1st 9 Weeks Created by Cathy Vanvalzah US History to 1877 5 Grade th CVV Geography Skills
Continents are large land masses surrounded by water. US1.2a What are the seven continents? Europe North America Asia Africa
Australia South America Antarctica US1.2a Europe is considered a continent even though it is not entirely surrounded by water. The land mass is frequently called Eurasia.
US1.2a Geographic regions of North America Coastal Plain Located along the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico Broad lowland providing many
excellent harbors US1.2b Geographic regions of North America Appalachian Highlands Located west of Coastal Plain extending from eastern Canada to
western Alabama; includes the Piedmont Old, eroded mountains (oldest mountain range in North America) US1.2b Geographic regions of North America Canadian Shield
Wrapped around Hudson Bay in a horseshoe shape Hills worn by erosion and hundreds of lakes carved by glaciers Holds some of the oldest rock formations in North America
US1.2b Geographic regions of North America Interior Lowlands Located west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Great Plains Rolling flatlands with many rivers,
broad river valleys, and grassy hills US1.2b Geographic regions of North America Great Plains Located west of Interior Lowlands and east of the Rocky Mountains
Flat land that gradually increases in elevation westward; grasslands US1.2b Geographic regions of North America Rocky Mountains Located west of the
Great Plains and east of the Basin and Range Rugged mountains stretching from Alaska almost to Mexico; high elevations Contains the Continental Divide, which determines
the directional flow of rivers US1.2b Geographic regions of North America Basin and Range Located west of Rocky Mountains and east of the Sierra Nevadas and the Cascades
Area of varying elevations containing isolated mountain ranges and Death Valley, the lowest point in North America US1.2b Geographic regions of North America Coastal Range
Rugged mountains along the Pacific Coast that stretch from California to Canada Contains fertile valleys US1.2b
Major bodies of water in the United States Oceans Pacific Atlantic The Pacific Ocean was an early exploration route. The Atlantic Ocean served as the highway for explorers, early settlers, and later
immigrants. US1.2c Major bodies of water in the United States Lakes Great Lakes Inland port cities grew in the Midwest along the Great Lakes. US1.2c
Major bodies of water in the United States Gulf Gulf of Mexico provided the French and Spanish with exploration routes to Mexico and other parts of America US1.2c
Major bodies of water in the United States Rivers Colorado River was explored by the Spanish US1.2c What are some ways bodies of water in the United States have supported interaction
and created links to other regions? 1.Trade 2.Transportation 3.Settlement US1.2c Trade, transportation, and settlement The Missouri and Mississippi Rivers were the
transportation arteries for farm and industrial products US1.2c Trade, transportation, and settlement The Ohio River was the gateway to the west.
US1.2c Trade, transportation, and settlement The Columbia River was explored by Lewis and Clark. US1.2c
Trade, transportation, and settlement The Rio Grande River forms the border with Mexico. US1.2c Test Your Knowledge
Identify the shaded land mass on the map. A. B. C. D. Europe South America Africa Asia USI.2a
The map shows the continent of A. B. C. D. Antarctica Australia North America South America
USI.2b Which geographic region is located west of the Rocky Mountains, east of the Sierra Nevadas and the Cascades, and contains Death Valley? A. B. C. D. Basin and Range
Great Plains Coastal Range Interior Lowlands USI.2b The Continental Divide, which determines the directional flow of rivers, is located in which geographic region? A. B.
C. D. Coastal Range Rocky Mountains Basin and Range Appalachian Highlands USI.2b Which geographic region is located along the
Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico and has broad lowland providing many excellent harbors? A. B. C. D. Coastal Plain Coastal Range Basin and Range Great Plains
USI.2b Which body of water served as a highway for explorers, early settlers and later immigrants? A. B. C. D. Gulf of Mexico
Pacific Ocean Great Lakes Atlantic Ocean USI.2c Which is the BEST title for the graphic? A. B. C. D.
Bodies of water Land masses Islands Deserts USI.2c Inland port cities grew up in the Midwest along the A.
B. C. D. Colorado River Gulf of Mexico Columbia River Great Lakes USI.2c
Which river was explored by the Spanish and is number 2 on the map? A. B. C. D. Columbia River Colorado River Mississippi River Ohio River
USI.2c In which areas of North America did the American Indians (First Americans) live? ? USI.3a Inuit (Eskimo) Indians
Inuit inhabited present-day Alaska and northern Canada. They lived in Arctic areas where the temperature is below freezing much of the year. USI.3a Kwakiutl Kwakiutl inhabited the Pacific
Northwest coast, characterized by a rainy, mild climate. USI.3a Sioux Sioux inhabited the interior of the United States, called the Great Plains and characterized by dry grasslands. USI.3a
Pueblo Pueblo inhabited the Southwest in present-day New Mexico and Arizona, where they lived in desert areas and areas bordering cliffs and mountains. USI.3a Iroquois Iroquois
Iroquois inhabited northeast North America, the Eastern Woodland, which is heavily forested. USI.3a How did geography and climate affect the way American Indian groups met their basic needs? +
= Food and Clothing The American Indians (First Americans) fished, hunted, and harvested crops for food. Clothing was made from animal skins and plants. USI.3b
Shelter Their shelter was made of resources found in their environment (e.g., sod, stones, animal skins, wood). USI.3b Test Your Knowledge
Which American Indians (First Americans) inhabited the Pacific Northwest Coast, characterized by a rainy, mild climate? A. B. C. D. Inuit Pueblo Kwakiutl
Iroquois USI.3a The area labeled number 3 on the map was inhabited by the A. B. C. D.
Inuit Sioux Pueblo Iroquois USI.3a Which American Indian (First American) tribe lived in the area described? A. B.
C. D. Sioux Pueblo Inuit Kwakiutl USI.3b Major European countries were
in competition to extend their power into North America and claim the land as their own. USI.4a Motivating forces for exploration EconomicGold, natural resources, and trade ReligiousSpread of Christianity
Competitions for empire and belief in superiority of own culture USI.4a Obstacles to exploration
Poor maps and navigational tools Disease/starvation Fear of unknown Lack of adequate supplies USI.4a Accomplishments of exploration Exchanged goods and ideas Improved navigational tools and ships Claimed territories
USI.4a Regions of North America explored by Spain, France, and England Regions explored by Spain Francisco Coronado claimed southwest United States for Spain. USI.4a
Regions explored by France Samuel de Champlain established the French settlement of Quebec. Robert La Salle claimed the Mississippi River Valley. USI.4a Regions explored by England John Cabot explored eastern Canada.
USI.4a Regions explored by Portugal The Portuguese made voyages of discovery along West Africa. USI.4a Cultural Interaction with the
New World Spain France England Spanish--Cultural interaction Conquered and enslaved American
Indians (First Americans) Brought Christianity to the New World Brought European diseases USI.4b French---Cultural interaction Established trading posts Spread Christian religion USI.4b
English--Cultural interaction Jamestown Established settlements and claimed ownership of land Learned farming techniques from American Indians (First Americans) Traded USI.4b
Areas of cooperation Technologies (transportation of weapons and farm tools) Trade Crops USI.4b Areas of conflict
Land Competition for trade Differences in cultures Disease Language difference
USI.4b How did West African empires impact European trade? Ghana, Mali, and Songhai became powerful by controlling trade in West Africa. The Portuguese carried goods from Europe to West African empires,
trading metals, cloth, and other manufactured goods for gold. USI.4c Why did Europeans establish colonies in North America? Roanoke Island
Jamestown Roanoke Island (Lost Colony) was established as an economic venture. The first permanent English settlement in North America (1607), Jamestown Settlement, was an economic venture by the Virginia Company. USI.5a
Plymouth colony was settled by separatists from the Church of England who wanted to avoid religious persecution. Massachusetts Bay Colony was settled by the Puritans for the same reasons. USI.5a Pennsylvania was settled by the Quakers, who wanted to have freedom to practice their faith without interference.
USI.5a Georgia was settled by people who had been in debtors prisons in England. They hoped to experience a new life in the colony and to experience economic freedom in the New World. USI.5a Interactions of people and the environment in
Colonial America. USI.5b New England Geography and climate Appalachian Mountains, Boston harbor, hilly terrain, rocky soil, jagged coastline Moderate summers, cold winters
Economy Fishing, shipbuilding industry and naval supplies, trade and port cities Skilled craftsmen, shopkeepers Social life Village and church as center of life Religious reformers and separatists
Political and Town meetings civic life USI.5b Mid-Atlantic Geography and climate Appalachian Mountains, coastal lowlands (harbors and bays, wide and
deep rivers), rich farmlands Moderate climate Economy Livestock and grain, trading Unskilled and skilled workers and fishermen Social life
Villages and cities Varied and diverse lifestyles Diverse religions Political and civic life Market towns USI.5b South
Geography and climate Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont, Atlantic Coastal Plain, good harbors, rivers Humid climate Economy Large farms/plantations, cash crops,
wood products, small farms Slavery Social life Plantations (slavery), mansions, indentured servants, few cities, few schools Church of England Political and
civic life Counties USI.5b How did peoples lives vary among different social groups in colonial America? Large landowners
Lived predominately in the South Relied on indentured servants and/or slaves for labor Were educated in some cases Had rich social culture USI.5c Farmers Worked the land according to the region Relied on family members for labor USI.5c
Shoemaker Silversmith Artisans Worked as craftsmen in towns and on the plantation Lived in small villages and cities USI.5c
Women Worked as caretakers, house-workers, homemakers Could not vote Had few chances for an education USI.5c Indentured servants Consisted of men and women who did not have money for passage to the colonies and who agreed to work without
pay for the person who paid for their passage Were free at the end of their contract USI.5c Slaves Were captured in their native Africa and sold to slave traders, then were shipped to the colonies where they were sold into slavery Were owned as property for life with no
rights Were often born into slavery (Children of USI.5c How did England impose its political and economic control over the colonies? Economic relationships
England imposed strict control over trade. England taxed the colonies after the French and Indian War. Colonies traded raw materials for goods. USI.5d Political relationships Colonists had to obey English laws that
were enforced by governors. Colonial governors were appointed by the king or by the proprietor. Colonial legislatures made laws for each colony and were monitored by colonial governors. USI.5d Test Your Knowledge
Which completes the diagram? A. B. C. D. Technology-new weapons Economic-gold, natural resources, trade Maps-poor quality Labor-Enslave American Indians USI.4a
What title BEST fits the diagram? A. B. C. D. Obstacles to Exploration Effects of the American Revolution Accomplishments of Exploration Areas of Cooperation in the Colonies
USI.4a Which European explorer is NOT correctly matched with his area of exploration? A. John Cabot Eastern Canada for England B. Francisco Coronado Southwest United States for Spain C. Samuel de Champlain Quebec for France D. Robert LaSalle Great Lakes for Portugal USI.4a
Which European explorers conquered and enslaved American Indians (First Americans) and brought Christianity and European diseases? A. B. C. D. Spanish
French English Portuguese USI.4b Portugal traded metals, cloth, and other manufactured goods with Ghana, Mali, and Songhai for A. B.
C. D. spices gold ships diamonds USI.4c Which colony is NOT correctly matched with the
reason it was settled? A. Georgia settled by separatists to avoid religious persecution B. Pennsylvania settled by Quakers for religious freedom C. Jamestown settled as an economic venture by the Virginia Company D. Plymouth settled by separatists from the Church of England USI.5a
The first permanent English settlement in North America was A. B. C. D. Pennsylvania Georgia Plymouth Jamestown
USI.5a What geographic feature was found in the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies? A. B. C. D. Piedmont
Appalachian Mountains Boston Harbor Coastal Plain USI.5b The economy of the New England colonies was BEST known for A. B. C.
D. livestock and grain large plantations fishing, shipbuilding, and naval supplies wood products and cash crops USI.5b Which title BEST completes the diagram? A.
B. C. D. Slave Homemaker Artisan Indentured servant USI.5c
A woman in colonial America would A. B. C. D. vote in an election hold a political office be a care taker and house worker have a college education
USI.5c To establish economic control over the colonies England did all of the following EXCEPT A. B. C. D. placed strict control over trade taxed the colonies
traded goods for raw materials provided raw materials for the colonies USI.5d The list BEST describes A. England allowing the colonists to govern themselves B. England imposing strict political control over the colonies C. the colonists learning how to govern themselves D. the colonists practicing economic independence
USI.5d 2nd 9 Weeks Created by Cathy Van Valzah US History to 1877 5 Grade th CVV
As England expanded control over the American colonies, many colonists became dissatisfied and rebellious. USI.6a Englands reasons for control $ $ $ $ England desired to remain a world
power. England imposed taxes, such as the Stamp Act, to raise necessary revenue to pay the cost of the French and Indian War. USI.6a Englands reasons for taxation French and Indian War To help finance the French and Indian
War To help with the maintaining of English troops in the colonies USI.6a Sources of colonial dissatisfaction No taxation without n! representatio
Colonies had no representation in Parliament. Some colonists resented power of colonial governors. England wanted strict control over colonial legislatures. USI.6a Sources of colonial dissatisfaction Taxes
Colonies opposed taxes. The Proclamation of l763 hampered the western movement of settlers. USI.6a Test Your Knowledge As England expanded control over the American colonies, many colonists resented the power of colonial
A. B. C. D. governors legislatures landowners proprietors USI.6a
Why did the colonists oppose the Proclamation of 1763? A. It encouraged colonists to move south to Florida. B. It limited immigration from Europe. C. It did not allow colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. D. It did not allow colonists to cross the Mississippi River. USI.6a
New political ideas led to a desire for independence and democratic government in the American colonies. USI.6b Ideas of John Locke People have natural rights to life, liberty, and property.
Government is created to protect the rights of people and has only the limited and specific powers the people consent to give it. USI.6b Key philosophies in the Declaration of Independence People have certain unalienable rights (rights that cannot be taken away)life, liberty, pursuit
of happiness. People establish government to protect those rights. Government derives power from the people. People have a right and a duty to change a government that violates their rights. USI.6b Test Your Knowledge Who is the author of this political idea?
A. B. C. D. Thomas Jefferson Thomas Paine John Locke John Adams USI.6b
Which of the following is a key idea in the Declaration of Independence? A. People have a right and duty to change a government when it violates their rights. B. People do not have to obey the law. C. The government can take away peoples rights without their consent. D. The government is the source of all power to rule. USI.6b
Many individuals played important roles in shaping events of the American Revolution. USI.6c Key individuals from England King George III
King George III: British king during the Revolutionary Era Lord Cornwallis: British general who surrendered at Yorktown USI.6c Key individuals from the Colonies Thomas, will you write the
Declaration of Independence? John Adams: Championed the cause of independence USI.6c Key individuals from the Colonies "Nothing short of independence, it appears to me, can possibly do. A peace
on other terms would..... be a peace of war." George Washington 1778 George Washington: Commander of the Continental Army USI.6c Key individuals from the Colonies Franklin, Adams, and Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson: Major author of the Declaration of Independence USI.6c Key individuals from the Colonies Patrick Henry: Outspoken member of House of Burgesses; inspired colonial patriotism with Give me liberty or give me death speech.
USI.6c Key individuals from the Colonies Franklin, Adams, and Jefferson Benjamin Franklin: Prominent member of Continental Congress; helped frame the Declaration of Independence USI.6c
Key individuals from the Colonies The document denounced British rule. Thomas Paine: Journalist, author of Common Sense USI.6c Other important individuals Phillis Wheatley:
A former slave who wrote poems and plays supporting American independence USI.6c Other important individuals "One if by land two if by sea." Paul Revere, on his Midnight Ride, 1775 Paul Revere:
Patriot who made a daring ride to warn colonists of British arrival USI.6c Key events and the roles of key individuals in the American Revolution USI.6c Key EventsAmerican Revolution
Boston Massacre: Colonists in Boston were shot after taunting British soldiers. Boston Tea Party: Samuel Adams and Paul Revere led patriots in throwing tea into Boston Harbor to protest tea taxes. USI.6c Key EventsAmerican Revolution
First Continental Congress: Delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss problems with England and to promote independence. Battle of Lexington and Concord: This was the site of the first armed conflict of the Revolutionary War. USI.6c Key EventsAmerican Revolution
Approval of the Declaration of Independence: Colonies declared independence from England (July 4, 1776). USI.6c American Revolution Battle of Saratoga: This American victory was the turning point in the war.
Surrender at Yorktown: This was the colonial victory over forces of Lord Cornwallis that marked the end of the Revolutionary War. Blue indicates an American Victory. Red indicates a British Victory. Key EventsAmerican Revolution
Signing of the Treaty of Paris: England recognized American independence in this treaty. USI.6c Test Your Knowledge Which key individual is correctly matched with his role in the American Revolution? A. John Adams championed the cause of independence
B. George Washington commander of the British Army C. Benjamin Franklin major author of the Declaration of Independence D. Phyllis Wheatley author of the Treaty of Paris USI.6c The author of Common Sense was A. B. C.
D. George Washington Benjamin Franklin Thomas Paine Patrick Henry USI.6c Which event completes the timeline? A.
B. C. D. Treaty of Paris French Indian War Bill of Rights Battle of Lexington and Concord USI.6c What advantages helped the
American colonists win the Revolutionary War? USI.6d Colonial advantages Colonists defense of their own land, principles, and beliefs Support from France and Spain Strong leadership
USI.6d Test Your Knowledge What is the BEST title for this chart? A. B. C. D. British Advantages in the American Revolution
Englands Reasons for Taxation Englands Control Over the Colonies Colonial Advantages in the American Revolution USI.6d The Articles of Confederation was a constitution written during the American Revolution to establish the powers of the new national government USI.7a
What were the basic weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? Provided for a weak national government Gave Congress no power to tax or regulate commerce among the states Provided for no common currency Gave each state one vote regardless of size Provided for no executive or judicial branch
USI.7a Test Your Knowledge Regulate commerce means to control A. B. C. D. voting in state legislatures
trading among the states printing of money in the states making of laws in the states USI.7a The Articles of Confederation limited the power of the national government for all of the following reasons EXCEPT A. states wanted one common currency for the nation
B. states wanted to continue handling their own business C. people feared another king or strong national government D. people feared being taxed by a national government USI.7a The Articles of Confederation provided for a A. Congress in which the large states had more power
B. national court system to settle disputes C. strong executive for the new nation D. national government with no power to regulate trade USI.7a Shared Powers The Constitution of the United States of America established a federal system of
government based on power shared between the national and state governments. The Bill of Rights provided a written guarantee of individual rights. USI.7b What were the basic principles of governments stated in the Constitution of the United States of America and Bill of Rights?
USI.7b Basic principles of government Separation of powers The structure of the new national government was based on James Madisons Virginia Plan, which called for three separate branches of government: USI.7b
Legislative Branch Legislative Branch (Congress) makes the laws. Congress is a two-house legislature in which all states are represented equally in the Senate (two Senators per state) and people are represented in the House of Representatives (number of a states representatives is based on states population). USI.7b
Judicial and Executive Branch Judicial Branch (Supreme Court) determines if laws made by Congress are constitutional. Executive Branch (President) carries out the laws. USI.7b Checks and balances Executive Branch
Carries out the Laws Legislative Branch Writes the laws Judicial Branch Are the laws constitutional? Each branch can check the power of the other.
These checks keep any one branch from gaining too much power. USI.7b Bill of Rights James Madison-- author of the Bill of Rights. The first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America provide a written guarantee of individual rights 1
Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition. 2 Right to keep and bear arms in order to maintain a well regulated militia. 3 No quartering of soldiers. 4
Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures. 5 Right to due process of law, freedom from self-incrimination, double jeopardy. 6 Rights of accused persons, e.g., right to a speedy and public trial.
7 Right of trial by jury in civil cases. 8 Freedom from excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishments. 9
Other rights of the people. 10 Powers reserved to the states. USI.7b Test Your Knowledge Which branch of government is correctly
matched with its duties? A. Executive Branch makes the laws B. Judicial Branch determines if laws are constitutional C. Legislative Branch carries out the laws D. Federal Branch separates government USI.7b The system of checks and balances is important because it
A. divides the power between the national government and the states B. selects the President of the United States C. keeps any branch of government from becoming too powerful D. prevents the government from abusing the rights of people USI.7b The structure of the new national government was based on James Madisons
A. B. C. D. Pennsylvania Plan New York Plan New Jersey Plan Virginia Plan USI.7b
Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson had opposing views on the role of the national government. That opposition resulted in the creation of two political parties. USI.7c Leader of Federalists
Alexander Hamilton Favored strong national government Favored limits on states powers Favored development of industry on a national scale Favored a national bank
USI.7c Leader of the Democratic Republicans Thomas Jefferson
Favored a weak national government Supported states powers Favored small business and farmers Opposed a national bank USI.7c Test Your Knowledge These major differences led to the creation of A. B.
C. D. Bill of Rights Constitution of the United States three branches of government two political parties USI.7c Who was the leader of the DemocraticRepublican Party in the early 1800s? A.
B. C. D. George Washington Alexander Hamilton Thomas Jefferson John Adams USI.7c
What were the major national issues and events faced by the first five presidents? USI.7d George Washington (Virginia) Federal court system was established. Political parties grew out of the disagreements between Hamilton and
Jefferson over the proper role of the national government. The Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution of the United States of America. USI.7d George Washington (cont.) Plans were initiated for development of the national capital in Washington, D.C.
Benjamin Banneker, an African American astronomer and surveyor, helped complete the design for the city. USI.7d John Adams (Massachusetts) Federalists Vs. Democratic Republican Party
A two-party system emerged during his administration. USI.7d Thomas Jefferson (Virginia) Lewis and Clark Trail He bought Louisiana from France (Louisiana Purchase).
Lewis and Clark explored this new land west of the Mississippi River. USI.7d James Madison (Virginia) The War of l812 caused European nations to gain respect for the United States. USI.7d
James Monroe (Virginia) "The American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assured and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers. We should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this
hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety." He introduced the Monroe Doctrine warning European nations not to interfere in the Western Hemisphere. USI.7d Test Your Knowledge What presidents name would replace the
question mark in the graphic? A. B. C. D. James Madison Thomas Jefferson George Washington John Adams USI.7d
All of the first five presidents were Virginians EXCEPT A. B. C. D. James Madison John Adams Thomas Jefferson
James Monroe USI.7d Test Your Knowledge from the 1st 9 Weeks Which geographic region is located west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Great Plains? A. Region 1
B. Region 2 C. Region 3 D. Region 4 USI.2b Which river explored by Lewis and Clark empties into the Pacific Ocean? A. B. C. D.
Ohio River Columbia River Rio Grande River Mississippi River USI.2c Which country made voyages of discovery along West Africa? A.
B. C. D. Portugal England France Spain USI.4a
Which completes the diagram? A. B. C. D. Land Disease Farm tools Language differences USI.4b
Which two colonies were established mainly as economic ventures? A. B. C. D. Plymouth and Roanoke Island Roanoke Island and Jamestown Georgia and Plymouth
Massachusetts Bay and Pennsylvania USI.5a Which colonial geographic region had coastal lowlands, moderate climate, diverse religions, and market towns? A. B. C. D.
West New England South Mid-Atlantic USI.5b All of these statements describe how England imposed economic control over the colonies EXCEPT
A. England imposed strict rules over trade. B. England ensured freedom of religion. C. England taxed the colonies after the French and Indian War. D. Colonies traded raw materials for English goods. USI.5d 3rd 9 Weeks Created by Cathy Van Valzah
US History to 1877 5 Grade th CVV We want more Land! Between 1801 and 1861, exploration was encouraged as
America underwent vast territorial expansion and settlement. USI.8a New territories added to the US after 1801 Lewis and Clark Trail Jefferson bought land from France (the Louisiana Purchase), which doubled the size of the United States.
In the Lewis and Clark expedition, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark explored the Louisiana Purchase from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. USI.8a Florida Spain gave Florida to the United States through a treaty. USI.8a
Texas 1836: Texas declares itself an independent republic. Mexico, too distracted with other problems to deal effectively with the revolt, will continue to regard it as a renegade province. The US takes a different view, confusing and complicating relations between the two countries, and helping to bring on The US-Mexican
War Texas was added after it became an independent republic. USI.8a Oregon The Oregon Territory was divided by the United States
and Great Britain. USI.8a California War with Mexico resulted in California and the southwest territory becoming part of the United States. USI.8a
Test Your Knowledge Which territory was added to the United States after it became an independent republic? A. Texas B. Louisiana C. Florida D. Oregon
USI.8a The Oregon Territory was divided by the United States and A. B. C. D. Mexico Spain
Great Britain Russia USI.8a Identify the territory shaded on the map. A. B. C. D.
Florida California Oregon Louisiana USI.8a What factors influenced westward migration? USI.8b
Geographic and economic factors that influenced westward movement Population growth in the eastern states Availability of cheap, fertile land Economic opportunity, e.g., gold (California Gold Rush), logging, farming, freedom (for runaway slaves) USI.8b Geographic and economic factors that
influenced westward movement Oregon Trail Santa Fe trail Cheaper and faster transportation, e.g., rivers and canals (Erie Canal), steamboats Knowledge of overland trails (Oregon and Santa Fe)
USI.8b Geographic and economic factors that influenced westward movement Belief in the right of Manifest DestinyThe idea that expansion was for the good of the country and was the right of the country USI.8b
Test Your Knowledge Which completes the diagram? A. B. C. D. Increase in Southern Plantations Canal Building in New England Migration and Expansion Westward
Population Growth in Eastern States USI.8b All were factors that led to westward movement of Americans EXCEPT A. B. C. D. population growth in eastern states
cheap fertile land economic opportunities overland trade routes leading to Mexico USI.8b Prior to the Civil War, most industrialization in America was in the North; however, the equipment produced in the North had an impact on the farming society in the South.
How did the inventions affect the lives of Americans? USI.8c New technologies The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney. It increased the production of cotton and thus increased the need for slave labor
to cultivate and pick the cotton. USI.8c The reaper Jo Anderson (a slave) and Cyrus McCormick worked to invent the reaper. The reaper increased the productivity of the American farmer. USI.8c
The steamboat The steamboat was improved by Robert Fulton It eventually provided faster river transportation that connected Southern plantations and farms to Northern industries and Western territories USI.8c The steam locomotive
The steam locomotive provided faster land transportation. USI.8c Test Your Knowledge The reaper A. was invented by Cyrus McCormick and Jo Anderson B. increased the productivity of the American farmer C. provided improved land transportation
D. provided faster river transportation USI.8c The invention that increased the production of cotton and thus increased the need for slave labor was the A. B. C. D.
reaper cotton gin steam locomotive canal USI.8c Abolitionist movement The abolitionists worked to end slavery. Freedom
Most abolitionists demanded immediate freeing of the slaves. Abolitionists believed that slavery was wrong. Morally wrong Cruel and inhumane A violation of the principles of democracy USI.8d Harriet Tubman Harriet Tubman a former slave used many techniques to rescue over 300 slaves:
`using the master's horse and buggy heading south if she encountered possible slave hunters Tubman even carried a gun which she used to threaten the fugitives if they became too tired or decided to turn back, telling them, "You'll be free or die." William Lloyd Garrison Published the anti-slavery
newspaper, the Liberator Frederick Douglass A great orator and writer, a leading figure in the abolitionist movement, Frederick Douglass was born into slavery in Maryland and eventually escaped. The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: an American slave, tells the hardships of slavery.
Suffrage movement The suffrage movement helped women gain equal rights. Supporters declared that All men and women are created equal. Supporters believed that women were deprived of basic rights. USI.8d Suffrage movement
Denied the right to vote Denied educational opportunities, especially higher education Denied equal opportunities in business Limited in rights to own property USI.8d Suffrage movement The movement was led by strong
women who began their campaign before the Civil War and continued after the war had ended. USI.8d Sojourner Truth Former slave delivers her "Ain't I a Woman? speech before a spellbound audience at a women's rights convention in Akron, Ohio.
USI.8d Susan B. Anthony Susan B. Anthony was raised in New York as a Quaker and was a strong advocate of equal right for women. One of her famous quotes was Men their rights and nothing more; women their rights and nothing less. USI.8d
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Because man and woman are the complement of one another, we need womans thought in national affairs to make safe and stable government. USI.8d Test Your Knowledge Abolitionists believed all EXCEPT
A. slavery was morally wrong B. slavery was cruel and inhumane C. slavery was a violation of the principles of democracy D. slavery was an economic necessity for the South USI.8d These Americans were A.
B. C. D. Southern spies weak women Federalists suffragists USI.8d
How did cultural, economical, and constitutional issues create bitter divisions between the North and the South? USI.9a Issues that divided the nation Slavery While there were several differences
between the North and the South, the issues related to slavery increasingly divided the nation and led to the Civil War. USI.9a Issues that divided the nation Cultural The North was mainly an urban society in which people held jobs.
The South was primarily an agricultural society in which people lived in small villages and on farms and plantations. Because of their cultural differences, people of the North and South found it difficult to agree on social and political issues USI.9a Issues that divided the nation Tariffs?
Economic The North was a manufacturing region, and its people favored tariffs that protected factory owners and workers from foreign competition. Southerners opposed tariffs that would cause prices of manufactured goods to increase. Planters were also concerned that England might stop buying cotton from the South if tariffs were added. USI.9a
Issues that divided the nation Constitutional A major conflict was states rights versus strong central government USI.9a Test Your Knowledge Issues that divided the nation
Before the Civil War, the North was mainly A. B. C. D. an agricultural society an urban society cotton producing tobacco producing
USI.9a According to the chart A. cultural, economical, and constitutional issues divided the nation B. slavery was the only issue that divided the nation C. the North and South always agreed on important issues D. there were few cultural differences in the North and South USI.9a
How did the issues of states rights and slavery increase sectional tension between the North and South? USI.9b Issues that divided the nation National Laws
North VS. State Laws South An important issue separating the country related to the power of the Federal government. Southerners
believed that they had the power to declare any national law illegal. Northerners believed that the national governments power was supreme over that of the states. USI.9b Issues that divided the nation Slavery?
Southerners felt that the abolition of slavery would destroy their regions economy. Northerners believed that slavery should be abolished for moral reasons. USI.9b Compromises attempting to resolve differences Missouri Compromise (1820): Missouri
was a slave state; Maine, a free state. USI.9b Compromise of l850: California was a free state. Southwest territories would decide about slavery. USI.9b Kansas-Nebraska Act: People decided the slavery issue (popular sovereignty). USI.9b
Southern secession Following Lincolns election, the southern states seceded from the Union. Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter, in South Carolina, marking the beginning of the Civil War. Lincoln and many Northerners believed that the United States was one nation that could not be separated or divided. Most Southerners believed that states had freely created and
joined the union and could freely leave it. USI.9b Test Your Knowledge Which BEST completes the diagram? A. B. C. D.
Kansas-Nebraska Act Compromise of 1850 Missouri Compromise (1820) Emancipation Proclamation USI.9b At the beginning of the Civil War, a major goal of President Lincoln was to A. B.
C. D. punish the south preserve the Union spread slavery to California add more states to the Union USI.9b Which is the correct sequence for these
events? A. B. C. D. 1, 2, 4, 3 2, 4, 1, 3 4, 2, 1, 3 2, 1, 4, 3 USI.9b
Test Your Knowledge nd from the 1st and 2 9 Weeks The oldest mountain range in North America is found in the A. B. C.
D. Canadian Shield Appalachian Highlands Rocky Mountains Basin and Range USI.2b The river that forms the border with Mexico is the
A. B. C. D. Colorado Mississippi Columbia Rio Grande USI.2c
The Iroquois inhabited A. B. C. D. region 1 region 2 region 3 region 4
USI.3a The Mid-Atlantic colonies were known for their A. B. C. D. varied and diverse lifestyles
shipbuilding industry slavery and indentured servants religious reformers USI.5b Thomas Jefferson borrowed ideas for the Declaration of Independence from which English philosopher? A. B.
C. D. Patrick Henry Benjamin Franklin King George III John Locke USI.6b One major weakness of the government
under the Articles of Confederation was that it A. had no power to tax the states B. regulated all commerce among the states C. had no legislative branch D. gave large states more power USI.7a James Madisons Virginia Plan called for
A. two house legislature in Congress B. a system of checks and balances C. separation of powers into three branches D. creation of a Bill of Rights USI.7b The system of checks and balances is Important because it A. makes the executive branch strong
B. divides the power between the national government and the states C. prevents the government from abusing the rights of the people D. keeps any one branch from gaining too much power USI.7b The Federalist Party favored A.
B. C. D. a weak national government a national bank strong state powers small business and farmers USI.7c
The African American astronomer and Surveyor who helped complete the design for Washington, D.C. was A. B. C. D. Frederick Douglass Harriet Tubman Benjamin Banneker Phillis Wheatley
USI.7d These were accomplishments during the presidency of A. B. C. D. Thomas Jefferson
John Adams George Washington James Madison USI.7d