Tragic Heroes - MS. GILPIN

Tragic Heroes - MS. GILPIN

Tragic Heroes The Epic An epic is a long narrative poem/prose that deals with a heros adventures and deeds Often reflects a cultures ideals, values, and beliefs Examples: Gilgamesh, The Illiad, and The Odyssey Characteristics of a

Hero Larger than life Perform great deeds, heroic battles, or dangerous quests May be demi-god A sense of honor Hubris- a characteristic (often pride) that may lead to terrible consequences In Table Groups

In what ways is Okonkwo a hero? Larger than life Perform great deeds, heroic battles, or dangerous quests May be demi-god A sense of honor Hubris- a characteristic (often pride) that may lead to terrible consequences Elements of Tragedy

According to Aristotle, tragedy depicts the downfall of a basically good person through some fatal error or misjudgment (hubris), producing suffering and insight on the part of the protagonist. This allows the audience to feel catharsis Catharsis: release of strong emotions (bringing relief) Protagonists suffer; audience relates and therefore feels pity or fear

Classic tragedies culminate with a new understanding from the protagonist or a moral awakening. What is a tragic hero? A tragic hero is the protagonist of the story, who for all accounts is a typical hero or lead character, but who has a tragic or fatal undoing. Because of some character flaw, the tragic hero is doomed to fail. The Tragic Flaw (hamartia)

The tragic flaw is whatever it is a reoccurring trait that causes a character to fail. Common examples are: Pride Vanity

Over confidence Arrogance Cowardice Etc. Important Definitions 1.Tragedy = representation of an action that is serious and complete and of a certain magnitude. You need to consider this. 2. Tragic hero = protagonist of story who makes a judgment error that inevitably leads to his/her own destruction. Has a tragic flaw (hamartia) that leads

to downfall. Oftentimes, this flaw is a sort of excessive pride (hubris). You need to understand this. Purpose of tragedy to create pity and fear in the audience, leading to a purging of emotions (catharsis). The Tragic Flaw - Hamartia

The tragic flaw is whatever it is a reoccurring trait that causes a character to fail. Common examples are: Pride Vanity

Over confidence Arrogance Cowardice Etc. Classical Tragic Hero Noble birth, or high stature. Heroic or potentially heroic qualities. Fated by the Gods or supernatural force to doom or at least to great suffering. Reversal of fortune. Struggles against fate. Belief in own freedom wins our admiration, despite pending doom. Tragic flaw = often resisting fate i.e. defying gods. (see next page

for examples) Harsh punishment = death (usually) Public mourning Shakespearean Tragic Hero Noble birth, or high stature. Has potential for greatness = his/her tragedy will have far-reaching effects. A good person, but reversal in fortune Makes serious errors in judgment, including misreading of situations. Alienates and isolates self Recognizes mistakes/flaw too late, so tries to at least die bravely. Tragic flaw

Harsh punishment = death Public mourning Modern Tragic Hero Modern combo of the all, with some revision Society may be oppressor Does not have to be high born. Common man May/not result in recognition of tragic flaw Harsh Punishment: May/not die May/not be mourned Okonkwo as a Tragic Hero

Tragic Hero Defining quality A person whose fate matters to a nation or people. Challenges Fate - struggles against supernatural forces or doom. Has a tragic flaw (hamartia), a personality flaw, or is unable to accept a diminished view of the self. Examples: Pride (hubris) Vanity Over confidence Arrogance Cowardice

Fails -makes choices that bring about his/her destruction and/or Fate or accident prevent success. Develops deeper self-knowledge; -through suffering becomes enlightened. Okonkwo Details Journal 18.2 What are examples of tragic heroes you can think of? These can come from movies, TV, the news, etc.

The Tragic Hero Achilles Achilles was the immortal warrior who fought hector in the Trojan war. Many believe that his tragic flaw was the fact he was only vulnerable to injury in his heel. However, his real flaw was that he was more concerned with fame and glory, than living to be an old man The result of this was that when given the chance to stop fighting, he instead chose

to pursue glory and in the end died for it. He also disgraced Hectors body, angering the Gods, again leading to his eventual

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