Trends on the Periodic Table - Mr Low's Mt. Boucherie Class

Trends on the Periodic Table More than just a table! The First Periodic Table Dimitri Mendeleev was one of the first to publish a table using these properties to arrange the elements. He placed similar

elements in the same vertical column. He left open spaces on his chart for elements he predicted would someday be found but had not been discovered at that time. The Periodic Law He developed the idea of the Periodic

Law: When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic weight their properties are repeated periodically. Today we know that atomic number is a better way to structure the periodic table. Mendeleev and other early researchers did not know about protons and neutrons and isotopes. FAMILIES on the Table Families (a.k.a. Groups)- a vertical column on the periodic table in

which elements have similar chemical reactivity Group 1 Alkali metals Include Li+, Na+, K+, etc. most chemically reactive of the metals (must be stored under oil as they will react with air) react explosively with water are so soft they can be cut with a knife YOUVE GOT TO SEE THIS! YOU TUBE CLIP: K + H2O

Group 2 Alkaline Earth metals Includes Be+2, Ca+2, Mg+2, etc. are very chemically reactive and are never found free in nature (same as alkali metals) React with water to produce alkaline (i.e. basic) solutions Group 17 Halogen

family F- , Cl- , Br named from salt former, these elements exhibit all 3 physical states at room temp! are highly reactive with metals, especially alkali metals (as a result they are highly toxic) Group 18 - Noble gases Include He, Ne, Xe, etc are all EXTREMELY STABLE and only rarely react to form compounds Sometimes called INERT GASES

all are gases which are naturally occurring when given energy (with electricity or extreme heat) each noble gas gives off a unique colour PERIODS on the Table Periods- a horizontal row on the periodic table

Sodium (Na) Family Name: Alkali metals Family #: 1 Group #: 3 Organization of the Periodic Table The periodic table organizes all known

elements. Elements are listed in order by atomic number Metals are on the left (the transition metals range from group 3 to group 12), non-metals are on the right, and the metalloids form a staircase in the middle. Rows of elements (across) are called periods. All elements in a period have their electrons in the same general area around their nucleus Columns of elements are called groups, or families

All elements in a family have similar properties, and bond with other elements in similar ways (c) McGraw Hill Ryerson 2007 See page 171 Group 1 = alkali metals Very reactive metals/unstable Group 2 = alkaline earth metals Somewhat reactive metals

Group 17 = the halogens Very reactive non-metals/ unstable Group 18 = noble gases Gases, Not reactive at all, Very stable because they have a full outer shell of electrons (c) McGraw Hill Ryerson 2007

See page 172

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