Tourism Geography and Destination Knowledge

Tourism Geography and Destination Knowledge

Tourism Geography and Destination Knowledge Objectives of the Course Geography is the basic edifice of Tourism. The knowledge of geography gives an extra edge to the students in designing itineraries for the tourists, suggesting them various destinations and thus leading to better product development and ultimately to greater customer satisfaction.

Identify the three major geographical components of tourism and their interrelationship. Understanding the major geographical push and pull factors that give rise to tourist flow. Tourism System Upon completion of this lecture, you should be able to Understand the main components of the tourism system be able to outline the differing aspects of the tourism system

Understand how tourism is embedded within environments as part of a complex system How tourism is a hybrid activity - involving orderings of space to produce it How tourism is a hybrid of social-ecologicaltechnological things all of which are agents of changes What is a system? A set of things working together as parts of a mechanism or an interconnecting network. A system has parts.

These are interconnected and interrelated. They are changing all the time dynamic. The system is part of society and environment. All parts influence each other. The tourism system Tourism System has Six aspects1. Tourists. 2. Traveller-generating regions. 3. Tourist-destination regions. 4. Transit route regions.

5. Tourism industries - range of businesses and organizations involved in delivering the tourism product. 6. The social, technological, legal, ecological context in which the system is embedded. Source Leiper (1995) Tourist Generating Regions The places of origin of tourists the tourist-generating areas. Represent the homes of tourists, where journey begin and end.

Examine the features that stimulate demand for tourism, include the geographical location of an area; its socioeconomic and demographic characteristic. These areas represent the main tourist markets in the world. Major marketing functions of tourist industry are found here, such as tour operation, and travel retailing. Tourist Destination Regions The tourist destinations the receiving areas. Places that attract tourist to stay temporarily and will have features

and attractions that may not be found in the generating areas. comprise of the accommodation, retailing, and service functions, entertainment, and recreation. most important part of the tourism system, which attract the tourists and energizing the system. recognized as the impacts recipient of the tourism industry, and therefore where the planning and management of tourism is so important. Transit Routes

The routes travelled between tourist-generating areas and the receiving areas. Link the tourist-generating area and the tourist destination area. As the key element in the system as their effectiveness and characteristics shape the size and direction of tourist flows. It represents the location of the main transportation component of the tourist industry.

Spatial interaction between the components of the tourist system Tourist flows Tourist flows between regions is the fundamental to the geography of tourism Between two areas with the destination area containing a surplus of a commodity (ex. tourist attraction) and the generating area having a deficit, or demand for that commodity. The regular patterns of tourist flows, which do not occur randomly but follow certain rules and are influenced by a variety of push and

pull factors. Push factors Mainly concerned with the stage of economic development in the generating area, including the factors as levels of affluence, mobility and holiday

entitlement. Economic development may cause the pressure of life will provide the push to engage in tourism. An unfavourable climate will also provide a strong impetus to travel. Pull factors Include accessibility, and the attractions and amenities of the destination area.

The relative cost of the visit is important, as is the marketing and promotion of the receiving area. Factors Affecting Tourist flows A number of factors that helped to explain these flows: Distances between countries (the greater the distance, the smaller the volume of flow). International connectivity (shared business or

cultural ties between countries). The general attractiveness of one country for another.

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