure through rough storms and dull calms. Keep telling us how to get to your country from our world. And help us to know you better here. Next Week: The Silver Chair

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