TRACTOR SAFETY SAFELY WORKING WITH AND AROUND TRACTORS Introduction The following safety module is intended to be used as a refresher safety awareness session and is in no way to be used as a substitute for job training nor proper equipment use. This training module was prepared by UC ANR Environmental Health & Safety, based on information developed by AgSafe (www.agsafe.org). SECURELY FASTEN YOUR SEAT BELT
IF THE TRACTOR HAS ROPS Don't rely on the tractor's Rollover Protection System (ROPS) alone for your protection - use your seat belt. Studies show that tractor drivers can still be thrown from an upset tractor and be seriously injured or crushed. The seat belt will help keep you inside the ROPS in the event of a rollover. REDUCE SPEED WHEN TURNING
When operating a tractor, avoid sharp turns and high speeds. High speeds, coupled with rough ground and narrow wheel settings increases the chance for a rollover. Make turns slowly and at wide angles. AVOID OPERATING TRACTORS NEAR DITCHES, EMBANKMENTS AND HOLES Keep tractors and implements away from irrigation ditches and
embankment edges to avoid tractor upsets. Edges may be weak and break from the weight of the equipment. When you are traveling downhill, use low gears. When you must go up a slope, back up to increase your stability. Approaching a steep slope in the forward position will cause the tractor to upset and possibly injure or kill you. Look ahead at your path. Keep your eyes open for large holes,
rocks or any slopes and avoid them. IF YOU GET STUCK, GET HELP FROM ANOTHER TRACTOR If you get stuck, do not tie a fence post or any other object to the tire for traction as it may tip the tractor over as it tries to overcome the hump, or the post may be thrown up behind the tractor hitting the driver. The best solution is to have another tractor pull you out.
DO NOT PERMIT OTHERS TO RIDE Many unnecessary injuries occur due to riders falling unintentionally from the tractor. An unexpected jolt or stop can cause a rider to lose balance and fall beneath the trailing equipment or tractor tires. Unless a seat is specifically designed for an additional person, never permit anyone to ride.
HITCH ONLY TO THE DRAWBAR AND HITCH POINTS Tractors are designed to tow loads from the rear hitch only. Never hitch a load to the axle or seat as this will cause the tractor to upset backwards. Always match your load to the tractor. Tractors that are too small for the load will have problems stopping once the load has begun to move. If the tractor needs extra weight for balance, add front weights as
necessary. Balance the weight of the load on the trailing implement in order to minimize the stress at the hitch point. STUNT DRIVING AND HORSEPLAY IS PROHIBITED Tractors are not designed for high speeds or for quick maneuvers. Due to the location of the tractor's center of gravity, the tractor can very easily tip to
the side if not handled properly. Horseplay and stunts are unsafe acts that promote injuries and death and will not be tolerated by your employer. SET THE BRAKES SECURELY WHEN THE TRACTOR IS STOPPED When you need to make adjustments to the tractor or to the trailing equipment, put the tractor into neutral, set the brakes, turn off the engine and
remove the key. Be sure to disengage the PTO before working on any trailing equipment. Always replace the PTO shield and other shields after your adjustments. INSPECT YOUR TRACTOR REGULARLY Since tractors can be taken on public roads as well as in the field, it is important that tail lights, signals and safety chains are maintained in good
condition. Inspect the brake fluid and engine fluid, and notify your supervisor if any adjustments/repairs need to be made. Make sure your tractor has a Slow Moving Vehicle emblem at the rear if it is to be driven on public roads. ARTICULATED-FRAME TRACTORS REQUIRE SPECIAL CAUTION
Because articulated-frame tractors bend in the middle, it is especially important that you exercise caution when others are nearby. Before starting articulatedframe tractors, make sure bystanders are not nearby. Understand that steering is more difficult with these tractors and any load being pulled will swing wider side to side, so drive slowly. When making turns, stop first and then begin your turn
slowly. USE COMMON SENSE WHEN OPERATING TRACTORS To prevent unnecessary injuries, don't jump from the tractor but use the provided hand railing and steps. Use safety hand signals to coworkers to maintain communication. Ask your supervisor for a copy of the hand signals used a your workplace.
For more information contact Brian Oatman EH&S Coordinator University of California Agriculture & Natural Resources [email protected] (530) 752-6024 Or go to our web site http://safety.ucanr.org
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