Tony Doyle GridPP Oversight Committee 15 May 2002 Document Mapping Exec Summary Goals Metrics for success Project Elements Risks/Dependencies (and mechanisms) Summary
PMB-02-EXEC PMB-01-VISION PMB-02-EXEC Gantt Charts, PMB-05-LCG, TB-01-Q5-Report, TB-02-UKRollout, PMB-06-TierAstatus, PMB-04-Resources PMB-03-STATUS, PMB-07-INSTRUMENTS PMB-02-EXEC Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Outline The Vision Thing Grid 1. Scale 2. Integration 3. Dissemination 4. LHC Analyses 5. Other Analyses 6. DataGrid 7. LCG 8. Interoperability 9. Infrastructure 10.Finanaces Summary
Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow GridPP Documents GridPP Project Management Board Vision Statement From Web to Grid Building the next IT Revolution GridPP-PMB-01-Vision DOCUMENT IDENTIFIER: 07/05/2002 Date: Version: 1.0 Document status: FINAL Author Tony Doyle Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow GridPP Vision From Web to Grid Building the next IT Revolution Premise
The next IT revolution will be the Grid. The Grid is a practical solution to the data-intensive problems that must be overcome if the computing needs of many scientific communities and industry are to be fulfilled over the next decade. Aim The GridPP Collaboration aims to develop and deploy the largest-scale science Grid in the UK for use by the worldwide particle physics community. Many Challenges.. Shared distributed infrastructure For all experiments Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow GridPP Objectives 1. SCALE: GridPP will deliver the Grid software (middleware) and hardware infrastructure to enable the testing of a prototype of the Grid for the LHC of significant scale. 2. INTEGRATION: The GridPP project is designed to integrate with the existing Particle Physics programme within the UK, thus enabling early deployment and full testing of Grid technology
and efficient use of limited resources. 3. DISSEMINATION: The project will disseminate the GridPP deliverables in the multi-disciplinary escience environment and will seek to build collaborations with emerging non-PPARC Grid activities both nationally and internationally. 4. UK PHYSICS ANALYSES (LHC): The main aim is to provide a computing environment for the UK Particle Physics Community capable of meeting the challenges posed by the unprecedented data requirements of the LHC experiments. 5. UK PHYSICS ANALYSES (OTHER): The process of creating and testing the computing environment for the LHC will naturally provide for the needs of the current generation of highly data intensive Particle Physics experiments: these will provide a live test environment for GridPP research and development. 6. DATAGRID: Grid technology is the framework used to develop this capability: key components will be developed as part of the EU DataGrid project and elsewhere. 7. LCG: The collaboration builds on the strong computing traditions of the UK at CERN. The CERN working groups will make a major contribution to the LCG research and development programme. 8. INTEROPERABILITY: The proposal is also integrated with developments from elsewhere in order to ensure the development of a common set of principles, protocols and standards that can support a wide range of applications. 9. INFRASTRUCTURE: Provision is made for facilities at CERN (Tier-0), RAL (Tier-1) and use of up to four
Regional Centres (Tier-2). 10. OTHER FUNDING: These centres will provide a focus for dissemination to the academic and commercial sector and are expected to attract funds from elsewhere such that the full programme can be realised. (. WHAT WE SAID WE COULD DO IN THE PROPOSAL) Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Grid A Single Resource Many millions of events Peta Bytes of data storage Many 1000s of computers required Various conditions GRID A unified approach Heterogeneous operating
systems GRID A unified approach Many samples Distribute d resources Worldwide collaborati on Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow GRID Grid - Whats been happening? OGSA A unified approach A lot GGF4, OGSA and support of IBM (and others) [as opposed to .NET development framework and passports
to access services] Timescale? September 2002 W3C architecture for web services Chose (gzipped) XML as opposed to other solutions for metadata descriptions and web-based interfaces linux [as opposed to other platforms lindows??] C++ (experiments) and C, Java (middleware) APIs [mono - Open Source implementation of the .NET Development Framework??] Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow GridPP Context Provide architecture and middleware Future LHC Experiments Running US Experiments Use the Grid with
real data Build Tier-A/prototype Tier-1 and Tier-2 centres in the UK and join worldwide effort to develop middleware for the experiments Use the Grid with simulated data Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow GRID EDG TestBed 1 Status A unified approach Web interface showing status of (~400) servers at testbed 1 sites GRID extend to all expts Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow e 1. scal
LHC computing at a glance 60 Tier 1 investment The investment in LHC computing will be massive LHC Review estimated 240MCHF (before LHC delay) 80MCHF/y afterwards These facilities will be distributed Political as well as sociological and practical reasons Funding available (MTP) Tier 0 investment 40 MCHF 50 Outsourced administration &
operation Prototype 30 Computer centre refurbishment 20 Physics WAN LHC share of base physics services & infras tructure non-LHC share of base physics s vcs & infrastr. 10 0 2001 Infrastructure (non-physics ) Eng. & accel. services 2002 2003 2004
2005 2006 2007 year Europe: 267 institutes, 4603 users Elsewhere: 208 institutes, 1632 users Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow 2008 RTAG Status 6 RTAGs created to date:
7. LCG RTAG1 (Persistency Framework; status: completed) RTAG2 (Managing LCG Software; status: running) RTAG3 (Math Library Review; status: running) RTAG4 (GRID Use Cases; status: starting) RTAG5 (Mass Storage; status: running) RTAG6 (Regional Centres; status: starting) Two more in advanced state of preparation: Simulation components Data Definition Tools Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Fabrics & Grid Deployment 7. LCG LCG Level 1 Milestone: deploy a Global Grid Service within 1 year sustained 24 X 7 service including sites from three continents identical or compatible Grid middleware and infrastructure several times the capacity of the CERN facility and as easy to use
Ongoing work at CERN to increase automation and streamline configuration, especially for migration to RedHat 7.2. Aim to phase out old CERN solutions by mid-2003. Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow e 1. timescal LCG Timeline Prototype of Hybrid Event Store (Persistency Framework) Hybrid Event Store available for general users applications Distributed production using grid services Full Persistency Framework Distributed end-user interactive analysis Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 2002 2003
2004 2005 LHC Global Grid TDR grid 50% prototype (LCG-3) available LCG-1 reliability and performance targets First Global Grid Service (LCG-1) available Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Be a part of this? LCG Development Long Term Attachment at CERN This will enable Grid developments in the UK to be (more) fully integrated with long-term Grid development plans at CERN. The proposed mechanism is: 1. submit a short one-page outline of current and proposed work, noting how this work can best be developed within a named team at CERN, by e-mail to the GridPP Project Leader (Tony Doyle) and GridPP CERN Liaison (Tony Cass).
2. This case will be discussed at the following weekly GridPP PMB meeting and outcomes will be communicated as soon as possible by e-mail following that meeting. Notes 1. The minimum period for LTA is 3 months. It is expected that a work programme will be typically for 6 months (or more). 2. Prior DataGrid and LHC (or other) experiments' Grid work are normally expected. 3. It is worthwhile reading http://cern.ch/lcg/peb/applications in order to get an idea of the areas covered, and the emphasis placed, by the LCG project on specific areas (building upon DataGrid and LHC experiments' developments). 4. Please send all enquiries and proposals to: Tony Doyle and Tony CASS Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Summary of LCG
7. LCG Project got under way early this year Launch workshop and early RTAGs give good input for high-level planning to be presented to LHCC in July New plan takes account of first beam in 2007 No serious problems foreseen in synchronising LCG plans with those of the experiments Collaboration with the many Grid projects needs more work Technical collaboration with the Regional Centres has to be established Recruitment of special staff going well (but need to keep the recruitment momentum going) Serious problem with materials funding Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Building upon Success
6. DataGrid The most important criterion for establishing the status of this project was the European Commission review on March 1st 2002. The review report of project IST-2000-25182 DATAGRID is available from PPARC. The covering letter states As a general conclusion, the reviewers found that the overall performance of the project is good and in some areas beyond expectations. The reviewers state The deliverables due for the first review were in general of excellent quality, and all of them were available on time All deliverables are approved. The project is doing well, exceeding expectations in some areas, and coping successfully with the challenges due to its size. Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow 6. DataGrid Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow WP1 Workload Management (Job Submission) 6. DataGrid 1. Authentication grid-proxy-init Important to 2. Job submission to DataGrid
implement this dg-job-submit for all experiments 3. Monitoring and control dg-job-status dg-job-cancel dg-job-get-output 4. Data publication and replication (WP2) globus-url-copy, GDMP 5. Resource scheduling use of CERN MSS JDL, sandboxes, storage elements Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow WP2 - Spitfire 6. DataGrid Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow WP3 - R-GMA Application Code Archiver API User code monitors output here. Application Code Consumer API Sensor Code Consumer
Consumer API Consumer API Consumer API API Consumer Servlet Consumer Servlet Consumer Servlet Registry Servlet Consumer Registry API Registry API Registry API API User code here. Builds on R-GMA Database Structures. Producer API Archiver Servlet DBProducer DBProducer
Servlet Registry Servlet Schema API Registry API 6. DataGrid Schema Servlet ProducerServlet Event Dictionary Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow WP4 - LCFG The LCFG Architecture LCFG Source Files Web Server mkxprof XML Profile S erver Client rdxprof rdxprof ldxprof ldxprof Generic Generic
Component Component 6. DataGrid DBM File LCFG Components Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Data Flow Diagram for SE WP5 Storage Element Interface Layer A consistent interface to MSS. The Core and the Bottom Layer 2 6. DataGrid MSS Castor Queue Manager Network
Interface HPSS RAID arrays 3 1 SRM Request Manager DMF Pipe Manager 4 Enstore Pipe Store Disk
Handler MSM Named Pipe Interfaces GridFTP 6 Named Pipe GridRFIO 5 Named Pipe 8 Named Pipe 7 Tape /grid OGSA
Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow WP6 - TestBed 1 Status 6. DataGrid Web interface showing status of (~400) servers at testbed 1 sites GRID extend to all expts Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow WP7 Network Monitoring 6. DataGrid Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow WP7 - EDG Authorisation grid-mapfile generation o=xyz, dc=eu-datagrid, dc=org ou=People CN=Mario Rossi
CN=John Smith Authenticatio n Certificate o=testbed, dc=eu-datagrid, dc=org ou=Testbed1 VO Directory CN=Franz Elmer Authenticatio n Certificate ou=People ou=??? CN=John Smith Authorization Directory Authenticatio n Certificate mkgridmap
6. DataGrid local users CN=Franz Elmer grid-mapfile ban list Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow WP8 - Applications 1. Realistic Large-Scale Tests Reliability! Need reliable dg-job-* command suite 2. Data management Reliability! Need reliable gdmp-* command suite, file-transfer commands 3. Mass Storage Support Working access to MSS (CASTOR and HPSS at CERN, Lyon) 4. Lightweight User Interface Put on a laptop or std. Desktop machine 5. Portability
Demonstrable portability of middleware: a) use other resources, b) debugging 6. Scratch Space 6. DataGrid Job requests X amount of scratch space to be available during execution, system tells job where it is 7. Output File Support JDL support for output files: specify where output should go in JDL, not in job script Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Expt. Feedback 4. and 5. Expts Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow
5. Other Expts 8. Interoperability = Minimal e-Bureaucracy Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow GRID JOB SUBMISSION External User Experience 5. Other Expts Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Things Missing, apparently 5. Other Expts Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Expt. Feedback 4. and 5. Expts Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow GridPP Poster 3. Dissemination Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow
Tier 1/A EDG Poster 3. Dissemination Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow BaBar Poster 3. Dissemination Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow LHCb Poster 3. Dissemination Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow ScotGRID Poster 3. Dissemination Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Identifiable Progress... 3. Dissemination t0 t1 Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow
WebLog Allows every area/sub group to have its own 'news' pages Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow GridPP & Core e-Science Centres 3. Dissemination Written formally to all e-Science centres inviting contact and collaboration with GridPP. NeSC Close ties, hosted 2nd GridPP Collaboration Meeting, Collaboration on EDIKT Project? Training... Belfast Replied but not yet up and running. Cambridge Close ties, hosted 3rd GridPP Collaboration Meeting. Share one post with GridPP. Will collaborate on ATLAS Data Challenges. Cardiff Replied - contacts through QM (Vista) and Brunel GridPP Group. Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow
GridPP & Core e-Science Centres 3. Dissemination London No formal reply but close contacts through IC HEP Group. IC will host 5th GridPP Collaboration Meeting. Manchester No collab. projects so far. Manchester HEP Group will host 4th GridPP Collaboration Meeting. Newcastle In contact - Database projects? Oxford Close ties, collaboration between Oxford HEP Group and GridPP on establishment of central Tier-2 centre? CS/Core-GridPP-EDG links? Probably host 6th GridPP Collaboration Meeting. Southampton Replied but no collaboration as yet. Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow
GLUE 8. Interoperability How do we integrate with developments from elsewhere in order to ensure the development of a common set of principles, protocols and standards that can support a wide range of applications? GGF Within the Particle Physics community, these ideas are currently encapsulated in the Grid Laboratory Uniform Environment (GLUE). Recommend this as a starting point for the wider deployment of Grids across the Atlantic. See http://www. hicb.org/glue/GLUE-v0.1.doc (Ruth Pordes et al.) Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow 8. Interoperability Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow UK Tier-A/prototype Tier-1 Centre
Roles Tier-A Centre for BaBar EDG testbed(s) LCG prototype Tier-1 Centre prototype Tier-1 for LHC experiments (Data Challenges of LCG development) Interworking with other UK resources (JIF, JREI, eSC) existing LEP, DESY and non-accelerator experiments Purchases First year = Hardware Advisory Group (HAG1) Determine balance between cpu, disk, and tape Experts on specific technologies Propose more HAGs (2 and 3).. Needs to be successful in all roles... 9. Infrastructure independent = UK portal Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Rollout of the UK Grid for PP
9. Infrastructure Operational stability of GridPP middleware = Testbed team The gang of four Andrew McNab, Steve Traylen, Dave Colling (other half) and Owen Moroney Ensures the release of Testbed quality EDG software documentation lead for other system managers in terms of implementation pre-defined software cycle releases (2 months..) Subject of the Rollout Plan Planning for EDG Testbed software deployment and support at participating UK sites (Pete Clarke, John Gordon) LCG is the proposed mechanism by which the EDG testbed at CERN becomes an LCG Grid Service. The evolution of the EDG testbed to the LCG Grid Service will take account of both EDG and US grid technology. Need to take account of this.. Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Longer Term.. 9. Infrastructure
LCG Grid Service Takes account of EDG and US grid technology A large-scale Grid resource, consistent with the LCG timeline, within the UK. Scale in UK? 0.5 Pbytes and 2,000 distrib. CPUs = GridPP in Sept 2004 50% prototype Prototype of Hybrid Event Store (Persistency Framework) Hybrid Event Store available for general users applications Distributed production using grid services Full Persistency Framework Distributed end-user interactive analysis Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 2002 2003 2004 2005
LHC Global Grid TDR grid 50% prototype (LCG-3) available LCG-1 reliability and performance targets First Global Grid Service (LCG-1) available Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow 17m 3-Year Project 10. Finances Dave Britton Applications 1.99m Operations 1.88m Tier - 1/A 3.66m CERN 5.67m DataGrid 3.78m
Five components Tier-1/A = Hardware + ITD Support Staff DataGrid = DataGrid Posts + PPD Staff Applications = Experiments Posts Operations = Travel + Management + Early Investment CERN = LCG posts + Tier-0 + LTA Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow 1. Recruitment Status Feb'02 EDG Funded Posts (Middleware/Testbed) All 5 in post + 1 additional EDG Unfunded Posts (Middleware/Testbed) 15 out of 15 in post GridPP Posts (Applications + Tier1/A) Allocated Dec 2001 13 out of 15 in post
CERN Posts First Round = 105 Applicants, 12 Offers, 9 Accepted 4 in Applications, 2 Data Management, 3 Systems Second Round = 140 applicants, 9 Offers Third Round ~ 70 Applicants Aim ~ 28 posts Owen Moroney starts Jan 2002 Frederic Brochu (starts 1st Apr 02, part funded by CeSC) Regina Tam started 7th Jan 02 Steve Traylen started 14th Jan 02 Alexander Holt from 1st Aug 01 Gavin McCance started 1st Sep 01 (1FTE for 3 yrs) W ill Bell started 1st Nov 01 (1FTE for 2 yrs) Dave Colling from 1st Oct 01 (W P1&6) Phillip Lewis from 1st Oct 01 (W P8) Michael George started 1st Oct 01 Andrew McNab started 1st Nov 01 Started ~15th Apr 02 Started 1st Jan 02 Arijeet Datta started 21st Jan 02 Mike Gardner started 28th Jan 02 Paul Mealor started 1st Jul 01
W P3 : Antony W ilson started 4th Jun 01 Laurence Field started 28th Aug 01 Xiaomei Zhu started 28th Jan 02 Manish Soni started 2nd Apr 02 W P5 : Owen Synge started 27th Nov 01 Timothy Eves started 18th Dec 01 W P8 : Stephen Burke started 1st Nov 01 Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow 2. Monitoring Staff Effort [SM] Robin Middleton Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow 3. Progress towards deliverables.. GridPP Experimental Support : Milestone/Deliverable specification and schedule Experiment: LHCb GridPP Experimental Support: Milestone/Deliverable specification and schedule QCDGrid GridPP Experimental Support : Milestone/Deliverable specification and schedule Milestone/Deliverable Specification
Milestone/Deliverable Specification Milestone/Deliverable Specification Due: 2002-Q2 Experiment: Title Title Technology review document D/M [Type] Description Dependencies: (if any) [D] Document ???? what are you actually reviewing and for what purpose ???? None D/M [Type] Description Dependencies: (if any) SAM Core Development Pete Clarke
Due: 2002-Q2 Technology Review [D] Technology Review report Experiment: QCDGrid Due: 2002-Q2 Title Develop an XML Schema for lattice QCD Calculations D/M [Type] [M] Prototype XML Schema for meta-data catalogue (see next deliverable) We aim to develop an XML schema, to define the format of the meta-data documents of the lattice QCD data files in an extensible and scientifically meaningful manner. None Description None Dependencies: (if any)
Milestone/Deliverable Specification Milestone/Deliverable Specification Milestone/Deliverable Specification Experiment: LHCb Due: 2002-Q2 Experiment: SAM Core Development Due: 2002-Q2 Experiment: Title D/M [Type] Description Dependencies: (if any) Detailed requirements, architecture and design document Title
[D] Document ???This document will establish the LHCb requirements for its Grid based analysis and MC production, the architecture it wishes to use in assembling components, and the detailed design of the first prototype.??? None D/M [Type] Description Dependencies: (if any) [D] Document specifying architecture design In parallel with the technology review, the architecture to be used for the upgrade of SAM will be specified. None Milestone/Deliverable Specification LHCb Experiment: Due: 2002-Q3 Title First prototype of Grid interface D/M [Type] Description [M] Prototype & demonstration
Interface originally based on command lines modelled on current Atlas and LHCb production tools. It will allow simple Gaudi analysis jobs to be submitted to EDG testbed sites in addition to MC production jobs. A generic script syntax will need to be developed and job submission scripts should be automatically generated. The scripts have to have an error catching mechanism. Functionality will include: DataGrid job submission (WP1 tools - already exist) Due: 2002-Q2 SAM Core Development Title Develop a meta-data data catalogue for QCD simulation data D/M [Type] Description [M] Meta-data catalogue and browser demonstrator We aim to develop a XML Database Server (a meta-data catalogue) for storing and querying the lattice QCD meta-data. Access to this meta-data will be via command-line tools and through a Browser (see next deliverable). None Dependencies: (if any) Milestone/Deliverable Specification
Experiment: QCDGrid Architecture Design Due: 2002-Q3 Title Demonstration of phase-1 SAM development D/M [Type] Description [M] Report on demonstration The first modifications to SAM will be - the inclusion of GridFTP as a transport option. - the inclusion of Condor-G to allow submission of a job to a remote site (site chosen by hand) - Decentralisation of existing SAM information services and development of a prototype of information services that provides information on available resources and tracks them. This milestone will be a demonstration of these upgrades operating successfully by submitting jobs to key sites in the US and UK Milestone/Deliverable Specification Experiment: QCDGrid
Due: 2002-Q2 Title Develop a Browser for interrogating the meta-data data catalogue D/M [Type] Description [M] Meta-data catalogue and browser demonstrator We aim to develop a Browser to allow users to query the meta-data catalogue. The browser will supply a single interface to the meta-data catalogue, and ultimately to the data catalogue (see next deliverable). None Dependencies: (if any) Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow -1. Next steps.. 10. Finances O(100k) CLRC support through to Sept 04 Other experiments unfunded in peer review process Tier-2 centres unfunded initially
2.3m eDIKT (e-Data, Information and Knowledge Transformation) [SHEFC] Particle Physics = application area - assignment of two (of twelve) FTEs in initial planning. Discussions ongoing with EPCC. O(100m) The first call for Framework VI will be early next year. Call out now for expressions of interest for new networks and integrated projects. Draft document led by David Williams (CERN) Enabling Grids and e-Science in Europe plans to extend the current paradigms with CERN at its focus as the European e-Science Centre. We believe this is the right approach. Incorporates the UKs e-Science agenda, adding a European dimension. It also recognises the central role of CERN and builds upon the recent successes of EDG. PPARC Contact: Neil Geddes Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Testbed Status Overview Green Dot Birmingham y Bristol y Brunel Cambridge Edinburgh y
Glasgow y Imperial Lancaster Liverpool Manchester y Oxford y QMUL y RAL y RHUL UCL G1.1.3 y Metrics G2.0(b) EDG-CE Babar-CE y y y y y y y y y y
y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Andrew McNab - Manchester HEP - 10 May 2002 Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Imperial What is in place in the UK testbed? (an RB centric view of the world)
Only GridPP and Babar VOs Imperial Bristol Replica Catalogue CE, SE, UI Metrics RAL CE, SE, UI Birmingham R. B. II CE, UI JSS LB Liverpool CE, UI IN2P3-Babar UI RHUL
QMUL Bristol CE, UI CE, UI CE, UI Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Grid Support Centre UKHEP CA uses primitive technology It works but takes effort 201 personal certs issued (98 still valid) 119 other certs issued (93 still valid) 8. Interoperability Metrics GSC will run a CA for UK escience CA Uses openCA; Registration Authority uses web We plan to use it Namespace identifies RA, not Project UK
Through GSC we have access to skills of CLRC eSC Use helpdesk to formalise support later in the rollout e-Science Certification Authority Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Summary 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. A vision is only useful if its shared Grid success is fundamental for PP Scale in UK? 0.5 Pbytes and 2,000 distrib. CPUs GridPP in Sept 2004 Integration ongoing.. Dissemination external and internal
LHC Analyses ongoing feedback mechanism.. Other Analyses closely integrated using EDG tools 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. DataGrid - major investment = must be (and is so far) successful LCG Grid as a Service Interoperability sticky subject Infrastructure Tier-A/1 in place, Tier-2s to follow Finances (very well) under control Next steps on framework VI.. CERN = EUs e-science centre? Co-operation required with other disciplines/industry Monitoring mechanisms in place Emphasis on deliverables Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow Executive2 Summary
Significant progress... Project is now well defined in a broad sense and is progressing on a series of fronts. We have responded and outlined our plans to address the concerns of the last OC concerning: 1. 2. 3. 4. WP5; Rollout plan; Monitoring instruments; Metrics for success. The project progress in:
has demonstrated 1. Widespread deployment of EDG testbeds in the UK; 2. Integration with specific experimental areas (BaBar, UKDMC and LISA); and 3. Demonstrating Grid deployment in the UK at the NeSC opening. We see various challenges ahead: 1. Development of more detailed metrics and monitoring of outputs; 2. Management of changes due to external developments (e.g. OGSA); 3. Development of Tier-2 deployment; 4. Engagement of the UK HEP community; and 5. Future funding initiatives such as Framework VI. Tony Doyle - University of Glasgow
Create a Culture That Embraces Change 1 - Recognize that change happens 2 - Empower others to help you lead change 3 - Lead change based on vision, mission, values 4 - Establish urgency 5 - Move ahead, regardless 6...
Strategies for Reading Poetry. ... "My Last Duchess" ... Theme. The previous steps should lead you to a statement of theme: what is the central message of the text, what do we learn about life from having read it. You...
Thiobacillus thiooxidans merupakan bakteri chemolithotrophs yang menggunakan S yang tereduksi sebagai sumber energi. ↓ Asam sulfat merupakan hasil akhir dari reaksi tersebut dan menyebabkan pH lingkungan disekitar 2 atau kurang. ↓ bakteri pengoksidasi yang toleran terhadap kemasaman adalah ...
Line Precedence. Visible lines takes precedence over all other lines. Hidden lines. take precedence over center lines. Center lines. have lowest precedence. In this drawing, a visible line overlies a centermark. Notice that the extension lines from the centermark are...
The Graduation rate looks at how many of our students attending comprehensive high schools, withinfour years. This measure is important because graduation from high school leads to more opportunities for our students in the long term and enables them to...
Alliteration, Consonance, Assonance Alliteration, assonance, and consonance Poets, authors, and song writers use these as tools. These have to do with repeating word sounds. Alliteration Repetition of initial (beginning) consonant sound. A consonant is not a vowel. Example ex: Peter...
In Malachi 1:6-9, Malachi speaking on behalf of God is calling out the priests. It seems as though they were merely going through the motions with regards to sacrifices. It had lost it's meaning, so they were offering any old...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!